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Verbatim and Innovation


Beehive Fence
British biologist, Dr. Lucy E. King, won the international prize of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP/CMS) for developing an innovative beehive fence as a natural deterrent from crop-raiding elephants. Based on the fact that elephants are scared about being stung by bees, Dr. King created a fence that is assisting to reduce conflicts between the world’s largest terrestrial mammal and local people in Kenya and could become a blueprint for curbing similar problems in other countries with large elephant populations and expanding agricultural land.


Suntrica SolarStrap
is a solar powered device that provides charging power mobile phones, MP3 players and digital cameras. The high efficiency solar panel stores energy into a light-weight battery that can be easily attached to a strap or belt for optimal energy gathering. It will certainly have its use while the use of mobile phones is skyrocketing globally, some 20 per cent of the world still suffers from ‘energy poverty’ or not having access to a reliable supply of electricity.


Students at Stanford University have built a remarkable solar car — the Xenith — an entrant in the 11th World Solar Challenge in Australia. The car, whose giant, flat, reflective surface makes it resemble part of a satellite has 26 solar panels. The students have so carefully designed car, trying to make it lean and aerodynamic, that they concern themselves with minutiae such as whether the driver’s head might cast a slight shadow on the panels. The whole car weighs only 375 pounds and its chassis of carbon fiber, titanium, and aluminum measures just four inches thick.


800 is the newest wave energy device developed by the UK-based Aquamarine Power, with an output of 800 kilowatts, it produces 250 per cent more energy than its predecessor. Most of the improvements have come from a hinged flap that sticks out of the water and is pushed shut with each passing wave. When the flap moves, it drives hydraulic pistons that deliver high-pressure water via a pipeline to an onshore turbine.



7 Billion
The global population has reached 7 billion people which poses challenges such as ensuring adequate food and clean water to guaranteeing equal access to security and justice — UNFPA

1.4 billion
In 2010, 1.4 billion people, or 20 per cent of the world population, did not have access to reliable electricity or the power grid and depended on biomass for cooking and lighting — Keeping Track of our Changing Environment: From Rio to Rio+20, UNEP

1.2 million
Premature deaths avoided per year (of which 125,000 are children) thanks to policy to rid the world of leaded petrol — The Global Benefits of Phasing Out Leaded Fuel

Increased recognition of the need to move towards low carbon, resource efficient energy solutions can be seen in the 540 per cent increase in investment in sustainable energy between 2004 and 2010.

The number of megacities with at least 10 million people has grown from 10 in 1992 to 21 in 2010 — a 110 per cent increase.

Of total global CO2 emmissions, 80 per cent is emitted by only 19 countries— mainly those with high levels of economic development and/or large populations.

Over 60 per cent of Greenhouse Gases are emitted by three economic sectors: energy, industry and forestry.

Global emissions have to be reduced by at least 50 per cent from their 1990 level by 2050, if temperature stabilisation is to be achieved at less than 2° Celsius average warming above pre-industrial levels — IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change, 2007

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