Pushpam Kumar
Pushpam Kumar
Topic: Managing Pollution through economic tools
Pushpam Kumar is Senior Economic Advisor since January 2017. He has worked as the Chief, Ecosystem Services Economics Unit, during 2010-2015 and as Coordinator, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Bra...
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Number of questions: [2]
Posted on 19/02/2017 11:40:21
We are working with Punjab Environmental Protection Agency to improve regulation and monitoring of industries. The self monitoring by industries have not yielded any positive result and only 5 percent are reporting . What market based instructment you suggest as a practical means to improve monitoring and regulation in our context . Hcan we proceed and how UNEO can intellectually and technically advice EPA.
Abid Hussainy (from Pakistan)
Dear Abid Hussainy,
Thanks for raising a very pertinent issue of enforcement of regulation for management of industrial pollution which I am sure is not only a problem in Pakistan but in whole South Asia, Sub Saharan Africa and Amazonia regions of the world.
At the outset, I must confess and alert that whatever market based / economic instruments we can think of using for enforcement, governance and institutions are preconditions. That said, I have no hesitation in stating that market based instrument has shown tremendous potential for efficient outcome and in some cases has led to innovation and entrepreneurship too.
Again, for industries, we can broadly have three categories- air polluting, water polluting and chemical and e-waste. For E Waste, Deposit Refund Scheme can work efficiently. For water pollution, installation of common effluent treatment plan and subsequent imposition of charges / cess would yield result. For air pollution we should start emission trading (provided institutions are in place to allocate the right and monitor the operation). They are generic suggestions but once I know the types of industries you are referring to, I can further go into the details and nuances of tools.
The UN Environment can help in agenda / priority setting, goal formulation, building consensus among affected stakeholders, provide technical capacity assistance at the highest levels. The United Nations Environment would also bring the feasible set of technical solutions applied in the Southern countries which will have close resemblance with Pakistan.

Posted on 17/02/2017 17:13:35
Dear sir - Air pollution has increased in metro cities and we come across many respiratory disease cases every day. What would you suggest for a common man to follow in their household/community to overcome air pollution?
Koorisatheesh (from India)
Dear Koorisatheesh,
Thanks for your very perceptive question . Air pollution is indeed a serious environmental problem which has direct implications for health and well being. The impact is more felt in developing countries like India where owing to urban population growth and rural urban migration , the cities and towns are inflicting costs to society. Both forms of air pollution outdoor (industrial production, construction vehicular pollution) and indoor air pollution (lack of access to clean source of energy, charcoal burning) is causing enormous health issues- well documented globally. While poverty especially the marginal poor (more than 896 million globally and of which sizeable portion lives in Indian cities) remains the fundamental cause, imbalances in growth and inequitable development further causes the pollution. Specifically in India, there is a need to change the behavioural and social pattern of energy use. More awareness on burning of crop residual in peri urban areas must be checked through individual and community response (you might recall the smoke in Delhi and Bangalore last year). Changing life style, consumption pattern and more receptive response to the general implication of individual action must be accounted and felt by everyone. State too has a role to play here through institutional, technical, economic and social response policies.