Presentation and discussion
|Figure 13: Analytical framework for
identifying consequences for the
environment and humanity.
With an understanding of what is happening to the environment and why, attained through Step 1, the second question to address in the IEA is: What are the consequences for the environment and humanity? or, more simply stated, what are the impacts?”
For purposes of this training module, this second step has been separated into three different levels of training:
- Basic analysis (Section 6.1): For groups or individuals conducting an IEA for the first time, specific impacts can be identified based on intuition and on data, which provide an understanding of what is happening to the environment and why. An understanding of environment/development linkages, as applied to a given context, may be sufficient to perform the analyisis.
- Intermediate analysis (Section 6.2): Those who have previous experience with IEA methods might identify impacts to changes in various states of the environment, using the concepts of ecosystem services and aspects of human well-being, which have been adopted in GEO-4.
- Advanced analysis (Section 6.3): Groups familiar with concepts of ecosystem services and having some experience with economic analysis may identify specific monetary costs and benefits resulting from changes in ecosystem services and human well-being. (Note that this training session offers only an introductory exposure to environmental valuation or full-cost accounting.)