|MSW management is ranked as a very high priority for Penang, Malaysia. The Solid Waste Management Act (2007) has privatized all waste collection and public cleaning services in the country, but for the states of Penang, Selangor, and Perak. According to the responses, municipal councils in Penang are responsible for between 80 to 90% of waste collection activities. For Penang, therefore, strengthening is needed among municipal institutions. Different municipalities need to collectively set standards and coordinate management systems to improve MSW management. Funds are needed for waste collection equipment, especially given that waste management is considered an increasingly costly activity for the state. In the near future, pilot projects on waste segregation at source will be undertaken, but they need to be supported by adequate resources for data collection, management, and analysis. In the absence of privatization, therefore, public environmental authorities in Penang need to be strengthened.