|MSW is considered the waste stream with the most pressing need for better management in Bangladesh. The lack of funds for MSW management is ranked as the greatest concern. Without donor support, many municipalities do not have access to the technology needed for MSW management, such as the weighbridge and waste characterization/quantification laboratories. Importantly, municipal officials also lack a sufficient understanding of MSW management, and would benefit from better training on these issues. Although governmental regulations on MSW exist, such as the Local Government (Municipal) Act (2009), they are vague, they not specify obligations, and thus are rarely enforced by municipalities. National policies, such as the 3R strategy, also exist, promoting MSW use as compost, production materials and energy (such as refuse-derived fuel). A detailed plan to implement the 3R strategy, delegating authority and responsibility to individual municipalities while also recognizing the role of the informal sector, would ensure improvement in MSW management. The lack of environmental awareness amongst societa l groups tasked with the disposal of MSW, often within the lower strata, is also of notable significance. Domestic workers are named as an example of an important target for MSW education. Thus governmental institutions also need to cooperate with donors, non-governmental organizations and civil society representatives to better reach out to local communities.