Paraguay

Submitted by Ministry of Industry and Trade and Ministry of Environment

(Note: The Ministry of Industry and Trade and Ministry of Environment did not prioritize waste streams)

Summary of information
Highest priority waste streams
N/A
Highest priority areas of capacity building
1. Policy and regulatory
2. Institutional
3. Technical and scientific
Narrative summary
Paraguay (Ministry of Industry and Trade and Ministry of Environment)’s responses to the needs assessment survey show that better policies and regulations need to be developed for a number of waste streams. In particular, regulations for industrial waste, waste plastics and e-waste do not exist. For other waste streams such as healthcare waste and MSW, institutional capacities need to be built, and local and municipal-level practices need to be harmonized with national plans. The responses also suggest that a general improvement in the country’s technical capacity for waste management is needed. The successful regulation and societal acceptance of organic waste management can perhaps be used as a reference point for other waste streams.

Industrial waste
In Paraguay, the management of industrial waste needs to be significantly improved. Although there is a legislative framework for waste management in general, there are no specific regulations for industrial waste management, and the regulations that do exist are not practically applicable. Financial resources to support the recycling of industrial waste and to enforce regulations are lacking. There is some knowledge and technical capacity for the treatment of industrial waste, and there are at least some attempts by the industrial sector to treat waste as a resource. Nevertheless, technical and scientific knowledge at the level of the authorities needs to be enhanced.

Municipal solid waste (MSW)
In Paraguay policies and regulations exist at the municipal and national level. User charges are in place, but they appear insufficient in ensuring that services are adequate. Informal collection of recyclables is also common. Therefore, the MSW management system in Paraguay needs to be more inclusive, involving communities, neighborhood committees and other organizations.

Organic waste
By contrast, there is a strong policy in place for recycling and treatment of organic waste. Technologies for organic waste treatment are quite advanced and include waste-to-energy applications. Organic waste treatment is financially self-sustainable and involves a large workforce, making it a widely known and accepted waste management practice.

Waste plastics
Control mechanisms and technical standards need to be developed to adequately implement the management of waste plastics. In particular, broader community participation in the recycling of plastics should be promoted. An environmental education programme for recycling should also be developed.

Hazardous waste
A legal framework to manage hazardous waste exists. However, regulations need to be updated and responsibilities among authorities need to be clarified. Financial resources to enforce hazardous waste legislation are insufficient. Some companies provide collection and treatment of hazardous wastes; these services are used and paid for by waste generators. However, another major issue is the lack of public awareness on the importance of hazardous waste management.

Healthcare waste
A policy on healthcare waste management exists, and the Ministry of Health oversees its implementation. Healthcare waste is disposed of in incinerators with waste generators responsible for the cost of these services. However, these capacities still need to be strengthened in local authorities.

E-waste
Regulations and guidelines need to be developed for e-waste, while technical and scientific knowledge also needs to be strengthened. E-waste management plans could be implemented in partnership with the private sector, which can provide financial resources to develop technical capacities and to implement a control system for the waste stream.