Note: This is the 1997 edition of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook. If you are interested in more recent information, please see the 2000 and 2002 editions.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Global Environment Outlook-1 - The Web version


Chapter 2: Regional Perspectives

[ GEO-1: Home | Complete Report | Search | Feedback | Order Book | Collaborating Centres | About GEO Reports ]

Europe and CIS Countries

References

Bernes, C. 1993. The Nordic Environment-Present State, Trends and Threats. Prepared by the Nordic Council of Ministers: Nordic Environment Report Group. Nord 1993:12. Copenhagen.

Bryant, D., et al. 1995. Coastlines at Risk: An Index of Potential Development-Related Threats to Coastal Ecosystems. World Resources Institute Indicator Brief. Washington.

CDIAC. 1995. 1992 Estimates of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning and Cement Manufacturing Based on United Nations Energy Statistics and U.S. Bureau of Mines Cement Manufacturing Data. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

CEC. 1992. The state of the environment in the European Community. Accompanying document to the proposal from the Commission of the European Communities for a community programme of policy and action in relation to the environment and sustainable development. Commission of the European Communities (CEC). Brussels.

EC/UN-ECE. 1994. Forest Condition in Europe: Results of the 1993 Survey. International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests. Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. European Commission (EC) and United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-ECE). Brussels and Geneva.

EEA. 1995a. Europe s Environment: The Dobríš Assessment. D. Stanners and P. Bourdeau (eds.). European Environment Agency (EEA). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Luxembourg.

EEA. 1995b. Environment in the European Union 1995. Report for the Review of the Fifth Environmental Action Programme. K. Wieringa (ed.).

Environmental Resources Ltd. 1990. Eastern Europe: Environmental Briefing. Briefing Document. January. ERL. London.

FAO. 1995a. Fishstat-PC. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Rome.

FAO. 1995b. Forest Resources Assessment 1990. Global Synthesis. FAO Forestry Paper 124. Rome.

Government of the Russian Federation. 1993. Governmental report on the state of the environment in the Russian Federation in 1992. Moscow.

IAEA. 1996. The International Conference "One Decade After Chernobyl: Summing up the Consequences of the Accident." Information circular plus five attachments. INFCIRC/510. International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA). 7 June.

Information Centre of Goskomstat of the USSR. 1991. Nature Protection and Use of Natural Resources: Statistical Yearbook. Moscow.

IPCC. 1996. Climate Change 1995. The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of WG1 to the Second Assessment Report of the IPCC. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

IUCN. 1994. 1993 United Nations List of National Parks and Protected Areas. Prepared by WCMC and CNPPA. The World Conservation Union (IUCN). Gland, Switzerland.

Ministry of Ecology and Biological Resources, Kazakstan. 1993. National report of Kazakstan on the state of the environment in the Republic. Eurasia 6(15). Moscow.

Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic. 1996. Environmental Yearbook of the Czech Republic-1995.

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. 1993. Report on the State of the Environment of the Russian Federation in 1992. Moscow.

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. 1994. Report on the State of the Environment of the Russian Federation in 1993. Moscow.

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. 1995a. Environment of Russia (brief review). Ekos 1995, p. 16 (based on national reports on the state of the environment in Russia in 1991, 1992, and 1993).

Ministry of Environment Protection and Natural Resources of the Russian Federation. 1995b. National Report on the State of the Environment in the Russian Federation in 1994. Moscow.

Ministry of Environmental Protection of Ukraine. 1994. The State of the Environment and Activities in Ukraine: Report of the Environment 1992/93. Rayevsky Scientific Publishers. Kiev.

Mnatsakanian, R. 1994. L Héritage Écologique du Communisme dans les Républiques de L ex-URSS. Éditions Frison-Roche. Paris.

Newman, O., and A. Foster (compilers). 1993. European Environmental Statistics Handbook. Manchester Business School, Library and Information Service. Gale Research Int. Ltd.

Nowicki, M. 1993. Environment in Poland. Issues and Solutions. Ministry of Environmental Protection, Natural Resources and Forestry. Kluwer Academic Pubs. The Netherlands.

OECD. 1994. OECD societies in transition: the future of work and leisure. Main issues and summary of discussions of a conference held on 20th January 1994 in Paris. OECD Forum for the Future. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), General Distribution Document OECD/GD(94)39, by B. Stevens and W. Michalski, OECD Secretariat, Advisory Unit to the Secretary-General.

REC. 1994. Strategic Environmental Issues in Central and Eastern Europe. Vol. 1. Regional Report. Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC). Budapest.

REC. 1995a. Competing in the New Environmental Marketplace. Proceedings of Workshops for Environmental Professionals: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic. Budapest.

REC. 1995b. Status of National Environmental Action Programmes in Central and Eastern Europe. Case Studies of Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, FYR Macedonia, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia. Budapest.

Republic of Belarus. 1995. National Report on Environmental Conditions in the Republic of Belarus. Minsk.

Schütz, H., and S. Bringezu. 1993. Major material flows in Germany. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 2(8):443-448. Birkhauser Verlag. Basel, Switzerland.

State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan. 1995. National Report: On the State of the Environment and Use of Natural Resources in the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1994. Ukituvchi Publishing House. Tashkent.

State Committee of the Russian Federation on Land Resources and Land Management. 1995. National Report on the State and Use of Lands in the Russian Federation in 1994. Moscow.

Statistical Commission of the Common Independent States. 1994. Statistical Bulletin No. 40. November.

UNDP. 1995. The Aral in Crisis. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Tashkent.

UNDP/UNEP/WB. 1995. Mission to the Caspian Littoral States. Joint mission report. Prepared by J.B. Collier, H. Dumont, M. Taghi Farvar, P. de Swart, P. Tortell, and I. Zrajevskij, with assistance of B. Schultz and A. Timoshenko. UNDP/United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/World Bank (WB).

UN-ECE. 1995. Effects and Control of Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Air Pollution Studies No. #11. ECE/EB-AIR/43. United Nations.

UN-ECE. 1996. Press Release. ECE/GEN/12, ECE/ENV/2. 15 March 1996. United Nations.

UNEP. 1992a. World Atlas of Desertification. UNEP. Edward Arnold. London.

UNEP. 1992b. The Aral Sea. Diagnostic study for the development of an action plan for the conservation of the Aral Sea.

UNEP. 1994. The pollution of lakes and reservoirs. UNEP Environment Library No. 12. Nairobi.

UNEP. 1995. Water quality of world river basins. UNEP Environment Library No. 14. Nairobi.

UNEP. 1996. Report of the Regional Consultations held for UNEP s first Global Environment Outlook. Nairobi.

UNEP/WHO. 1992. Urban Air Pollution in Megacities of the World. UNEP and World Health Organization (WHO). Blackwell. London.

UNESCO. 1996. Community development centres for social and psychological rehabilitation in Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. UNESCO Chernobyl Programme.

Van Dijk, G.M., P. Staalnacke, A. Grimvall, A. Tonderski, K. Sundblad, and A. Schafer. 1996. Long-term trends in nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in the Lower River Rhine. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 113. Large Rivers 10. pp. 99-109.

WCMC. No date. Biodiversity Map Library. Computerized geographic information system for mapping global data on habitat and species. World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC). Cambridge.

WHO. 1995. Concern for Europe s Tomorrow: Health and Environment in the WHO European Region. WHO European Centre for Environment and Health. Wiss. Verl.-Ges. Stuttgart.

World Bank. 1996. World Development Report 1996. Oxford University Press. New York and London.

WRI/UNEP/UNDP/WB. 1996. World Resources 1996-97. World Resources Institute (WRI), UNEP, UNDP, and the World Bank. Oxford University Press. New York and London.

Continue to next section...

[ GEO-1: Home | Complete Report | Search | Feedback | Order Book | Collaborating Centres | About GEO Reports ]