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Waste Management Publications

 The Japanese industrial waste experience: Lessons for rapidly industrializing countries, March 2014

日本の産業廃棄物管理における経験と発展 ―急速に工業化する開発途上国に向けて, March 2014

The Japanese industrial waste experience: Lessons for rapidly industrializing countries analyzes the Japanese case and highlights the potential relevance of Japan’s experience in industrial waste management for sustainable development in rapidly industrializing countries. Read more



Guidelines for the development, review and updating of National Waste Management Strategies (NWMS)The Guidelines for National Waste Management Strategies: Moving from Challenges to Opportunities, October 2013

The Guidelines for National Waste Management Strategies: Moving from Challenges to Opportunities provides a conceptual and methodological framework for national planning that countries may adapt to their particular circumstances. It also establishes a clear rationale for making waste management a national priority. Read more...




E-waste Volume III

E-waste Volume III - WEEE/e-waste “Take back system”, August 2013

This manual aims to build the capacity of practitioners and decision makers to guide and assist them in understanding, planning, designing and implementing WEEE/e-waste take-back schemes for use by cities or other localized areas or for use at a nation-wide level. The manual describes various components of Policy Framework, including regulatory systems and collection and transport systems, along with financial aspects and case studies of schemes currently underway.



SAT manualApplication of the Sustainability Assessment of Technologies Methodology: Guidance Manual, Nov 2012

When making decisions on investments, economic considerations often takes precedence over environmental and social factors. This may lead to unsustainable decisions and investments.The SAT methodology guidance manual aims at providing decision makers with the right analysis to select the appropriate technology, from a combined economic, social, environmental and technical perspective.

 


Compendium of Recycling/Destruction Technologies for Waste Oils

Compendium of Recycling and Destruction Technologies for Waste Oils, Nov 2012

Waste oil (used oil) is a growing hazardous waste stream closely linked with rapid industrialization and increased automobile use. Recycling and disposal of waste oils is feasible and will not only avoid the negative impacts on human health and the environment but also help to conserve finite resources. A compendium of recycling and destruction technologies for waste oils has been developed.

 

 


Waste Oile Palm Tree Report Converting Waste Oil Palm trees into a Resource, Sep 2012

Oil palm trees are the most important plantation crop in Malaysia and Indonesia. Each year several million trees are felled and large quantities of biomass waste generated. But currently, this resource is under-utilized.

In order to explore potential uses for this biomass, a study was carried out in Malaysia to determine the feasibility of converting waste oil palm trees (WPT) into a resource, either as raw material for various industrial applications or for utilization in energy generation.

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Compendium of Technologies for Treatment/Destruction of Healthcare Waste, Sep 2012Compendium of Technologies for Treatment/Destruction of Healthcare Waste, Sep 2012

Management of healthcare waste is becoming an issue of growing concern particularly in urban areas. In many developing countries it is still indiscriminately disposed of and often mixed with municipal waste, thus causing serious health and environmental hazards, particularly to the scavengers operating at dump sites. The technologies for the treatment of healthcare waste are not well understood or widely available in developing countries. As a result,if technology choices are made, they may not be well-informed, resulting in poor or uneconomic performance.

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Waste and Climate Change – Global Trends and Strategy Framework, Nov 2010

Waste and Climate Change – Global Trends and Strategy Framework, Nov 2010

The sound management of waste can have substantial co-benefits for efforts to address climate change. As a first step to realize these co-benefits, this report seeks

  • To examine the potential of climate impacts and benefits of different waste management activities.

  • To present a UNEP-led framework strategy to assist countries in prioritizing their resources and efforts for waste management and climate change mitigation.

The framework strategy is intended to align with the internationally recognized waste management hierarchy, in which waste prevention receives the highest priority, to optimize the co-benefits for climate change mitigation. The Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has directed its International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) branch to take action in the area of waste management.

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Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource – Assessment Guidelines, Dec 2009Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource – Assessment Guidelines, Dec 2009 (PDF 678KB)

Economic growth and the change of consumption and production patterns are resulting in rapid increase in generation of waste plastics in the world. The world’s annual consumption of plastic materials has increased from around 5 million tonnes in the 1950s to nearly 100 million tonnes nowadays. Waste plastics are one of the most promising resources for fuel production. This document aims to raise awareness and assist on the collection and analysis of data to generate a baseline on waste plastics to further develop viable business propositions for converting waste plastics into fuels.

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Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource – Compendium of Technologies, Dec 2009 Converting Waste Plastics into a Resource – Compendium of Technologies, Dec 2009 (PDF 1.4MB)

Economic growth and the change of consumption and production patterns are resulting in rapid increase in generation of waste plastics in the world. The world’s annual consumption of plastic materials has increased from around 5 million tonnes in the 1950s to nearly 100 million tonnes nowadays. Waste plastics are one of the most promising resources for fuel production; however the effective conversion requires appropriate technologies to be selected according to local economic, environmental, social and technical circumstances. This compendium is compiled to assisst in the selection process. Technologies for conversion of plastics to solid, liquid and gaseous fuels are listed in it.

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Converting Waste Agricultural Biomass into a Resource – Compendium of Technologies, Oct 2009Converting Waste Agricultural Biomass into a Resource – Compendium of Technologies, Oct 2009 (PDF 5.2MB)

Globally, 140 billion metric tons of biomass wastes are generated every year from agriculture equivalent to about 50 billion tons of oil. As raw materials, biomass wastes have attractive potentials for both large-scale industries and community-level enterprises. For efficient and effective conversion, appropriate selection of technologies is one of the vital pre-conditions. This compendium is compiled to assist in the selection process for the technologies. The technologies for different type of waste agricultural biomass and different sizes are also considered. Technologies listed in the Compendium are limited to those that use cellulosic agricultural waste biomass.

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Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 1: Waste Characterization and Quantification with Projections for Future, Jun 2009Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 1: Waste Characterization and Quantification with Projections for Future, Jun 2009 (PDF 884KB)

This book is the first volume in the series of training manuals on developing integrated solid waste management (ISWM) plans. It aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers in waste characterization and quantification with projections for the future for all waste generating sectors viz.: residential, commercial, construction and demolition, healthcare and industrial sectors. The objective of the manual is to facilitate characterization of different types of wastes from each sector and quantification of the level of waste generation. The manual provides a methodology to conduct studies leading to collection and analysis of the data from different sectors. An example has been worked out to make this manual user friendly.

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Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 2: Assessment of Current Waste Management System and Gaps therein, Jun 2009Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 2: Assessment of Current Waste Management System and Gaps therein, Jun 2009 (PDF 294KB)

This book is the second volume in the series of training manuals on developing integrated solid waste management (ISWM) plans. It aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for assessing current waste management systems and practices covering all the stages of waste management chain viz.: primary generation and disposal, collection and transportation, sorting and material recovery for recycling, treatment and resource recovery, and final disposal. The objective of the manual is to facilitate identification of important aspects of waste management system and gaps therein with reference to regulations, institutional arrangements, financial mechanisms, technology and infrastructure, and roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders in the current system. The manual provides a methodology to conduct studies leading to collection and analysis of the information.

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Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 3: Targets and Issues of Concern for ISWM, Jun 2009 Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 3: Targets and Issues of Concern for ISWM, Jun 2009 (PDF 301KB)

This book is the third volume in the series of training manuals on developing integrated solid waste management (ISWM) plans. It aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for setting targets for ISWM and identifying stakeholders’ issues of concern. The manual also provides guidelines for conducting stakeholder consultation to identify their concerns with reference to financial aspects, environmental impacts, technology considerations and cultural aspects.

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Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 4: ISWM Plan, Jun 2009Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan – Training Manual Vol. 4: ISWM Plan, Jun 2009 (PDF 3.6MB)

This book is the fourth and last volume in the series of training manuals on developing integrated solid waste management (ISWM) plans. It aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for developing a comprehensive ISWM plan by utilizing the information collected earlier regarding waste characterization and quantification, assessment of current waste management system and gaps therein, and targets and issues of concern for ISWM. The manual provides a methodology for developing the ISWM Plan utilizing the information from Volume 1 and Volume 2 as baseline information and information from Volume 3 for contextualizing the Plan. The manual also provides guidelines for developing specific projects/schemes along with an implementation strategy.

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E-Waste Vol. 1: Inventory Assessment Manual, Dec 2007E-Waste Vol. 1: Inventory Assessment Manual, Dec 2007 (PDF 1.7MB)

This first volume of E-waste manual aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for preparing WEEE/E-waste inventories. The objective of the manual is to identify E-waste as an environmental issue and to quantify it. It summarizes the available legislation on WEEE/E-waste in different countries and provides a methodology to design and use E-waste inventory assessment studies/projects. Furthermore, the E-waste management chain (starting from electrical and electronic equipment manufacture, production, import, consumption, E-waste generation, treatment and disposal) has been discussed to identify the "mechanism of trading" and related socio-economic and environmental risks. Methodologies for E-waste inventory assessment in a city/geographical area/country have been elaborated with reference to developing countries. The manual also provides case studies from developing countries.

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E-Waste Vol. 2: E-waste Management Manual, Dec 2007E-Waste Vol. 2: E-waste Management Manual, Dec 2007 (PDF 2.2MB)

This second volume of E-waste manual aims to build the capacity of practitioners and policy makers for preparing and developing WEEE/E-waste management systems. It summarizes current practices in developed and developing countries on WEEE/E-waste management, the technologies for E-waste management (collection, transportation, treatment and disposal) and the important pre-requisites for effective and sustainable WEEE/E-waste management. A conceptual approach for developing regulatory systems for E-waste management has been provided for policy makers. Current practices for E-waste management have been reviewed from developed and developing countries. Financial viability of E-waste management has been discussed for effective and sustainable E-waste management. A case study from a developing country, which describes each aspect of E-waste management including techno-economic feasibility of establishing E-waste treatment facility is also presented.

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Training Module: Closing an Open Dumpsite and Shifting from Open Dumping to Controlled Dumping and to Sanitary Land Filling, 2005Training Module: Closing an Open Dumpsite and Shifting from Open Dumping to Controlled Dumping and to Sanitary Land Filling, 2005 (PDF 4MB)

A policy shift from open dumping to sanitary landfilling has implications on local preparedness to operate and manage a landfill as well as on how the current dumpsites will be abandoned. Consequently, there is a need to build and enhance the technical and management capacities of local authorities. In recognition of this need and as part of UNEP global effort to promote environmentally sound technologies, IETC developed training programmes for capacity building. This publication is a Training Module on Solid Waste Management designed especially for local authorities and their staff.

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Integrated Waste Management Scoreboard, Dec 2005 Integrated Waste Management Scoreboard, Dec 2005 (PDF 608KB) (IETC Integrative Series)

This publication presents an Integrated Waste Management Scoreboard, which is a planning tool that incorporates a methodology for evaluating existing municipal solid waste management programs and systems. It has been developed by the United Nations Environment Program for use by representatives from governmental authorities in the ASEAN Region as well as for communities and institutions that are involved in management of municipal solid waste. It can be applied at the national, state/provincial/regional, municipal, community, and institutional levels.

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Solid Waste Management, Dec 2005Solid Waste Management, Dec 2005

This publication looks at the use of technologies that are environmentally sound for managing municipal solid wastes in developing countries. It is designed as a sourcebook on solid waste management, covering a multitude of topics including the principles of solid waste management, processing and treatment, and final disposal. It also covers key non-technical aspects, and offers regional overviews on solid waste management.

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Former Focal Areas

Waste management publications

 

Water & sanitation publications

 

Disaster prevention publications

The publications listed below relate to a former focal area and are made available for archiving purposes only. IETC does not conduct activities in this field anymore. For updated infromation about our projects and activities, please consult:

 
Our home page  
Waste management activities    Our publications

Every Drop Counts: Environmentally Sound Technologies for Urban and Domestic Water Use Efficiency, Nov 2008Every Drop Counts: Environmentally Sound Technologies for Urban and Domestic Water Use Efficiency, Nov 2008

The publication relates to efficient water use in urban and domestic environments through water use efficiency maximizing and optimizing between safe and sufficient supply and demand. It also deals with overall policies and criteria for selecting Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) and their application. A comprehensive set of Fact Sheets of ESTs applicable for the the Urban Water Cycle is part of the publication. Every Drop Counts also includes a CD ROM with capacity building materials and an Excel-based model “WiseWater” designed to analyze the potential application of ESTs at household as well as at property level.

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Managing Urban Sewage; an Introductory Guide for Decision-makersManaging Urban Sewage; an Introductory Guide for Decision-makers, March, 2003, March, 2003

The scope of sewage management has evolved throughout history with changes in socioeconomic conditions, city structures, and the environment. Today, sewage infrastructure that is well planned and operated supports urban sanitation and related activities. Effective sewage management is essential for nutrient recycling and for maintaining ecosystem integrity.

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 Former Focal Areas

Waste management publications

 

Water & sanitation publications

 

Disaster prevention publications

 

The publications listed below relate to a former focal area and are made available for archiving purposes only. IETC does not conduct activities in this field anymore. For updated infromation about our projects and activities, please consult:

 
Our home page  
Waste management activities    Our publications