Burkina Faso

Submitted by Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development
Summary of information
Highest priority waste streams
1. Waste plastics
2. Municipal solid waste (MSW)
3. Healthcare waste
Highest priority areas of capacity building
1. Financial
2. Technical and scientific
3. Social
Narrative summary
Burkina Faso (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development)’s responses to the needs assessment survey show that waste management activities need to be better financed and given technical support. Equipment needs to be bought to handle waste streams such as MSW and industrial waste (only Ouagadougou has facilities to treat the latter). There is a lack of experts available for consultation in creating guidelines or policies for waste streams such as healthcare waste. Hence, more resources need to be made available for waste management in the country. The responses also speak of a pressing need in Burkina Faso to focus on the management of waste plastics. Changing public attitudes towards waste generation, and in particular plastic bags, is a key obstacle that has to be overcome.

Waste plastics
The management of waste plastics is considered the greatest priority for Burkina Faso. The recycling sector is unable to handle the quantity of waste plastics generated, and would benefit from greater funding. Despite public awareness of the environmental risks of waste generation, there are currently no specific regulations on the management of waste plastics. Proposed legislation aiming to ban the use of plastic bags is unpopular. Better coordination of institutions responsible for waste management would also make a positive impact.

Municipal solid waste (MSW)
MSW management is also ranked as a great priority for Burkina Faso. There is a lack of funds for both the procurement of technology needed for waste collection and recycling, and for public education on the benefits of waste segregation. Better understanding and maintenance of existing MSW management equipment would benefit Burkina Faso. Furthermore, although regulations on MSW management exist, they could be rendered more effective through the setting up of committees dedicated to their enforcement. Committees could coordinate the efforts of not only government institutions but also non-government organizations and partnerships.

Healthcare waste
Policies and regulations exist for the management of healthcare waste in Burkina Faso. However, there is a pressing need for funding, currently lacking for the procurement of technology needed for the collection and disposal of healthcare waste. Equally, skilled human resources for the maintenance of machinery such as incinerators would be greatly welcomed. There is public awareness of the hazards of healthcare waste; yet it is possible to better involve the private sector on the management of this waste stream.

E-waste
There is little-to-no management of e-waste in Burkina Faso. The management of e-waste in the country will primarily require skilled human resources and funds. Aspects that require development also include public awareness, coordination among e-waste stakeholders, and specific legislation with regards to e-waste, all of which are currently lacking.

Industrial waste
Above all, Burkina Faso requires funding for the management of its industrial waste. Industrial waste management is currently only limited to its capital, Ouagadougou. International partnerships to make available funds, technology, and skilled human resources would be greatly welcomed. Public awareness and specific regulations regarding industrial waste are also lacking. Collaboration between the industrial sector and governmental institutions responsible for the environment would benefit industrial waste management.

Hazardous waste
There is a necessity for better technical understanding of hazardous waste in Burkina Faso. Hazardous waste such as pesticides, batteries, lubricating oils and radioactive material is found in the country, and better methods of waste characterization need to be applied. Burkina Faso also requires funding for the transportation and storage of hazardous waste. Public awareness on the health risks of hazardous waste could also be improved. Legislative reference to the management of hazardous waste is limited to several vague directives in environmental policies; expansion into a clear framework of action and expansion in the mandate of governmental institutions upon the environment would have a positive impact.

Organic waste and waste agricultural biomass (WAB)
The management of organic waste and WAB is ranked low amongst the priorities for Burkina Faso. While composting is practiced, funding is needed for the use of organic waste and WAB on a large scale. Drought has affected water resources needed for composting. The conversion of WAB into energy resources is not mentioned. The country’s environmental policy allows for organic waste and WAB generators to select the means by which it is managed; although schemes directed at waste generators would render the management process more effective.