Green Economy Assessment Report: Kenya


Kenya has one of the most dynamic economies in Africa, yet it is facing a number of pressing economic, environmental and social challenges.

In recent years, Kenya has adopted several green economy-related approaches and policies, which include implementing renewable energy feed-in tariffs in 2008, embedding sustainable natural resource utilization into its 2010 Constitution and mainstreaming green economy in its Second Medium Term Plan (2013-2017). 

In this context, the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, in partnership with UNEP, commissioned a study to assess the economic benefits and challenges of investing in priority economic sectors in support of Kenya’s transition to a green economy. The study examines investments under “business-as-usual” (BAU) compared to green economy scenarios in four key sectors that are critical for the country’s green growth, namely: agriculture, energy, manufacturing and transport.

Background Information


This study was commissioned by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), at the request of the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Kenya. It was conducted by the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), with the support of the Washington-based Millennium Institute and the valuable research input from International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). The study is the result of national stakeholder consultations held in February 2012 and September 2012, as well as regional stakeholder consultations held in April 2012 for communities in the coastal region, with funding from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

The results of this assessment will contribute not only to the realisation of Kenya’s Vision 2030, but also to the ongoing debate on how the transition to a green economy can serve as an enabler of sustainable development, poverty alleviation and green job creation.

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Press Release
15 April 2014 [En]


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(56 pages - 2,13 MB)