PROJECT "CONVERTING WASTE PLASTIC INTO FUEL"
Summary and results of the implementation
The implementation of the demonstration projects was agreed to be undertaken in a minimum of two cities. The selection was first at country level and narrowed down to city level. Three countries within Asia namely Philippines, Thailand and India, were initially identified based on two major criteria: sufficient amount of waste plastic generation and demand for alternative fuel to make business model feasible for converting waste plastics into fuel.
The identification and assessment of two cities within each of the three countries was undertaken by local experts in each of the aforementioned countries. They assessed and selected the two cities based on a set of criteria such as
trends on waste generation and economical activities influencing such generation;
presence of highly commercial and industrial areas within the city generating a large volume of waste plastics;
expression of commitment and support from the responsible city authorities in the conduct of the baseline study; and
presence of a local private sector to possibly undertake the implementation of the pilot project.
Based on the assessment, among all the cities assessed (Philippines: Cebu and Mandaue, Thailand: Bangkok and Chiang Mai; and India: Agra and Faridabad) Cebu showed to be the most promising city for the implementation of the pilot project. Unfortunately Bangkok and Chiang Mai (Thailand) were not found to be suitable places for further work as it was also the case for Agra and Faridabad (India).
A further assessment indicated that, Phitsanulok and Nakhon Ratchasima (Thailand), proved also to be suitable as Phitsanulok was already in the process of setting up a plastic to fuel facility in their municipality, but they were seeking technical support and Nakhon Ratchasima was trying to address the plastic component of their waste.
In the three selected cities, baseline reports, technology assessments, stakeholders consultation and other activities, as specified in the section on phasing and activities, have been undertaken and technologies for the conversion of waste plastics into fuel have been selected according to their local priorities and conditions. The technologies has been implemented and they are currently under operation.
Nakhon Ratchasima has purchased and is operating a technology for the pelletisation of mixed plastics from Geor-Ding Machinery Co. Ltd.
The technology will pelletise one tone of mixed plastics per hour. The pellets follow the specifications requested by a Thai cement company, TPI Polene, that is aiming to use it as fuel to be co-combusted with coal. The fuel product is under quality control by the potential user. Stabilization of operation and improvement on the quality of the product is underway.
Phitsanulok, in partnership with Muang Sa-Ard Co. Ltd. have constructed a waste plastic to liquid fuel facility.
Plastics from recent inputs at the Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) facility. The plant has two reactors operating alternatively and in batches. 4 to 8 tons of plastics are fed per batch and each batch needs 24 hours for the plastics to be processed into oil (55-60% of the plastic weight), carbonaceous matter (5-10%), wax (5-10%) and flue gas (5-10%). The plant produces 2000l fuel per day. The liquid fuel is mixed (50:50) with diesel and it is used as fuel for trucks.
Cebu Municipality will convert waste plastics along with coconut and mango peels into solid fuel in the form of Refuse Plastic Fuel (RPF).
The supplier is Suki Trading, a local supplier who will adapt his technology to the needs of the project. One ton per day will be produced during the piloting period Next steps in Cebu is to up-scale of the pilot plant if the products probe to meet the quality standards of identified users.
Progress report and other reports related to the project
Overall Progress Report
Phase I related reports
Annexure A - Assessment of Waste Plastics
Annexure B - Selection of the Cities, Baseline Data, Training Materials and Recommendations
Annexure B.1 - Philippines
Annexure B.2 - Thailand
Annexure B.3 - India
Annexure C - Compendium of Technologies
Phase II related reports
Annexure D - Detailed Baseline Report, Technology Assessment, Stakeholder’s Issues of Concern, Policy Interventions Report, Draft Pilot Project and Pilot Project
Annexure D.1 - Cebu (Philippines)
Annexure D.2 - Identification and Selection of Alternative Cities as Demonstration Sites for the Project in Thailand
Annexure D.3 - Nakhon Ratchasima (Thailand)
Annexure D.4 - Phitsanulok (Thailand)
Annexure D.5 - National Training in Philippines and Thailand
Phase III related reports
Annexure E - To be completed