On Nov 18, 2011, The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) co-organized a High-level International Forum on Ecosystem Management and Green Economy. The forum aimed to contribute to the success of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, popularly known as Rio+20, by highlighting the pivotal role of ecosystem management in the development of a Green Economy in China and other developing countries. For this, the Forum has come out with a communiqué which recognizes this role and recommends actions to be taken at Rio+20.
The forum was attended by over 200 participants, including heads of UN and other international organizations, leaders and ministers from the Chinese Government, renowned scientists, business leaders and representatives of the civil society. Addressing the forum, Mr. Zukang Sha, UN Under-Secretary General in charge of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs and Secretary General of Rio+20, pointed out that the Forum’s outputs would form a key input to Rio+20, in the context of the urgent need to protect and restore the world’s ecosystems.
Based on the key findings reflected in the Issues paper, the Forum has proposed the four recommendations for Rio+20:
1. Political commitment at the highest level is urgently needed if ecosystem management is to have the adequate weight it deserves in the Rio+20 arrangement;
2. Political support and appropriate governance structures are needed for improved synergies between ecosystem management and the Green Economy in developing Rio+20 policy frameworks;
3. Adequate financial, technological and knowledge resources must be allocated, including in national policy-setting, awareness-raising, capacity-building and planning and practices, particularly in developing countries;
4. Building capacity and ecological infrastructure in developing countries, such as Africa, is a prerequisite for enhancing ecosystem management and promoting the Green Economy.