|In Vietnam, hazardous waste is sometimes treated, but efforts need to be expanded considerably. While policies on hazardous waste exist, they are insufficient in ensuring that treatment and safe disposal always takes place. Firstly, technical capacity needs to be strengthened. Hazardous waste is mostly treated in small incinerators, but the country requires treatment facilities or alternative technologies to address larger quantities of waste. Improving technical capacity will require a sound source of funds. Secondly, the public must be made aware of the risks of hazardous waste. Targets of awareness campaigns must include village communities with little prior education on health and environmental issues. Finally, while there is good coordination among governmental institutions responsible for hazardous waste, coordination in the private sector must be improved. Efforts must be made to ensure that all hazardous waste generation is covered (such as by contract) by licensed waste treatment firms. Waste generation, transportation, and disposal activities must therefore be better coordinated.