High Resolution Graphics
Fig1 GEO-4 Conceptual Framework
Fig1.1 Ratification of major multilateral environmental agreements
Fig 1.2 Number of people affected by disasters of natural origin in SIDS
Fig 1.3 Pollutants paths to the Arctic
Fig 1.4 Population by region
Fig 1.5 Life expectancy by region
Fig 1.6 Urban population by region, per cent of total population
Fig 1.7 Gross domestic product – purchasing power parity per capita
Fig 1.8 Primary energy supply per capita
Fig 1.9 Mobile phone per a 1000 people and (b) Internet users per a thousand people by region
Fig 2.1 selected pollutants, their average residence times in the atmosphere and maximum extent of their impact
Fig 2.2 Energy use per US$ 1000 GDP (in PPP for 2000)
Fig 2.3 Total primary energy supply by energy source
Fig 2.4 Number of passenger cars, by region
Fig 2.5 Activity intensity versus per capita personal car use in 58 higher income metropolitan areas around the world
Fig 2.6 Amount of space required to transport the same number of passengers by car, bus or bicycle. (Poster in city of Muenster Planning Office, August 2001)
Fig 2.7 Premature deaths due to outdoor urban PM10 exposure by region in 2000
Fig 2.8 Emissions of (a) sulphur dioxide and (b) nitrogen oxides, by region
Fig 2.9 Trends in average annual urban concentrations of pollutants [g/m3] in selected cities Worldwide
Fig 2.10 Estimated average concentration of PM10 in cities with populations greater than 100,000, and in national capitals, for 1999
Fig 2.11 Calculated annual average troposheric ozone concentrations in 2000 obtained by combining the outputs of several models
2.11 Annual av ozone map
Fig 2.12 Global estimates of disease attributed to (a) Indoor and (b) urban PM10 pollution, measured in DALYs
Fig 2.13 The impact of local air pollution on the growth of wheat in suburban Lahore, Pakistan
Fig 2.14 Global distribution of sulphur levels in diesel fuel in 2007
Fig 2.15 Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 over the last 10 000 years
Fig 2.16 CO2 emissions from fossil fuels by region
Fig 2.17 per capita CO2 emissions at the regional level in 2003
Fig 2.18 Observed warming over the 20th century compared with climate model calculations
Fig 2.19 The [2000-2005] global carbon cycle
Fig 2.20 Seasonal melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet
Fig 2.21 Time scale and sea-level rise
Fig 2.22 paths to reach a 400 ppm CO2- equivalent greenhouse gas concentration target (Kyoto gas emissions plus land use CO2)
Fig 2.23 Size of the Antarctic hole over time
Fig 2.24 World wide consumption of CFCs and HCFCs
Fig 2.25 Effect of agreements on the predicted abundance of ODS in the stratosphere 1980-2100
Fig 2.26 Progress of leaded gasoline phase-out in sub saharan Africa
Fig 3.1 Green and Blue water, global flows
Fig 3.2 Total forest area by region
Fig 3.3 Primary forest area by region
Fig 3.4 Designation of forest by region
Fig 3.5 Declines in carbon in living biomas and in extent in of forest

Fig 3.6 Global land degradation using biomassproduction and rain use effeciency trends between 1981-2003

Fig 3.7 Kenya land use, biomassand rain use efficiency
Fig 3.8 PCDD (dioxine) in the atmosphere and deposition, 2003
Fig 3.9 Drylands - defined by the long term mean of the ratio of annual precipitation to potential evapotranspiration
Fig 3.10 Trends in greenness index in sahel, 1982-1999
Fig 3.11 Arable land and area under cereals
Fig 4.1 Global distribution of world's water
Fig 4.2 The Global Ocean Conveyor
Fig 4.3 The situation in relation to (a) Drinking water and (b) sanitation coverage, 2004
Fig 4.4 Changes in global water use by sector
Fig 4.5 Annual precipitation trends, 1900-2000
Fig 4.6 Global glacier mass - annual variability and cumulative values
Fig 4.7 Reported cholera cases and fatalities by region
Fig 4.8 Inorganic levels per watershed by region, 1979 - 1990 and 1991 - 2005
Fig 4.9 Alga blooms in East China Sea
Fig 4.10 declines in organic contaminant concentrations in selected Russian and Chinese rivers
Fig 4.11 Global volume of oil from accidental tanker spills exceeding 136 tonnes (1000 barrels)
Fig 4.12 Restoration of the Mesopotamia marshes in Iraq
Fig 4.13 Exploitation status of marine fish stocks
Fig 4.14 Fish trophic level changes in the North atlantic and coastal areas at water depths less than 200m, and total marine landings
Fig 4.15 Fish meal usage in 2002 2012(projected)
Fig 4.16 Trends in aquaculture production and trophic levels of fish usage in fish meal production
Fig 5.1 Status of the terrestrial eco-regions
Fig 5.2 Examples of state, pressure and response indicators that have been adopted by the convention diversity to measure progress towards the 2010 target
Fig 5.3 Degree of protection of terrestrial eco-regions and large marine ecosystems
Fig 5.4 Contempolary extent of agricultural systems
Fig 5.5 Primary energy supply from various sources and projections to 2030
Fig 5.6 realationship between income and energy use in urban areas of 12 developing countries
Fig 5.7 Harmful effect of ecosystem changes on human health
Fig 5.8 "Biocultural" diversity in the world
Fig 6.1 GDP by GEO region
Fig 6.2 Ecological footprint and biocapacity by region, 2003
Fig 6.3 Annual total and per capita GDP growth rate in Africa
Fig 6.4 Population trends
Fig 6.5 Examples of current and future impacts and vulnerabilities associated with climate change variability and change in Africa
Fig 6.6 Major land-use categories in Africa, 2002
Fig 6.7 Changes in sectoral shares in employment in sub saharan Africa
Fig 6.8 Per capita arable land
Fig 6.9 countries in crisis requiring external food assistance (October 2006)
Fig 6.10 Energy consumption by sub-region
Fig 6.11 Total CO2 emissions
Fig 6.12 Trend in use of passenger cars
Fig 6.13 Average annualPM10 concentration in ([]g/m3) in selected Asian cities, 2002
Fig 6.14 Concentration of NO2 ([]g/m3) in selected Asian cities, 2002
Fig 6.15 Average fresh water use by sector in the period 1998-2002
Fig 6.16 Access to safe drinking water as a percent of the total population
Fig 6.17 Status of coral reefs by sub-region, 2004
Fig 6.18 Change in agricultural Land area per sub-region
Fig 6.19 Rice production in the Asia and the Pacific sub-regions
Fig 6.20 Per capitamunicipal waste generation in selected Asian countries
Fig 6.21 Annual mean temperature deviation in Europe
Fig 6.22 Trends in total greenhouse gas emissions
Fig 6.23 Estimated impact of different factors on the reduction of CO2 emission from public heat and electricity generation in EU-25
Fig 6.24 Household final consumption expenditure (European Union)
Fig 6.25 Emissions and projections by sub-regions for PM10 and ozone precursors
Fig 6.26 Car ownership in Europe
Fig 6.27 Urban population in the EEA-32 countries exposed to air pollution over limit values and target values.
Fig 6.28 Unaccounted for water in Armenia
Fig 6.29 Average pollution concentration in European waters
Fig 6.30 Urban population as per cent of the total population
Fig 6.31 Average annual forest change
Fig 6.32 Catch of major groups of fish and invertebrates in the Humboldt current large marine Ecosystem
Fig 6.33 Number of storms in the North Antlantic basin
Fig 6.34 Re-infestation by Aedes aegypti in Latin America and the Caribbean
Fig 6.35 Retreating glacier zone in the border area between Argentina and Chiles
Fig 6.36 Per capita GDP
Fig 6.37 Per capita energy consumption
Fig 6.38 Total energy consumption by sector, 2004
Fig 6.39 Energy production by fuel type
Fig 6.40 CO2 emissions by fuel type
Fig 6.41 Housing density classes in the United States, 2000
Fig 6.42 Comparison of per capita water use by region
Fig 6.43 North American water use by sector
Fig 6.44 Sources of freshwater impairment in the united states
Fig 6.45 Trend in per capita GDP –annual growth rate
Fig 6.46 Trends and projections in per capita fresh water availability
Fig 6.47 Current and projected water demand in West Asia
Fig 6.48 The expansion of arable land
Fig 6.49 Protected areas in West Asia
Fig 6.50 Trends in annual per capita fish catch in west asia
Fig 6.51 Trends in urban population as per cent of total population
Fig 6.52 Per capita solid waste generation in selected countries
Fig 6.53 Total final per capita energy consumption
Fig 6.54 Arctic temperature trends
Fig 6.55 Summer Arctic sea ice is shrinking at a rate of 8.9 per cent per decade
Fig 6.56 The potential impact of a 5-metre sea level rise in Florida (above) and south east Asia (below)
Fig 6.57 Trends in POPS and mercury in eggs of thick billed murres
Fig 6.58 Numbers of ship-borne tourists to the Antarctic
Fig 6.59a Great Ape task force information card
Fig 6.59 Ecological creditors and debtors
Fig 7.1 Progress to meeting MDG 1
Fig 7.2 Regional trends and projections for 2005-10 in under-five mortality rates
Fig 7.3 Foreign direct investment and aid dependency
Fig 7.4 Number of armed conflicts by type
Fig 7.5 Government effectiveness (2005)
Fig 7.6 Research and development (R&D) intensity
Fig 7.7 Environmental health risk transitions
Fig 7.8 Poverty and the lack of access to basic services, 2002
Fig 7.9 Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) and Development Index
Fig 7.10 Causes of food emergencies in developing countries
Fig 7.11 Domestic extraction used in EU-15 compared to imports of industrial minerals and ores
Fig 7.12 Highest risk hot spots by natural hazard type
Fig 7.13 Composition of transboundary waste reported by the parties to the Basel Convention in 2000
Fig 7.14 Radioactive, chemical and biological hazards in central Asia
Fig 7.15 Spatial distribution of typical forms of dryland archetype
Fig 7.16 Vulnerability to drought and impacts on well-being
Fig 7.17 Fish catch landings of Newfoundlandand Labrador
Fig 7.18 Landings in high seas by major fishing countries
Fig 7.19 Links between climate related changes and human health in Greenland's indigenous communities
Fig 7.20 Trends and projections in oil security for energy-importing high and low-income regions
Fig 7.21 Environmental vulnerability scores for SIDS
Fig 7.22 Caribbean casualties due to hurricanes
Fig 7.23 Health status of four villages near the Barekese dam in Ghana
Fig 7.24 Coastal populationand shoreline degradation
Fig 7.25 Overall losses and insured losses due to natural hazards
Fig 7.26 Example of a poverty map for Kenya
Fig 7.27 Net ODA as a percentage of GNI in 2006
Fig 7.29 Net ODA as a percentage of GNI in 2006
Fig 8.1 Our "shrinking" Earth
Fig 8.2 A variation of the GEO-4 conceptual framework highlighting the dual role of the social and economic sector
Fig 8.3 The nitrogen cascade and associated environmental impacts
Fig 8.4 Linkages and feedback loops among desertification, global climate change and biodiversity loss
Fig 8.5 Number of people affected by climate related disasters in developing and developed countries
Fig 8.6 Multiple environmental changes and their effects on human well-being constituents and determinants.
Fig 8.7 Waste trafficking
Fig 8.8 International governance-environment-development-trade interlinkages
Fig 9.1 Strength of investiments in opportunities to reduce vulnerability in human-environment systems and improving human well being
Fig 9.2 Population trends
Fig 9.3 Gross domestic products
Fig 9.4 Total global exports
Fig 9.5 GDP per capita
Fig 9.6 Global GINI index of income across states and households
Fig 9.7 Ratio of GDP per capita – top 10 per cent of population over bottom 10 percent of population
Fig 9.8 Total primary energy use
Fig 9.9 Per capita primary energy use
Fig 9.10 Global primary energy use by fuel
Fig 9.11 Global anthropogenic SOx by sector
Fig 9.12 Global total equivalent carbon emissins from anthropogenic sources by sector
Fig 9.13 Per capita equivalent carbon emissions from energy and industry by region
Fig 9.14 Atmospheric concentration of CO2
Fig 9.15 Global mean temperature deviation trends since industrial times
Fig 9.16 Sea-level rise due to climate change
Fig 9.17 Cropland and pasture by region
Fig 9.18 Modern biofuel plantations as percentage of total land cover by region
Fig 9.19 Forest land by region
Fig 9.20 Global extent of soils with high water erosion risk
Fig 9.21 Cereal yield by region
Fig 9.22 Per capita food availability
Fig 9.23 Global water withdraws by sector
Fig 9.24 Populations living in river basins facing severe water stress
Fig 9.25 Untreated domestic and municipal wastewater by region
Fig 9.26 Mean species abundance and trends, 2000 and 2050
Fig 9.27 Change in mean original species abundance(MSA) from 2000 by region
Fig 9.28 Contribution to historical decline in mean original species abundance (MSA) to 2000 and to 2050-Global
Fig 9.29 Total landings from marine fisheries
Fig 9.30 Mean tropic index(MTI) of global fish landings
Fig 9.31 Change in total biomass of select groups of fish
Fig 9.32 Proportion of population with income less than US$1/day by region
Fig 9.33 Proportion of malnourished children for selected regions
Fig 9.34 Net enrolment in primary education by region
Fig 9.35 Gender ratios of enrolment in primary and secondary education by region
Fig 9.36 Life expectancy at birth by region
Fig 9.37 Population trends-Africa
Fig 9.38 Population trends-Asia and the Pacific
Fig 9.39 Population trends-Europe
Fig 9.40 Population trends-Latin and the Caribbean
Fig 9.41 Population trends-North America
Fig 9.42 Population trends-Weast Asia
Fig 9.43 Historical and future declinesin MSA - polar (Greenland)
Fig 9.44 Rate of change in global water withdrawals
Fig 9.45 Rate of change of global pasture and cropland area
Fig 9.46 Rate of change of global forest area
Fig 9.47 Rate of change in average global MSA remaining
Fig 9.48 Rate of change in global atmospheric CO2 concentration
Fig 9.49 Rate of change of global temperature
Fig 10.1 Two tracks to address environmental problems with proven and emerging solutions
Fig 10.2 Mapping environmental problems according to management and reversibility
Fig 10.3 An overview of global policy targets
Fig 10.4 A continum of SEA application