|Chad’s responses rank MSW as the highest-priority waste stream in which capacity-building is needed. Funds are seen as the greatest necessity for better MSW management, especially to urban municipalities. Grants are needed in order to procurement equipment and to build infrastructure, such as waste segregation centres and landfills, especially as only collection and transportation equipment is well-maintained. Improved public participation in MSW management is also highly important, although there are a few organized efforts to involve society. Fee payments for the removal of household waste need to be enforced, while waste management laws need to be better publicized. However, governmental institutions need to be equipped not only with law and payment enforcement capacities, but also with a better understanding of waste management as a whole. In particular, an understanding not only of waste but also of other phases in the life cycle of products needs to be developed.