Saint Lucia

Submitted by Saint Lucia Solid Waste Management Authority

(Note: Industrial waste, organic waste, waste agricultural biomass and healthcare waste are not addressed; some capacity-building areas, such as institutional issues, are not addressed)

Summary of information
Highest priority waste streams
1. Municipal solid waste
2. Hazardous waste
3. E-waste
Highest priority areas of capacity building
1. Financial
2. Policy and regulatory
3. Social
Narrative summary
Saint Lucia (Solid Waste Management Authority)’s responses to the needs assessment survey reveal that many stakeholders in the country do not have the financial capacity for waste management. While most households cannot afford to purchase containers for waste collection, the public sector does not have funds for effective and efficient recycling and recovery programmes for MSW and hazardous waste. The responses also suggest that better funding will need to be accompanied by clear and comprehensive legislation. Certain waste streams such as e-waste are currently unregulated, while fragmented legal texts for others such as MSW will need to be harmonized.

Municipal solid waste (MSW)
In Saint Lucia, MSW management is ranked as the highest priority for capacity building. Firstly, financial resources are greatly in demand on all levels. At the household level, not all have the financial capacity to purchase waste containers. Households instead generally place MSW on the roadside for collection. At the institutional level, the financial resources needed to purchase equipment for use in landfills are not readily available.. The lack of funds also prevents resource recovery and recycling programmes from being implemented; all MSW is instead taken to landfills. Public awareness campaigns towards better MSW management will also require resources, given that roadside littering is common in the country. Secondly, policymaking and implementation is an area that needs to be developed. Current legislation on MSW management is fragmented, and this is reflected by the activities undertaken by various governmental institutions with little to no coordination. Different standards and guidelines are used by the different institutions responsible for MSW, such as drain clearing, roadside litter collection, and beach cleaning. A long-term strategy with clear delegation of activities to institutions will be needed.

Hazardous waste
Saint Lucia lacks primarily financial and technical capacities to address issues on hazardous waste, ranked as a high priority need. The country currently does not have access to waste destruction technologies; investment in them will require more financial resources. Hazardous waste may also be generated by households, yet is treated in the same manner as other MSW. Funding is again required for efforts to address household hazardous waste. In Saint Lucia, a hazardous waste policy exists alongside a degree of legislation. Current legislation will nevertheless require harmonization, while institutions responsible for its enforcement will need to be better coordinated and given clearer roles.

Saint Lucia requires a general improvement of its capacity to manage e-waste. The country currently has no policies or regulations regarding e-waste; the waste stream will need to be addressed by legislation. Technical capacity is also lacking, with no equipment for the collection, treatment and disposal of e-waste. Funding will be required for technical capacity-building. Societal awareness of the hazards of e-waste and the importance of waste segregation is also poor. Funding will again be required for public awareness campaigns.

Waste plastics
Legislation on waste plastics is currently being drafted in Saint Lucia, thus it can be considered a priority to enact and enforce it. Obstacles, however, include the lack of funds needed for waste plastics collection and treatment, as well as funds for public awareness campaigns. Waste plastics are the most common inappropriately disposed-wastes in the country; thus environmental education and public awareness campaigns will be needed in order to eliminate habits such as littering and create awareness of waste management issues.