|As with municipal solid waste, there is legislative overlap, which has led to overlap in responsibilities. Hence, there is a need to clarify responsibilities among administrative levels. Barriers to the shipping of hazardous waste across provinces pose a particular problem, as they often impede the adequate treatment and disposal of hazardous waste. For the treatment of healthcare waste, the use of certain technologies like incineration is prohibited; however, there are no clear guidelines regarding separation or recycling, which makes it difficult and risky for operators to deal with this waste stream. Training for operators needs to be enhanced to ensure their work safety. Also, in a lot of places, hazardous waste is indiscriminately disposed of, generating severe environmental and public health problems. Funding for environmentally sound disposal is missing as is financing to cover the environmental externalities of inadequate hazardous waste disposal. There is also a need to update the characterization of the toxicity of wastes.