United Nations Environment Programme
environment for development
Rules and Regulations
Experts' Log in
Topic: Building resilience to Climate Change: What role for ecosystems?
Keith Alverson is the Coordinator of Freshwater, Land and Climate Branch of the Division on Environmental Policy Implementation at the UNEP in Nairobi, Kenya....
Number of questions: 
Posted on 10/02/2016 09:38:02
My question is about Arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi and the role to assistant plant on drought and implementation of AMF in several ways as SBPPRL (the practice of sown biodiverse permanent pastures rich in legumes) to increase grassland productivity and carbon sequestration , combat soil erosion and land abandoment .
I don't see a question in your statement, and in any case am certainly not a specialist in the fungi you are working with. I can say that UNEP's work in building resilience to climate change very much focuses on 'green' solutions harnessing the resilience that ecosystems have developed over many millenia, for the benefit of human societies. What you describe certainly sounds like a promising solution of this nature - though as with all such interventions it would be very important to monitor and evaluate effectiveness, not just tell plausible stories. "Ecosystem based" resilience building measures can very effectively be brought to bear both on adaptation challenges, both as stand alone measures and in tandem with engineering approaches. As you point out they can contribute to mitigation as well through carbon sequestration, fundamentally though, substantial mitigation, and certainly keeping below the UNFCCC espoused 2C target, will require deep reductions in fossil fuel burning. Thanks for the comment!
Posted on 09/02/2016 20:25:59
How CSOs can be effectively involved in resilience mechanism when there is lack of transparency, accountability and responsiveness in the relevant governmental and global institutions. Various governments publicly accept the growing level of corruption and non-transparency and some of the global institutions have also become indirectly involved in this game to get the work done as shortcuts. One wonders how to be part of resilience efforts in such state of affairs?
I'm not sure what 'CSO' refers to here but irrespective it is certainly true that there is much corruption in governments, and global institutions or other governments sometimes ignore this for various short term 'realpolitik' reasons. Corruption also exists locally and in the private sector though. Very 'concretely' look at the empty tin cans that were used in cement walls in Taiwan instead of concrete and rebar, leading to clear lack of resilience in the earthquake last week when the building collapsed, or VW employing its substantial engineering skills, not to develop clean automotive technology, but to cheat testing regimes. I fully agree that part of the solution to building 'resilience' requires and builds on a basis of transparent governance and rule of law. I suspect that an indicator of 'resilience to climate change' (if we had one) would show good correlation with indices of transparency and rule of law (which do exist). Thanks for the great question.
A-Z of UNEP
Champions of the Earth
Children and Youth / Tunza
Climate and Clean Air Coalition
Climate Technology Centre & Network
Disasters & Conflicts
Education and Training
Environment Management Group
Funding for UNEP
Global Environment Outlook
Governments / SGB
Greening the Blue
International Resource Panel
Major Groups and Stakeholders
PROVIA - Science for Adaptation Policy
South South Co-operation
Sports & Environment
Sustainable Consumption & Production
UN Environment Assembly
UNDP-UNEP Poverty & Environment
UNEP Finance Initiative
UNEP Governing Council
UNEP Planning and Monitoring
UNEP Year Book
World Environment Day
Latin America and the Caribbean
| © United Nations Environment Programme |