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Regional challenges

At the regional level, the major environmental issues include climate change, land and soil degradation, forest degradation and deforestation, freshwater stress and scarcity as well as quality/pollution, degradation and pollution of coastal and marine areas, loss of habitats and species, growth of unplanned settlements and mounting solid waste, and increasing droughts and floods. Many of the regions face similar environmental challenges, though the magnitude and extent of the problems varies.