|MSW is the highest-ranked waste stream requiring better management in Cambodia. Technical understanding of MSW management needs to be greatly improved at both national and subnational levels. Specifically, technical capacities of the waste collection and recycling industries in the private sector and the management of sanitary landfills need to be strengthened. Detailed and easily-accessible technical guidelines and regulations for MSW management should replace the existing ineffective and rarely enforced waste management policies, particularly in areas such as equipment maintenance. Guidelines and regulations, however, need to be supported and implemented by adequate funds for technology and skilled human resources. Officials at the subnational level should be better trained in integrated solid waste management, while funds are needed for the procurement of waste collection equipment and the development of a life-cycle approach to MSW management. Furthermore, public awareness of MSW management issues could also be improved. While MSW generators could be better educated on the benefits of segregating waste, traditional recyclers, such as rag-pickers and those living close to dumpsites, also require education on the health risks of MSW. In short, an integrated solid waste management plan should be developed, each component should be more clearly delegated to the responsible authorities, and funds should be mobilized towards its implementation despite a limited national budget.