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Global Outlook for Ice and Snow
Authors

Chapter 2: Why are Snow and Ice Important to Us?
Pål Prestrud, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Norway

Chapter 3: Why are Snow and Ice Changing?
Lead: James E. Overland, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, USA
John E. Walsh, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA
Muyin Wang, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, USA

Chapter 4: Snow
Lead: Roger G. Barry, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA
Richard Armstrong, National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, CO, USA
Terry Callaghan, Abisko Scientific Research Station, Abisko, Sweden
Jessie Cherry, International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, USA
Shari Gearheard, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, USA
Anne Nolin, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Don Russell, Environment Canada, Whitehorse, YK, Canada
Christoph Zöckler, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK

Chapter 5: Ice in the Sea
Lead: Sebastian Gerland, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Jon Aars, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Tom Bracegirdle, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK
Eddy Carmack, Fisheries and Oceans, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, Canada
Haakon Hop, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Grete K. Hovelsrud, Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, Norway
Kit Kovacs, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Christian Lydersen, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
Don K. Perovich, U.S.Army ERDC – Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, USA
Jackie Richter-Menge, U.S. Army ERDC – Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH, USA
Stine Rybråten, Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, Norway
Hallvard Strøm, Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø, Norway
John Turner, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, UK

Chapter 6A: Ice Sheets
Charles R. Bentley, Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
Robert H. Thomas, EG&G Services, NASA, Wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia, USA
Isabella Velicogna, CIRES and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA

Chapter 6B: Glaciers and Ice Caps
Lead: Michael Zemp, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Lead: Wilfried Haeberli, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Samjwal Bajracharya, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
Trevor J. Chinn, Alpine and Polar Processes, New Zealand
Andrew G. Fountain, Department of Geology, Portland State University, Washington, USA
Jon Ove Hagen, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Norway
Christian Huggel, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Andreas Kääb, Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Norway
Bjørn P. Kaltenborn, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Lillehammer, Norway
Madhav Karki, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal,
Georg Kaser, Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Vladimir M. Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography, Moscow State University, Russia
Christian Lambrechts, Division of Early Warning and Assessment, United Nations Environment Programme, Kenya
Zhongqin Li, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Bruce F. Molnia, U.S. Geological Survey, USA
Pradeep Mool, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
Christian Nellemann, UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway
Viktor Novikov, UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway
Galina B. Osipova, Institute of Geography, Moscow State University, Russia
Andrés Rivera, Centro de Estudios Científicos, Chile
Basanta Shrestha, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
Felix Svoboda, Department of Geography, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Dmitri G. Tsvetkov, Institute of Geography, Moscow State University, Russia
Tandong Yao, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Chapter 6C: Ice and Sea Level Change
Lead: John A. Church, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, and Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems, Cooperative Research
Centre, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Robert Nicholls, School of Civil Engineering and the Environment and Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University
of Southampton, UK
John E. Hay, Institute for Global Change Adaptation Science, Ibaraki University, Mito, Japan
Vivien Gornitz, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Chapter 7: Frozen Ground
Lead: Vladimir E. Romanovsky, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA
Stephan Gruber, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Arne Instanes, Opticonsult Consulting Engineers, Norway
Huijun Jin, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, China
Sergei S. Marchenko, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA and Institute of Geography, Kazakhstan
Sharon L. Smith, Geological Survey of Canada, Canada
Dario Trombotto, Ianigla - Cricyt – Conicet, Argentina
Katey M. Walter, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA

Chapter 8: River and Lake Ice
Lead: Terry D. Prowse, Water and Climate Impacts Research Centre, Environment Canada, University of Victoria, BC, Canada
Barrie R. Bonsal, National Hydrology Research Centre, Environment Canada, Saskatoon, Canada
Claude R. Duguay, Department of Geography, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
Dag O. Hessen, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Valery S. Vuglinsky, State Hydrologic Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia

Chapter 9: Policy and Perspectives
Lead: Joan Eamer, UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway
Lead: Christian Lambrechts, Division of Early Warning and Assessment, UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya,
Lead: Pål Prestrud, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, Norway
Lead: Oran Young, Donald Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Patricia Cochran, Inuit Circumpolar Council and Alaska Native Science Commission, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Kunda Dixit, Nepali Times, Kathmandu
Taito Nakalevu, Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Apia, Samoa
Christian Nellemann, UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Arendal, Norway
Caleb Pungowiyi, Kotzebue, Alaska

Reviewers
Charles R. Bentley, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
Jerry Brown, International Permafrost Association, USA
Ross Brown, Environment Canada, Canada
Anny Cazenave, Centre National d’Etudes spatiales, France
Bernard Francou, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, France
Susanne Hansson, Danish International Space Centre, Denmark
Janet Intrieri, National Science Foundation, USA
Jari Jaapala, Finnish Institute of Marine Research, Finland
Martin O. Jeffries, National Science Foundation, USA
Peter Knight, Keele University, UK
Michael Kuhn, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Esko Kuusisto, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), Finland
Catherine McMullen, Division of Early Warning and Assessment, UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya
Fritz Nelson, University of Delaware, USA
John Pomeroy, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
David Robinson, Rutgers University, USA
Vladimir Ryabinin, World Climate Research Programme, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
David G. Vaughan, British Antarctic Survey, UK