the past 30 years, depletion of coastal resources such as fisheries, mangroves
and coral reefs has emerged as a critical issue in Asia and the Pacific.
Increasing urbanization, industrialization and tourism, coupled with a growing
coastal population, have degraded coastal areas, reduced water quality and
increased pressures on marine resources. These pressures are exacerbated
by poverty. For example, in Viet Nam poor people have become increasingly
dependent on marine resources for their livelihoods (MoSTE Viet Nam 1999),
and significant beach pollution occurs in the vicinity of Sihanoukville
and Kep, both important tourist destinations (ADB 2000). Similar trends
have been observed in almost all countries of the region.