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Following the 1972 UN conference in Stockholm, indigenous participation in NGO forums and scientific meetings has led to an appreciation of different forms of traditional knowledge and the inclusion of traditional ecological knowledge in land and resource planning. Today, many scientists welcome the partnership of indigenous and local Arctic residents in research.

The importance of subsistence foods
Communities throughout the Arctic depend on domestic reindeer, wild meat, birds, marine mammals, fish and local plants which account for up to 50 per cent of the indigenous diet and 25 per cent of the general population's diet in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug region of the Russian Federation (AMAP 1997). This subsistence food is critical to indigenous people, and it is one reason why indigenous organizations promote the conservation of natural resources, rights to hunt, fish, trap and gather plants, and a reduction in the pollution transported to the Arctic from the mid-latitudes.

Internet access, while unevenly distributed, has revolutionized Arctic communication. However, while computers as well as television, film, video and broadcasting have spread across the Arctic, many of the settlements in the Russian Arctic still have inadequate or no telephone service.