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GEO-3: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK  
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List of Illustrations

Chapter 1

Landsat images of the Saloum River, Senegal
Slums next to an open sewer in Bombay, India
Firemen trying to extinguish a burning oil rig in Kuwait in 1991
Sea levels during the 1997-98 El Niño
One of the world's largest dams - the Itaipu hydroelectric plant in Brazil

CHAPTER 2

Socio-economic background

Progress in human development over the past 30 years
World population (millions) by region, 1972-2000
Gross domestic product per capita (US$1995/year), 1972-99
Number of countries connected to the Internet
Number of Internet users (millions)
Fixed and mobile telephone subscribers (millions)
Colour image of the Earth
A hand through the Berlin Wall
Population (millions) by sub-region: Africa
GDP per capita (US$1995) by sub-region: Africa
Population (millions) by sub-region: Asia and the Pacific
Traditional agriculture in Asia and the Pacific
GDP per capita (US$1995) by sub-region: Asia and the Pacific
Population (millions) by sub-region: Europe
GDP per capita (US$1995) by sub-region: Europe
Population (millions) by sub-region: Latin America and the Caribbean
GDP per capita (US$1995) by sub-region: Latin America and the Caribbean
Population pyramids 1990 and 2000: United States
GDP per capita (US$1995/year), with service sector share: North America
Traditional market in West Asia
GDP per capita (US$1995/year): West Asia
Population (millions) by sub-region: West Asia
Total GDP (US$1995 billion) by sub-region: West Asia
Population pyramid for Nunavut and Canada
Indigenous populations in the Arctic

Land

Area under arable and permanent crops (million ha)
Area under irrigation (million ha)
Fertilizer consumption (kg per capita/year)
Extent and severity of land degradation
Agricultural land threatened by chemical pollution in China
Land utilization (percentage of total land area): Africa
Desertification vulnerability: Africa
Land utilization (percentage of total land area): Asia and the Pacific
Salinization in Western Australia
Desertification vulnerability: Asia and the Pacific
Flooding in Portugal
Floods and landslides in Italy (number of events)
Water erosion in Europe

Irrigated area (1 000 hectares): Latin America and the Caribbean
Vulnerability to water and wind: Latin America and the Caribbean
Water and wind erosion vulnerability: North America
Land degradation in West Asia: severity and causes (%)
Irrigated area (million ha): West Asia
Ecosystems in the Arctic

Forests

Forest cover 2000
Causes of forest area change (percentage of total) by region
Forest fire in Indonesia
Forest extent: Africa
Forest extent: Asia and the Pacific
Commercial logging in Myanmar
Forest extent: Europe
Forest extent: Latin America and the Caribbean
Timber increments and removals (million m3/year): North America
Forest extent: North America
Decline of old growth forest (percentage of total)
Forest extent: West Asia
Dragon's blood tree
Arctic treeline

Biodiversity

Global number and area of protected sites by year
Cumulative number of aquatic introductions
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: Africa
Protected areas: Africa
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: Asia and the Pacific
Protected areas: Asia and the Pacific
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: Europe
Protected areas: Europe
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: Latin America and the Caribbean
Protected areas: Latin America and the Caribbean
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: North America
Numbers of threatened vertebrates: West Asia
Protected areas: West Asia

Polar bear populations in the Arctic

Freshwater

Precipitation, evaporation and run-off by region (km3/year)
Water availability by sub-region in 2000 (1 000 m3 per capita/year)
Global irrigated area and water withdrawals
Numbers of international river basins
Water supply and sanitation coverage: Africa
Improved water supply and sanitation coverage: Asia and the Pacific
Water stress in Europe (withdrawals as % of renewable resources)
Water availability in 2000 (1 000 m3 per capita/year)
Areas of Concern (AOC) in the Great Lakes
Water uses in West Asia
Major river systems in the Arctic
The decline of Barrow's goldeneye

Coastal and marine areas

Seasonal zones of oxygen-depleted waters
Annual fish, mollusc and crustacean catch (million tonnes) by region
Annual fish, mollusc and crustacean catch per capita (kg) by region
Annual aquaculture production (million tonnes) by region
Global trends in world fisheries stocks (%)
Seal ensnared in broken fishing net
Africa's coral reefs
Annual fish catch per capita (kg): Africa
Annual fish catch per capita (kg): Asia and the Pacific
Annual aquaculture production per capita (kg): Asia and the Pacific
Marine oil transport incidents (number) in Europe
Oil tanker routes in the Mediterranean
Fish catch (million tonnes): Latin America and the Caribbean
Wastewater discharged into the sea
Annual fish catch (million tonnes): North America
Pacific Northwest salmon catch value (US$million/year)
Annual fish catch per capita (kg): West Asia
The global ocean circulation
Stocks of Arctic fisheries (thousands of adults)

Atmosphere

World energy supply by fuel (million tonnes oil equivalent/year)
Migration of persistent organic pollutants
World production of major chlorofluorocarbons (tonnes/year)
The Antarctic ozone hole breaks a new record
Carbon dioxide concentrations at Mauna Loa, Hawaii (parts per million by volume)
Carbon dioxide emissions by region, 1998 (million tonnes carbon/year)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita: Africa (tonnes carbon per capita/year)
Passenger vehicles/1 000 people (1996)
SO2 emissions in EMEP countries (million tonnes/year)
SO2 emissions (1 000 tonnes): linking policy to emission reductions in the Netherlands
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita: Latin America and the Caribbean (tonnes carbon per capita/year)
Emissions of major air pollutants: United States (million tonnes/year)
Average temperatures in the United States (°C)
Energy consumption and production: West Asia (million tonnes oil equivalent/year)
Monthly mean ozone levels at Halley Bay, Antarctica (Dobson units)
Radioactive contamination after Chernobyl

Urban areas

Urban population (% of regional totals) by region
Annual percentage increase in the urban population
Satellite image of global city lights
Population of selected major cities of the world by region (millions)
Sifting through waste on a dump outside a city in Viet Nam
Urban populations (millions) by sub-region: Africa
Urbanization level (%): Africa
Urban population (millions) with and without improved water and sanitation: Africa
Collecting traditional fuel in Africa
Urbanization level (%): Asia and the Pacific
Urban populations (millions) by sub-region: Asia and the Pacific
Urban population (millions) with and without improved water and sanitation: Asia and the Pacific
Urban population (percentage of total): Europe
Growth or urban sprawl along the French Riviera, 1975-90
Urban population (percentage of total): Latin America and the Caribbean
Waste disposal in selected cities (tonnes/year/person)
Private and public transport use (passenger-km per year/capita): Canada and United States
Solid waste disposal (million tonnes/year) in the United States
Urbanization level (%): West Asia
Urban population (millions) by sub-region: West Asia
Traditional village in Iran

Disasters

Numbers of great natural disasters per year, 1950-2001
Economic costs of great natural disasters (US$billion), 1950-2000
Apartment block after the 1999 earthquake in Izmit, Turkey
Trends in disasters (number/year): Asia and the Pacific
Storm Lothar passing over Europe
Spraying water on a forest fire in Europe
Annual average precipitation departures from mean (mm): Canada
Forest area burnt (million ha/year): North America
Sheep in the Mashriq sub-region
Oil wells ignited during the second Gulf War
Nuclear waste dumping sites: Arctic

CHAPTER 3

Extensive smoke haze over Indonesia and neighbouring areas
Undernourishment by country (% of population undernourished)
Effects of conserving upstream water

CHAPTER 4

Carbon dioxide emissions from all sources (billion tonnes carbon/year)
Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (parts per million by volume)
Global temperature change (°C per ten years)
Extent of built-up areas (% of total land area)
Land area impacted by infrastructure (% of total land area)
Ecosystems impacted by infrastructure expansion 2002
Change in selected pressures on natural ecosystems 2002-32
Population living in areas with severe water stress (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress (million persons)
Population living with hunger (million persons)
Population living with hunger (%)
Area with high risk of water-induced soil degradation: Africa (% of total land area)
Percentage of 2002 cropland severely degraded by 2032: Africa
Natural forest, excluding regrowth: Africa (% of total land area)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: Africa (% of total land area)
Natural Capital Index: Africa
Population living in areas with severe water stress: Africa (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: Africa (million persons)
Population living with hunger: Africa (%)
Population living with hunger: Africa (million persons)
Area with high risk of water-induced soil degradation: Asia and the Pacific (% of land areas)
Percentage of 2002 cropland severely degraded by 2032: Asia and the Pacific
Population living in areas with severe water stress: Asia and the Pacific (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: Asia and the Pacific (million persons)
Energy-related sulphur dioxide emissions: Asia and the Pacific (million tonnes sulphur)
Energy-related nitrogen oxide emissions: Asia and the Pacific (million tonnes nitrogen)
Extent of built-up areas: Asia and the Pacific (% of total land area)
Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions: Asia and the Pacific (million tonnes carbon)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: Asia and the Pacific (% of total land area)
Municipal solid waste generation: Asia and the Pacific (index related to value of 1 for base year 1995)
Natural Capital Index: Asia and the Pacific
Population living with hunger: Asia and the Pacific (%)
Population living with hunger: Asia and the Pacific (million persons)
Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions: Europe (million tonnes carbon)
Extent of built-up areas: Europe (% of total land area)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: Europe (% of total land area)
Natural Capital Index: Europe
Population living in areas with severe water stress: Europe (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: Europe (million persons)
Area with high risk of water-induced soil degradation: Latin America and the Caribbean (% total land area)
Percentage of 2002 cropland severely degraded by 2032: Latin America and the Caribbean
Extent of built-up areas: Latin America and the Caribbean (% of total land area)
Energy-related nitrogen oxide emissions: Latin America and the Caribbean (million tonnes nitrogen)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: Latin America and the Caribbean (% of total land area)
Natural Capital Index: Latin America and the Caribbean
Population living in areas with severe water stress: Latin America and the Caribbean (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: Latin America and the Caribbean (million persons)
Population living with hunger: Latin America and the Caribbean (%)
Population living with hunger: Latin America and the Caribbean (million persons)
Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions: North America (million tonnes carbon)
Extent of built-up areas: North America (% of total land area)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: North America (% of total land area)
Natural Capital Index: North America
Population living in areas with severe water stress: North America (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: North America (million persons)
Area with high risk of water-induced soil degradation: West Asia (% of total land area)
Extent of built-up areas: West Asia (% of total land area)
Percentage of 2002 cropland severely degraded by 2032: West Asia
Population living in areas with severe water stress: West Asia (%)
Number of people living in areas with severe water stress: West Asia (million persons)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: West Asia (% of total land area)
Natural Capital Index: West Asia
Energy-related nitrogen oxide emissions: West Asia (million tonnes nitrogen)
Population living with hunger: West Asia (million persons)
Population living with hunger: West Asia (%)
Change in average temperature: Polar regions (°C per ten years)
Land area impacted by infrastructure expansion: Arctic (% of total land area)