Egypt’s Pathway to a Green Economy
National Green Economy Initiates - Long-Term Plan for Wind Energy: At the policy level, the Egyptian Supreme Council of Energy approved the “Long-Term Plan for Wind Energy” and fixed a target to meet 20% of electricity needs with renewable energy, with 12% coming from wind energy.
New and Reliable Energy Authority
Egypt also established the New and Reliable Energy Authority (NREA) and is taking the lead in the establishment of Regional Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Center. To promote more investments, the Ministry of Electricity and Energy is planning to introduce a tax break and feed-in tariffs that will encourage development.
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Wind Power Plants
More concretely, an eco-labeling program has been introduced and covers refrigerators, air-conditioners, and washing-machines. Furthermore, the wind power plants in Zafarana are performing well and have a capacity of over 40%, one of the highest in the world. By 2010, through foreign investments, there will be 630 MW of wind capacity installed in the Zafarana area, and a target of 3500 MW installed capacity has been set for 2025. There is long-term potential for technological excellence in the field of STE following the construction of the 150 MW solar-integrated Koreimat plant in 2005.
Green Information and Communication Technology Strategy
Finally, the Egyptian government has begun to work on a green information and communication technology (ICT) strategy. The goal is to reduce the sector’s energy use and find a proper way to recycle the tons of hardware thrown away each year.
Green Egypt: A Vision for Tomorrow
Egypt’s Green Transformation Strategy embraces many of the principles and objectives of a green economy. The 7th Egyptian Competitiveness Report published by the Egypt Competitiveness Council is titled “Green Egypt: A Vision for Tomorrow” and focused on a framework and strategic elements for a green transformation of the economy and society. For the full report, please click here.
UNEP Green Economy Support
UNEP’s support includes a green economy scoping study, green sector studies, a national workshop and capacity building.
A scoping mission to Egypt was conducted in November 2010, in conjunction with a roundtable on SCP in the Arab region, led by UNEP ROWA (3-4 November).
In October 2012 the Centre for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe (CEDARE), in collaboration with the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) and UNEP released the Egypt Green Economy Success Stories. This is a complementary publication to the "Green Economy Scoping Study for Egypt" which is due to be released later this year.
The selected case studies demonstrate opportunities and challenges facing green initiatives. These initiatives and their successful implementation can act as a policy pointer for a more advanced government-supported dialogue to facilitate and implement a national integrated green strategy for Egypt.
The Egypt Green Economy Success Stories publication can be downloaded here.
UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2007 - 2011
The UN system in Egypt has developed an action programme known as the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for the period 2007 to 2011. The Framework is designed to work in alignment to the national development priorities of Egypt. UNDAF Outcomes include support provided to integrating environment and employment issues into the macroeconomic development agenda. Capacity development in government via the integration of population and environmental issues into the development of future agriculture policies and biodiversity conservation programs.
For the Full Report, please click here.
UNEP is in communication with UNDP Egypt for possible collaboration. A draft UNEP offer is under review.