UNEP Resources on Trade and Environment


UNEP Resources on Trade and Environment (general)


Trade and Green Economy: The Trade Handbook (2015)

The South-South Trade Report (2014): - South-South Trade In Renewable Energy
A trade flow analysis of selected Environmental Goods

The GE and Trade Report (2013): Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

 Fisheries Subsidies, Sustainable Development and the WTO (2011) 

Corporate Social Responsibility and Regional Trade and Investment Agreements (2011)

 Climate and Trade Policies in a Post-2012 World (2009)

Trade and Climate Change WTO-UNEP Report (2009)

Trade-related measures and multilateral environmental agreements (2007)

Sustainable Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Approaches to Integrated Policy Making at the National Level (2006)

 Environment and Trade: A Handbook, 2nd ed. (2005),

                           also available in Spanish, Russian, French

The Trade and Environmental Effects of Ecolabels: Assessment and Response (2005)

Training Module: Introduction to Capacity Building for Environment, Trade and Sustainable Development (2004)

Enhancing Synergies and Mutual Supportiveness of MEAs and the WTO: A Synthesis Report (2002)

 Reference Manual for the Integrated Assessment of Trade-Related Policies (2001)

UNEP Resources on Trade and Environment (sector-specific)

Green Carbon, Black Trade: Illegal logging, Tax Fraud and Laundering in the Worlds Tropical Forests. A Rapid Response Assessment. UNEP and INTERPOL (2012)

Climate Change and Tourism – Responding to Global Challenges. UNEP & UNWTO (2009)

Towards Sustainable Fisheries Access Agreements -Issues and Options at the World Trade Organization (2008)

Sustainability criteria for fisheries subsidies: Options for the WTO and beyond.  UNEP and WWF (2007)

Reflecting Sustainable Development and Special and Differential Treatment for Developing Countries in the Context of New WTO Fisheries Subsidies Rules (2005)

Best Practices for Organic Policy - What Developing Country Governments Can Do to Promote the Organic Agriculture Sector (2007)

Handbook on Integrated Assessment of Trade-related Measures: The Agriculture Sector (2005)

Making Tourism more Sustainable. A Guide for Policy Makers. UNEP and UNWTO (2005)


GE-TOP Issue Briefings

Policy Brief 1 - Trade and Green Economy

Policy Brief 2 - Export Restrictions

Policy Brief 3 - Sustainable Agriculture

Policy Brief 4 - Sustainable Fisheries

Policy Brief 5 - International Transport

Policy Brief 6 - Environmental Goods

Policy Brief 7 - Environmental Services

Policy Brief 8 - Sustainability Standards for Consumer goods

Policy Brief 9 - Product Carbon Footprint Standards 


Green Trade Success Stories

BioTrade in Nepal:  Harnessing the potential for transitioning to a green economy – The Case of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Nepal                                               

The growing global demand for medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) could help drive Nepal’s green economy, while improving livelihoods in its poorest communities. The study focuses on the cultivation, processing and trade of high-value MAPs, which are found in the forests and grasslands of the mountains in the northern part of the country.This study is part of Capacity Building for BioTrade (CBBT) project, which is implemented by UNEP with financial support from Germany, and has  conducted similar studies in Namibia and Peru.

Download BioTrade in Nepal


BioTrade in Peru: A Catalyst for Transitioning to a Green Economy in Peru 

The BioTrade sector in Peru has grown by 20 per cent in the last five years - generating significant revenue and promoting sustainable development, while simultaneously supporting pro-poor development. The report sheds light on national and international regulations, certification and labeling processes and the role of the private sector and public-private partnerships.  It also outlines specific areas for policy reforms and investments, in both the public and private sector, which can help the BioTrade sector realize its growth potential.

Download BioTrade in Peru




BioTrade in Namibia: A catalyst for transitioning to a green economy in Namibia

With its rich biodiversity, prior rural development investments and achievements in environmental management, Namibia is positioned to benefit from emerging markets of BioTrade. While highlighting the opportunities, this study is an important reminder of the many challenges that Namibia has faced and continues to address with regards to reducing socio-economic inequalities, maintaining economic growth and achieving a higher level of sustainable use and trade of biodiversity-based products.

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Organic agriculture in Uganda

Uganda has taken important steps in transforming conventional agricultural production into an organic farming system, with significant benefits for its economy, society and the environment. Organic agriculture (OA) is defined as a holistic production management system, which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It prohibits the use of synthetic inputs, such as drugs, fertilizers and pesticides.