Mali

Submitted by National Directorate of Sanitation and Pollution Control
Summary of information
Highest priority waste streams
1. Municipal solid waste
2. Industrial waste
3. Waste plastics
Highest priority areas of capacity building
1. Policy and regulatory
2. Financial
3. Technical and scientific
Narrative summary
Mali (National Directorate of Sanitation and Pollution Control)’s responses to the needs assessment survey show that some waste management policies and regulations exist in the country. However, not all waste streams are adequately addressed, such as e-waste, while many waste streams lack plans for policy implementation. Better financial and technical investment would catalyze improvements in waste management in general; financial and technical capacity-building is a common need for multiple waste streams in the country.

Municipal solid waste (MSW)
MSW is ranked as the highest priority waste stream requiring improvement in Mali. Although MSW policies, laws and decrees exist, a lack of funds prevents their implementation, in terms of, for example, the procurement of waste management equipment. Governmental institutions need to above all be strengthened with sound financial investment in order to build technical and enforcement capacities. Furthermore, local communities rarely participate in waste management practices such as waste segregation; more awareness-raising activities are required in the country.

Industrial waste
Industrial waste is also ranked as a high priority waste stream for better management in Mali. As with MSW, laws and decrees exist on industrial waste in the country, but a lack of resources and economic instruments prevents their effective implementation. Thus, financial and technical capacities need to be built in order to implement environmentally sound waste management practices in industries. The responses also suggest that stakeholders involved in industrial waste management need to better coordinate their activities. The role of different institutions in waste management should be clarified by policy.

Waste plastics
Waste plastics are also ranked as a high priority waste stream for better management in Mali. Regarding waste plastics, the immediate task for the national government is to implement two legislative documents that are being drafted: a law banning non-biodegradable plastic bags and a decree towards its enforcement. The documents are expected to be implemented in 2013. The responses suggest that the implementation of legislation will need to be accompanied by the creation of awareness and understanding among the general public of the need to improve the management of waste plastics. Finding a source of funds is also seen as a priority.

Hazardous waste, including healthcare waste and e-waste
In Mali, the National Strategy for Hazardous Waste Management is the main policy instrument addressing hazardous waste in general, including healthcare waste. The implementation of the strategy, however, will require financial and technical investment. The development of technical guidelines and the maintenance of waste management equipment are priorities. Furthermore, the strategy needs to be elaborated in order to specifically address e-waste, a waste stream that falls outside the scope of legislation at present. E-waste management, in particular, requires capacity-building activities in public awareness, in order to better involve local communities in waste segregation and to minimize health and environmental risks.

Organic waste and waste agricultural biomass (WAB)
Organic waste is not addressed specifically by policies in Mali, although legislation exists for WAB management. Governmental institutions therefore need to the organic waste streams if waste management practices are to be improved. It is also important that the public and the agricultural sector participate in organic or agricultural waste management activities. Awareness-raising is needed in order to create an understanding of the potential uses and benefits of organic and agricultural waste.