Ecosystems degradation is occurring globally at an alarming rate, contributing to increasing disaster risk. As ecosystems degrade so do the multiple services they provide to sustain human life and well-being, including protection and building resilience against the impacts of natural hazards.
With climate change expected to exacerbate disaster risk, there is global interest to better understand the value of ecosystems for hazard mitigation and livelihood protection.
The Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Methodology Development Project (RiVAMP) was conceived to develop an assessment tool that takes into account ecosystems and climate change factors in the analysis of disaster risk and vulnerability. Implemented in 2009, the project aims to assist national and local government decision makers in evaluating their development options effectively by recognizing the role of ecosystems in reducing risk and adapting to climate change impacts.
It specifically targets Small Island Development States (SIDS) and other coastal areas that are highly vulnerable and exposed to tropical cyclones and related hazards (storm surges, landslides, flooding) and to accelerated sea level rise. The RiVAMP methodology was first pilot tested in Jamaica.