Cote d'Ivoire

Submitted by Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

(Note: The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development provided a narrative description of waste stream priorities)

Summary of information
Highest priority waste streams
1. Industrial waste and healthcare waste
2. Municipal solid waste
Highest priority areas of capacity building
1. Financial
2. Social and policy and regulatory
Narrative summary
Cote d’Ivoire (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development)’s responses to the needs assessment survey suggest that above all, funds are needed for the installation of waste management facilities in the country. Projects for landfills, incinerators and autoclaves to treat both hazardous and non-hazardous waste streams, lack sufficient financial support. The responses also highlight the potential for development of waste management methods such as composting in the country. These methods will need to be taught to waste generators, especially in the agricultural sector. Finally, the responses also mention the need to address emerging waste streams such as e-waste through legislation and policy.

Industrial waste
Above all, Cote d’Ivoire requires funds to implement better strategies for the management of industrial waste. Policies have existed since 2009, including the proposed construction of incinerators, a waste exchange, as well as storage facilities for hazardous waste. According to the responses, should the plans be implemented, coordination amongst responsible authorities is expected to be adequate. However, these plans have not yet been realized due to a lack of funds. Within the industrial sector, there is also generally a lack of access to technologies for waste segregation, and dumping is common practice. Thus aside from the availability of funds, Cote d’Ivoire would also benefit from more specific regulations regarding industrial waste disposal, and better waste management education of industrial waste generators.

Hazardous waste, including healthcare waste and e-waste
As with industrial waste, policies have existed in Cote d’Ivoire since 2009 for hazardous waste management, including healthcare waste. However, again, funds are lacking for equipment, such as autoclaves, to safely dispose of hazardous waste. From a societal perspective, awareness among waste generators is inadequate, and there is only limited enforcement of environmental policies. Therefore, due to the lack of funds and of commitment, hazardous waste is often found alongside MSW or disposed outside of landfills. Within hazardous waste, e-waste has been often neglected by authorities. The import of e-waste against the Basel Convention is not strictly regulated. Cote d’Ivoire thus also requires regulatory expansion and enforcement to cover hazardous waste, and in particular, e-waste.

Municipal solid waste (MSW)
Cote d’Ivoire requires a general improvement of existing MSW management strategies. From a financial perspective, funds are needed for the procurement of waste collection equipment, the construction of landfills, and of recycling centers. Existing equipment also requires better maintenance through the training of skilled human resources. From a policy perspective, regulations regarding MSW could improve in clarity. The roles of different actors responsible for each process in the MSW management system need to be specified. From a societal perspective, MSW generators do not understand concepts of waste segregation, and thus public education programmes could be implemented.

Organic waste and waste agricultural biomass (WAB)
Regarding organic waste and WAB, the area in which capacity building is most needed is societal awareness. The re-use and composting of organic waste is poorly understood among waste generators. The use of WAB (such as for energy recovery) is not mentioned. Furthermore, there is also no specific framework regarding the management of organic waste and WAB in the environmental policy of Cote d’Ivoire, and it is not considered a priority by environmental authorities. Funds for the procurement of composting equipment need also to be made available. In short, interest needs to be generated in the management of organic waste and WAB in Cote d’Ivoire.

Waste plastics
Waste plastics can also be better managed from a societal perspective. The responses suggest that public awareness of waste plastics treatment methods can be improved. The segregation and recycling of waste plastics is rarely practiced, and there is little awareness of minimizing the use of plastic bags. Furthermore, the management of waste plastics is not considered a priority by environmental authorities. Therefore interest needs to be generated for the management of this waste stream. Cote d’Ivoire could also benefit from better availability of funds in order to produce biodegradable bags, or to procure advanced recycling technology. Moreover, environmental regulations are vague, could be more comprehensive in addressing the generation of waste plastics and disposal of plastic bags