IEA Training Manual - Module 5

6.3 Step A. Understanding the issue: What is happening to the environment and why, and what are the impacts?

The starting point for any type of policy analysis is a thorough understanding the issue. This was the topic of sections 4 and 5 of this module which addressed the questions: what is happening to the environment and why? and what are the impacts on the environment and humanity?

An adequate understanding of the issue would require the following information:

  • Identification of the causal chain of drivers, pressures, state and impact for a given environmental issue.
  • Development of specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound (SMART) indicators for the key drivers, pressures, state and impacts.
  • Identification of key points in time where policy(ies) had impact. Time-bound information is important for this, particularly for the state indicator.

See Exercise 5.6.3

Identifying and explaining key trends in environmental state indicators is a central part of creating a baseline understanding for policy analysis. Environmental state may be influenced by anthropogenic drivers and pressures and these typically have some underlying policies. For instance, over-fishing may be driven by the availability of easy credit for fishing fleet development and no restrictions on potentially damaging fishing practices. However, state variables are also affected by natural causes, and phenomena such as El Niño events can contribute to fish population dynamics in positive and negative ways.

Such an analysis can also be conducted to better understand pressures and drivers. The case example presented in section 4.4.2, relating to automobile fuel efficiency, illustrates this.


Write comment:

Posted by:
- - 15 Dec 2013
lBPZpu I truly appreciate this post.Thanks Again. Cool.
- - 18 Nov 2013
uhU85K wow, awesome article post.Thanks Again. Fantastic.
- - 24 Oct 2013
x5MUl4 I am so grateful for your article.Thanks Again. Cool.
- - 09 Jul 2012
PumKsB , [url=]zvjbcazxhnxu[/url], [link=]qpvzubxaztxt[/link],
- - 07 Jul 2012
SSPg8K , [url=]iswvloxhiyqe[/url], [link=]lbupslhfqbpj[/link],
- - 07 Jul 2012
Hello, I was just searching the intrenet and stumbled upon this nice website. I would like to let the webmaster know that they are doing a great job with this site. I am also trying to develop my own website as well. Unfortunately, things aren't going so well, but I do not understand much about web development. I have tried really hard, but things just aren't working for me. I have been using wordpres and doing the best that I can though. If someone has knowledge of web design and cares to give me any tips, I would love to here them. My website is here: My site is actually not a online pharmacy, it is just a blog about them. Thank You and I would greatly appreciate any comments.
Module 5 - Integrated analysis of environmental trends and policies
< Previous Page    Next Page >