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Pilot demonstration of ecological and other decentralized sanitation in Bauang Municipality, Philippines.

Ecological sanitation with Urine Diverting Dehydration Toilets (UDDT)

Pilot demonstration of ecological sanitationThe project in the Municipality of Bauang targeted the construction of 50 units of Urine Diverting Dehydration Toilets (UDDTs) in the identified sites. The construction of the UDDTs at the household level was implemented after thorough social preparation and orientation sessions on Ecosan were conducted by the project team in the different communities identified. Table 1 below provides a summary of accomplishments for the construction of UDDTs in various locations in Bauang. Note that Baccuit Sur, which was a regional winner for the cleanest and greenest Barangay, has also started to promote the idea of ecological sanitation in the community. Hence, a promotional unit was installed to serve as a model unit for the entire community. A total of 182 household members are expected to be using these 50 UDDTs.

Project Site / Location

Target No.

No. Of Units Accomplished

No. of Household members

1.    Barangay Ballay

13

13

55

2.    Barangay Pudoc

19

19

61

3.    Barangay Baccuit Sur*

1

1

3

4.    Barangay Parian Oeste

5

5

22

5.    Barangay Central East

5

5

17

6.    Barangay Bagbag

7

7

24

Total

50

50

182

Table 1. Summary of Ecosan installation accomplishments

Mobilization of Local Stakeholders

Mobilization of various stakeholders was an important factor to ensure success in project implementation. During the orientation of all of the co-operators together with the local community leaders, the following were agreed upon:

  1. CAPS will provide technical assistance in the construction; conduct a pre-construction meeting with the co-operators; handle the purchases of the construction materials (sub-structure and roofing) needed in the project;

  2. The co-operators will provide the labor force and construction materials for the wall of the superstructure;

  3. The Barangay Officials and the Municipality of Bauang will provide the containers (at the collection chamber);

  4. Pilot demonstration of ecological sanitationThe Barangay Officials will help in the mobilization of materials and monitoring of the project;

  5. The Provincial Government will coordinate and ask the operators of a quarry in La Union to provide aggregates (sand and gravel) for the project; and

  6. The hauling of aggregates will be shouldered by the Municipal Government of La Union through the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office (MENRO).

The project strongly adhered in practicing shared responsibility for the completion of the units to enhance the sense of ownership among the project co-operators. Below is the counter parting matrix:

Particulars / Resources

Household

Barangay council

Municipal Government of Bauang

Provincial Government of La Union

UNEP through CAPS

Construction Materials

 

 

 

 

 

a.    Sub structure

       

X

b.    Aggregates

      X

 

c.    Super structure

X      

X

d.    Containers

 

X

X

 

 

Labor force

X

X

 

 

X

Hauling of Materials

 

X

X

 

X

Pre-Construction Meeting/Site Inspection

 

 

X

 

X

Monitoring & Evaluation

 

X

X

 

X

Table 2. Counterpart scheme for the project

Community-based sanitation - Decentralized Wastewater Treatment System (DEWATS)

DEWATS at Balalad Compound, Bauang, La Union The Community Based Sanitation (CBS) – DEWATS was implemented in Baladad Compound, Barangay Central West, in the Municipality of Bauang, Philippines, as the joint endeavour of CAPS and BNS-BORDA Philippines. The two components under this activity were:

  1. the Community Based Sanitation (CBS), which addresses the social aspects of the activity and the behavioral change that it requires within the community;

  2. the DEWATS, which is a wastewater treatment facility that is reliable, has low operating and maintenance costsm is suitable for treating domestic wastewater as well as preventing pollution to water bodies and soil in housing complexes and settlements.  

The social preparation begun early on with several community visits by the project team until November 2010, when BNS-BORDA was able to formally introduce the CBS. The construction of the DEWATS started with a ground-breaking ceremony on 7 December 2010 in Bauang, which was led by the Honorable Mayor Martin de Guzman III in the presence of the Executive Director of BNS-BORDA, the Provincial Health Officer and representatives of CAPS.

A special feature of the CBS-DEWATS is the practice of cost sharing with the community, which agrees to participate for three percent of the total cost. This participation includes the labor and cash contribution from the barangay local government.

Ground -breaking by community members