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Implications: Africa

Poverty is endemic in many areas of Africa and a rapidly growing population continues to rely on natural resources and agriculture for much of its economic productivity and for the provision of basic human needs. These conditions leave the region highly vulnerable to adverse impacts of environmental change. Further insights are offered below into what the scenarios mean for land, forests, biodiversity, freshwater and coastal and marine resources, all crucial to the sustainability of Africa's economies and livelihoods. Also explored (see box) is the destiny under each scenario of an African Environmental Protection Commission, established under the recently formed African Union.