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Global commons:
useful links

This page contains links to websites from Governments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, businesses, media and other groups from around the world to help you research issues related to global commons. We have compiled these links from our own review of the vast amount of information available on the Internet to help you to find the most relevant sources for your research. Our Planet magazine does not, however, endorse the viewpoints of any of the groups to which we link, and we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information posted on these sites. Rather, we hope to provide you with a broad range of opinions and perspectives.


Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Landbased Activities (GPA-Marine) was adopted by the international community in 1995 and to prevent the degradation of the marine environment from land-based activities by facilitating the realization of the duty of States to preserve and protect the marine environment. It is the only global initiative directly addressing the connectivity between terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems.

The Regional Seas Programme aims to address the accelerating degradation of the world’s oceans and coastal areas through the sustainable management and use of the marine and coastal environment, by engaging neighbouring countries in comprehensive and specific actions to protect their shared marine environment.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Desertification is a major economic, social and environmental problem of concern to many countries in all regions of the world. The convention was formed to solve the problem of intensifying land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas.

Although desertification still remains a major environmental problem, impeding dryland development, there are also many projects and community-based initiatives which have successfully addressed these problems.

Convention on Biological Diversity
The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the world community’s growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.

International Union for Conservation of Nature
Conserving biodiversity is fundamental to addressing some of the world’s greatest challenges: tackling climate change, achieving sustainable energy, improving human well-being and building a green economy.

Forests cover one third of the earth’s land mass, performing vital functions around the world. In fact, 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods. They play a key role in our battle against climate change. Forests feed our rivers and are essential to supplying the water for nearly 50 per cent of our largest cities.

Forests Policy Brief
www.unep.org/ecosystemmanagement/Portals/7/Documents/unep_policy_ series/5thUNEPPolicySeries.pdf
Forests have always been crucial to human life and economies, and they will become increasingly significant as the global human population grows. The entire global population depends on forests for their carbon-sequestering services and critical role in supporting the growth of a global green economy. This policy brief seeks to outline how forests can be a key part of a green economy that provides opportunities for innovative solutions to forest management.

Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone
This assessment looks into all aspects of anthropogenic emissions of black carbon and tropospheric ozone precursors, such as methane and analyses the trends in emissions of these substances and the drivers of these emissions.

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer are dedicated to the protection of the earth’s ozone layer. With 196 parties, they are the most widely ratified treaties in UN history, and have enabled reductions of over 97 per cent of all global consumption of controlled ozone depleting substances.

The UNEP OzonAction Branch assists developing countries and countries with economies in transition to enable them to achieve and sustain compliance with the Montreal Protocol.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was formed to consider what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with whatever temperature increases are inevitable. The Kyoto Protocol is an additional measure to the UNFCCC.

UNEP Year Book 2011: Emerging Issues in our Global Environment
The UNEP Year Book 2011, examines global emerging issues and provides the latest environmental science. It also highlights major environmental events and developments over the past year, and presents the most recent data and indicator trends. he UNEP Year Book 2011 is essential reading for anyone with a keen interest in the future of our planet.


Earth Summits Rio+20




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