|'Efforts at international and regional levels help provide economic
and political support for policy changes needed at national and sub-national
In terms of foreign debt, many developing countries feel they need and
deserve special help to pursue sustainability. Key lenders, including
the World Bank and the IMF, work together with borrowers to restructure
and - in some cases - eliminate existing debts. Options such as debt for
nature or debt for poverty alleviation swaps are explored as options to
manage international debts in ways that help achieve sustainability goals.
Development aid is increasingly seen as a matter of national and international
security, prompting nations to increase contributions progressively to
target levels set - but rarely achieved - in the previous century.
Increasingly, regional and international bodies adopt a more direct role
in resolving conflicts within and between nations. One of the lessons
learned from periodic terrorist activities and the responses to them is
that greater cooperation between nations, even where it may involve sacrificing
some elements of sovereignty, can bring definite benefits in terms of
Efforts at international and regional levels help provide economic and
political support for policy changes needed at national and sub-national
levels. Comprehensive environmental and social policy frameworks are established.
Where necessary, international actions such as insisting on treaty compliance
and limiting aid and capital flows, help to put pressure on governments
that are slow to introduce reforms. More often, however, nations are proactive
in taking action internally.