IEA Training Manual - Module 4

Appendix A: Continuation of GEO Core Indicator Matrix

Theme Issue Potential data variables Proposed key and lead indicators
1 2 3 4
from Table 1)
Wildlife trade • Trade in flora and fauna (birds, reptiles, plants, mammals, butterflies, ornamental fish) • Net trade in wildlife and captive-bred.species
Overfishing • Total inland, fresh water and marine fish 
catch, production, consumption and trade
Total and per capita
marine fish catch

• Total fish catch in inland
waters (incl. aquaculture)
•National, international and local parks and 
 protected areas: Biosphere reserves (terr.
and marine), Wetlands of international
importance, World heritage sites
Total protected areas (number, size) and % of total land
• Marine protected areas in LMEs
Freshwater Freshwater 
• Annual internal renewable water resources
• Annual river flows from/to other countries, by basin
• Annual freshwater use by sector (domestic, industry, agric., following ISIC classes)
• Annual groundwater recharge
• Annual groundwater withdrawals by sector
 • Annual internal renewable  water resource per capita
 • Annual freshwater use per capita
 • Population with  water stress
• River pH, concentrations of oxygen (DO,  BOD), coliforms, particulates (TSS, TDS), nitrates (NO3, NH4, NP), phosphor (PO4), metals (HMs), pesticides
• Fish biodiversity (reserves, specie no.)
• Groundwater pH, concentrations of nitrates, TDS (salinity), iron, chlorides, sulphates
• Waste Water Treatment: % served, public  expenditures
BOD level of most
important rivers
• Nitrates level of most important rivers

• Coliform count per
 100 ml)
• Pesticides concentrations
 in most important rivers
Atmosphere Climate 
• Anthropogenic emission of GHG (CO2, CH4, N2O, also HFCs, PFCs, SF6), total and by sector (transport, industry, agric., livestock, fossil fuels)
• Emissions of precursors (NOx, CO, NMVOC,
CH4), total and by sector
• Emissions of acidifying gases (NH3, NOx,
SO2), total and by sector
• Atmospheric concentration of GHG, CO, 
SO2, NOx, NH3, PM, Pb, VOC, O3
• Glacier retreat
• Annual change of temp., precip.
• Fossil fuel supply (% and intensity)
• Rainwater pH for selected areas
• Expenditures on air pollution abatement
and control
emissions total and
per capita
• GHG, NOx, SO2
emissions per $US

• Global mean
 temperature rise
• Global mean
 concentration of CO2, SO2 NOx, PM10
• Fossil fuel
 consumption share
Renewable energy
supply index
• Production, consumption, import and 
 export of CFCs, Halons, HCFCs, Methyls, 
 CCl4, MeBr
• Atmospheric ODS concentration over
selected cities (parts per trillion)
• Ozone levels/total ozone column over
selected cities (Dobson units)
• Ground level UV-B radiation over selected
• Total ODS production
 by compound
Total CFC, HCFC and MeBr consumption
Coastal and  marine areas Coastal and 
 • Average annual sediment load
 • Average annual untreated waste disposal by sector (dom. ind. and agric. – fertilizers, pesticides/insecticides)
• Discharge of oil into coastal waters 
(000 tonne)
• Concentrations of HMs (Hg, Pb, Cd, Cu, 
Fe, Mn, Ni, Co)
• Concentration of PCBs
• Industrial activities in coastal region
• Share of pollution caused by sector 
(domestic, industrial, urban, coastal,
transport, refineries)
• Coastal population (growth, urban share)
• Tourist arrival in coastal marine areas
• Number of hotels/resorts in coastal
areas (000)
 • Average annual sediment  load
 • Average annual untreated waste disposal by
 sector (dom./ind./agric.,
 fertilizers, pesticides/
 •% of urban population
living in coastal areas

 • Area of Exclusive
 Economic Zone (EEZ)
Disasters Natural 
• Occurrences, financial damage and 
 casualties (people affected, homeless, 
injured, killed) related to floods, droughts, 
cyclones, earthquakes, landslides, volcanic
eruptions, forest fires
 • Total number of
 natural disasters p/y
 • Number of people killed by natural disasters,
per mln

• Economic loss due to natural disasters
• Occurrences, financial damage and 
 casualties (people affected, homeless,
 injured, killed) related to transport and 
industrial accidents
 • Total number of
techn. accidents p/y

 • Total number of
 people affected by
technological accidents
• Economic loss due to techn. accidents
Urban areas Urbanization • Urban population, total, growth rate
• Number of cities with over 750 000 
 • Average annual urban population growth rate
Urban air 
• Concentration of pollutants in cities  • Concentration of lead, PM, SO2, NOx in major cities of the world
•Waste generation and disposal methods 
 by sector: municipal, industrial, agricultural,
 • Municipal waste
production per capita

• Industrial waste
generated per US$
• Hazardous waste
production per US$
• Movement of hazardous wastes
•Waste management
• Exposure to HMs, toxic
• Share of recycled waste
(incl. health)
and social 
• Population, total and growth rate 
• Total fertility rate
• Adult literacy (%) by sex
• Education enrolment, net and gross (primary, secondary, tertiary), by sex
• Education expenditures (prim., sec., tert.)
• Labour force total (% population), by sector (agric., ind., serv.) and by sex
• Telephones (main lines and cellular per
100 people)
• Daily newspapers (copies per 100 people)
• Radios (number per 100 people)
• Televisions (number per 100 people)
• Computers (number per 100 people)
• Internet connections (number per 10 000
 • Average annual
population growth rate

 • Population density
Economy • Real GDP, total and per capita, annual
• Power Purchasing Parity (PPP)
• Number of people in absolute poverty, 
rural and urban
• Merchandise exports (value), total and by 
sector: manufacturing, fuels/minerals/
metals, services
• Merchandise imports (value), total, food, fuels
• Trade (% of GDP)
• Terms of trade (1995=100)
• Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)
• Unemployment rate (%)
• Total external debt total and % of GNP
• Total debt service (as % of exports of
goods and services)
• Foreign direct investment, net inflows
(% of GDP)
• Official Development Assistance and Aid
GDP per capita
• PPP per capita
• Value added as % of
 GDP by sector:
 agriculture, industry,
• Total commercial energy production, by 
 sector: fossil fuels, hydro, nuclear, 
 geothermal, biomass, solar, wind
• Total commercial energy use, total and 
per capita
• Energy efficiency and intensity
• Traditional fuel use (% of total energy
• Energy imports, net (% of energy
• Renewable energy use (%)
• Total electricity generation by sector:
thermal, hydro, nuclear, non-hydro,
•Total electricity consumption
• % population with access to electricity
• Value added by sector: agric., ind., manuf.,
• Distribution of GDP by demand sector:
government consumption, private
consumption, gross domestic investment,
gross domestic saving
• Defence expenditures (% of GDP)
 • Total commercial
 energy production
 • Commercial energy
 consumption per capita
 • Energy use per unit
Transport • Motor vehicles in use (per 000 people), 
by type of engine
• Total length of motor ways (000 km)
• Density of motor ways (km/10 000 km2)
• Road traffic intensity per unit of GDP
(vehicle km/US$)
• Number of departures and arrivals (airports)
• Energy consumption by road transport
(% share of total consumption)
 • Road traffic intensity per unit of GDP
• Agricultural production index 
• Food production index 
• Pesticide consumption (tonnes)
• Fertilizer use (000 kg)
• Livestock units (000 head)
• Use of nitrogen on
 agric. land
• Use of phosphate on  agric. land
Use of pesticides on agric. land
• Agricultural production value added
• Use of nitrogen on
 agric. land
• Use of phosphate on
 agric. land
• Use of pesticides on
agric. land
• Agricultural production
value added
• Population below poverty line, urban and 
 rural, by sex
• % pop with access to safe drinking water, 
urban and rural
• % pop with access to sanitation services, 
urban and rural
• No. of people per physician, per hospital bed
• No. of people with access to health services
• Government expenditures on health services
• Calories supply, total and from animal food
• Available calories as % of requirement
• Malnutrition in children under five years
• Average life expectancy, by sex
• Crude death rate
• Infant mortality rate
• Mortality incidence, by disease (malaria, 
respiratory infections, AIDS, etc.)
• Burden of disease (DALYs)
• % pop affected by noise
• % pop in noise-prone areas
• Level of noise in urbanized cities
 • % of total population 
access to safe drinking  water
• % of total population
 access to sanitation
• No. of people per
 physician (000)
• Infant mortality rate
 (per 1000 births)
• Caloric intake per capita
• % of GDP spent for
 health services
• Mortality caused by
 respiratory infection
• Mortality caused by
 communicable diseases
• Disability-Adjusted Life
 Years (DALYs)
  Governance • Environmental institutions, policies in place
• Environmental conventions signed
• No. of conflicts, state failures
 • Number of parties to
major environmental
agreements (MEAs)
• Number of organizations
certified by ISO14001
management standard

• Number of countries with
national councils for
sustainable development
• Responses to international
environmental reporting
and data collections
Geography Support
data sets 
 • Admin. boundaries (countries, regions,
• Infrastructure (roads, rivers, lakes)
• Watershed boundaries
• Cities (location, area)
• Population density (time series)
• Land cover and vegetation (time series)
• Soil units and characteristics
• Elevation and slopes


Write comment:

Posted by:
- - 18 Nov 2013
Is4PkQ Really informative post. Cool.
- - 25 Oct 2013
z4qmJ4 Very good post.Much thanks again. Cool.
- - 24 Oct 2012
Good blog! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I'm wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I've subscribed to your feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!
- - 22 Oct 2012
I have recently started a blog, the info you provide on this website has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.
- - 22 Oct 2012
Good write-up, I am normal visitor of oneˇs blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It's going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.
- - 18 Oct 2012
Well I sincerely liked studying it. This article provided by you is very useful for proper planning.
- - 17 Oct 2012
I am continuously browsing online for ideas that can benefit me. Thank you!
- - 16 Oct 2012
you are actually a good webmaster. The web site loading velocity is amazing. It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick. Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you've done a excellent job on this subject!
- - 15 Oct 2012
I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thank you, I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your website?
- - 13 Oct 2012
Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I'm impressed! Extremely helpful info particularly the last part :) I care for such information much. I was looking for this certain information for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.
- - 13 Oct 2012
fantastic points altogether, you just gained brand new|a new} reader. What would you recommend about your put up that you just made some days in the past? Any certain?
- - 16 Sep 2012
Wow! Thank you! I permanently needed to write on my blog something like that. Can I include a portion of your post to my blog?
- - 05 Jun 2013
I would like to convey my love for your kind-heartedness for people that really want help with the question. Your very own dedication to getting the message around was definitely invaluable and have frequently encouraged folks just like me to reach their aims. Your interesting help implies this much a person like me and further more to my peers. Warm regards; from everyone of us.
- - 02 Jan 2013
Good blog! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written.
- - 16 Mar 2012
RlTg95 , [url=]muegyjevoarm[/url], [link=]ephwjjxbngkl[/link],
- - 10 Mar 2012
yE05x2 , [url=]hvpwwjbxfzmw[/url], [link=]pnjmdqyiekzh[/link],
- - 07 Mar 2012
The conservatives and the deiicft terrorists simply fail to comprehend the points being made here. They think that the government can reduce debt by running surpluses at the same time the private sector is reducing debt by running surpluses in an environment where the external balance is in deiicft. Those desired aims are impossible to achieve.The situation is just become much more complex in the US. Sen. Kyl, a key spokesman for the GOP leadership, wants an extension of the Bush tax cuts even though that would result in much larger deiicfts than the proposed increases in social spending (like extending unemployment benefits for the LT unemployed) would. He dismisses the notion that this deiicft balloon resulting from tax reduction is a bad thing. I think that the political game has suddenly changed for people paying attention. It is pretty obvious that all the GOP fear-mongering over deiicfts is disingenuous. Deficits resulting from social spending, bad. Deficits resulting from tax cuts, good. This is ideology, pure and simple. The curtain has been drawn back.Arthur Laffer, who is well versed in soft currency economics in addition to being a supply side guru, has been agitating for a deeper across the board tax cut lately, including the capital gains and inheritance. He argues that social spending doesn't fix anything because it doesn't add jobs. He argues for curtailing unemployment benefits, too, since he claims that they just encouraging idleness. Clearly, he is not concerned with deiicfts and also knows that they don't matter. For Republicans deiicfts become strategic deiicfts. The GOP uses them to argue for cuts in social spending and trimming government (but not military spending, which is off the table), because we can't afford it, even though people like Laffer know full well that this is just BS. In fact, Both Stockman and Norquist have admitted that this is the strategy, so it is no secret. It is called starve the beast. The conservative argument is that increased spending is needed to create demand but that government spending is inefficient. For them, efficient spending is investment that leads to job creation, income and consumer spending. Government just gets in the way of this natural process that would happen automatically if we just cut taxes, eliminated regulation, and let the invisible hand that guides the free market work. Government has never created a single job. The way to increase investment is to cut taxes, eliminate social spending (which is socialism), and gut regulation and oversight. For them, it's as simple as that. But they conveniently don't explain why Bush II cut taxes drastically and the number of jobs created during his eight year in office was the lowest in recent memory, or that the Bush years culminated in the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.Many are objecting hat over recent years US productive investment has not been in the US. The US manufacturing sector is declining as more and more US companies are building production facilities in Mexico and China to take advantage of lower worker compensation and laxer regulation, e.g., worker safety. Moreover, the wealthy and corporations are awash with cash and not investing, so they don't need tax breaks and subsidies.They aren't investing because they don't see good investment opportunities in the US, even with very low rates prevailing.