DEVELOPMENT OF ECO-TOWNS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
Penang (Malaysia), Bandung (Indonesia) and Shenyang (China), in collaboration with Kawasaki (Japan).
Eco-towns refer to an urban planning and environmental management approach where industries located in the designated area pursue synergies in resource utilization, waste management, environmental preservation, and promotion of industrial and economic development. They practise resource efficiency within their manufacturing processes and in between the industries. The eco-town approach enhances productivity and simultaneously reduces the negative impacts on the environment through tools, techniques and technologies adopted for the purpose. It recognizes the fundamental need for businesses to incorporate not just economic performance and quality improvements in the production process but also to take account of environmental objectives.
The typical scope of an eco-town not only covers integrated waste management with the objective of achieving sustainable patterns of production and consumption, but can also be expanded to encompass the practice of 3Rs, green planning, green purchasing, efficient use and conservation of natural resources (raw material, energy and water) and air emission controls etc.
Taking into account the relative advantages offered by eco-towns as a "laboratory" to test sustainability concepts and production and consumption processes (covering both the public and private sectors, IETC’s eco-town initiative covers three cities in the Asia Pacific region: Penang (Malaysia), Bandung (Indonesia) and Shenyang (China). This initiative is done in partnership with the city of Kawasaki (Japan), itself a leader in the development of eco-towns worldwide.