Note: This is the 1997 edition of UNEP's Global Environment Outlook. If you are interested in more recent information, please see the 2000 and 2002 editions.

Table 4.2. Selected Base Year Data and Assumptions for GEO Analysis: Per Capita Figures

Per Capita Average Annual
Change Per Capita
(per cent)
Gross domestic
product per capita
(1990 US$)
1950 1990 2015 2050 1950-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa 468 646 803 1956 8 9 26
Asia & Pacific 299 1593 2946 5958 43 25 20
Europe 3004 10309 17465 30518 31 21 16
Latin America 1124 2569 3804 8425 21 16 23
North America 10376 21809 40830 65530 19 25 14
West Asia 1059 2823 3821 9508 25 12 26
World 1671 3971 5971 9473 22 16 13
Primary energy
consumption
per capita
(gigajoules)
1950 1990 2015 2050 1950-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa 6 12 13 27 18 5 14
Asia & Pacific 4 23 45 65 48 27 17
Europe 54 164 215 230 28 11 6
Latin America 12 32 39 68 25 8 12
North America 225 321 414 368 9 10 2
West Asia 6 57 64 81 59 5 6
World 30 61 76 83 17 9 5
Energy intensity
per capita (joules
per 1990 US$)
1950 1990 2015 2050 1950-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa 55 28 13 6 -17 -30 -25
Asia & Pacific 9 5 4 2 -15 -11 -14
Europe 31 20 14 8 -11 -14 -14
Latin America 64 28 16 10 -20 -22 -17
North America 131 53 32 17 -22 -21 -19
West Asia 77 99 41 12 6 -35 -35
World 7 3 2 1 -23 -22 -20
Agricultural
production of
maize per capita
(kilograms)
1970 1990 2015 2050 1970-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa 980 573 658 850 -26 6 7
Asia & Pacific 373 399 542 574 3 12 2
Europe 806 893 1064 1353 5 7 7
Latin America 2243 1254 1433 1876 -29 5 8
North America 7550 7307 6997 7622 -2 -2 2
West Asia 265 153 104 52 -27 -15 -20
World 1118 918 946 1000 -10 1 2
Caloric intake
per capita
(kilocalories
per person per day)
1970 1990 2015 2050 1970-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa 2193 2363 2555 2837 4 3 3
Asia & Pacific 2066 2479 2658 2726 9 3 1
Europe 3260 3439 3423 3424 3 0.00 0.00
Latin America 2478 2674 2781 2917 4 2 1
North America 3234 3647 3653 3609 6 0.00 0.00
West Asia 2415 2893 2960 2964 9 1 0.00
World 2416 2704 2799 2871 6 1 1
Total water
withdrawal per
capita (cubic
meters per year)
1950 1990 2015 2050 1950-1990 1990-2015 2015-2050
Africa n.a. 227 159 127 n.a. -14 -6
Asia & Pacific n.a. 444 406 397 n.a. -4 -1
Europe n.a. 905 1010 1020 n.a. 4 0.00
Latin America n.a. 401 376 369 n.a. -3 -1
North America n.a. 1847 1817 1740 n.a. -1 -1
West Asia n.a. 641 409 291 n.a. -18 -10
World n.a. 564 491 427 n.a. -5 -4

Sources:
Historical data from Klein Goldewijk and Battjes (1995); assumptions about the future from Raskin et al. (1996).
Note:
n.a. = not available