Waste Management Guidelines

This is a list of freely accessible guidelines on the Internet that deal with different aspects of waste management. They have mainly been developed by major international organizations. A basic description of each guidance document is provided (including the publishing organization(s) and language), as well as a link to the document itself. The list is fully searchable by keyword or organization.

The database of guidelines currently covers the following topics:

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The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is not responsible for the content of web sites and information resources which may be reached through UNEP. The access provided to these sites does not constitute an endorsement by UNEP of the sponsors of the sites or the information contained herein. Use of the information contained in or referenced by UNEP is at the users’ sole risk. The designations employed and the presentation of material do not imply any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNEP or the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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Disaster Waste Management Guidelines
Topic
Disaster waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
Description
These guidelines, developed collaboratively by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency and the Joint United Nations Environment Programme Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Environment Unit, aim to improve the management of disaster waste. The guidelines outline much of the best current knowledge and lessons learned on disaster waste management, and provide national authorities and international relief experts alike with practical advice to help them manage disaster waste.
Language
English
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E-waste Manual
Topic
E-waste
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
This first volume of E-waste manual aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for preparing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)/E-waste inventories. The objective of the manual is to identify E-waste as an environmental issue and to quantify it. It summarizes the available legislation on WEEE/E-waste in different countries and provides a methodology to design and use E-waste inventory assessment studies/projects.
Language
English
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1000 Terms in Solid Waste Management
Topic
General
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
In its role as a catalyst for research, development, control and practice in the field of wastes management, the International Solid Waste Association has identified a need for an international glossary of terms and has published this book to meet that need.
Language
English; French; German; Italian; Spanish
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White Paper on Alternative Waste Conversion Technologies
Topic
General
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
This paper contains a short definition of alternative thermal waste conversion technologies, in relation to conventional Energy from Waste combustion technologies, an overview of the Energy from Waste value chain that must be the basis for any further investment decision, then a guideline of items to be considered when assessing alternative thermal waste conversion technologies, and subsequently an overview of technologies with pro’s and con’s from an investor's perspective as well as the most important attention points for decision makers.
Language
English
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What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management
Topic
General
Publishing organization
World Bank
Description
What a Waste provides a quick snapshot of the state of today's global solid waste management practices. A credible estimate is made for what the situation will look like in 2025. Improving solid waste management, especially in low-income countries, is an urgent priority.
Language
English
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Hazardous Waste Training Resource Pack
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
The Training Resource Pack manual is composed of a series of chapters on key stages of the hazardous waste management cycle, in particular: context; fundamentals; prevention; regulation; management; treatment.
Language
English
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Training Resource Pack for hazardous waste management in developing economies
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA); Secretariat of the Basel Convention; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Description
This Resource Pack is a set of training materials available as electronic files for individual use and further adaptation. It is inteded to assist in giving conference or lecture presentations of key topics in hazardous waste, as well as providing guidance in the organisation of training workshops of various sorts. The subjects cover the full range of topics in hazardous waste management from prevention to treatment and disposal, as well as regulatory aspects, support services and development of national strategies.
Language
English
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Basel Convention: Technical Guidelines
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
Secretariat of the Basel Convention
Description
This publication is a set of technical guidelines by the Basel Convention for the disposal of various hazardous wastes.
Language
Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
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Stockholm Convention: Guidance and Publications
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention
Description
These guidance documents, developed by the Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention, are aimed at helping parties fulfil their Convention obligations. In particular, they provide guidelines related to National Implementation Plan development and review as well as to the issues of new Persistent Organic Pollutants. Other themes where guidance is provided include Dioxins and Furans, Polychlorinated biphenyls, and Pesticides.
Language
Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
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Chemicals Management: The why and how of mainstreaming gender
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Description
This publication, part of the Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines Series, provides an approach to mainstreaming gender in chemicals management, together with a discussion of priorities for United Nations Development Programme support to assist partners with mainstreaming gender considerations at each step of a national process to develop or strengthen a sound management of chemicals regime.
Language
English
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Integrating Sound Management of Chemicals into MDG-Based Development Planning
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Description
This United Nations Development Programme Guide provides a systematic approach to countries to help assess their capacity for sound management of chemicals, identify needs, and ultimately mainstream or incorporate identified priorities into national Millenium Development Goals-based development policies and plans.
Language
English
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Persistent Organic Pollutants: Contaminated Site Investigation and Management Toolkit
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Description
This toolkit aims to aid developing countries with the identification, classification and prioritization of Persistant Organic Pollutants-contaminated sites, and with the development of suitable technologies for land remediation in accordance with best available techniques and best environmental practices.
Language
English
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Guidance on Action Plan Development for Sound Chemicals Management
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Description
This guidance document aims to assist those involved in chemicals and waste management to build the capacity to: develop sound, realistic action plans for any desired project; effectively collaborate with stakeholders in a transparent manner; increase their competitiveness internationally when submitting proposals for funding; and ultimately follow-through with the plan, accommodating any arising challenges or opportunities along the way.
Language
Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
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Developing and Sustaining an Integrated National Programme for Sound Chemicals Management, Guidance Document
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Description
This document by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research has been developed to assist countries in developing and implementing an Integrated National Programme for Sound Chemicals Management.
Language
English, French
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Developing a Capacity Assessment for the Sound Management of Chemicals and National SAICM Implementation, Guidance Document
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Description
This guidance document has been prepared with the intention to assist interested countries in preparing a national Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) capacity assessment. The target audience for this document includes government ministries and agencies, working together with stakeholder groups such as industry, labour organizations, environmental and health non-governmental organizations, research and academia etc, that have an interest and stake in chemicals management and SAICM implementation.
Language
Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
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Guidance for Developing SAICM Implementation Plans
Topic
Hazardous waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
Description
This document outlines a range of possible activities and provides practical suggestions for taking concrete action towards developing and implementing a Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management implementation plan.
Language
Arabic, English, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Guidance on the Cleanup, Storage, and Transport of Mercury Waste from Healthcare Facilities
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Description
This United Nations Development Programme Global Environment Facility project involves demonstrating best practices for the management of mercury waste and promoting mercury-free devices. As health facilities phase out mercury devices, proper methods of storage and transport are needed. This document is intended for project countries where national norms and guidelines for cleanup, storage, and transport of mercury waste do not exist at this time.
Language
English
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Safe Management of Wastes from Health-Care Activities
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
This World Health Organization publication is a handbook providing comprehensive guidance on safe, efficient, and environmentally sound methods for the handling and disposal of health-care wastes.
Language
English
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Management of wastes from immunisation campaign activities: Practical guidelines for planners and managers
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
This document provides practical guidelines for planners, managers of health-care facilities or mobile vaccine team leaders to improve planning and coordination at the central level as well as waste management practices at the local level where immunisation activities are conducted.
Language
English
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Management of waste from injection activities at district level
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
This guide is designed as a simple and practical tool to help District Health Managers elaborate a realistic District level plan to reduce improper disposal of waste from injection activities.
Language
English, French
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Health-care waste management: Guidance for the development and implementation of a National Action Plan
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
This document provides guidance to assess and analyse healthcare waste management situations at the national level so as to be able to draft up a National Action Plan, with the aim of improving healthcare waste management in the country.
Language
English
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Management of solid health-care waste at primary health-care centres: A decision-making guide
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
This document aims to provide guidance for the safe management of solid waste generated at Primary Health-Care centres in developing countries. It consists of six decision-trees aimed at assisting users in identifying appropriate waste management methods. It takes into consideration relevant local conditions, the safety of workers and of the general public as well as of environmental criteria.
Language
English, French
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Preparation of national health-care waste management plans in sub-saharan countries
Topic
Healthcare waste
Publishing organization
World Health Organization (WHO)
Description
The World Health Organization manual is the result of experience gathered over several years of conducting technical assistance projects in the Sub-Saharan region. It aims at identifying appropriate practices for health care waste management by providing assessment and planning tools applicable in most sub-Saharan countries of Africa.
Language
English
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Solid Waste Management
Topic
Integrated solid waste management
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
This publication looks at the use of technologies that are environmentally sound for managing municipal solid wastes in developing countries. It is designed as a sourcebook on solid waste management, covering a multitude of topics including the principles of solid waste management, processing and treatment, and final disposal. It also covers key non-technical aspects, and offers regional overviews on solid waste management.
Language
English
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Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual
Topic
Integrated solid waste management
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
This book is the first volume in the series of training manuals on developing integrated solid waste management plans. It aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers in waste characterization and quantification with projections for the future for all waste generating sectors viz.: residential, commercial, construction and demolition, healthcare and industrial sectors. The manual provides a methodology to conduct studies leading to collection and analysis of the data from different sectors.
Language
English
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Integrated Waste Management Scoreboard: A Tool to Measure Performance in Municipal Solid Waste Management
Topic
Integrated solid waste management
Publishing organization
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Description
This publication presents an Integrated Waste Management Scoreboard, a planning tool incorporating a methodology for evaluating existing municipal solid waste management programs and systems. It has been developed by the United Nations Environment Programme for use by representatives from governmental authorities in the Association of South-East Asian Nations Region as well as for communities and institutions that are involved in management of municipal solid waste.
Language
English
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Guidance Note on Landfill Gas Capture and Utilization
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Description
The Inter-American Development Bank intends to introduce an updated tool on landfill gas (LFG) production, flaring, and utilization for energy purposes. The main objectives of the Guidance Note are to (i) promote best practices in LFG capture and utilization in the Latin America/Caribbean region, (ii) disseminate existing case studies and analyze reasons for under performance, (iii) estimate current project design, construction, and operational costs, and (iv) evaluate the experiences of LFG projects so far.
Language
English
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Training Module: Closing an Open Dumpsite and Shifting from Open Dumping to Controlled Dumping and to Sanitary Land Filling
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
A policy shift from open dumping to sanitary landfilling has implications on local preparedness to operate and manage a landfill as well as on how the current dumpsites will be abandoned. Consequently, there is a need to build and enhance the technical and management capacities of local authorities. In recognition of this need and as part of the United Nations Environment Programme's global effort to promote environmentally sound technologies, the International Environmental Technology Centre has developed this training module for capacity building.
Language
English
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Landfill Operations Guidelines 2nd Edition
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
The Landfill Operations Guidelines were first produced in 2002 as a loose leaf document to assist waste managers with the day to day operations of landfills. They have now been updated by the International Solid Waste Association Working Group for Landfill to reflect current operational practice and as appropriate some technical guidance.
Language
English
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Landfill Gas Handbook Manual
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
The International Solid Waste Association Working Group on Sanitary Landfill, was awarded a grant from the European Union (EU) to develop a practical handbook covering basic field procedures and practices of Landfill Biogas Operations. The objective is to provide EU landfill managers, site operators, and field technicians with a practical reference guide that can be used on a daily basis and contribute toward efficient, safe landfill biogas operations.
Language
English
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International Guidelines (1) for the Evaluation of the Status of Municipal Waste Landfills for Economically Developing Countries
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
The International Guidelines for Landfill Evaluation contains essential parameters for the evaluation of landfill Standards. The International Solid Waste Association Working Group on Landfill supports the transition away from open dumps toward sanitary landfilling. Where economic resources are very limited it will, in many cases, be sufficient to use rather simple methods to make substantial improvement to the environment.
Language
English
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Guidelines for Design and Operation of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills in Tropical Climates
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
This document is a set of guidelines catered specifically for low and middle income countries that handle municipal solid waste through landfill. The document targets landfill operators and waste management authorities in tropical and subtropical countries, as most of the developing areas tend to focus in the region.
Language
English
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Landfill Mining - Key Issue Paper
Topic
Landfills
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
The paper highlights the key social, environmental and economic factors that need to be considered before undertaking an Landfill Mining project.
Language
English
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UNEP/IOC Guidelines on Survey and Monitoring of Marine Litter
Topic
Marine litter
Publishing organization
Regional Seas Programme (RSP)
Description
These guidelines offer a comparative analysis of information from around the world on existing experiences and methods for surveys, monitoring, reporting protocols and assessment of marine litter.
Language
English
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Guidelines on the Use of Market-based Instruments to Address the Problem of Marine Litter
Topic
Marine litter
Publishing organization
Regional Seas Programme (RSP)
Description
This report aims to be a practical reference to decision makers and relevant organisations on how to select, apply and implement economic tools to address problems of marine litter.
Language
English
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Guidelines on how to design an appropriate waste fee
Topic
Policymaking
Publishing organization
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA)
Description
These guidelines were developed with the aim of outlining the principles, practices and applications of waste management fees.
Language
English
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How to trade recoverable wastes in an environmentally sound and economically efficient manner: A Guidance Manual for OECD Countries
Topic
Policymaking
Publishing organization
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Description
This Guidance Manual assists national governments and authorities to implement the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development control system for transboundary movements of wastes destined for recovery operations.
Language
English; French
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Guidance Manual on Environmentally Sound Management of Waste
Topic
Policymaking
Publishing organization
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Description
Following the adoption of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Council Recommendation C(2004)100 in 2004 on Environmentally Sound Management of Waste, member countries wished to reinforce the implementation of this legal Act by issuing a practical Guidance Manual. This publication aims at facilitating the implementation of an environmentally sound waste management policy by governments on one hand, and by waste treatment facilities on the other hand.
Language
English; French
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Guidance document on the Waste Framework Directive
Topic
Policymaking
Publishing organization
European Commission Directorate General Environment
Description
The Waste Framework Directive, revised in 2008, streamlines waste legislation, incorporating rules on a number of issues such as the management of hazardous waste and waste oils. This guidance document is intended to assist both national authorities and economic operators with the EU waste legislation (Directive 2008/98/EC on waste). This document may be revised in the future, according to the further development of European waste management policy.
Language
English
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Converting Waste Agricultural Biomass into a Resource: Compendium of Technologies
Topic
Waste agricultural biomass
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
Globally, 140 billion metric tons of biomass wastes are generated every year from agriculture equivalent to about 50 billion tons of oil. As raw materials, biomass wastes have attractive potentials for both large-scale industries and community-level enterprises. For efficient and effective conversion, appropriate selection of technologies is one of the vital pre-conditions. This compendium by the International Environmental Technology Centre is compiled to assist in the selection process for the technologies.
Language
English
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Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource: Compendium of Technologies
Topic
Waste plastics
Publishing organization
International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)
Description
This compendium by the International Environmental Technology Centre demonstrates technologies for the conversion of plastics into fuel which are in commercial use, under pilot implementation and under laboratory testing.
Language
English
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