Note: This is the 1997 edition of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook. If you are interested in more recent information, please see the 2000 and 2002 editions.

Figure 4.25. Disability-adjusted life expectancy years in India, Mexico, the Netherlands, and the world.

Niessen et al. (1996), (preliminary results).
Disability-adjusted life expectancy (DALE) years are a measure of years lived minus an estimated percentage for each year lived in incomplete health. The number of years lost have been arranged according to the main pressures of food, water, and vectorborne diseases; poverty only; and life-style. Please note that DALE years are different from DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) as used by the World Bank (Murray and Lopez, 1996).