|Hazardous waste management is ranked as the highest priority area for capacity-building in Madagascar. The country is a ratified signatory of the Basel Convention (LAW N° 98 022, 1999; DECREE N° 99 141, 1999), yet crucially, enforcement levels are low. For mainly financial reasons, the trans-boundary movements of hazardous waste into Madagascar are not well-monitored or policed. The country lacks the ability to secure funds for institutions such as the National Committee for the implementation (of the Basel Convention), for the procurement of waste management equipment, and for public education. Madagascar hence requires a source of funding to effectively implement its national laws and international agreements. The responses propose the expansion of the existing Ecotax on waste as a possible solution.