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International Conference, Ammonia Refrigeration Technology, April 14-16, 2011, Ohrid, Republic of MacedoniaInternational Conference Ammonia Refrigeration Technology, 14-16 April 2011, Ohrid, Macedonia Click here to access the conference website


Evidence of Montreal Protocol's Success in Protecting Ozone Layer
The results of a new study appear to support the view that the Montreal Protocol has been effective at protecting the ozone layer. Researchers modelled the impacts of the Protocol's phasing out of ozone depleting substances and found that they matched actual changes of global ozone over the last 50 years. Read/Download article (PDF)

9th International Conference on Enforcement Cooperation: Strengthening Environmental
Governance - INECE is extending the deadline for submissions of Conference background papers until 15 April 2011. Papers should be submitted to conference@inece.org along with the Paper Release Form. Read more | INECE web site & Release Form

South-South Cooperation in the Asia Pacific Region - The Maldives, India and UNEP DTIE
OzonAction with other key partners are currently planning to jointly organize a major environmental event in the Maldives, The Technology Road Show: Ozone and Climate Friendly Products, May 2011Read more

 Is There Enough Time to Wait for the Next World Summit?
14th European Conference on The Latest Technologies in Renewable Energy, Heating and Cooling Applications, 24 January 2011.

Edinburgh, 24 January 2011, Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction,  warned delegates at the 14th European Conference on The Latest Technologies in Renewable Energy, Heating and Cooling Applications, that there is not enough time to wait for new policy as a driver for taking action against climate change.  Instead he urged local initiatives to create their own grass roots-type summit by strengthening collaborative, cross-sector partnerships between business and academia... Read more 


The Indispensable Cold Supply Chain
Lille, 25th November 2010 - UNEP DTIE OzonAction and the World Forum co-organised a workshop in Lille on the occasion of the ‘Responsible Company’ conference. The workshop, entitled ‘The indispensable cold supply chain: how to make it compatible with the interests of the planet ?’ presented how responsible refrigeration companies, in developed as well developing countries, are taking up the challenge of reducing ODS and GHG emissions and improve energy efficiency – using the opportunity of an international level playing field to promote the most environmentally-friendly technology solutions.
Mr. Etienne Gonin, Consultant, OzonAction Branch, facilitated the session which featured Mr. Jacobo Tefel Farrer, CEO, Fogel Group, Guatemala, and Ms. Vena Zafolia, Marketing Services Manager & Sustainability Coordinator, Frigoglass, Greece.
Workshop summary: "The indispensable cold supply chain: how to make it compatible with the interests of the planet?"  -  Fogel Group  -  Frigoglass 


Angkor Wat Provides Historic Backdrop for Launch of Cambodia’s HPMP

Angkor Wat Provides Historic Backdrop for Launch of Cambodia’s HPMPSiam Reap, 14th November 2010 - The imposing structure of world’s single largest religious monument and UNESCO World heritage site –Angkor Wat -- provided an inspiring backdrop for the signing ceremony between the Kingdom of Cambodia and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for financial and technical assistance to eliminate the last major category of Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol.
Siam Reap, 14th November 2010 - The imposing structure of world’s single largest religious monument and UNESCO World heritage site –Angkor Wat -- provided an inspiring backdrop for the signing ceremony between the Kingdom of Cambodia and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for financial and technical assistance to eliminate the last major category of Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol.
This unique and ancient man-made marvel was the fitting site for the national launch of the last phase of the uniquely successful Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, another manmade solution to prevent the natural disaster of ozone layer depletion.
“The tourism sector has shown the growth of triple digits in recent years. The use of air conditioning in the hotels and resorts has therefore shown a steep rise. The use of air conditioning in urban areas has also been rising. Hence, eliminating HCFCs and using substitutes poses a challenge. But Cambodia is known to face challenges and we would meet the targets’ stated HE Dr.Mok Mareth, Senior Minister of Environment of Cambodia during the signing ceremony.
The agreement that was signed provides initial funding to the Kingdom of Cambodia to start the activities to phase out hydrochlroflurocarbons (HCFCs), which are mainly used in Cambodia in air conditioning equipment. US$ 1.6 million has been approved under the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol to eliminate use of HCFCs in Cambodia. This signing ceremony represented the launch of the activities to first meet the target of the freeze in the consumption of HCFCs, which is due by 1 January 2013.
“Angkor City, once the world’s largest city in the pre-industrial era, might have lost the battle against invaders, but let us not lose the lesson”, said Rajendra Shende , Head of the UNEP’s Paris-based OzonAction Programme. “Angkor Wat exemplifies ‘living with the nature’ and not ‘living on nature’. The use of natural and local materials, the deployment of the elephants and people’s power to raise the structure and draw on the force of the currents in the river to transport the material, are the core low carbon practices used centuries back. Today we need the similar practices.” stated Mr. Shende.
UNEP’s OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), will provide the technology and policy support needed to strengthen the capacity of the government and the industry in Cambodia to enhance the energy efficiency of the air conditioners during the HCFC elimination process. Cambodia intends to deploy a dual strategy to deriving maximum benefits, i.e. protecting the ozone layer and strengthening energy security. Today, electricity demand in Cambodia outstrips the national supply and to meet the demand, Cambodia has to import electricity from neighboring countries. Considering that planned hydroelectric power plants will take time to come on-line, the use of energy efficient room air conditioners using HCFC-alternatives provides a unique mid-term opportunity for Cambodia.
Reviewing last 10 years of progress, Mr. Marco Gonzales, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat of the Montreal Protocol, congratulated the Government of Cambodia: “Though Cambodia’s ratification came only 9 years back, it has made rapid progress and complied with all the control measures of the Montreal Protocol” said Mr. Gonzales during the function.
All the participants, which also included the HE Dr. Sou Phirin Governor of Governing Board of Siam Reap province; Dr. Jonathan Banks of the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel; Annie Gabriel , Member of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund and representative of Australia; HE Khieu Muth, Secretary of State, Dr. Lon Heal, Director General , and Mr. Pak Sokharavuth, Senior officer of National Ozone Unit, both from the Ministry of Environment of Cambodia; Atul Bagai, Megumi Seki and Thanavat Junchaya of UNEP; Balaji Natarajan of UNDP; along with number of the tourists visiting Angkor Wat later walked hand-in-hand in procession through the temple, with a banner in their hands as a symbol of their determination to restore the ozone layer, alongside the restoration of the temple.
On the next day of the workshop, about 70 participants detailed the schedule of the activities for immediate implementation, for example inclusion of the HCFC phase out activities in the tourism and hotel management schools, incentives for energy efficient replacement of HCFCs and setting up the policies to monitor and control imports of HCFCs and HCFC-based equipment.

Siam Reap, 14th November 2010 - The imposing structure of world’s single largest religious monument and UNESCO World heritage site –Angkor Wat -- provided an inspiring backdrop for the signing ceremony between the Kingdom of Cambodia and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for financial and technical assistance to eliminate the last major category of Ozone Depleting Substances under the Montreal Protocol.This unique and ancient man-made marvel was the fitting site for the national launch of the last phase of the uniquely successful Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, another manmade solution to prevent the natural disaster of ozone layer depletion.“The tourism sector has shown the growth of triple digits in recent years. The use of air conditioning in the hotels and resorts has therefore shown a steep rise. The use of air conditioning in urban areas has also been rising. Hence, eliminating HCFCs and using substitutes poses a challenge. But Cambodia is known to face challenges and we would meet the targets’ stated HE Dr.Mok Mareth, Senior Minister of Environment of Cambodia during the signing ceremony.The agreement that was signed provides initial funding to the Kingdom of Cambodia to start the activities to phase out hydrochlroflurocarbons (HCFCs), which are mainly used in Cambodia in air conditioning equipment. US$ 1.6 million has been approved under the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol to eliminate use of HCFCs in Cambodia. This signing ceremony represented the launch of the activities to first meet the target of the freeze in the consumption of HCFCs, which is due by 1 January 2013.“Angkor City, once the world’s largest city in the pre-industrial era, might have lost the battle against invaders, but let us not lose the lesson”, said Rajendra Shende , Head of the UNEP’s Paris-based OzonAction Programme. “Angkor Wat exemplifies ‘living with the nature’ and not ‘living on nature’. The use of natural and local materials, the deployment of the elephants and people’s power to raise the structure and draw on the force of the currents in the river to transport the material, are the core low carbon practices used centuries back. Today we need the similar practices.” stated Mr. Shende.UNEP’s OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), will provide the technology and policy support needed to strengthen the capacity of the government and the industry in Cambodia to enhance the energy efficiency of the air conditioners during the HCFC elimination process. Cambodia intends to deploy a dual strategy to deriving maximum benefits, i.e. protecting the ozone layer and strengthening energy security. Today, electricity demand in Cambodia outstrips the national supply and to meet the demand, Cambodia has to import electricity from neighboring countries. Considering that planned hydroelectric power plants will take time to come on-line, the use of energy efficient room air conditioners using HCFC-alternatives provides a unique mid-term opportunity for Cambodia.Reviewing last 10 years of progress, Mr. Marco Gonzales, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat of the Montreal Protocol, congratulated the Government of Cambodia: “Though Cambodia’s ratification came only 9 years back, it has made rapid progress and complied with all the control measures of the Montreal Protocol” said Mr. Gonzales during the function.All the participants, which also included the HE Dr. Sou Phirin Governor of Governing Board of Siam Reap province; Dr. Jonathan Banks of the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel; Annie Gabriel , Member of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund and representative of Australia; HE Khieu Muth, Secretary of State, Dr. Lon Heal, Director General , and Mr. Pak Sokharavuth, Senior officer of National Ozone Unit, both from the Ministry of Environment of Cambodia; Atul Bagai, Megumi Seki and Thanavat Junchaya of UNEP; Balaji Natarajan of UNDP; along with number of the tourists visiting Angkor Wat later walked hand-in-hand in procession through the temple, with a banner in their hands as a symbol of their determination to restore the ozone layer, alongside the restoration of the temple.On the next day of the workshop, about 70 participants detailed the schedule of the activities for immediate implementation, for example inclusion of the HCFC phase out activities in the tourism and hotel management schools, incentives for energy efficient replacement of HCFCs and setting up the policies to monitor and control imports of HCFCs and HCFC-based equipment.

For more information, please contact:
Mr. Thanavat Junchaya
Regional Network Coordinator (South East Asia and the Pacific),
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP)
2nd Floor, United Nations Building
Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Telephone: 662 288 1870-4
Fax: 662 280 3829
Email: thanavat.junchaya@unep.org
View Related Photos Gallery

African Countries Unite to Recognise Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, for Ozone Protection Leadership

Bangkok, 11 November 2010: Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of the OzonAction Branch in the United Nations Environment Programme  Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE), was awarded  with a certificate of appreciation today during the opening ceremony of 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on the Protection of the Ozone Layer in Bangkok.

The certificate was presented by the Minister of Uganda, Her Excellency Jesca Eriyo, on behalf of all 53 African countries in recognition of Mr. Shende’s dedicated and creative leadership in assisting the African countries to successfully comply with the Montreal Protocol.

Through the OzonAction Programme, Mr. Shende has continuously supported the African continent and other developing countries to meet the compliance targets of the Montreal Protocol, an international agreement for the protection of the Ozone Layer that operates under the auspices of the United Nations.  As a whole, the 147 developing countries which are Party to this multilateral environmental agreement continue to achieve outstanding results with regard to the total phase out of ozone depleting substances (ODS), in line with the agreed time-targeted phase-out targets for the production and consumption of nearly 100 man-made ozone destroying chemicals. The  OzonAction Programme has already been credited with a number of innovative mechanisms to assist developing countries to meet their environmental targets under this global agreement.

Besides today’s appreciation by African countries, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has also recognized the important work done by the OzonAction Programme, and its Head, Mr. Shende, for providing policy advice and technology support for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. In 2005, USEPA bestowed its Stratospheric Ozone Protection award on the OzonAction Programme, and in 2009, it gave a Climate Protection award to him individually for his related work in that field.

When implementation of the Montreal Protocol started in early 1990, the  majority of the financial and technical assistance was focused initially on larger ODS-consuming countries like India, China and Brazil. Through continuous dialogue and engaging interested parties, Mr. Shende promoted the provision of targeted assistance in parallel to the low-volume ODS-consuming  and less economically-advantaged countries, including those in Africa. The control measures under the Montreal Protocol are applicable equally to large as well as small countries. He therefore initiated the special assistance programme for such countries in late 1990s.

The African countries recognized that the results of Mr. Shende’s work are evident. All 53 countries in the African continent are now in full compliance with the Montreal Protocol. Their capacity is also built now to tackle other environmental challenges. The statement of appreciation has been signed by all the government representatives from Africa participating in the Bangkok meeting.

For more information:
IISD Reporting Services’ MOP-22 Highlights for Thursday, 11 November 2010
http://www.iisd.ca/ozone/mop22/11nov.html

UNEP OzonAction Launches Three New Publications

Bangkok 12th November 2010 - UNEP OzonAction Programme organized a side event to launch three new publications.

Barriers to the adoption of low GWP alternatives to HCFCs was launched in the presence of Lucia Antonini of the European Commission. This publication is a part of UNEP OzonAction JumpStart project financed by the European Commission.
 
Cooling without Warming: Green New Deal in Refrigeration and Air-conditioning jointly published by UNEP OzonAction, the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR), the Italian Ministry of Environment and Centro Studi Galileo, was launched by Mr Alessandro Peru from the Italian Ministry of Environment and presented to Hon. Thakur Prasad Sharma, Minister of Environment, Science and Technology, Nepal.
 
Ammonia as a Refrigerant, a publication by IIR was launched by Lowell Alik of Marshall Islands with Laura Beron of Argentina.

Inauguration of Exchange of letters between Government of Maldives, GTZ and UNEP on providing non-ODS, low-GWP air-conditioning systems to the Maldives

Bangkok 12th November 2010, The Government of Maldives, GTZ and UNEP signed an Exchange of Letters to support the pledge of the Government of Maldives to become carbon neutral by 2020. The assistance will be provided via implementation of a pilot Air Conditioning programme in Maldives. The technology is implemented, with zero ozone depletion potential and extremely low-GWP, derived from a demonstration project funded by the German Ministry of Environment and policy and technical assistance provided by UNEP. GTZ and UNEP offer to enter a longer-term cooperation to establish a show and business case that can be replicated in other countries.

Exchange of letters was signed by Dr. Young-Woo Park, Regional Director and Representative of UNEP ROAP, Mr. Bernhard Siegele, Deputy Program Manager of GTZ, and Mr. Akram Kamaludeen, Minister of State for Housing and Environment of the Maldives.

Mr. Kamaludeen stated that it was timely that this was happening at an important juncture, where Meeting of the Parties was taking place in Bangkok, where partnerships were being sought to realize national pledges and international commitments.

The Minister said that two days ago, the Maldives announced “Carbon-Neutral Government” Program, under which, 11 Government large offices planned to be made carbon-neutral towards achieving the Nations overall Carbon-Neutral Pledge. This generous assistance by GTZ and UNEP would also greatly contribute towards to this Carbon-Neutral Government Program.

Mr. Kamaludeen is looking forward for an early realization and implementation of this initiative and to showcasing this new technology in air-conditioning, so that other countries could also follow the example led by the Maldives.

UNEP DTIE OzonAction launched latest publications and campaign at the opening session of the high-level segment of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol.

11 November 2010, Bangkok-  UNEP DTIE OzonAction launched its latest publications (“Goal Zero: Success Stories from Asia and the Pacific in Phasing Out Ozone Depleting Chemicals” and “Stand Up for the Ozne Layer and the Millennium Development Goals”) and the Virtual Tour campaign at the opening session of the High-Level Segment of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol.

The Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, Dr. Trairong Suwankiri together with Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction, Mr. Minar Pimple, Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific of the United Nations Millennium Campaign and Mr. Atul Bagai, Senior Regional Coordinator, Compliance Assistance Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, launched the publications and the campaign at the exhibition booth.

Goal Zero: Success Stories from Asia and the Pacific in phasing out ozone depleting chemicals: This book contains the stories of the hard work of the past 20 years that went into making the Montreal Protocol work. As the biggest producer and consumer of ozone depleting substances, the Asia-Pacific region has shown that it is possible to work together when faced with a global environmental threat. This publication can serve as a guide for other multilateral environmental agreements to also think globally and act locally.

Stand Up for the Ozone Layer and the Millennium Development Goals: This brochure is a pocket size material which explains in a simple way about how ozone layer protection can contribute to the achievements of the MDGs, as well as how each group of people can contribute to ozone layer protection. It also gives some example of the successful initiatives under the Montreal Protocol which contribute to the MDGs both at the global level and in Asia and the Pacific Region.

Bangkok to Cancun and beyond:
ozone protection encourages people to learn more about the ozone-climate connection and to explore the possibilities of additional benefits through the HCFC phase out opportunity. This Virtual Tour is an international campaign launched to unite people and trigger action. It will take you from Bangkok where the 22nd Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substance that Deplete the Ozone Layer, is taking place all the way to Cancun where our leaders will meet at the next United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - COP 16. The Virtual Tour  will pass by the different regions, making stops in Yerevan (Armenia), Beirut (Lebanon) and Kinshasa (Congo) where specific events will take place.
As you will « tour » with us through the pages of the blog, you will become part of the movement, pick up background information on ozone and climate change and inspiring actions all other the world that help protect the ozone layer while reducing climate change.

While travelling with us, you will have a better understanding of how the ozone protection is making a difference.

Join the virtual tour at www.unep.org/ozonaction/virtualtour.

And be part of the movement to build a better future for our planet!

 

What is the Status of the Antarctic Ozone Hole?

Bangkok, 11 November 2010. A side event was organized on the commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the discovery of the ozone hole: current status and expected recovery by UNEP OzonAction  in Bangkok, Thailand with 70 participants from governments, industry, international organizations and NGOs. It was followed by a very lively discussion.

Jonathan Shanklin explained some of the background that helped him and the team from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) discover the ozone hole. He had studied natural sciences at Cambridge University, specialising in physics at the Cavendish Laboratory, and had little knowledge of atmospheric processes when he joined the Survey.  He had therefore no expectation of how ozone was supposed to behave, but had a good scientific education. The BAS team had used the Dobson ozone spectrophotometer since the foundation of Halley station for the International Geophysical Year in 1957 and this gave them a long reference baseline.  Halley station could start making observations roughly a month before the South Pole, and in addition the ozone hole was often offset towards the Atlantic, making Halley the ideal location for the discovery.   The success of the Montreal Protocol means that ozone destroying substances in the atmosphere are now slowly decreasing and we are on the road to recovery, provided nothing else changes.  Natural events such as major volcanic eruptions may change the picture, and we continue to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, leading to climate change.  Other environmental issues also affect the planet, ranging through unsustainable fisheries, declining biodiversity and shrinking resources such as water.  All of these can be linked to the increasing human population and it will be a challenge for us to bring our population to a sustainable level so that all living things (including penguins!) continue to enjoy life on our planet.  The Montreal Protocol shows that united effort does produce a successful outcome and is a model for future progress.

Dr. A. R. Ravishankara, from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration gave a  presentation of the connections between ODSs and the ozone hole. Farman et al. published their paper on the annual ozone depletion in Austral Spring over Antarctica in 1985, commonly called the ozone hole.  The following year, Solomon et al. provided an explanation for these observations.  Within a few years, atmospheric observations, laboratory measurements, and modeling studies confirmed the observations of Farman et al. and clearly proved the validity of the explanation Solomon et al.  The detailed atmospheric observations included those from ground-based instruments, in-situ balloon based instruments, from highly instrumented aircraft and satellite.  The key laboratory studies included quantification of the heterogeneous reaction on ice surfaces, and the unusual chemical and photochemical reactions that are involved.  Modeling studies reproduced the observations and provided a way to predict what would happen in the future.  Dr. Ravishankara traced this amazing story of the observation that led to an explanation to a verification of the ozone hole.

Dr. Paul A. Newman, from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) presented the ozone hole now and in the future, and how it might interact with climate change. This Antarctic ozone hole is a massive depletion of ozone that occurs each Austral spring.  Both ground and satellite observations of total ozone show that the Antarctic ozone losses became very large during the 1980s.  Continued observations show that ozone levels over Antarctic have remained very low over the 1990-2009 period.

As with the past 20 years, the Antarctic stratosphere was again severely depleted in 2010.  This was because ODS levels are still very high in the Antarctic stratosphere.  However, the 2010 ozone hole was weaker than average because of the weather situation over Antarctica.  Because temperatures were warmer than average during the SH winter, ozone levels were slightly higher than average.  Levels of ozone depleting substances over Antarctic have only modestly declined (4%) since the peak levels that were seen in 2000.

As ODSs decrease, the Antarctic ozone hole will improve.  Current estimates from comprehensive coupled chemistry-climate models suggest that the ozone hole will disappear in the 2050-2070 period.  Greenhouse gases have only a modest impact on the ozone hole.  Model simulations show that greenhouse gases alone would modestly improve the ozone hole, but the overall levels of ozone are primarily controlled by ODSs.

Contact: UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, ozonaction@unep.org

Read/upload related Powerpoint Presentations :
Dr. Paul A. Newman
o3hole_2010_summary_22MOP_2010-11-11

Dr. A. R. Ravishankara,
ravi.pptx

Dr. Jonathan Shanklin, 
UNEP 2010 Shanklin.ppt 

Joint WCO/UNEP operation nets large haul of ozone depleting substances

WCO Press Release

Brussels, 10 November 2010. A joint global Customs enforcement operation initiated by the World Customs Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and code-named "Sky-hole Patching II" led to the confiscation of more than 7,500 cylinders of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons) and other ozone depleting substances.

Totalling over 108 tonnes of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and 668 pieces of equipment containing ODS, each of these man-made chemicals is linked to the rapid depletion of the ozone layer and all have been either banned or subject to strict controls under the terms of the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.

“This global operation by Customs in partnership with the WCO and UNEP which hauled in spectacular quantities of illegal ODS clearly demonstrates the success of this tripartite alliance against this dangerous trade and the organized criminal gangs who profit from it," said Kunio Mikuriya, Secretary General of the WCO. "We cannot allow goods that threaten the health and safety of world citizens, which contribute to global warming and inevitably to negative climate change, and which damage the environment – perhaps more far-reaching than what is estimated – to circulate the globe without taking serious action," Mikuriya added. "I can only commend all those who took part in this project and urge Customs and their partners to continue their enforcement efforts to secure our borders from all forms of illegal and illicit trade," concluded the Secretary General.

“Illegal trade in ODS poses a threat to the successful recovery of the protective ozone layer as well as to the climate system, since most of the smuggled chemicals are also powerful greenhouse gases," said Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Branch. "In the 2000s, illegal trade in ODS was reported to have been worth around 60 million US dollars – equivalent to 10-20% of global legitimate trade,” he added. “We are very encouraged to see the continued commitment and high priority the WCO gives to environmental issues and are proud to be cooperating on this joint project as Sky-Hole Patching II is helping to build awareness and encourage cooperation between the Customs community and environmental authorities in combating the smuggling of ODS and enabling full compliance with the requirements of the Montreal Protocol,” Shende concluded.

Built on the success of Project Sky-Hole Patching I which saw 21 Customs administrations in the Asia/Pacific region seize over 700 tonnes of ODS in 301 incidents between September 2006 and September 2009, Project Sky-Hole Patching II saw over 80 countries pledge their commitment to participating in the project, making it a truly global event.

Driven by the global ban of CFCs and halons, and their phase-out in the European Union coupled with large reductions in HCFC consumption in the United States since January 2010, Project Sky-Hole Patching II between 3 May and 2 November 2010 was launched to monitor the trade in ODS, prevent and detect emerging trends in illicit trafficking and monitor gains made.

Customs officials at 275 seaports and other selected points intensified their risk profiling and physical controls over several thousand shipments to identify high risk goods, notifying one another of suspicious outgoing and incoming consignments using CENcomm, the WCO's secure communication tool for exchanging information.

While a number of seizures were reported from Europe, Africa and Central Asia, the majority of seizures took place in the Asia/Pacific region, notably in China, Thailand, Hong Kong, China and India. Two significant examples illustrate the success of Sky-Hole Patching II: Royal Thai Customs netted a fantastic total of 1,200 cylinders of ODS during the course of the operation and French Customs successfully stopped the illegal export of 44 tons of HCFCs in two incidents.

A particularly interesting case was reported from the Gambia, where two tonnes of cocaine smuggled from South America was seized together with several dozen cylinders of CFCs – highlighting the interrelation of ODS smuggling with organized crime, in this case, narcotics smuggling.

The ODS seized during Sky-Hole Patching II, had they not been confiscated, would have presented the equivalent of 400 thousand tonnes of CO2–equivalent emissions, if released into the atmosphere.

Customs administrations were actively supported by National Ozone Units – government entities responsible for managing national compliance strategies under the Montreal Protocol – who shared information and provided expert advice. UNEP's DTIE, and its Regional Offices, also supported the project with the network of WCO Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices (RILOs) playing an important role in coordinating Customs' actions; the RILO for the Asia Pacific region acted as the Operation Coordination Unit.

As a supplement to numerous national workshops hosted by National Ozone Units, the Green Customs Initiative (GCI) organized eight regional Green Customs workshops to enhance the awareness of Customs officers and arm them with practical skills. GCI is a collaborative approach to training Customs officers in fighting environmental crime and in facilitating legitimate trade in environmentally sensitive commodities. It comprises the secretariats of multilateral environmental agreements (Basel, Cartagena, CITES, Montreal, Rotterdam, and Stockholm), as well as INTERPOL, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, UNEP, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the WCO.

More information

World Customs Organization: communication@wcoomd.org

Project Sky-hole Patching II: Information Brochure

OzonAction Programme: www.unep.fr/ozonaction

Green Customs: www.greencustoms.org

Original Press Release: http://www.wcoomd.org/press/?v=1&lid=1&cid=7&id=239

Smugglers Watch Out: Illegal Trade in ODS

Bangkok, 10 November 2010. A side event of MOP 22 on illegal trade in ODS: Actions to Combat Smuggling and Challenges Ahead was organized by UNEP OzonAction in Bangkok, Thailand with 50 participants from governments, industry, international organizations and NGOs.

Ms. Fionnuala Walravens, Environmental Investigation Agency assessed the risk of illegal trade in ODS, and appealed countries to give more attentions to illegal trade in HCFCs. She highlighted that smugglers are using the same tricks which they used for CFCs to smuggle HCFCs. The publication of EIA assessment will be launched during the virtual tour from Bangkok to Cancun and beyond (www.unep.org/ozonaction/virtualtour)

Mr. Rajendra Shende, UNEP DTIE presented the Europe Central Asia (ECA) Ozone Protection Award to Mr. Alexandros Kiriazis (European Commission) in recognition of his excellent work in combating illegal trade in ozone depleting substances.

 

Mr. Zhao Jie, Deputy Head of WCO Regional Intelligence Liaison Office (RILO) for Asia and the Pacific introduced a confidential coordinated global customs operational project targeting illegal trade in ODS called "Sky Hole Patching II" which has been coordinated between OzonAction and the World Customs Organization (WCO). He briefed that 80 Customs Administrations in both Article 5 and non-Article 5 countries covering 278 Seaports, Land Borders and Airports have joined the project. 26 seizures, including 4,327 cylinders (64 tons) ODS, 668 equipment containing ODS were reported during May to November 2010. He stressed that new trafficking trends have emerged in many countries, and vigilance and effective enforcement actions are still needed to put an end of illegal trade.

Mr. Ruperto DeJesus, UNEP DTIE introduced the e-learning Module on Montreal Protocol/ODS, which was developed in collaboration with the World Customs Organization in order to provide updated customs training on the Montreal Protocol. The e-learning module is hosted in the WCO e-learning platform and is now available in English while the French, Spanish, and Russian versions are currently in development. Countries like Malaysia requested the assistance of UNEP in adaptation the module into local languages. UNEP will coordinate this issue with the WCO.

Ms. Kakuko Nagatani, UNEP DTIE introduced the implementation of the Informal Prior Informed Consent for ODS control (iPIC), a voluntary mechanism that strengthen the implementation of the national licensing systems for ODS import and export. She encouraged more countries to make more proactive use of the mechanism to increase the effectiveness of their licensing system as well as to reduce the loop hole that may exist still in control of ODS transboudary movements. The representative Basel Convention Secretariat attended the event and appealed cooperation between other environmental agreements. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime also presented the event and briefed the project PATROL (Partnership on Combating Transnational Crime through Regional Organized Law Enforcement).

Contact
: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, ozonaction@unep.org

Read/Download related publication: Project Sky-Hole Patching II

Taking the Montreal Protocol to the next level
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the Montreal Protocol 2.0

 

Bangkok 9th November 2010- Can we go beyond and elevate the debates on technology options and rationalize the transition in the frame work of the Corporate Social responsibility (CSR) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)? These were the echoes in the margins of negotiations taking place during world's most successful multilateral treaty i.e. at the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in Bangkok. An industry round table convened over 70 representatives from multinational corporations, government, and international organizations, NGOs and Universities kicked off a series of industry dialogues. The aim will be to create a collaborative platform for public private partnerships and broaden the perspective on opportunities for proactive and responsible business engagement to drive necessary change for sustainable growth trajectories and a green economy.



Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is increasingly accepted as a necessary and strategic element of business success and business leaders around the world recognize the need to consider performance in relation to impacts on the environment as a critical part of business success. In this context a central topic for the industry round table was leveraging successes under the Montreal Protocol - characterized by proactive business leadership even ahead of mature regulatory mechanisms - to raise the bar on other global sustainability goals in the run up to Rio plus 20 and with the deadline the world has set itself for achieving the Millennium Development Goals coming up in 2015. It bears significant opportunities to drive ambitious climate protection targets as well as the behavioral change needed to achieve the full potential of technological solutions that businesses around the world have demonstrated immense innovative capacities to deliver.
Almost 20 years after the most pressing global sustainability challenges were compiled into an Agenda 21 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, the role of business has significantly shifted from being seen solely as a cause of the problem to being increasingly recognized as a key part of the solution. 2012 will mark the 10 year anniversary of an important milestone in bringing business around the table on global deliberations of sustainable development at the Rio plus 10 Summit in Johannesburg. We have already passed the 10 year mark of UN Secretary General Kofi Annan's initiative to engage business in a constructive dialogue on sustainability challenges by inviting business leaders to join forces with the UN on 10 principles for sustainability under the Global Compact. The role for CSR in mainstreaming proactive business engagement to meet global environmental challenges will be key to achieving further successes under the Montreal Protocol and integrating its targets with the wider sustainability agenda.

The round table, also participated by research students from the Princeton University -USA, concluded with an Organic Dinner-a symbolic gesture to indicate the messages from the Montreal Protocol go beyond just the protection of the Ozone Layer.

Contact: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, OzonAction@unep.org

Holing Out the Climate Enemies Action under the Montreal Protocol

Bangkok, 8th November 2010, The Montreal Protocol is poised to mitigate 21 gigatones of CO2 equivalent through destruction of Chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs) and related chemicals, which are hidden in the stocks and equipments all around the world. The global phase-out of CFCs and Halons was followed by stock-piling of huge quantities of these Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS). Now, these substances also have huge Global Warming Potential 4 to 10,000 times more than CO2, commonly known Green House Gases. So, these stock-piles which are of no use now would get emitted into the atmosphere if not destroyed quickly.

United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) along with their partner Emergent Ventures International Pte. Ltd had organised an event on ODS Destruction, particularly, in the Low Volume Consuming Countries (LVCs) in South East Asia. It was organised on the side-lines of the 22nd Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol in Thailand. The event was attended by UN officials, National Ozone Officers from across the world, industry representatives, MLF officials, Basel Convention officials among others, amounting to about a hundred participants.

The event was started off by a welcome message by Atul Bagai, Senior Regional Co-ordinator, UNEP and Dr. Rajendra Shende, Head of Ozone Action Unit, UNEP which was followed by a presentation by Dr. Sumathipala, National Ozone Officer, Sri Lanka. Dr. Sumathipala highlighted the fact that the stock-piles in LVCs could release about 6 giga tonnes of CO2 equivalent into the atmosphere and if destroyed can accelerate the recovery of the Ozone Layer by 2 years in turn saving countless millions of dollars on health care. But the stock-piles in the individual countries are making their destruction programs economically unviable, but combined together they can become viable. Then a presentation was given by Hu Shaofeng from UNEP. Mr. Shaofeng highlighted an ongoing project by UNEP in Nepal where ODS stock-pile collected is to be destroyed, which is initially funded by the Multi-Lateral Fund and is to be brought under the Voluntary Carbon Market for funding via selling of the Voluntary Emission Reductions (VERs). So, UNEP suggested for a regional program to collect the ODSs from all the LVCs and aggregate them for destruction, which has the potential for 8 to 10 million VERs amounting to 30 to 50 million USD. The proposal was supported by all participants as the only viable solution for the problem faced by the individual countries. Ashutosh Pandey, CEO, Emergent Ventures International Pte. Ltd. presented the outlines of the Carbon Market where the ODS destruction programs can be covered under the VERs. He also stressed on the fact that if this program is linked to Energy Efficiency and Global warming can further help in co-funding it.

A discussion was followed, in which it was labelled as an emerging Green Economy in SE Asia. Members from the Basel Convention supported for the trans-border movement of the ODSs. Members from MLF also said that they are considering a proposal for funding such schemes. The Nepal model was supported by all participants and discussions were on regarding its's extension to other nations. Also the technology for destruction and its economic viability also emerged as key issues.

Contact: UNEP DTIE OzonAction, ozonaction@unep.org

The informal Prior Informed Consent on Trade of Ozone Depleting Substances (iPIC)

Bangkok, 09 November, UNEP organized the Informal Meeting on iPIC (The informal Prior Informed Consent on Trade of Ozone Depleting Substances). The iPIC is a voluntary and informal mechanism of information exchange on intended trade between the authorities in importing and exporting countries which are responsible for issuing Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) trade licenses. Representatives of the European Union, the Environment Protection Agency of USA, and Norway's Climate and Pollution Agency participated in the meeting where they discussed about the usefulness of the iPIC mechanism as a tool to strengthen national effort to monitor and control ODS trade as well as to prevent illegal trade in ODS.
Seventy-one (71) countries worldwide are taking part in the iPIC in 2010*, and they keenly await for other Parties of the Montreal Protocol to join.
*
15 ROAP Network countries (Afghanistan, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Iran, Lao PDR, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Vietnam)
27 European Union countries
Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan
12 ECA Network countries (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Croatia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)
13 ROLAC Network countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela)

Read/Download related publication: Formal Compliance through Informal Consent

Border Meeting on Monitoring and Controlling Trade in ODS held in Pokhara, Nepal

Nepal, 29 October 2010 - As part of the ongoing Nepal dialogue process between ozone and customs officers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, the two day Pokhara workshop including one-day training and one-day consultation between border enforcement officers concluded successfully on 29 October.

The illegal trans-boundary movements of prohibited ODS exist with complex causes, including lucrative incentives, loophole in the control and inspection of import and export, lack of exchange of information and intelligence at operational level, shortage of expertise and knowledge for frontier officers in inspecting and handling ODS gas, etc. To address these issues, UNEP has been promoting and facilitating border dialogues between neighboring countries, which have assisted in raising awareness, enhancing enforcement capacity and optimizing mechanism for coordination at borders.

The workshop was attended by more than 30 Customs Officers from border check-posts and customs Headquarters of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal. Representatives from National Ozone Units of Bangladesh and Bhutan and Nepal, the National Crime Bureau, India's focal point for Interpol, the Special Director General of SSB (India's Border Force), RILO Asia and Pacific, the Regional Office of Interpol, the Refrigeration Association President and 10 members from Pokhara and Kathmandu Refrigeration Associations, Customs offices from the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu and Borgunj border post and three communication experts were also invited to the border workshop.

Mr. Pratap Kumar Pathak, Nepal's Secretary of Department of Industries and Mr. Atul Bagai, Senior Regional Coordinator of UNEP CAP ROAP inaugurated the workshop.

After intensive discussion among border enforcement officers and Ozone officers, besides agreeing to strengthen cross border cooperation to suppress illegal trans-boundary movement of ODS, the Customs administrations of India and Nepal agreed to launch a joint operation which would last for 6 months using similar mechanism of Sky Hole Patching. UNEP, in coordination with regional enforcement organizations, would provide technical assistance and facilitate exchange of information.

Since border control agencies such as SSB and BSF of India are also qualified to enforce Customs Code, who is playing an important role in control of cross border movement of goods, participation of the Special Director General of India's Department of Border Management was a significant hallmark for ODS control in the sub region. It was also agreed that co-financed by SSB, UNEP would organize a Green Customs workshop for Border Forces of India.

For further information, please contact:
Mr. Atul Bagai
Senior Regional Network Coordinator
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Mobile: +66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
Email: atul.bagai@unep.org



Ozone Officers Training in Bangkok - ROAP

Following the recommendation of the Joint Meeting of SEAP and South Asia Networks of ODS Officers in Beijing, China in September 2010 and taking the advantage of the 22nd Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol being organized in Bangkok, UNEP DTIE OzonAction, CAP ROAP is organizing a Capacity Building Program for New Ozone Officers and Assistant Ozone Officers in the Asia and the Pacific Region during 3-6 November 2010.

The training workshop primarily aimed to build the capacity of the new ozone officers to operate national ozone offices on a daily basis to ensure that the country would be in compliance with the obligations under the Montreal Protocol. Another objective is to build a second line of defense by training the assistant ozone officers of participating countries to tackle the complex challenges they will face with HCFC phase out. The third objective is to refresh the memories of some of the old ozone officers on the latest policy and technical information related to HCFC phase out. This workshop will assist participating officers to the Montreal Protocol improve their skills to perform their daily work for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

19 National Ozone Officers, Assistant Ozone Officers and PMU Coordinators from Afghanistan, Bhutan, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste and Viet Nam are participating in the workshop.

The main topics that are being covered are:
- Ozone Science;
- Background on the Montreal Protocol institutional structure;
- Data Reporting;
- Organizing the field trip;
- Policy and Enforcement for ODS phase out;
- Discussing the HPMP development and implementation process;
- Ozone Climate Linkages;
- Awareness and Outreach activities;

The workshop was inaugurated today by Mr. Marco Gonzalez, the Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat who spent an hour interfacing with the participants.

 

For further information, please contact:
Mr. Atul Bagai
Senior Regional Network Coordinator
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Mobile: +66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
Email: atul.bagai@unep.org


Gold and Silver for Customs Saving the Planet

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 15 October 2010 - as part of UNEP's Enforcement Network for Europe and Central Asia (ECA), gold and silver medals were awarded to participants from Armenia, China, Croatia, European Union, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation and Serbia for their efforts to prevent illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS) and second hand refrigeration equipment. In addition, representatives of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan received certificates of appreciation for their enforcement efforts and capacity building initiatives.
The awardees presented their case studies and lessons learned which will allow improved risk profiling and enhanced inspection techniques in the future. Key findings included:

- Several hundreds of tonnes of virgin (new) ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) are illegally traded every year in the ECA region and mis-declared as recycled substance. When issuing an import license for recycled ODS, the proof of origin and certificate as to the quality of the recycled ODS should be verified with the Montreal Protocol focal point of the exporting country.

- Several hundred used refrigerators originating from the European Union (Germany) and containing ozone-depleting CFCs were seized in Central Asia. Their export from the European Union is illegal and most countries in the ECA region have banned their import. Therefore, no trade licenses should be issued and any shipment of used equipment containing or relying on CFCs or other ODS should be considered suspicious and investigated.

- Labelling of refrigerant cylinders and cans is a major issue in many countries whose legislation does not yet require a clear indication of the chemicals they contain. In several cases, such cylinders are labelled "Replacement for …" without indicating the actual chemicals contained. Relevant countries should consider amending their national legislation and require the mandatory labelling of chemicals in English or the local language.

- Mislabelling was detected during the practical exercise of using refrigerant identifiers to test the actual chemicals contained in the refrigerant cylinders purchased in the host country of the meeting. The testing of a refrigerant cylinder labelled CFC-12 revealed that it contained only 16% CFC-12 in addition to 62% HCFC-22, 19% HFC-134a and 3% hydrocarbon. Another cylinder labelled HFC-134a contained 100% CFC-12. Both refrigerant cylinders were locally purchased and not specifically prepared for the training.

Therefore, Customs Officers (as well as wholesalers and end-users) should be encouraged to use refrigerant identifiers and to test not only substances declared as ODS but also their alternatives.

- One country reported a seizure of hydrochlorocarbons (HFCs) which are not ozone depleting but are powerful global warming gases. The reason for the seizure was the lack of accompanying shipment papers and the fact that the importer was not registered. Both are required by national law. In addition, shipments of ODS alternatives should be considered suspicious event if shipment papers and import license seems to be correct because in several cases ODS (CFCs, HCFCs) was mislabelled as non-ODS (HFCs).

- Illegal trade in ODS has been prevented in several cases as a result of the application of the informal Prior Informed Consent (iPIC) mechanism where the Montreal Protocol focal points consult each other before issuing export or import licenses. Additionally a number of cases of illegal trade in ODS could have been prevented if the iPIC mechanism was applied. Twelve countries in the ECA region already apply the iPIC mechanism and the remaining countries should consider joining the initiative.

- A key lesson of the meeting was that communication and cooperation with regional stakeholders should be improved. Information on suspicious cases and ongoing investigations should be shared through electronic Customs Enforcement Network (CEN) of World Customs Organization (WCO), be informed to the relevant Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices (RILOs) as well as trade partners involved e.g. competent authorities of the exporting countries. Confirmed seizures and court cases should be informed to the Ozone Secretariat, UNEP OzonAction and shared through the electronic "Environet" communication platform of the WCO.

- Customs Officers identified the disposal of seized ODS, as well as equipment and products containing or relying on ODS as a major problem and this applies equally to shipments of hazardous waste, persistent organic pollutants and endangered species. In some countries, national legislation foresees a procedure of return of the shipment without imposing any fines or penalties but the disadvantage is that there is zero risk for the smuggler and it is likely that the goods may cross the border another day or at another checkpoint. Most countries cannot fund the destruction of chemicals which cannot be placed legally on the local market nor can they fund the re-export of seized goods to the country of origin. Some countries recommended that all costs of re-export or destruction should be borne by the smuggler.

- Customs Offices also identified training needs for prosecutors, police and judges since several countries found it difficult to initiate court cases, to collect the necessary evidence and to impose appropriate fines or penalties to the smugglers.

- The majority of the participating countries requested UNEP to continue the activities of the ECA enforcement network and to organize ECA enforcement network meetings in 2011 and 2012 (subject to funding availability). These activities should closely be coordinated and integrated with Green Customs activities in the ECA region.

- The majority of countries recommended to extend the scope of the ECA Ozone Protection Award to all trade-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) of the Green Customs Initiative and to conduct such competition for Customs and Enforcement Officers at the global level.

- The meeting allowed the establishment of new partnerships with the United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) and the Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). UNCTAD offered to test the ASYCUDA multi-agency risk-management function and certification module in a selected pilot country prior to next year's meetings. These tools would initially be applied to ODS but the scope could be extended to other environmentally sensitive goods in future. OSCE expressed interest in coordinating their training and capacity building initiatives in Central Asia with the Green Customs Initiative.

Customs & Enforcement Officers play a key role in preventing illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods and environmental crime. Such crimes risk jeopardizing the achievements of UNEP's trade-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements. Illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances, persistent organic pollutants, hazardous waste and endangered species contributes to irreversible loss of ecosystems, biodiversity and directly impacts on human health. Recently, USEPA estimated that the Montreal Protocol amendment of 1997 will avoid more than 22 million additional new eye cataract cases for Americans born between the years 1985 and 2100.

The Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan and the OzonAction Programme of UNEP's Division on Technology, Industry & Economics organised the Enforcement Network and back-to-back regional Green Customs meetings in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 11-15 October 2010. The meetings were opened by Hon. Mr. Jumamurad Saparmuradov, Deputy Minister of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan. Hon. Mr. Atakuliev Bayramgeldi, State Customs Service of Turkmenistan and Hon. Mr. Lenni Montiel, UNDP Resident Representative of Turkmenistan welcomed the 70 participants from 20 countries in Europe & Central Asia as well as China. The participants included Customs and Ozone Officers, resource persons representing the Montreal Protocol (ozone-depleting substances), Stockholm Convention (persistent organic pollutants), Rotterdam Convention (prior informed consent), Basel Convention (hazardous waste), CITES (endangered species) as well as the international organizations WCO, OSCE, UNODC, SECI, UNCTAD.

The meetings were co-funded by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MFS), Czech Republic, Global Environment Facility (GEF), OSCE and Green Customs.

The meeting documents and presentations will shortly made available through the website: http://fr1.estis.net/sites/ecanetwork/default.asp?site=ecanetwork&page_id=A78A0571-E3CC-413A-B276-F68066D5EC15

For further information please contact:
UNEP DTIE OzonAction, Paris Office
Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head
Mr. Halvart Koeppen, Regional Officer (ECA)
Tel: +33-1443714-32, Fax: +33-1443714-74
Email: halvart.koppen@unep.org

Regional Ozone Network in Europe & Central Asia (ECA)
The Regional Ozone Network in Europe and Central Asia was created in 2003 with the technical and financial support from the Multilateral Fund, the Czech Republic, Hungary and the Slovak Republic. It is now part of UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme and includes the following 12 member countries: Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Turkmenistan.

The ECA network is a dynamic group of countries spread over three sub-regions (Caucasus, Balkan, Central Asia). The following Countries with Economies in Transition (CEIT countries) participate in selected network activities as part of their GEF-funded institutional strengthening projects: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. Other CEIT countries are involved in selected activities subject to funding availability.
Several former ECA network countries have already acceded to the European Union and have been reclassified as Article 2 countries. Candidate countries include Croatia, Macedonia (FYR) and Turkey and potential candidate countries Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia.

The network is supported by implementing agencies (UNDP, UNIDO, World Bank) and bilateral partners (Czech Republic, European Union, Hungary, Poland) as well as the Multilateral Fund and Ozone Secretariats. Additional partners include the World Customs Organization's Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices (RILOs), South Eastern Cooperation Initiative (SECI), Green Customs partners, United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD), Organization on Security & Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Air-conditioning and Refrigeration European Association (AREA), the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) as well as industry, TEAP and TOC experts.

Regional networking provides a regular interactive forum for Ozone Officers from the region to exchange experiences, develop skills, and share knowledge and ideas with counterparts from both developing and developed countries in order to meet compliance, the provisions of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. Through regular network and thematic meetings and on-going dialogues, networking helps ensure that Ozone Officers have the information, skills and contacts required for managing national ODS phase-out activities successfully. Specific compliance assistance is provided to countries with compliance issues.
In 2009 and 2010, activities related to the ECA Enforcement Network and Green Customs initiative were implemented by the ECA Regional Ozone Network and similar activities are planned for 2011 and 2012 subject to funding availability.
Read more ...

Tata Young Receives Prestigious US Environmental Protection Agency Montreal Protocol Award

Dr. Young-Woo Park, Tata Young, Ms. Judith B. CefkinBangkok, 5 October 2010 - Tata Young, Asia's pop music sensation, was awarded this year's Montreal Protocol Award of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) for raising public awareness on the importance of protecting the ozone layer - a notable effort that contributes to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on environmental sustainability.
The Award, which recognizes individuals and organizations who are making a difference in protecting the environment through their demonstrated commitment and extraordinary contributions, was presented to Ms. Young by Judith B. Cefkin, the U.S. Embassy Deputy Chief of Mission and Dr. Young-Woo Park, UNEP's Regional Director and Representative for Asia and the Pacific during a ceremony yesterday at the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Thailand (FCCT) in Bangkok.
The USEPA highlighted Ms. Young's work with OzonAction Programme in the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). One of the singer's first projects with OzonAction was a public service announcement (PSA) entitled "My Ozone Wish" that encourages people to stop using products that contain ozone depleting substances.
Ms. Young, who has record labels with Sony Music, also uses her concerts to inform the public about protecting the ozone layer. At the mega launch of her third album "Ready for Love" in Bangkok last year, the "My Ozone Wish" PSA was screened, and a special sticker saying "Protect yourself, protect the ozone layer" was placed on the album's cover which later sold over 10,000 copies.
"It is an honor for me to be recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and I will continue to use the power of music to capture people's hearts and encourage them to take action to protect the ozone layer and to help prevent climate change," said Ms. Young upon receiving the award.
The Montreal Protocol, signed by 196 countries, was designed to reduce and eventually eliminate ozone-depleting substances. The phase-out of ozone-depleting substances, including hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in air conditioning and refrigeration equipment, necessitates a long-term commitment from all developed and developing countries alike. HCFCs and some of the alternatives, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), are global warming gases, and their continued production and emissions contributes to climate change. Parties to the Montreal Protocol in 2007 accelerated the HCFC phaseout with a view toward increasing climate protection. In November, Parties will consider two amendment proposals concerning HFC reduction to ensure stronger climate protection.
"We would like to thank Tata and her management team for their wonderful efforts," said Dr. Young-Woo Park. "UNEP's OzonAction Programme is looking forward to working with her in the future to raise public awareness on ozone layer protection and its strong linkages with climate change, which is one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)," added Dr. Park.

Tata Young's award ceremony follows the celebration of two other special occasions, the 2010 International Ozone Day on 16 September and the launch of a new UNEP brochure entitled "Stand Up for the Ozone Layer and the Millennium Development Goals." This pocket size booklet explains in simple language how protecting the ozone layer can also contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the 2015 target.
The MDGs are a set of eight concrete and specific development goals adopted by 189 world leaders committed to achieving by 2015 as part of the Millennium Declaration signed at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000. These time-bound Goals are: 1) end extreme poverty and hunger; 2) achieve universal primary education; 3) promote gender equality and empower women; 4) reduce child mortality;
5) improve maternal health; 6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7) ensure environmental sustainability and 8) develop a global partnership for development.

"The latest review of the MDG Goal 7 on environmental sustainability has found it regressing and lagging behind. The impacts of climate change directly threaten the achievement of the MDGs as they push the poor and vulnerable deeper into poverty," said Mr. Minar Pimple, Regional Director of the UN Millennium Campaign Asia and the Pacific Regional Office. "The need to address climate change concerns, including the rapid depletion of ozone layer, is deeply intertwined with the long-term efforts to achieve the MDGs to end global poverty. Thus a climate change strategy should have the MDGs and poverty reduction at its core," he explained.

Mr. Pimple also added that the outcome of the recent UN MDG Review Summit in New York last month attended by over 150 world leaders illustrated that push to achieve the MDGs has been accelerated through renewed global partnership.

The Ruamrudee International School students and the Kaya Green Band also performed "Fix That Hole", a song about ozone layer protection during the ceremony. The song was written by the Kaya Green Band from the Philippines last year for the 2009 International Ozone Day Celebration.

The award ceremony was hosted by the United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme, the United Nations Millennium Campaign (UNMC), Ruamrudee International School (RIS) and the United States Embassy in Thailand.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:
Ms. Satwant Kaur, satwant.kaur@unep.org
Mr. Atul Bagai, atul.bagai@unep.org
Ms. Natthinee Rodraksa, rodraksa@un.org

 

The International Conference "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers - Moving beyond CFCs and HCFCs" was held in Cairo, Egypt on 30 September-1st October 2010. Its aim was to assist Article 5 developing parties to the Montreal Protocol in the identification of further activities in the chiller sub-sector and potential environmental and economic benefits of alternative refrigerants management and chiller replacement strategies. The conference was organized jointly by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics)'s OzonAction Branch, with the American Society of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers Inc. (ASHRAE) and in cooperation with implementing agencies of the Montreal Protocol - the World Bank, UNDP and UNIDO - as well as bilateral partners.
View related video > http://bit.ly/9TDQ8G
Learn more through the following links:
> http://www.ashrae-ral-crc2010-eg.org/prog.html
> http://www.rcfc2010.org/index.php

Click Here to Read/Download the Proceedings >>

A Tribute to

K. Madhava Sarma, former Executive Secretary, UNEP Ozone Secretariat, by Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch. Click here ... to view/listen to the live tribute

Mr. K. Madhava SarmaMr. Madhava Sarma has served the Ozone Secretariat from 1991 to 2000 as the Executive Secretary. During his tenure, he served the Parties to the Vienna Convention and its Montreal Protocol through the turbulent meetings, including the Meetings of the Parties to the Protocol in Copenhagen, Vienna, Montreal and Beijing. Some of the key issues resolved at those meetings were the replenishment of the Multilateral Fund and the adjustments and amendments to the Montreal Protocol. He streamlined the administration of the institutions of the Protocol, the reporting requirements and other administrative obligations so that the Parties could devote their full attention to resolving challenging political issues.

Prior to being recruited to head the Secretariat, Madhava Sarma was a senior member of the Indian diplomatic team involved in the negotiations between the first and the second Meetings of the Parties (1989-1991). During this time, he was an effective spokesman for the developing country perspective and co-sponsored many of the provisions of the London Amendment that satisfied the developing countries including on the financial mechanism, while creating enforceable obligations to protect the ozone layer. He made other significant contributions as the senior Indian official looking after environmental policy, law, institutions and international cooperation, including responsibility for all global environmental issues.

Prior to joining the national Government of India, he served in Tamilnadu, one of the states of India, as Head of District Administration, Chief Executive of the Water Supply Board, and as Secretary to the Government, Irrigation and Power. During this State tenure, he was responsible for planning and implementation for many water supply, irrigation and energy projects. He earned the 1996 US EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award and an award from UNEP 'For Extraordinary Contribution to Ozone Layer Protection'. Apart from his many activities in India, he occasionally served UNEP as a consultant to on ozone and other environmental issues.
-------------------------

Mr. Sarma was a pioneer in ozone layer protection. With exceptional dedication, Mr. Sarma made outstanding contributions to shaping the Montreal Protocol to what it is today - a most successful multilateral agreement in global environmental protection and the first multilateral agreement to have achieved universal ratification. Mr. Sarma's vision, wisdom and leadership were an inspiration to all and he will be sorely missed. He will remain as a person whose efforts made a significant and positive difference to the future of the environment for our children and grand children. We pray for Mr. Sarma's eternal peace and at the same time we celebrate his life - a great life lived to the fullest.

Achim Steiner, Executive Director
UNEP Kenya

= = =

When the soul is sad for a friend that moves ahead, when the grief is beyond your boundaries and your passion fades away, just live and live the best memories of Sarma as your tribute, your invisible yet indelible bond to beyond the beyond of our own existence.

Marco Gonzalez, Montreal Protocol Ozone Secretariat
Kenya

= = =

The books and articles will be Sarma's enduring legacy of ozone layer protection; our memories are the priceless joy that will help us all continue to champion the values Sarma taught.

Just now I can see Sarma the child at the foreign movies dreaming of being the world-citizen he became, in a math class finding the magic of science that served him so well on ozone and climate protection and at his beloved math institute, at the Montreal Protocol Meeting of the Parties holding court and directing the actions so skillfully. Best of all I see him with his extended family, proud to have had an influence in our lives and the lives of children to come.

It is simply the case that the ozone layer could not have been saved without Sarma, and that life on Earth would not have been so grand and satisfying.

Stephen O. Andersen, TEAP
United States of America

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The whole ozone family community is saddened by the loss of our great leader. Mr. Sarma has touched so many lives; we will miss him a lot. He for sure made my life change for the better. In the past 20 years, he has guided me as a Brazilian delegate, then as TEAP Co-Chair and as part of the UN community. He was always there for me as he was for the whole ozone family!

Smart, wise, firm, humble and a caring human being, Mr. Sarma always had a word to say that made all the difference!

He will always have a special place in my heart and will be remembered. I am praying for his soul and hoping we, his friends, together with his family, can find comfort and celebrate his wonderful life.

Suely Carvalho, Montreal Protocol and Chemicals Unit
UNDP New York

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The news of Sarma's death breaks all of our hearts. We were so lucky to know this great man and have him as our friend. We'll never be able to replace him, but we can try harder to live up to his standards.

Durwood Zaelke, Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development
USA

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Our beloved Sarma Ji passed away to heaven. The finality of this aspect of life is so difficult to bear...the feeling that we can never again get his advice, gain from his wisdom, hear his laughter and voice and feel his presence around you is something so difficult to contend with. I am too overcome with grief to write anymore. My only solace is in my pilgrimage to Chennai where I can pray for his peace

Atul Bagai, UNEP Ozone Network
Thailand

= = =

Our Sage, my Guru, environmental Lama, Philosopher at its simplest, Guide that showed us obvious but often-missed trails, Friend that created like-minded groups with uncanny skills and mentor par excellence has left us. Simple avatar of complicated logic has disappeared.

It makes us feel like we were standing on the platform while train passes by. Sarmaji was in the train. Deafening silence of the train passing by is so unbearable.

I had privilege of watching Sarmaji very closely right from the formative stages of the Montreal Protocol when he was Indian negotiator. His down-to-earth environmental diplomacy has contributed immensely to the structuring of the financial mechanism of the Montreal Protocol, which made the Protocol so unique and so successful. He not only wrote the history of the Montreal Protocol but took part in creating it.

It is said that kingdom passes by but the wisdom remains for ever. Sarmaji's wisdom would be with us for times to come.

Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch, UNEP
France

= = =

What does one say in a moment like this? I feel humbled by the challenge before me: to reflect upon the life of a man who had already seen, known, and accomplished so much by the time I had the pleasure to know him; a man I eventually came to know as my mentor, co-author and friend.

Sarma and I walking in the evening light in New Delhi then having dinner with his family; Sarma bundled up in a winter jacket to brave the 65 degree "cold" in Italy, Sarma on stage in Athens, imparting decades worth of wisdom to the gathered crowd; Sarma laughing, gathered with his friends from the Montreal Protocol community; and Sarma giving advice while a crowd of delegates leaned in, listening in rapt attention.

Sarma is very much alive - in the words he wrote, the wisdom he shared, and in the hearts, minds, and actions of his friends, colleagues, and family. His lessons live on in the thought, word and deed of friends he and the students whom he mentored. His legacy lives in the very strength of the Montreal Protocol that he shaped.

Sarma has achieved what many of us aspire to do, yet few of us ever succeed in accomplishing: his actions have made him immortal. And we, as the grateful benefactors of his life's accomplishments, will remember him always.

Kristen Taddonio, US EPA
= = =

Sarma was literally one of the pillars of both the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol. He was a very able negotiator for India until he became Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat in 1991. He then was able to quickly change hats and became an effective and impartial resource for all countries, agencies and indeed civil society. His cool and calm demeanour during MP negotiations in the 1990s - even when all those around him were very excited and red in the face - helped calm things down and ensure that a positive result was obtained.

I recall that Omar El-Arini and I were new to the political processes of the Montreal Protocol - both of us heavily relied on Madhava for advice and guidance all during the 1990s and his guidance always proved to be accurate.

Most of all Sarma was a good friend. He was "one in a million" and we will forever honour his memory and achievements.

Frank Pinto, Consultant on Climate Change and Development
= = =

We lost a great teacher, a cunning leader, and a dear friend with the passing of K. Madhava Sarma. I learned more from brief conversations with Sarma than I did from hours of lectures and speeches by others. A great teacher and friend - and a great loss for us and for the environment.

I learned an extraordinary amount about the environment and international law from his simple, elegant, and always trenchant way of looking at the many complex and seemingly intractable problems confronting us -- and his inimitable way of finding a path through them. The world is a richer place for his many selfless and far-reaching contributions, and a poorer place for his passing.

This Financial Times interview of Sarma with Nobel Lauriat Mario Molina captures his distinct and insightful approach to global environmental challenges...

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/b9d84dd6-6132-11dc-bf25-0000779fd2ac.html

My thoughts and prayers are with his family and the scores of people his long and distinguished life has touched.

Scott Stone, Stockholm Group
USA

= = =

We will carry Sarma's spirit with us in all our work and all endeavours and are certain that this cannot be other than of great support to us.

On behalf of all TEAP members, our heart-felt condolences and we wish lots of strength in these difficult times.

Lambert Kuijpers, TEAP
Netherlands

= = =

We are greatly thankful for K. Madhava Sarma's pioneering contribution on the Montreal protocol Community. Mr. Sarma will be missed and remembered forever by all who lived together in the Ozone Community.

It is really a sad month, September 2010, when we heard a sudden passing away of the former senior expert member, Mr. Yuichi Fujimoto and we received Mr. Sarma's heart-felt condolence to him, saying "We were family and friends and we shared the joys of protecting the earth for future generations even as we celebrated the lives of each other's children and grandchildren." And then just within a week, we were shocked to hear the unexpected passing away of Mr. Sarma himself.

Masaaki Yamabe, TEAP Chemicals TOC
Japan

= = =

Mr. Sarma will be missed and remembered forever, his spirit will be with us and lighting the way ahead.

Shiqiu Zhang, TEAP
Peoples Republic of China

= = =

We've just lost too much; I will always remember Mr. Sarma as a fine man making a lot for our planet. Words can't express my sorrow.

Sergey Kopylov, TEAP Halons TOC
Russia

= = =

Sarma's legacy is astounding. Memories are many. Grief is profound. Words can barely express my sorrow. A light has gone out in our lives. The ozone family has lost its leader.

Helen Tope, TEAP Medical TOC
Australia

= = =

Mr. Sarma will be sadly missed and I will always remember his kind disposition and gentle manner. He was a true champion of the ozone layer!

Marta Pizano, TEAP
Colombia

= = =

He was a great man. We will miss him.

Ashley Woodcock, TEAP Medical TOC
United Kingdom

= = =

Very Sad News. We were hoping that our friend Sarma will recover.
In the Koran, we can read "We belong to God and we return to God."

Mohamed Besri, TEAP Methyl Bromide TOC
Morocco

= = =

These are indeed sad days for the Montreal Protocol community. Doubtless, we will be able to reflect further over the coming days and weeks as these realities sink in. Above all, we should be thankful for the tremendous contribution that Sarma made to the Protocol.

Paul Ashford, Co-Chair TEAP Foams TOC
United Kingdom

= = =

I am saddened by Mr. Sarma's death. He was a fine man and we all benefitted from his intimate knowledge of the Montreal Protocol (that applies especially to newcomers like me). He's left a wonderful legacy.

Ian Rae, TEAP Chemical TOC
Australia

= = =

I will remember Sarma Ji as a beacon, a peer and a fond friend. His deeds immortalise him. He was a dear friend and a guide. He will be sorely missed. Please count on my continued pursuance of Sharma Ji's, works, ideals, happy and pleasant memories.

Husamuddin Ahmadzai
Sweden
= = =

We were overwhelmed with sadness when we heard that Mr. Sarma passed away. His life and work will be valued and remembered for many years to come. He was a skilful negotiator, people-friendly administrator and coordinator who carefully brought together the right ingredients for successful decisions - and there were many of them.

We feel very privileged that we were a part of his ozone family, and immensely sad that he has left us so soon. He lives on in our hearts!

Tom Batchelor and Melanie Miller, Touchdown Consulting
Belgium

= = =

This is very sad. Sarma made huge contributions to protect our children and our world. He was very gentle in manner, and very determined in pursuing his goals.

David D. Doniger, Policy Director,
Natural Resources Defense Council Climate Center
USA

= = =

I served in UNEP from 1998 to 2007, during which I had the pleasure and honour of knowing and working with Sarma Ji. My wife and I visited Sarma and Ramalakshmi's home for dinner and we often met during our evening walks in the UN Compound. I developed enormous fondness and respect for Mr Sarma on account of his ability, commitment to public wellbeing and personal decency and politeness. Mr Sarma agreed to undertake a consultancy project at my request on the role of the Environment Management Group despite his other commitments and the short notice at which we requested him to undertake the assignment and performed the task in a most admirable manner. Later, during a visit to Nairobi, Sarma Ji told me to freely ask him whatever I needed him to do without bothering about having to pay for the work! This showed that for him, doing something good was more important than financial rewards and recognition. He was very happy that he was contributing some thing to India after retirement and advised me to do the same in Pakistan after retirement. He called it "paying back to the country part of the debt one owes it." I am glad to say that I have carried out his advice to the best of my ability.

We will all need courage and strength to bear this huge loss with fortitude.

Shafqat Kakakhel, Former, Deputy Executive Director, UNEP

= = =
I am terribly shocked by this sad news and could not refrain myself from crying for the loss of a wonderful friend and a great leader for the ozone family. He guided me as a representative of my country and later on as the MP coordinator at UNIDO.

He had always the right word at the right time to help me go through some particularly difficult moments.

Sharma Ji was a truly wise man and a great contributor to the protection of the ozone layer.

May his soul rest in peace and as we say in my country RAHIMAHOU ALLAH since I strongly believe that beyond any belief and any faith he can only be granted the doors of Eden.

S.M. Si Ahmed, UNIDO
= = =

I am deeply sorry to learn of the sad news. Please convey my condolences to the family. Mr. Madhava Sarma has been a good colleagues and a stanch supporter in our work.

TAN Meng Leng
Malaysia
= = =

It was a great privilege to know Mr. Sarma. His loss is cruel not only for his family but also to his many friends around the globe. Let us keep best memories of this great man and be inspired by his lifetime achievements and passionate commitment to make our planet a better place to live in.

Samira de Gobert, UNEP DTIE OzonAction
France

= = =

Very sad to hear of the passing of dear Sarma. What a gentle and wise man with such an iron backbone. He's clearly done so much. And what a powerful wind of karma he moves on with! I can only smile and imagine what a force for the next generation he will be, perhaps when he's needed the most.

Douglas Varchol
Filmmaker
= = =

I am deeply saddened by reading the news of Mr. Madhava Sarma's death.

Even though I had to know him for very little, during the UNEP-EPA Workshop in New Delhi in 2005,
and in Athens in 2007, his kindness and thoughtful words resonated in me.
People like Mr. Sarma are the ever-lasting beacons of light to shine our lives and hearts.
He stood behind the difficult, inconvenient and path-breaking walk to protect the Earth and all of us in this life's ship, and he steered the boat in the turbulence times and in the right direction.

You are the giants who have worked with him for so long and now you will keep carrying on his legacy.

I am just sending you few of my humble words because the Earth is in real peril and there are no that many people left to really care and protect it. I will keep his and your legacy in my heart and remember his wisdom and accomplishments.

With sincere condolences,

Stella Papasavva, PhD
Environmental Consultant, USA

= = =

Click here to visit UNEP Ozone Secretariat -Tribute to K. Madhava Sarma
Click here to view photo Album

A Tribute to

Yuichi Fujimoto, Stratospheric Ozone Champion and former
Senior Expert Member of the TEAP

(Assembled by Stephen O. Andersen, Penelope Canan, Tsutomu Odagiri,
and Masaaki Yamabe)

Yuichi Fujimoto Stratospheric Ozone Champion and former Yuichi Fujimoto died 21 September 2010 after a short illness. The news of his death got quickly around the world. The traditional Buddhist funeral ceremony (Otsuya) was held at the Tokuou-ji Temple, established in the fifteenth century. Drs. Canan and Andersen contributed dozens of messages of condolence from the ozone community that were presented at the ceremonial hall.

Fujimoto Yuichi-san was born in 1933 in Tokyo. After graduating from the Engineering Department of the University of Tokyo, he worked at Hitachi Ltd. until the late 1980s. At Hitachi, he was given an opportunity to play active parts in overseas assignments around the world, in part due to his considerable language skills and amiable personality. In the late 1980s, Yuichi Fujimoto emerged from manager of the Planning Department of the Japan Electrical Manufacturers' Association (JEMA) to become a leading force in stratospheric ozone protection in Japan and worldwide. In just a dozen years he transformed Japanese industry and set them on the road to comprehensive thinking on the environment.

Fujimoto Yuichi-san was deeply embedded in the Montreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) and the Solvent Technical Options Committee (STOC), the Industry Cooperative for Ozone Layer Protection (ICOLP), the Japan Industry Cooperative for Ozone Layer Protection (JICOP) the Global Pathfinder Meetings, the PFC Semiconductor Partnership, the Thailand Partnership for CFC phaseout in refrigerators, Vietnam Pledge, the projects donating patented technology to public domain, and so much more. He helped organized technology cooperation projects in China, Hong Kong (before reunification with China), Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, the Philippines, Vietnam, and many other countries. From 1993 until 2002, he was Senior Expert Member of the Montreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel.

One of his most distinguished accomplishments was the phaseout of CFCs from refrigerators in Thailand in 1996, which occurred only one year later than in most developed countries. Another extraordinary accomplishment was organizing in 1995 forty-three multinational companies from Canada, Germany, Japan, Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, the UK and the USA to pledge to avoid the use of ODSs in Vietnam.

With Japanese colleagues and government he helped organize the annual month-long training in Japan of developing country ozone officers and experts that silently professionalized this cadre and helped build community. He was deeply involved in many publications on how the ozone layer was miraculously rescued from certain destruction. For UNEP he helped author "Technologies to Protect the Ozone Layer: Case Studies on the Japanese Experience" highlighting the leadership of 19 Japanese companies. With Tsutomu Odagiri he organized and edited the translation into Japanese of Ozone Connections, Expert Networks in Global Environmental Governance by
Drs. Penelope Canan and Nancy Reichman.

He led by his example of good will and an openness to cooperation that was legendary. He was famous for success with diplomacy and grace. His stories and photos were about remarkable children, delightful grandchildren, and a loving wife. He cared deeply for his family, his wife, two sons and daughter, and six grandchildren. He basked in the knowledge that he had lived a good life.

He earned many awards including the US EPA Stratospheric Protection Award in 1993, the US EPA Best-of-the-Best Ozone Award in 1997, and United Nations Environment Programme TEAP Champion Award in 2007. He was always proud to explain how so many of his colleagues helped him achieve what he had done.

Yuichi Fujimoto among the TEAP members at the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol Award Ceremony, Montreal, Canada, September 2007.
Yuichi Fujimoto among the TEAP members at the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol Award Ceremony,
Montreal, Canada, September 2007
***

"Yuichi, we promised each other that we would be together watching the final recovery of the stratospheric ozone layer and the extinction of the ozone hole. The most regrettable event occurred on 21 of September, and we became not to realize our dream of being together then. We share this dream with members of Japanese Ozone Association and so many others dedicated to global environment protection. May you rest in peace watching the activities of your comrades from now until our dream becomes true."

Tsutomu Odagiri, Senior Managing Director
Japan Industrial Conference on Cleaning

"Fujimoto Yuichi-san was easily among the ten most important people in the world protecting the stratospheric ozone layer. He was energetic, right thinking, persistent and persuasive. He tied the world together in ways no one could imagine. I will miss him and I will remember all he did to make the world and my life better. He will always be an inspiration."

Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, Co-Chair
Montreal Protocol Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP)

"My daughter, Lily, loves Fujimoto-san as "family" in Japan. She appreciates what he has done and that she owes him a lot for making the planet safe to share with her children. She knows him as a hero and as the face of Japan's enormous contribution to the world of providing industrial leadership in saving the stratospheric ozone layer."

Penelope Canan, Professor of Sociology and Ozone Scholar
University of Central Florida USA

"How terrible! We were family and friends and we shared the joys of protecting the earth for future generations even as we celebrated the lives of each other's children and grandchildren. One of my daughters had the advantage of Fujimoto's hospitality when she was in Japan for a short while and I got to know his daughter when she worked in Kenya. Fujimoto-san was always cheerful, always silently effective.

Madhava Sarma, First Executive Secretary
Ozone Secretariat, India

"Yuichi was a unique and exceptional person, and a powerful advocate of industry leadership in environmental protection. I'll miss Yuichi and his cheeky sense of fun and zest for life."

Dr Helen Tope, Co-Chair
TEAP Medical Technical Options Committee (MTOC), Australia

"Fujimoto-san was a remarkable host, a serene presence in TEAP, and a person who knew how to enjoy life; be it dancing salsa in Washington or surprising us by going alone to the markets of Nairobi and mingling bravely, while we cuddled in the safety of the hotel. The memories remain, and his family and friends are proud of his accomplishments."

Jose Pons, Co-Chair
TEAP, Venezuela

"It is very sad to say "so long" to Yuichi Fujimoto whose life is a profound example of what humans can do to protect Earth and is an inspiration to us all."

Marco Gonzales, Executive Secretary
Ozone Secretariat, Nairobi, Kenya

"No words I can express… how so sad I am! Great man, humble, wise, easy going and plain brilliant. I have been fortunate to be his friend and enjoy his company and his love for my country Brazil made us even closer. Love and prayers go to Yuichi and his family, God bless Yuichi!"

Dr. Suely Carvalho, Director of Climate and Ozone Layer Protection
UN Development Programme (UNDP), Brazil

"So many happy memories, a terrific colleague, and a generous friend to so many people around the world. I am deeply saddened, but will always remember his wonderful legacy.

Sally Rand
US Environmental Protection Agency

"The news of Yuichi Fujimoto's passing is indeed sad news. As a major leading light in STOC/TEAP circles, he was most highly respected by all for his wisdom and vigour in battling against ozone-depletion."

Brian Ellis, Retired
TEAP Solvent TOC, Cyprus

"A smiling pathfinder and a quiet trail setter who took a path of public service not travelled by many. He set in motion a cleaning revolution with an incredible solvent called 'enthusiasm'. His outstanding initiatives with developing countries remain immortal in the pages of case studies and guidelines of OzonAction."

Rajendra Shende, Head of OzonAction
United Nations Environment Programme, France

"We have always respected Mr. Yuichi Fujimoto who was an unprecedented Japanese pioneer in protecting the stratospheric ozone layer. His devotion and achievements are really worthy of being remembered as the National Treasure in Japan."

Masaaki Yamabe, Co-Chair
TEAP Chemicals Technical Options committee (CTOC), Japan

"Beyond Fujimoto Yuichi-san's inspiring exemplary commitment, I will also remember his love for Opéra and Classical music. It was one of the favorite conversations subjects, each time we had the opportunity to meet. Gibran Khalil Gibran might have been thinking of Yuichi Fujimoto when he wrote: 'And when you have reached the mountain top, then you shall begin to climb. And when the earth shall claim your limbs, then shall you truly dance.' May he rest in peace!"

Samira de Gobert, OzonAction Information
UNEP DTIE, France

Yuichi was always a true gentleman. While it's been many years since he and I were last together, I carry fond memories of our travels, meetings, dinners and parties. May he have everlasting peace.

Art FitzGerald, Retired
Northern Telecom, Canada

---
>> Click here to see photos album...

UNEP Ozone Announces Winners of the First Ozone Africa Media Award
Zimbabwe’s Busani Bafana and Gerald Tenywa from Uganda Share Top Prize
Abidjan/Nairobi, 30 September 2010- The Jury of the Ozone Africa Media award has honored two
African journalists for the high quality of their articles on Ozone.

The co-winners, Busani Bafana and Gerald Tenywa were announced today at the closing ceremony of the 14th Joint Meeting of the Ozone Officers Network of English and French-speaking Africa, organized by UNEP Regional OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme, in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. Busani Bafana’s article “Come 2010, time for Ozone Depleting Substances to go” tells the story of the phase out of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) in Africa with continent ready to close its borders to imports of ODS while opening up to the rest of the world to celebrate the World Football Cup. It is a story of a challenge to be met, as the African continent is ready to score goals against ODS.

Gerald Tenywa’s story “Ban on Old Fridges Starts Biting as Nema Swoops in”, focuses on the second life of archaic fridges in Kampala, which have helped so many people, particularly women who chill items cheaply in the kiosks but now have to face the ban imposed on old fridges. The dealers in old fridges are afraid of losing their business since the Uganda Revenue Authority working under the advice of the National Environment Management Authority is now implementing the ban.

The jury also awarded a special prize to Malawian Frazer Potani’s entry “When climate change is witchcraft”, for the originality of his story, which illustrate how people’s ignorance can lead to drama and death in rural communities, confronted with the dire effects of climate variability and change.

UNEP Regional Director for Africa, Mounkaila Goumandakoye said: “The story of the Montreal Protocol is not just about numbers and statistics. The Montreal Protocol is above all a story with a human face, showing how the consequences of a global environmental issue can affect us and how we as individuals can be part of the solution. We are very happy that African journalists have really used this special opportunity to tell this story and we would like to encourage all categories of journalists to participate in future editions.”

Each of the co-winners will receive a cash prize of US$ 1,000 and will be invited in Kampala,
Uganda, host of the 22th Meeting of Parties to the Montreal Protocol in November 2010 to receive
their awards.
Notes to editors:
The Ozone Africa Media Awards, the Ozone Africa Media Awards is designed to elevate the standards of excellence in Environmental/scientific reporting in print, audio and audiovisual media, focusing on Ozone issues and honors individuals for their outstanding achievement. The jury may however choose not to award prizes if applications do not meet the minimum standards defined by the jury for its selection.
For this first edition, the jury, consisting of representatives from UNEP, other implementing agencies, Ozone, and Media experts decided not to award prizes in Radio, and audiovisual media.
The 14th Joint Meeting of the Ozone Officers Network of English and French-speaking Africa, was organized to facilitate compliance in meeting and sustaining total phase out requirements in various Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) as set by the Montreal Protocol.
Specifically, the meeting facilitated exchange of experiences among ODS Officers in the implementation of the Montreal Protocol activities including follow up on the progress on the implementation of various Montreal Protocol projects; addressed specific non-compliance situations in view of the 2010 phase out target; provided guidance for HPMP preparation and implementation; addressed methyl bromide phase-out in the region and finalized the Ozone Africa Media Award 2010 competition process.
The meeting was attended by Ozone Officers from all countries in Africa, Ozone Secretariat, Multilateral Fund Secretariat, Implementing and Bi-lateral Agencies and Environmental Journalists.
In the African Region, the implementing agencies of the Multilateral Fund include UNIDO, UNDP as well as bilateral partners – US-EPA, France and Germany.
The Regional Network of National Ozone Units (NOUs) under the Multilateral Fund is a pathbreaking mechanism for North-South and South-South cooperation, as intended in the Bali Strategic Plan. Networking provides a platform for NOUs from African Countries to exchange experiences, develop their skills and tap the expertise of their peers in other countries. Conducted at the regional level, the Networking activity builds the Ozone Officers' skills for implementing and managing their national ODS phase-out activities.

For more information, please contact:
Jeremy Bazye, Regional Coordinator of the Ozone Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP), Africa, Tel +254 20 7624281, E-mail: Jeremy.Bazye@unep.org
Angele Luh, Information Officer, UNEP Regional Office for Africa, Tel: +254 20 7624292; Mobile:
+254 (0) 731 666 140; Email: Angele.Luh@unep.org

 

EPA Honors Awardees for Preserving the Ozone Layer

Release date: 16 September 2010

WASHINGTON – Scientists, federal investigators, international government officials, and a pop music artist are among the recipients of the 2010 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Montreal Protocol Awards. Honorees are being announced today to commemorate the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.

"Recognizing these accomplishments is important to foster innovation and inspire others to make a difference in protecting the environment," said Gina McCarthy, assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation. "Today's awards prove again that the Montreal Protocol has been instrumental in accelerating international commitments that will leave our planet a healthier, safer place for our children and grandchildren."

This year’s winners have made outstanding contributions in protecting the ozone layer, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving public awareness about environmental issues. In addition, they have established successful cancer prevention programs and helped countries develop effective strategies to comply with the Montreal Protocol.

Several awardees are being honored for lifetime achievements, including the team of scientists who documented the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole 25 years ago: Joe Farman, Brian Gardiner and Jonathan Shanklin.

The Montreal Protocol, signed by 196 countries, was designed to reduce and eventually eliminate ozone-depleting substances. The phase-out of ozone-depleting substances, including hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in air conditioning and refrigeration equipment, necessitates a long-term commitment from all developed and developing countries alike. HCFCs and some of the alternatives, such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), are global warming gases, and their continued production contributes to climate change.

Earlier this year, the U.S., Canada, and Mexico jointly submitted a proposal to amend the Montreal Protocol to phase down HFCs globally, with the potential of reducing 88,000 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2050, the equivalent of removing 420 million passenger cars each year through 2050. This proposal will be considered at the November Meeting of the Parties in Uganda.

More information about awards: http://www.epa.gov/ozone/awards/index.html

Contact: Stacy Kika, Kika.stacy@epa.gov, 202-564-0906, 202-564-4355

 

Information Note / Manual for the Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technicians and Engineers:
Post phase-out period of CFCs and beginning of phase-out of HCFCs


Paris, France, 23 September 2010: The world is witnessing a total phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) production and consumption in the refrigeration and air-conditioning industries. From 1 January this year, 147 developing countries have ended their use of CFCs in new products. This is a historic moment. But refrigeration and air-conditioning mechanics, engineers and contractors still have to deal with nearly 450,000 tonnes of CFCs produced before 1 January that remain in the tens of thousands of pieces of equipment which are still running. Servicing of such equipment requires special care as CFCs need to be contained and recycled as they are a valuable source for other similar old equipment till the end of their life.

Today a new publication - the Manual for Refrigeration Servicing Technicians - is launched to address this timely need. Produced by the OzonAction Branch of the United Nations Environment Programme, the manual provides new approaches to prevent emissions of CFCs during the operation and servicing of equipment and catalogues steps to recycle the CFCs and retrofit the equipment.

Developing countries, called Article 5 countries under the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer are also embarking on the second stage i.e. phasing-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), the last remaining refrigerant that is ozone depleting. The manual also contains the guidelines for the prudent use of HCFCs and emission preventing actions. These help countries slow down the growth of HCFCs and ease phase-out efforts.

CFCs and HCFCs are powerful greenhouse gases. Over the past few years the environmental and technical issues surrounding the use of refrigerants have evolved at a remarkable speed. Indeed, the variety and types of ozone and climate-friendly refrigerants currently available are significantly different from those commonly used a few years ago, as is the way in which they may be applied. Using the procedures outlined in the manual would help protect the ozone layer as well as provide other environmental benefits, including some that would help in the fight against climate change.

"This manual is a final guideline for closing the global CFCs chapter forever - lock, stock and barrel," said Mr Rajendra Shende, Head of OzonAction. "At the same time, it also makes beginning of the end of HCFCs," he added.
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, OzonAction Branch
15 rue de Milan, 75009, France, France, Tel: +33.1.44.37.14.50; Fax: +33.1.44.37.14.74
E-mail: ozonaction@unep.fr URL: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction

It is important that managers, engineers and technicians are fully conversant with the technical and safety issues of these new refrigerants. This is essential so that they can make proper decisions about refrigerant usage in the near- to medium-term, but also have an eye on options for the longer-term to get maximum climate benefit. The manual is also intended to be a supplementary tool for the effective delivery of the national training programmes for technicians. It includes environmental aspects of refrigerants, their types and selection criteria, refrigerant management, servicing practices, retrofitting and, importantly, safe refrigerant handling. The manual is available as an e-publication at:
http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction/ebooks/refrigeration-manual/

For more information, please contact:
Anne Fenner, anne.fenner@unep.org, +33 1 44 37 14 54
Note to Editors:
About UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Branch. The OzonAction Branch of the United Nations Environment Programme's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics assists developing countries and countries with economies in transition (CEITs) to enable them to achieve and sustain compliance with the Montreal Protocol. With this programme's assistance, countries are able to make informed decisions about alternative technologies and ozone-friendly policies. The Branch has the distinction of implementing more than 1,000 projects and services that benefit more than 100 developing countries and 17 CEITs, plus other services that assist another 40 developing countries.
Please see: http://www.unep.fr/ozonaction
and www.unep.fr/ozonaction/topics/hcfc.asp (HCFC Help Centre).


The Secretary-General's Message on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, 16 September 2010
This year, the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer highlights the central role of good governance in pursuit of environmental goals. In general, successful environmental agreements require a broad framework, clear targets and a gradual approach to implementation. Then, as governments gain confidence, they build on initial steps and set more ambitious goals. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - which last year achieved universal ratification - is an excellent example of this process. Read more... A| C| E| F| R| S|

Rising to the Challenge of HCFC Phase-Out
This year’s observance of International Ozone Day marks yet another milestone for the Montreal Protocol and its Multilateral Fund. Since 1991 the Multilateral Fund’s goal has been to support governments in Article 5 countries to enable them to implement the Montreal Protocol.
Read more...

 

Twenty Three Years After the Signing of the Montreal Protocol, the Ozone Layer has Stabilized But a Large Antarctic Ozone Hole Continues to Occur on a Yearly Basis
... The Scientific Community has been working on the next Assessment of the state of the ozone layer, which will be published in 2011. The International Ozone Commission (IO3C) of IAMAS-IUGG urges all national and international Agencies, which support scientific research and monitoring of ozone and related parameters to continue supporting these activities... Read more...

 

Path-Breaking Awareness Event in Market Place in Beijing, China
Photo: Mr. Wen Wurui, Director General of Ministry of Environmental Protection , Madam Wang Lei, Deputy President of China Household Electrical Appliances Association (CHEAA) and Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction of UNEP holding hands to convey the determination of working together to phase out HCFCs. 2010 International Ozone Day preparatory celebrations in China started with an awareness event at a place where awareness needed the most, i.e. at the market place! China's unprecedented and steep economic growth has spurred the consumer markets across the countries. The demand for the so called ' white goods' including room air conditioners is rising at the rate of more than 20% . Room Air conditioners use HCFC ( Hydrochloroflurocarbon) that deplete the ozone layer and also cause global warming. China is the largest producer and consumer of HCFCs in the world.
Ministry of Environmental Protection , China Household Electrical Appliances Association ( CHEAA) and UNEP Volunteers of Ministry of Environmental Protection and CHEAA . OzonAction collaborated to hold the event in front of the huge open square of Xinhua Market, west of the Forbidden city of Beijing. They along with team of volunteers responded to the questions of the press, broadcasters and other mediapersonnel as well consumers. Large number of curious consumers, young and old, gathered to know the campaign.The posters and booklets on HCFC alternatives and use of non HCFC air-conditioners were distributed to the consumers .
A show of already achieved CFC phase out was arranged in the open square with the hoardings and boards.

For further information please contact:
Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch
United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
15, rue de Milan, 75441 Paris CEDEX 09, France Tel: 33-1-44371459, Fax: 33-1-44371474
e-mail: rajendra.shende@unep.orgrajendra.shende@unep.org
Website: www.uneptie.org/ozonaction
B2B: www.halontrader.org

 

International Ozone Day Week - Ask the Expert
This week's 'Ask the Expert' at UNEP.org is dedicated to Ozone Layer protection. from 13-17 September, each day a new expert will be available to answer your questions.

- Ask the Expert >>> http://www.unep.org/experts/?l=en

Bhutan Raising Gross National Happiness; Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer ProtectionBhutan Raising Gross National Happiness; Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
Thimpu, 10 August 2010- Today, a small country in the lap of Himalaya has taken a giant step. Bhutan, one of the few countries in the world where sustainable development is embedded in its constitution, has made a historic decision to further advance the phase out of the Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) - a powerful Green House Gas and Ozone Depleting substance by 10 years.

HCFCs are widely used in air conditioning applications as well as in refrigeration and in manufacturing of insulation foams. HCFCs not only destroy the stratospheric ozone layer which is essential to life on Earth but they are also potent greenhouse gases having Global Warming Potential 2000 times more than carbon dioxide In 2007, international community took an important step for accelerated phase-out of HCFCs. i.e. by 2030 in the developing countries in order to advance ozone layer recovery by nearly 4 years and reduce the cumulative emissions of the green house gases by nearly 25 giga tons of the equivalent of CO2.

Bhutan's enviable reputation in environment conservation thus far is testimony of its commitment of pursuing sustainable development based on the philosophy of Gross National Happiness, which underscores that development cannot be pursued on the premise of economic growth alone but has to take place in combination with the emotional and spiritual well-being of the people. As eloquently summarized by His Majesty the King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, "Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross National Product". This has been the guiding force of Bhutan's sustainable development strategy.
His Majesty the King has also stated that "Throughout the centuries, the Bhutanese have treasured their natural environment and have looked upon it as the source of all life. This traditional reverence for nature has delivered us into the twentieth century with our environment still richly intact. We wish to continue living in harmony with nature and to pass on this rich heritage to our future generations".
The United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE) OzonAction Programme has been working closely with the National Environment Commission Secretariat, Bhutan in the development of HPMP while assessing various risks associated with the implementation of such a plan over a long time framework of 20 years.

In this process, relevant Ministries in the country, including the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Bhutan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI), Ministry of Health, Department of Customs as well as other national stakeholders have agreed to commit and collaborate in the implementation of the plan.

"Such a strong commitment of Bhutan to HCFC Phase out will help them reach their ambitious target. OzonAction Programme will work shoulder to shoulder with Bhutan to stop the consumption of this group of chemicals earlier than the Montreal Protocol phase out deadline, as was done when CFCs were phased out by Bhutan" said Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme. "Scaling the Himalayan peaks require excellent supply chain management . OzonAction would do exactly that by providing capacity building and technology support" added Mr. Shende.

Bhutan has committed to phase out the consumption of HCFCs, mainly used in the air conditioning and refrigeration servicing sector in its large industrial establishments, hotels and resorts, corporate offices, governmental sectors, as well as domestic servicing sector. The plan also involves policy and legislations, training and capacity building activities, as well as information outreach for HCFC phase-out.

"Our decision to phase out HCFCs will demonstrate to the world our determination to protect our planet by benefiting from the low hanging climate benefit fruits from the Montreal Protocol and cutting carbon footprints and promoting energy efficiency and green economy." said Ms. Peldon Tshering, Chief
National Environment Commission Secretariat, Bhutan.

This is an encouraging action that demonstrates to the global community that small countries like Bhutan can also be at the frontline in the battle against climate change and the protection of the ozone layer.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:

Mr. Atul Bagai
Senior Regional Network Coordinator
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Mobile: +66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
Email: atul.bagai@unep.org

 

Ms. Peldon Tshering
Chief Environment Officer
National Environment Commission Secretariat
P.O. Box 466
Thimphu, Bhutan
Tel: 975 2 32 3384
Fax: 975 2 32 3385
E-mail: peldon@nec.gov.bt

JumpStart Partnership Achieving Climate Benefit from
HCFC Phase-out
29 July 2010, Brussels – Up to 25 GtCO2-eq. emissions between now and 2050 could be eliminated through the phase-out of Hydro-chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Such phase-out will also bring a net benefit of advancing the recovery of the ozone layer by up to 3.3 years. Today a tool-box developed by the OzonAction Branch of UNEP DTIE, with the support of the European Commission (ENRTP), the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, was launched to help developing countries to contribute to this goal. HCFCs are widely used around the globe in applications such as refrigeration, air conditioning and manufacturing of insulating foams. Read more ...
Read/Download the Three E-Books:
HCFC policy & legislative options
Guidance on the Process for Selecting Alternatives to HCFCs in Foams
Alternatives to HCFCs in the Refrigeration and Air conditioning Sector

 

COMMUNIQUE

Millennium Development Goals Report 2010The Unparalleled Success of the Montreal Protocol Shows that Action on Climate Change is Within our Grasp

Paris, 1 July 2010 - The recently published 2010 edition of the United Nations MDG report highlights the ozone protection success to date of the Montreal Protocol and emphasises its potential to achieve significant additional climate benefits:

"By 16 September 2009, 196 parties had signed the Montreal Protocol, making it the first treaty of any kind to achieve universal ratification. All the world's governments are now legally obligated to phase out ozone depleting substances (ODSs) under the schedules defined by the Protocol. This year-2010-marks the beginning of a world virtually free of the most widely used ODSs, including chlorofluorocarbons and halons.

Throughout the process, developing countries have demonstrated that, with the right kind of assistance, they are willing, ready and able to become full partners in global efforts to protect the environment. In fact, many developing countries have exceeded the reduction targets for phasing out ODSs, with the support of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.

Between 1986 and 2008, global consumption of ODSs was reduced by 98 per cent. Furthermore, from 1990 to 2010, the Montreal Protocol's control measures on production and consumption of such substances will have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by the equivalent of 135 gigatons of CO2.This is equivalent to 11 gigatons a year, four to five times the reductions targeted in the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, the agreement linked to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Parties to theMontreal Protocol are now examining ways to use the treaty's vigorous implementation regime to promote even greater climate change benefits.

Without the action prompted by the Montreal Protocol and its Vienna Convention, atmospheric levels of ozone-depleting substances would grow 10-fold by 2050. The resulting exposure to the sun's ultraviolet radiation would likely have led to up to 20 million additional cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts; it would also have caused damage to human immune systems, wildlife and agriculture. For much of the world, the time it takes to get sunburned would have been dramatically reduced, due to a 500-per cent increase in DNA-damaging ultraviolet radiation." (page 54)

As preparations enter into high gear for the September summit on the MDGs during the General Assembly's 65th session, a series of report launches, official events and press briefings are taking place at the UN in New York building momentum for this year's big push to accelerate progress - just five years from the 2015 deadline for achieving the Goals. This 2010 MDG report will be one of the key reference documents used to assess where UN members stand in meeting their MDG commitments.

The full report can be downloaded from
: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/

The UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme assists developing countries to meet and sustain their compliance obligations under the Montreal Protocol. See www.unep.fr/ozonaction and www.ozzyozone.org


Maldives is Walking the Talk: Deriving Climate Benefits from Ozone Layer Protection
President Mohamed Nasheed , MaldivesMale, 11 June 2010- Today, President Mohamed Nasheed,the Vice President and a number of ministers from the Maldives announced an important Joint Declaration for the Implementation of the HCFC Phase out Management Plan (HPMP) during the inauguration of the High-Level Roundtable Dialogue on HPMP and its contribution on Carbon Neutrality.

HCFCs have been utilized as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) for use in refrigeration, including air-conditioning units, refrigerators and various types of manufacturing processes. HCFCs not only destroy the stratospheric ozone layer which is essential to life on Earth but they are also greenhouse gases. In 2007, international community took an important step for accelerated phase-out of HCFCs.

Early this year, the Maldives has made a historic decision to phase out HCFCs by 2020, in line with its carbon neutrality policy, 10 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol phase out schedule.

"The Maldives has become the first country in the world to receive the funding from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol for the country's HPMP. This demonstrates to the world that Small Island States can also be at the frontline in the battle against climate change and the protection of the ozone layer" said Ms. Maria Nolan, Chief Officer of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

The Maldives has committed to phase out the consumption of HCFCs, mainly used in the air conditioning in its nearly 100 tourist resorts spread in its more than 1200 islands.
In this process, relevant Ministries in the country, including the Ministry of Trade, Customs, Tourism, Attorney General and Fisheries, as well as various national stakeholders have agreed to commit and collaborate in the implementation of the plan.

"We believe that going green isn't just ecologically sound but also economically beneficial. The Maldives is famed for its luxury resorts, whose refrigeration systems are the source of most of the country's HCFC emissions. Moving early to phase out the use of HCFCs over the next decade, not only helps protect the beautiful tropical environment tourists come to see but also positions Maldives as a strong eco-destination" said President Nasheed.
Yesterday, high-level officials from the Maldives and the United Nations, along with high commissioners from India and various national stakeholders discussed about the mechanism and the way forward in expediting the implementation of the HCFC phase out plan.

"This dialogue gave us the opportunity to brainstorm about the implementation mechanism, including the policy and legislations, private sector's involvement, energy efficiency benefit, as well as how to put HCFC phase-out at an appropriate place in the Carbon neutrality policy of the Maldives" said Mr. Javier Camago, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.

The Maldives' HPMP is the world's first national phase out plan which specifically targets this group of chemicals. With its overarching structure, it covers different sectors and stakeholders in the country, including the media. As part of the plan, the Maldives also organized a media workshop to raise media's awareness on HCFC phase out issues on 9 June 2010.
"The Montreal Protocol's success has shown that we now know that together we can address climate challenges through technology support and capacity building efforts. What we need now is leadership to get further climate benefits from the ozone layer protection. I am pleased that Maldives is demonstrating that leadership role" said Mr. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of UNEP.
Read more ...
Photos Album available on OzonAction Facebook: http://bit.ly/d6gJu3
or http://www.facebook.com/ozonaction
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT:

Mr. Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking),
South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Mobile: +66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
Email: atul.bagai@unep.org
Ms. Miruza Mohamed
Assistant Director
Environment Department
Ministry of Housing, Transport and Environment
Ameenee Magu, Male, Maldives
Tel: +960 300 4318
Fax: + 960 3004301
Email: miruza.mohamed@mhte.gov.mv; miruza@gmail.com

Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) and the Environment: India Policy Workshop on the status of MAC Replacement Technologies, New Delhi, India, 7-8 June 2010Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC) and the Environment: India Policy Workshop
on the status of MAC Replacement Technologies
, New Delhi, India, 7-8 June 2010.
The Curtain Raiser and other related videos are available on
OzonAction YouTube playlist
'International MAC workshops.'


China Regulates Ozone Depleting Substances
Bangkok/ Beijing, 1 June 2010- After having closed down all its production plants for CFCs much ahead of the schedule of the Montreal Protocol, , the world's largest producer of Ozone Depleting Substances ( ODS) , China, has enacted today the Regulations on the Administration that include controls over consumption, trade, import, export and production of remaining ODS.
Read more ...


The Antarctic Ozone Hole: Then and Now
25 years since the discovery of Antarctic ozone depletion

Antarctic ozone hole in September 1984 to 2009 / ©NASA

Antarctic ozone hole in September 1984 to 2009 / ©NASA

A quarter of a century has now passed since ozone depletion in Antarctica was first discovered by scientists from the British Antarctic Survey and reported in the internationally renowned journal Nature in May 1985.

On the 7th May 2010 a symposium was held in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Cambridge, UK, to celebrate the publication of this paper. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) OzonAction Programme was invited to this prestigious event and attended in its Information Clearinghouse role under the Montreal Protocol's Multilateral Fund.

The speakers at the Symposium included: Joe Farman and Jonathan Shanklin, two of the British Antarctic Survey scientists who were authors of the original paper; Paul Crutzen, winner of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1995 for his work with Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland on ozone depletion; Susan Solomon, NOAA and the former chair IPCC WG1; David Fahey, NOAA; John Pyle, UNEP/WMO co-chair & University of Cambridge; Michael McIntyre, University of Cambridge, Jean-Pierre Pommereau, CNRS; and Keith Shine, University of Reading.

OzonAction made a contribution to the seminar, at the request of the organisers, disseminating Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits" a new booklet which will be of interest to anyone involved in cross-cutting issues between the ozone protection and climate protection communities, produced by the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI) and the special issue of OzonAction newsletter, 2010 and Then? Building on the Montreal Protocol's Success and Facing the Challenges Ahead.

OzonAction filmed short interviews with several of key scientists participating, which it is now pleased to share with the wider Montreal Protocol community (see below). The following videos can be viewed on the OzonAction channel on YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/ozonaction).

Click on the pictures/links below:

Dr. Susan Solomon, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the former chair of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I Dr. Susan Solomon, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
and the former chair of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group I
http://bit.ly/aC1fMc

Dr Paul Crutzen, Nobel Prize Winner of Chemistry in 1995 Dr. Paul Crutzen, Nobel Prize Winner of Chemistry in 1995
http://bit.ly/aC1Oop

Dr. Jonathan Shanklin, The British Antarctic Survey Dr. Jonathan Shanklin, The British Antarctic Survey
http://bit.ly/bLNZLE

Dr. David Fahey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Dr. David Fahey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
http://bit.ly/ddIlli


More details of the event can be found here:
http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/o3_anniversary/
British Antarctic Survey press release:
http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/press/press_releases/press_release.php?id=1192
Reflections on the ozone hole - Jonathan Shanklin, one of the team who discovered the thinning ozone layer over the Antarctic 25 years ago, reflects on lessons learned from a tale of luck, public perception and fast environmental change. The abstract can be viewed here (payment is required to access full article):
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v465/n7294/full/465034a.html
Link to the original 1985 Nature paper:
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v315/n6016/abs/315207a0.html

Related articles:
Nature has a collection of related articles that have advanced our understanding of the stratosphere and the ozone layer
http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/ozonehole/#letters
Whatever Happened to the Ozone Hole? National Geographic Article:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/05/100505-science-environment-ozone-hole-25-years/
The chance discovery that averted ecological disaster. The Independent.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/the-chance-discovery-that-averted-ecological-disaster-1964500.html
Deep reflections on the ozone story. Richard Black, environment correspondent for the BBC News website http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/richardblack/2010/05/ozone.html

For further information please contact:
Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Branch
United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
15, rue de Milan, 75441 Paris CEDEX 09, France Tel: 33-1-44371459, Fax: 33-1-44371474
e-mail: rajendra.shende@unep.orgrajendra.shende@unep.org
Website: www.uneptie.org/ozonaction
B2B: www.halontrader.org

Live webcast - Friday 7 May 2010, on the symposium celebrating the 25th anniversary of the publication of the Farman et al paper announcing the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole, will be available at >>> http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/ [No more available]

The Antarctic Ozone Hole: Then and Now
A Symposium on the 25th Anniversary of the Publication of Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal C1Ox/NOx interaction

J.C. Farman, B.G. Gardiner & J.D. Shanklin

British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council,
High Cross Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OET, UK

1030 - 1800, Friday 7th May 2010

Venue: University of Cambridge Department of Chemistry,
Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW

The discovery of the Antarctic Ozone Hole led to intensive research to find out why such large ozone losses were occurring in a region which was previously thought to be chemically inactive. This research involved both atmospheric chemistry and meteorology and so it is entirely fitting that the royal societies of the two disciplines are supporting this workshop. The finding also led to the Montreal Protocol which limited ozone-depleting gases and so to close involvement of atmospheric scientists with the chemical industry and the political process. Thus, while the focus is on the atmospheric science, talks will cover the industrial and political developments. The presentations will be given by leading international speakers and will cover the scientific and political importance of the discovery of the Antarctic Ozone Hole, as well as the latest developments.
Speakers include
Paul Crutzen, Nobel Prize winner
David Fahey, NOAA
Archie McCulloch, formerly ICI
Michael McIntyre, University of Cambridge
Jean-Pierre Pommereau, CNRS
John Pyle, UNEP/WMO co-chair & University of Cambridge
Jonathan Shanklin, BAS
Keith Shine, University of Reading
Susan Solomon, NOAA, former chair IPCC WG1
and Joe Farman

Space will be limited, so if you wish to attend this symposium please register at
http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/o3_anniversary/o3_form.html
Registration is also necessary to receive more detailed information.

The current version of the programme can be found here:
http://www.ozone-sec.ch.cam.ac.uk/o3_anniversary/O3_symp_prog_v2.htm


Joint Meeting of the Regional Ozone Networks for Europe & Central Asia and South Asia, Istanbul, Turkey, 26 - 30 April 2010

Joint Meeting of the Regional Ozone Networks for Europe & Central Asia and South Asia, Istanbul, Turkey, 26 - 30 April 2010

Asia Meets Europe - MEDIA BRIEFING

For first time, the Regional Ozone Networks for South Asia and for Europe & Central Asia met jointly to promote inter-regional cooperation between South-Asian, Central Asian, Caucasus and Balkan countries. The venue could not have been in any other place, since Istanbul is the only city in the world situated on 2 continents - Asia and Europe.

The meeting allowed Ozone Officers from more than 30 countries to exchange their experience in phasing-out the use of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) such as CFCs and HCFCs widely use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and foam production.

In the margin of the meeting, Country Dialogs allowed addressing illegal trade issues through the comparison of trade data and verification of transaction documents. Apparently, significant amounts of CFCs and HCFCs have been illegally traded between countries often mis-declared as recycled substances which are not controlled under the Montreal protocol. Russia, China and other countries are now investigating these cases in order to identify the responsible persons.

Alternative technologies using refrigerants which are not harming the ozone layer were presented by leading manufacturers such as Daikin and Mayekawa. Modern supermarkets such as Carrefour in Istanbul is using carbon dioxide (CO2) as cooling agent which is an ozone- and climate-friendly alternative to ODS. Pepsi Cola Turkey displayed their commercial bottle coolers running on hydrocarbons (HC) and the Croatian meat factory Pik Vrbovec presented their new plant using ammonia (NH3). These case studies demonstrated that commercially viable alternatives to ODS exist and are used in Article 5 countries.

Options of co-financing climate and other environmental benefits through mechanisms like the Voluntary Carbon Market or through energy savings were explained and case studies presented. Such co-financing will be vital when countries of the regions start implementing their HCFC phase-out management plans (HPMPs).

Countries around the globe are currently preparing their HPMPs in accordance with the accelerated phase-out schedule for HCFCs agreed on at the 19th Meeting of the Parties of the Montreal Protocol.
National refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) associations will play a crucial role in overcoming the barriers to technology innovation and market penetration. For this reason, Heads of national RAC associations participated in the meeting to share their state-of-art knowledge and to get acquainted with alternative technologies. These associations are best placed to ensure efficient communication to companies, investors and technicians and to inform on alternatives technologies.

As a direct result of the meeting, an umbrella network has been created to link up these national RAC associations at the regional level in order to promote coordinated and harmonized action in terms of training and certification of technicians. The newly established website www.ECAcool.org will be the bilingual (Russian - English) communication platform between these organizations. A working group consisting of RAC associations from Armenia, Georgia, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan has been established with the purpose to find ways forward and appropriate recommendations for future work were developed.

The joint network agreed to promote the ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs and Enforcement Officers and identify cases of illegal trade detected or prevented during the period January - June 2010. Furthermore, it was agreed to further encourage the submission of iPIC info sheets and in particular work with the major exporting countries to facilitate their participation.

A special side event was organized for the Turkish military sector to address the use of ODS in military mainly halons and CFCs and a follow-up event is being planned.

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Turkey and the OzonAction Programme of UNEP's Division on Technology, Industry & Economics organised the joint meeting of the Regional Ozone Networks for Europe & Central Asia (ECA) and South Asia (SA) in Istanbul, Turkey, 26-30 April 2010.The joint meeting was opened by Mr. Sedat Kadioglu, Deputy Undersecretary, Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Turkey. The welcome statement was delivered by Mr. Young-Woo Park, Regional Director Asia Pacific, UNEP. The participants included Ozone Officers and Heads of national refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) associations of the ECA network and SA network as well as associated CEIT countries. Representatives of implementing agencies (UNDP, UNIDO, UNEP and World Bank), bilateral partners (Hungary, Poland, Germany and Japan), international organisations (AREA) and private sector (Neutronics, RemTech International and EOS Climate) supported the meeting as resource persons.

The meeting documents and presentations will shortly made available through the website: http://www.estis.net/sites/ecanetwork/default.asp?site=ecanetwork&page_id=225395AC-4F4F-44BA-BD5F-9163CFA6D087

----------------------------
Related Information: PepsiCo, energy efficient bottle coolers PepsiCo is the second largest food and beverage company worldwide. Through the Performance with Purpose program, PepsiCo is committed to continuously lower its environmental impact. PepsiCo is member of the "Refrigerants, Naturally!"partnership and designed in cooperation with it's suppliers energy efficient bottle coolers with natural cooling gases without HFC's. For these point of sale coolers, PepsiCo uses the latest technology and energy management systems, system optimization, eliminated HFC as foam blowing agent and is testing alternative refrigerants CO2 and HC. Turkey was the first market where PepsiCo developed a nation wide infrastructure and capability of local suppliers to work with the new bottle coolers that operate on hydrocarbon and are 51% more energy efficient than traditional coolers. PepsiCo also has extensive field tests with coolers with natural cooling gases in other countries for instance in Europe, China and India. In this, PepsiCo pursues a dual approach keeping both CO2 and HC coolers as options open. . "Refrigerants, Naturally!"



Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link is a Resource Kit for Journalists
, provides the essential visuals, facts, links and contacts to develop ozone story ideas. Graphics and figures can be downloaded and included in articles. This electronic publication is intended not only to inform and inspire journalists but also to serve as an interesting reference for those who wish to learn more about the Montreal Protocol and ozone layer depletion.

This second edition of "Vital Ozone Graphics" includes details on the latest decisions taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to accelerate the phase out of HCFCs and outlines the implications this has on the use of replacement chemicals. The Resource Kit also focuses on the linkages and interconnections between ozone depletion and climate change – and the remaining challenges posed by the considerable amounts of ozone depleting substances remaining in equipment around the world.

Vital Ozone Graphics 2.0 - Climate Link is produced jointly by the OzonAction Branch of UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE), UNEP/GRID-Arendal and Zoï Environment Network, with support provided by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

Read/Download the PDF
Also Available as Interactive E-book


Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Ozone Protection Award 2010 for Customs and Enforcement Officers: Individual Customs and Enforcement officers who have successfully prevented illegal trade of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) or products/equipment relying on ODS to/or from member countries of the regional ozone network for Europe and Central Asia (ECA network) are eligible to be nominated for the ECA Ozone Protection Award 2010.
Nominations should be submitted by the National Ozone Units to the coordinator of the ECA network by 30 June 2010.
Read more ...


Developing Country Journalists honoured by United Nations for best ozone and Climate reporting
Paris, 22 April 2010, Earth Day - As the curtain is now fully raised on the world stage in which ozone depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons are no longer produced, three journalists have received top honours from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for their reporting on ozone depletion and climate issues.
Read more ...

A Giant Leap Forward Towards HCFC Phase-out Goal
Montreal/ Canada, 16 April 2010 - Policies to enable developing countries to freeze, reduce and eventually eliminate their consumption of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), a group of chemicals that not only damage the ozone layer damage but also significantly contribute to climate change, were agreed this week in Montreal. In developing the HCFC project guidelines that set out the eligibility and criteria for funding to enable countries to comply with the Montreal Protocol’s HCFC phase-out timetable, all members of the Multilateral Fund’s Executive Committee demonstrated their continuing determination and commitment to finding solutions. Despite the complexity and technical nature of the protracted negotiations that took place over a number of its meetings, the Executive Committee once more proved that governments can come together and work out concrete means to address global environmental issues.
Read more ...

Four Asian countries pull together to combat cross-border illegal trade in Ozone Depleting Chemicals
Chalsa/ Bangkok, 7 April 2010- Thirty representatives from the National Ozone Offices and Customs administrations from Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal came together today to forge an alliance to tackle illegal trade in chemicals which destroy the earth's protective ozone layer and contribute to climate change. The cooperation was initiated at The Border Dialogue on Monitoring and Controlling Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) taking place over the next two days in Chalsa, West Bengal, India.
Read more...

Saudi Arabia to return to complianceFrom left: A Al-Wadaee (UNEP), S. Si-Ahmed (UNIDO), HRH Prince Turki bin Nassar bin Abdul Aziz (PME), H. El-Habr (UNEP), R. Shende (UNEP), S. Alshari (PME), S. Ghazi (PME)
UNEP and UNIDO recently embarked on a joint high level mission to Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia where they had extensive discussions with His Royal Highness Prince (HRH) Turki bin Nasser bin Abdul Aziz, the President of Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) on Saudi Arabia's non-compliance with the Montreal Protocol.

The Action Plan to return to compliance, the need to strengthen the National Ozone Unit (NOU), ratification of Beijing and Montreal amendments and challenges of HCFC phase out, considering that Saudi Arabia is among the 10 largest HCFC consuming countries in the world, were the highlights of the discussions.

HRH Prince Turki assured UNEP-UNIDO representatives of his country's commitment to return to compliance.
UNEP OzonAction
26 March 2010


Afghanistan and UNEP Form Partnership Against Smuggling of Ozone Depleting Chemicals Afghanistan and UNEP Form Partnership Against Smuggling of Ozone Depleting Chemicals [Click here to enlarge the picture]
Bangkok, 23 March 2010 - Today an important partnership was forged to combat the illegal trade in chemicals which destroy the earth's protective ozone layer and contribute to climate change. The partnership was cemented through the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, Afghanistan's National Environment Protection Agency (NEPA) and Afghanistan's Customs Department of the Ministry of Finance (ACD)...
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Related: Afghanistan Customs Dept
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Other related link: Straits times - Voice of America - Radio Australia

Avances en el Protocolo de Montreal
Avances en el Protocolo de Montreal During a Workshop on the Evolution of the Montreal Protocol organized by FONDOIN with the aim of enhancing the training of officials in what has been the development, operation and scope of the Montreal Protocol. Mirian Vega, Regional Network Coordinator, ROLAC, congratulated the Latin America and the Caribbean countries for the success they have had on the progress of the outcome of the Montreal Protocol.
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Fondo de Reconversión Industrial - FONDOIN
8 March 2010


"Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs"
United Nations Environmental Program and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) are sponsoring a conference titled "Road to Climate Friendly Chillers: Moving Beyond CFCs and HCFCs" September 30-October 1, 2010 in Cairo, Egypt. The main objective of the conference is to enhance the practical knowledge on state-of-the-art alternative refrigerants and communicate achieved results, successes and lessons learned.
Authors are invited to submit an abstract on the following topics:
- Heat Driven Water Chiller Technology
- Vapor-Compression Chiller Technology
- Absorption Chillers Technology
- Practical Experience: Operation, Maintenance, Energy Performance
- Solar Assisted Cooling Systems
- Industrial Chiller Technology
- District Cooling
- Facility Dimensioning and Building Integration
- Alternative Refrigerants
- Retrofitting of Refrigeration Systems
- Future Refrigerants
- Funding and Implementation of Chiller Replacement Programs

The abstract should be in Word or PDF format and should not exceed more than a page.

The abstract should contain:
- the title of the paper
- five (5) keywords
- authors' names and affiliation
- name of corresponding author together with email and full postal address,
telephone and fax numbers
- be written in English, which is the official conference language

The deadline for submission of abstracts is April 15, 2010.

Authors will be notified of the acceptance of their abstracts by April 25, 2010. Full technical, non commercial papers are to be submitted, based on the guidelines for preparing the manuscripts, only after the acceptance of abstracts. Papers are due June 25, 2010.

Click here to review ASHRAE's Commercialism Policy.
Abstracts should be submitted, by the deadline, to Prof. Walid Chakroun, DRC, Region-At-Large, ASHRAE, and should be emailed to chillerconference@gmail.com

Lear more ... http://www.rcfc2010.org/


Caribbean Leaders Work on Keeping the Ozone Layer Intact
Caribbean Leaders Work on Keeping the Ozone Layer Intact [Click to enlarge picture]Environmental officers and other key stakeholders in the upkeep of the ozone layer from Caribbean states met in Belize to discuss HCFC alternatives use in the refrigeration industry.
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Other related links: Radio 7 and The Guardian Newsletter


Vacancy Announcement: Senior Environmental Affairs Officer - P5
Under the overall supervision of the Director, UNEP DTIE and the functional supervision of the Head, OzonAction Branch in the Paris duty station, the incumbent will: supervise, coordinate and support in substance the operation of the regional activities; establish strategic linkages with networking activities, institutional strengthening, training and implementation of national compliance plans; identify linkages between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols and facilitate the transfer of environmentally friendly technologies and policies among network members.

OzonAction programme , a star programme of UNEP, that is known for the innovation, creativity, delivery and result based management is scouting for the candidate for its pivotal position of Network and Policy Manager for overseeing its unique and ever active regional networks of government focal points from 145 developing countries in 10 regions all over the world.
This officer, who will be a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme, will supervise, coordinate and support in substance the operation of the regional activities, including: a) Give substantive guidance to the Regional Network Coordinators on information to be provided to national ODS officers, b) Guide the RNCs on the preparation of the RNCs' work programme and the operation of each network, c) Collect, analyze and present information on critical issues at the annual meetings, e) Secure exchange of experience between networks and promote coordination between the network activities and other OzonAction activities, d) Establish strategic linkages with networking activities, institutional strengthening, training and implementation of national compliance plans, e) Identify the linkages between the Montreal and Kyoto Protocols and facilitate the transfer of environmentally friendly technologies and policies among network members, f) Select and follow-up the recruitment of suitable RNCs, including introductory training of RNCs. This officer will also be responsible for monitor the progress, results and expenditure within the programme, and preparing inputs to yearly requests for continued funding. Qualified candidates should have work experience dealing with environmental issues on the national and/or international level with substantive experience in preparing and/or implementing national governmental policies to phase-out ODS; experience in cooperation with Ozone Officers from developing countries, experience in project management and ODS and Montreal Protocol related issues from international organizations.
UNEP is looking for the candidates who would work under the direction of Head, OzonAction Branch of UNEP DTIE, and should possess exceptional qualities with managerial and leadership attributes.
Closing date for applications: 19 April 2010.
Go to vacancy announcement...


Vanuatu is gearing to return to compliance Vanuatu is Gearing to Return to Compliance - 18 February 2010 , Port-Vila, Vanuatu. "Vanuatu will definitely return to compliance with the Montreal Protocol", the Head of State H.E.Iolu Abil, made a categorical statement following meeting with UNEP's high level mission on 8 February 2010 at Port-Vila... See the Introductory message: http://62.160.8.20/endofyear/
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The Maldives, the First Winner in Carbon Neutral and Ozone-Friendly Race
(From left): Mr. Ahmed Saleem: Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Housing, Transport and Environment, Mr. Atul Bagai: Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network, UNEP DTIE OzonAction/Compliance Assistance Programme, Honorable Mohamed Aslam: Minister of Housing, Transport and Environment, Dr. Mohamed Shareed: Deputy Minister of Housing, Transport and Environment Malé, 16 February 2010 - On 4 February 2010, the Maldives pledged to phase out Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), a group of chemicals which are ozone-depleting and powerful greenhouse gases by 2020, 20 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol phase out schedule. This decision is in line with the country's pledge to go carbon neutral by 2020 as its contribution to tackling climate change.
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2010: Welcome to a new reality of CFC-free world -
As the first day of 2010 dawns, the world is waking up to a new reality, one springing from an unparalleled confidence in human ingenuity and a collective belief that "we can".
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4 January 2010


US EPA 2010 Ozone Layer Protection AwardsThe US Environmental Protection Agency
2010 Ozone Layer Protection Awards

Call for nominations extended until 1st March 2010
Learn more/nominate ...


Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits" Climate Benefit from Ozone Layer Protection: "Low Hanging Fruits" a new booklet which will be of interest to anyone involved in cross-cutting issues between the ozone protection and climate protection communities, launched by the Outreach Division of the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI) -New York
Read Download the Booklet ...
4 December 2009 | UN DPI

Exposing Environmental Crimes
Environmental crime is a serious and growing international problem. Perceived as 'victimless', such crimes often fail to prompt the required response from governments, the enforcement community and the public.
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17 November 2009 | UNEP CAP ROAP

Daily video updates from MOP 21
Throughout the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, UNEP OzonAction conducted short interviews of key members of the Montreal Protocol community who participated in this event, to get their impressions of the Montreal Protocol challenges and successes from their perspective. The interviews and other short reports of MOP 21 are updated daily on the UNEP OzonAction YouTube Channel.
See OzonAction YouTube Channel ...
5 November 2009 | UNEP


Upgrading Ozone Layer Treaty to Assist in Combating Climate Change Key Issue at International Meeting in Egypt
Accelerating the contribution of a treaty to protect the ozone layer towards meeting the climate change challenge will take place at the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in the Red Sea resort of Port Ghalib, Egypt, from 4-8 November.
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2 November 2009 | UNEP
2010 and Then? Building on the Montreal Protocol's Success and Facing the Challenges Ahead 2010 and Then? Building on the Montreal Protocol's Success and Facing the Challenges Ahead
The OzonAction' Special issue 2009 features articles from international experts highlighting their views on many topics that will be subject of discussion during the upcoming 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and the 15th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change...
Read/Download the PDF: A | C | E | F | R | S
October 2009 | UNEP OzonAction
Asian Pacific Countries Gathered to Solve Crime against the Environment
Chiang Mai, 16 Oct. 2009: During 12-15 October 2009, around 90 customs officers, environment officers from 24 Asia Pacific countries together with experts from international organizations and NGOs gathered in Chiang Mai, Thailand to analyze environmental crime trends and explore further cooperation to address illegal trade in ozone depleting substance (ODS), harmful chemicals and hazardous wastes...
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16 October 2009 |UNEP CAP ROAP
Reducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to complement cuts in CO2 emissionsReducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to complement cuts in CO2 emissions
Mario Molina-a, Durwood Zaelke-b,1, K. Madhava Sarma-c, Stephen O. Andersen-d, Veerabhadran Ramanathan-e, and Donald Kaniaru-f
aDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0356, La Jolla, CA 92093; bInstitute for Governance and Sustainable Development, and International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, 2300 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007; cMontreal Protocol Technology and Economics Assessment Panel, AB 50, Anna Nagar, Chennai, India 600040; dMontreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, 2317 North Road, Barnard, VT 05031-0257; eScripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla CA 92093-0221; and fNational Environment Tribunal of Kenya, Woodvale Grove, Sarit Centre, Nairobi, Kenya Edited by Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, Environmental Change Institute, Oxford, United Kingdom, and approved August 31, 2009 (received for review March 9, 2009)
Current emissions of anthropogenic greenhouse gases (GHGs) have already committed the planet to an increase in average surface temperature by the end of the century that may be above the critical threshold for tipping elements of the climate system into abrupt change with potentially irreversible and unmanageable consequences. This would mean that the climate system is close to entering if not already within the zone of ''dangerous anthropogenic interference'' (DAI). Scientific and policy literature refers to the need for ''early,'' ''urgent,'' ''rapid,'' and ''fast-action'' mitigation to help avoid DAI and abrupt climate changes. We define ''fast-action'' to include regulatory measures that can begin within 2-3 years, be substantially implemented in 5-10 years, and produce a climate response within decades. We discuss strategies for short-lived non-CO2 GHGs and particles, where existing agreements can be used to accomplish mitigation objectives. Policy makers can amend the Montreal Protocol to phase down the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) with high global warming potential. Other fast-action strategies can reduce emissions of black carbon particles and precursor gases that lead to ozone formation in the lower atmosphere, and increase biosequestration, including through biochar. These and other fast action strategies may reduce the risk of abrupt climate change in the next few decades by complementing cuts in CO2 emissions…
Read/Download full text: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/10/09/0902568106.full.pdf+html
SOURCE: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) October 2009.

Launching the Programme of Work of the International Cooperation Agreement between UNEP & ASHRAELaunching the Programme of Work of the International Cooperation Agreement between UNEP & ASHRAE
The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launched a joint Programme of Work in margins of the Annual ASHRAE Conference of its Region-at-Large, which held in Kuwait during 3-5 October 2009, to activate the International Cooperation Agreement previously signed between the two organizationsKuwait 5 October 2009
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5 October 2009 | UNEP CAP ROWA


Sustainable development depends, in large part, on the implementation of agreed environmental goals, targets and objectives. Among the considerable number of multilateral environmental agreements agreed between states over the past 40 years, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and, in particular, its Montreal Protocol stands out.
Read more... Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Russian| Spanish
16 September 2009 | UN DPI
Other languages versions will soon be available
Ozone Treaty Anniversary Gifts Big Birthday Present to Human Health and Combating of Climate Change
Timor-Leste Makes Montreal Protocol First Global Environmental Agreement to Achieve Universal Ratification

A treaty to protect the ozone layer, which shields all life on Earth from deadly levels of ultra violet rays, has scored a first in the history of international environmental agreements.
Read more
...
16 September 2009 | UNEP
Other languages versions will soon be available
Achim SteinerVideo News Release (VNR) dedicated to the 2009 International Ozone Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
The UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme, in cooperation with UNEP's Division of Communication and Public Information, has produced a short news video about the interlinkages between ozone layer protection and climate change in the context of the HCFC phase out and growing interest in HFCs. It features high-level officials from UNEP including UNEP's Executive Director and Under-Secretary General Achim Steiner, scientists and NGOs.
Read more on VNR and download
14 September 2009 | UNEP OzonAction
Earth Report: Perfectly Cool
Outreaching HCFC phase out in Asia Pacific region is a challenging task. 70% of the global HCFC production and consumption are in the region. UNEP DTIE OzonAction CAP ROAP has been trying to create an informative as well as entertaining tool to reach out a technical issue such as HCFC phase out to the public during the HCFC phase out management plan (HPMP) preparation.
Earth Report: Perfectly Cool, a 22 minute documentary will look at the challenges faced in trying to phase out HCFCs, coolant gas used in air conditioners across the developing world which is the main ozone depleting substance that also contributes to climate change.
You will have a better understanding on the issue through opinions of various stakeholders including industry association, Air Conditioning Company, NGO, celebrity and general public on the work towards a solution.
This programme has been developed by UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, World Bank, GTZ-Proklima, INECE and TVE. The programme will be first launched and broadcast on BBC during the week of the 2009 International Ozone Day.
For more information please view the following link: http://www.bbcworldnews.com/Pages/Programme.aspx?id=307
Broadcast time on BBC World Services (GMT) : 11-16 September 2009

11 September -1930 (except Middle East)
12 September - 0430
14 September - 1230 (Asia Pacific only)
15 September - 1530
16 September - 0130 (except Asia Pacific, Middle East and South Asia)


The 58th ExCom Meeting (6 to 10 July 2009, Montreal, Canada) took place less than six months ahead of the Montreal Protocol deadline for Article 5 countries to completely phase-out CFCs, halons and CTC production and consumption. The remaining tranches of terminal phase-out management plans considered at the meeting would be essential for those countries to achieve compliance.
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...
August 2009 | Multilateral Fund

Sealing the Hole and Sealing the Deal: Resolve of African Countries 135 days Before 2010 Deadline for Total Phase out of CFCs - Confirming the success story as 100% African countries are set to meet the deadline Representatives of 39 African Countries, gathered in „ rock. city of Abuja in Nigeria to make final maneuvers and set sails towards finishing line of 1st January 2010, when consumption of CFCs and Halons will be assigned to history books.
The 13th ODS Officers Network (ODSONET) joint meeting held in Abuja, Nigeria, was organized by UNEP Compliance assistance Programme in Africa, in collaboration with the government of Nigeria.
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20 August 2009 | UNEP


Nigeria builds first Ozone village in Africa
The Nigerian Government is building an Ozone village to serve as a technology development. The announcement was made by the Nigerian Federal Minster of Environment, John Ode at the opening of the 4 days ODS Officers Network (ODSONET) Joint meeting,held in Abuja, Nigeria. The village is located in Ogun State. As part of this project, some locally fabricated prototype Ozone friendly machines have been developed. The machines include a box of foaming machines, CFC recovery and recycling machine and hydrocarbon refrigerant production machine…
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19 August 2009 | UNEP


North American Leaders' Declaration on Climate Change and Clean Energy
We, the leaders of North America reaffirm the urgency and necessity of taking aggressive action on climate change. We stress that the experience developed during the last 15 years in the North American region on environmental cooperation, sustainable development, and clean energy research, development, and deployment constitutes a valuable platform for climate change action, and we resolve to make use of the opportunities offered by existing bilateral and trilateral institutions.
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10 August 2009 | The White House

Information release
Developing Countries Gear Up for a Seamless Transition CFC-free Inhalers for Asthma Patients
Launch of "The Transition to CFC-free inhalers Awareness Package for National Ozone Units in developing countries" L-R: Patrick McInerney, Australia, Maqsood Akhtar, Pakistan, Marco Gonzalez, Ozone Secretariat Executive Secretary, Rajendra Shende, UNEP OzonAction, and Helen Tope, Co-Chair Medical Options Committee, Australia.Geneva, 18 July 2009 -
The United Nations Environment Programme launched the Transition to CFC-free inhalers Awareness Package for National Ozone Units (NOUs) in developing countries during the Open-Ended Working Group of the Parties of the Montreal Protocol to assist NOUs in Article 5 countries raising awareness on CFC MDI phase out and facilitating seamless transition to CFC-free inhalers in their countries. Some CFC productions and consumptions will continue after 2010 phase out deadline for the essential use of CFC-based MDI in certain countries, therefore the package has been developed in a way to make it contextual to the situation of all countries.

Worldwide, there are about 300 million people with asthma and over 210 million with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). As inhalers are the best way to treat these conditions and as the use of inhalers is increasing throughout the world, a lot of effort went into the development of inhalers in the past. CFCs were used in manufacturing of inhalers. In line with the global commitment to phase out CFCs under the Montreal Protocol, research and development efforts for CFC free inhalers were undertaken and CFC-free options for addressing asthma and COPD were developed. It has taken more than 20 years of research and expenditure of about US$2 billion to develop the CFC-free metered dose inhalers.

As a part of the transition process to CFC-free inhalers, health professionals in all countries are being urged to move their patients onto new CFC-free asthma and COPD inhalers at the earliest as all countries enter the final stages of withdrawal of CFC-containing metered dose inhalers. It is important to begin the medication transition now to ensure that all people with asthma or COPD have ongoing access to their medications and can use the CFC-free inhalers competently. Soon all asthma and COPD inhalers available in the market will be either dry powder or will use a hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) propellant. It is important to note that, these inhalers provide the same health benefits as the old CFC-containing inhalers without damaging the ozone layer.

Now is the time to educate patients and ensure they know how to use, clean and care for their new inhalers. Patients using dry powder inhalers will also benefit from this education. It's also a good opportunity to review patients' asthma and COPD treatment and make sure they have their conditions under control.

This MDI awareness package has been developed with the expectation that the NOUs in developing countries, in cooperation with health sector stakeholders will use them. In line with their national requirement, they can adapt, translate and outreach the package within their country.

The resources in the package which have been created for use in different occasions include Information statement for health professionals, Consumer brochure for patients, PowerPoint presentation for health industry, Draft letter to authorities, Draft press release for health industry media, Draft press release for general consumer media, Draft radio announcement script and Draft question and answer sheet. These resources provide details of the scientific basis for the efficacy and safety of the CFC-free inhalers, explain the changes for patients with asthma and COPD, and provide key messages about the transition to CFC-free inhalers for specific groups, such as national or regional authorities, stakeholder groups, media outlets and the general public. They will be available for download on the UNEP DTIE OzonAction website shortly.

For more information, please contact:
Mr. Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
2nd Floor, United Nations Building
Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200
Tel: 66 2 288 1662
Fax: 66 2 280 3829
Email: atul.bagai@unep.org

Notes to Editors: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the United Nations system's designated entity for addressing environmental issues at the global and regional level. Its mandate is to coordinate the development of environmental policy consensus by keeping the global environment under review and brining emerging issues to the attention of governments and the international community for action.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is an international treaty designated to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of a number of substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion. The treaty was opened for signature on September 16, 1987 and entered into force on January 1, 1989. Since then, it has undergone five revisions, in 1990 (London), 1992 (Copenhagen), 1995 (Vienna), 1997 (Montreal), and 1999 (Beijing). Due to its widespread adoption and implementation it has been hailed as an example of exceptional international cooperation, "Perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date…"
About UNEP's OzonAction
The Montreal Protocol is at an advanced stage of implementation. Developing countries now operate under a "compliance phase" which requires them to achieve and sustain compliance with specific obligations, promote a greater sense of country ownership and implement the agreed Executive Committee framework for strategic planning.
As an Implementing Agency of the Protocol's Multilateral Fund, UNEP responded to this new compliance context by changing its mode of operation and structure to better assist developing countries with the implementation of the treaty. UNEP's OzonAction Programme established a Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) that moved from a project management approach to directly assisting countries with specific compliance challenges. The CAP is delivered through specialized staff located in four of UNEP's Regional Offices and in the Paris office of the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE).
Consistent with the above approach the CAP team in the Regional Office for Asia and Pacific (ROAP) has developed to be the centre for policy advice, compliance guidance and conduct training to refrigeration technicians, customs officers and other relevant stakeholders on compliance issues, promote bilateral and multilateral cooperation and promote high-level awareness by utilizing UNEP's staff.
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
UNEP OzonAction Programme: www.unep.fr/ozonaction
Multilateral Fund: www.multilateralfund.org
Ozone Secretariat: www.ozone.unep.org


 

Iraq Moves Forward on Ozone Protection
Iraq Moves Forward on Ozone ProtectionIraq's country strategy to eliminate ODSs is on track after being approved at the 58th Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.
Iraq wants to eliminate ODSs such as CFCs from its refrigeration and foam industries by 1 January 2010 in accordance with the target set under the Montreal Protocol.
The Multilateral Fund will provide Iraq with almost US $6.3 million to finance its plans to phase-out CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride and trichloroethane. UNEP and UNIDO, the Multilateral Fund's implementing agencies, will work together with the Government of Iraq and Iraqi enterprises and will discuss the choice of replacement technologies to explore whether new ozone friendly technologies with additional climate benefits can be utilized in order to make the finance Iraq receives work on two environmental protection fronts.
Read more... Arabic | English
10 July 2009 | UNMFS


World Customs OrganizationOperation DEMETER Yields Tons of Illegal Shipments of Hazardous Waste
A joint global Customs initiative across Europe, the Asia/Pacific region and Africa netted more than 30000 tons and 1,500 pieces of illegal hazardous waste in
57 seizures, ranging from household waste and scrap metal to discarded
electronic goods and used vehicle parts.
Read more ...
8 July 2009 | WCO

China-ECA Dialog on Cooperation in Border Enforcement Including Customs Officers Joint Meeting/Consultation, Urumqi, China, 23-25 June 2009
China-ECA Dialog on Cooperation in Border Enforcement Including Customs Officers Joint Meeting/Consultation, Urumqi, China, 23-25 June 2009Strengthening national institutions through regional co-operation. Forty (40) Chinese Customs Officers from Urumqi Anti-Smuggling Bureau, Policy & Regulation Division, Field Service as well as Customs Offices in Kashi, Allah Mountain, Huoerguosi and Urumqi airport participated in a training related to the Montreal Protocol to Protect the Ozone Layer in Urumqi, China, 25 June 2009.Read more ...
29 June 2009 | UNEP DTIE


The Large Contribution of Projected HFC Emissions to Future Climate Forcing
Guus J. M. Velders, David W. Fahey, John S. Daniel, Mack McFarland, and Stephen O. Andersen
The Large Contribution of Projected HFC Emissions to Future Climate ForcingThe consumption and emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are projected to increase substantially in the coming decades in response to regulation of ozone depleting gases under the Montreal Protocol. The projected increases result primarily from sustained growth in demand for refrigeration, air-conditioning (AC) and insulating foam products in developing countries assuming no new regulation of HFC consumption or emissions. New HFC scenarios are presented based on current hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) consumption in leading applications, patterns of replacements of HCFCs by HFCs in developed countries, and gross domestic product (GDP) growth. Global HFC emissions significantly exceed previous estimates after 2025 with developing country emissions as much as 800% greater than in developed countries in 2050. Global HFC emissions in 2050 are equivalent to 9-19% (CO2-eq. basis) of projected global CO2 emissions in business-as-usual scenarios and contribute a radiative forcing equivalent to that from 6-13 years of CO2 emissions near 2050. This percentage increases to 28-45% compared with projected CO2 emissions in a 450-ppm CO2 stabilization scenario. In a hypothetical scenario based on a global cap followed by 4% annual reductions in consumption, HFC radiative forcing is shown to peak and begin to decline before 2050.
Read more: Factsheet | Report
22 June 2009 | PNAS

"The Ozone Layer and Climate Change""The Ozone Layer and Climate Change", DPI NGO Briefing, Thursday, 18 June 2009, United Nations, Headquarter.
DPI NGO Briefing, Thursday, 18 June 2009
10:15 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.
United Nations, Headquarter, Conference Room 4

UN Under-Secretary General Mr Kyotaka Akasaka addressed more than 100 NGOs on 18 June in Conference Room # 4 at UN Headquarters. What was so special about it? He was not wearing a tie! As resolved, from June 15 for the next 3 months there is a "Cool UN" campaign; UN HQ will keep its air-conditioning at a higher temp than "high cool", so to still feel comfortable UN staff will not wear ties this summer.

Mr Rajendra Shende of UNEP addressing the audience at the DPI NGO Briefing, 18 June 2009, Conference Room # 4 at UN Headquarters.There were other reasons why this address was different. Mr Akasaka was flanked on both sides by some of the most well-known experts of the Montreal Protocol, i.e. Dr Paul Newman of NASA, Dr Durwood Zaelke of INECE, Ms Lisa Manley of Coca Cola Company and Mr Rajendra Shende of UNEP, as well as Mr Jose Pons Pons of the UNEP Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, participated by Skype from Venezuela.

The Panel members presented the lessons from the Montreal Protocol that will be useful for the road leading to CopenhagenThese panel members, moderated by Laura Trevelyan, BBC correspondent to the UN, presented the lessons from the Montreal Protocol that will be useful for the road leading to Copenhagen ("HOPEnhagen", as per USG Mr Akasaka) and how the Montreal Protocol has helped in mitigating climate change and how the 195 governments stand to gain economically by the HCFC phase-out in the near future.

The meeting closed after an extensive questions and answers session and launching a galvanizing appeal to Governments and NGOs to "Seal the Deal" in Copenhagen, Denmark, later this year.
Read more...
18 June 2009 | UNEP DTIE


ANNUAL MEETING OF THE REGIONAL OZONE NETWORK FOR EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA, YEREVAN, ARMENIA, 18-22 MAY 2009

ANNUAL MEETING OF THE REGIONAL OZONE NETWORK FOR EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA, YEREVAN, ARMENIA, 18-22 MAY 2009Strengthening National Institutions Through Regional Co-operation
For the first time, 15 Heads of national refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) associations participated in the annual meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) in Yerevan.
The purpose was to initiate

cooperation among these associations and to define their role in phasing out ozone-depleting hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) which also contribute to global warming.

The network unanimously agreed to enhance this new cooperation by creating a joint website and to invite them also to next year's ECA network meeting in Istanbul. As an immediate outcome, Ozone Officers and Heads of the associations established close contacts among each other (in some countries for the first time) and countries without such associations learned how such associations were created and how they operate in other countries. It was recommended to include a provision in phase-out management plans for HCFCs for capacity building and networking of national RAC associations.

The meeting also agreed on venues and dates of the forthcoming ECA enforcement network meeting to initiate regional cooperation of Customs and Ozone Officers to enforce trade controls for ozone-depleting substances (ODS) in ECA network countries. This year's meeting is scheduled for 12-14 October 2009 in Budapest, Hungary and will be organised back-to-back with a regional Green Customs workshop raising awareness on other Multilateral Environmental Agreements related to hazardous waste, toxic chemical and endangered species. In 2010, similar meetings will take place in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan.

The Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia and the OzonAction Branch of UNEP's Division on Technology, Industry & Economics jointly organised the annual ECA network meeting in Yerevan, Armenia, 18-22 May 2009. It was opened by the First Deputy Minister Simon Papyan of the Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia and UN Resident Representative Vidal Consuela. Representatives of UNDP, UNIDO, and UNEP, bilateral partners from Hungary and Romania supported the meeting as resource persons.

In addition to the above-mentioned topics, the following items were also considered: Awareness raising on the implementation of the Montreal Protocol and its amendments, status of compliance, data reporting and ratification, status of HCFC phase-out management plan preparation and MDI stakeholder consultations. Meeting participants also agreed on the work programmes 2009 / 2010 for ECA network and associated CEIT countries and set priorities.

The participants included Ozone Officers and Heads of national RAC associations of the ECA network and associated CEIT countries as well as representatives of the implementing agencies (UNDP, UNIDO, UNEP), bilateral partners (Hungary, Romania) and international organizations (AREA, RILO CIS, IIR).

The meeting documents and presentations will shortly made available through the ECA network's website: http://jp1.estis.net/sites/ecanetwork/default.asp?site=ecanetwork&page_id=CCCCE749-C977-4A0D-9CF0-0E43578B048F

The above media briefing is available in Russian >>

For further information please contact:

Asya Muradyan, National Ozone Unit,
Ministry of Nature Protection of Armenia
Tel: +374-10541182, Fax: +374-10541183
asya.muradyan@undp.org
Halvart Koeppen, Regional Officer (Europe & Central Asia)
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch
Tel: +33-1443714-32, Fax: +33-1443714-74
halvart.koppen@unep.org

Control of CTC import by Pakistan through UNEP initiated dialogue between Pakistan and South Korea under South - South Cooperation: Pakistan's Experience

Pakistan is a party to the Montreal Protocol on the Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer since 1992. Pakistan has been in full compliance with regard to import of various ODS. However, the CTC emerged as an area of concern for Pakistan due to its excessive import in 2005 which put the country at the risk of non compliance under the Montreal Protocol.

As per Pakistan Country Programme, the baseline for the consumption of the CTC is fixed on average level of 1998-2000 is 412.9 ODP Tones (375.37 ODS tones). According to the ODS Phase out Plan of the Montreal Protocol, the import/consumption of the CTC in Pakistan was to be reduced by 85% i.e. 61.9 ODP tones (56.30 ODS tones) by 1st January, 2005. Under the ODS Phase out Plan, Pakistan is required to maintain annual import/consumption of CTC at the level of 61.9 ODP tones during 2005-2009 and finally to phase it out completely (100%) by 1st January 2010 to meet our commitment under the Montreal Protocol. However, it is pointed out here that the Ex.Com of the MLF in its 41st meeting had approved funds for the CTC phase out in Pakistan. On that occasion, Pakistan had signed an agreement with the MLF whereby Pakistan inter alia agreed that allowable consumption of CTC during the years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 would be 61.9, 42, 32, 15 and zero ODP tones on 1st January, 2010.

In order to regulate the import of CTC, Ministry of Commerce on the recommendation of Ozone Cell, Ministry of Environment allocated CTC import quota to the following five eligible importers in December 2004:-

i) M/s Sun Chemical Corporation
ii) M/s Tayyab Noor Mohummad
iii) M/s Paramount Corporation
iv) M/s Chemical Trading Corporation
v) M/s Junaid Corporation

Due to lack of coordination between national and international stakeholders, some importers maneuvered to import CTC in access of Pakistan's allocated quota. The Ozone Cell accelerated its coordination with the national stakeholders specially the Federal Bureau of Revenue and Ministry of Commerce to monitor and control the import of CTC to bring the country back into compliance. However, since there is no restriction on the exporting country to export an ODS under the protocol, the sword of unauthorized import of CTC in the country was hanging.

In order to arrest the problem, the CAP Team and its leader Mr. Atul Bagai, Regional Officer, UNEP, Bangkok provided an opportunity to the Programme Manager (Ozone Cell-Pakistan) to hold a meeting with his South Korean counterpart Mr. Lim on the sideline of the South-Asia and South East Asia Network Meeting of the ODS officers held in 2006 at Bangkok to exchange views for controlling the export of CTC from South Korea to some unauthorized importers in Pakistan. In the backdrop of this informal meeting initiated by UNEP, the ozone officer of South Korea provided information about an attempt of CTC import by a Karachi based unauthorized importer M/s Noble Traders. Subsequently, the NOU-Pakistan and NOU South Korea continued their cooperation under informal Prior Informed Consent system (iPICs) to exchange information on the import / export of ODS. This interaction and coordination facilitated NOU-Pakistan to curb the menace of illegal trade of CTC thereby bringing Pakistan back into compliance. In the wake of ban imposed by the country on CTC import together with the UNEP initiated cooperation between NOU-Pakistan and NOU-South Korea has brought the import the CTC to zero in 2008, one year ahead of the CTC phase out target fixed under the Montreal Protocol.

The importing and exporting countries may follow this precedent of the UNEP initiated South- South Cooperation to meet the challenge of illegal trade of various ODS.

For further information, please contact:

Muhammad Maqsood Akhtar
National Programme Manager
Ozone Cell (Montreal Protocol Project)
Ministry of Environment
Government of Paksitan
339-Ravi Road, G-8/2,Islamabad
Tel:0092-51-9260686
E-mail: Ozonecell@ymail.com
Atul Bagai
Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building,
Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200
Mobile:+66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
bagai@un.org

Vacancy Announcement: Senior Environmental Affairs Officer
This officer a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme should have work experience dealing with environmental issues on the national and/or international level with substantive experience in preparing and/or implementing national governmental policies to phase-out ODS; experience in cooperation with Ozone Officers from developing countries, experience in Project Management and ODS and Montreal Protocol related issues from international organizations.
Closing date for applications: 6 July 2009.
Go to vacancy announcement...


Commercial Consumers and Importers of HCFCs and Relevant Agencies
Afghanistan has ratified the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete Ozone Layer on 17 June 2004. Over more than four years, the Islamic republic of Afghanistan has been implementing project activities, regulations and capacity building activities to facilitate phase-out of Ozone Depleting Substances in the country and remains in compliance. For this, assistance has been availed from the Multilateral Fund created for financially assisting developing countries on phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances. Phase-out activities in Afghanistan were largely focusing on phase-out of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigeration and air-conditioning applications.

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are controlled substances mainly used in air-conditioning and foam applications. Under the Montreal Protocol, consumption and production of these substances were required to be phased-out by 2040 with a cap at 2015 levels from 2016 to 2039. Keeping in mind the need to curtail growth of HCFC consumption which not only has Ozone Depleting Potential but also direct and indirect global warming impact, Parties to the Montreal Protocol came together and agreed to an accelerated phase-out of HCFCs in the year 2007. Under this accelerated HCFC phase-out, the baseline was defined as average production and consumption for 2009 and 2010 for developing countries.

The developing countries including Afghanistan are also required to freeze their HCFC consumption by 2013 at baseline level, reduce by 10% by 2015, reduce by 35% by 2020, reduce by 67.5% by 2025 and reduce by 97.5% by 2030. Between 2031 and 2040, 2.5% average of baseline would be allowed for consumption in refrigeration and air-conditioning servicing applications. An important element of this accelerated phase-out of HCFCs is to achieve this through adoption of technologies which minimize Green House Gas (GHG) emissions.

To develop an overall HCFC phase-out strategy and to achieve the immediate targets of 2013 and 2015, National Ozone Unit, National Environment Protection Agency the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan will prepare an HCFC Phase out management plan with financial assistance of Multilateral Fund and UNEP.

The Government believes that data collection and strategy development is very important for achieving HCFC phase-out in a systematic manner in line with Afghanistan's commitments under the Protocol. Refrigeration and other relevant sectors need to assist in providing data and other inputs sought by consultants and Government in this process. Government would also have periodic dialogues with the relevant agencies; specifically refrigeration sector in this connection over the next few months and is expected to successfully develop and implement a strategy for HCFC phase out in line with its commitments under the Montreal Protocol.

For further information, please contact:

Haroon Ahmad Haleemzai
National Ozone Officer
National Environmental Protection Agency Shisdarak Kabul, Afghanistan
Tel: 0093 774 75 88 11
haroon.haleemzai@ozone-afghan.gov.af
Atul Bagai
Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme
OzonAction Programme
UNEP Regional Office for Asia and Pacific
UN Building,
Rajdamnern Nok Avenue
Bangkok 10200
Mobile:+66847002257
Tel: +6622881662
Fax: +6622883041
bagai@un.org

 


South Asia and West Asia Networks of Ozone Offiers meet in Bahrain
Uoint network meeting, BahrainOver 100 participants from 26 countries gathering in Manama to participate in the Joint Meeting of the South Asia and West Asia Networks of Ozone Officers from 10-14 May 2009.

Key discussions will include the outcomes of the last Meeting of the Parties and other related Committees and their impact on countries, addressing several emerging issues such as trade of ODS, residential air-conditioning industry as well as the role of Media experts.

As the next key challenge of the Montreal Protocol, finding alternatives for HCFCs, an ozone depleting and global warming chemical which is mainly used in refrigeration will be another fundamental topic for discussion.

Part of the debates will focus on examining the inter-regional networking and experience exchange opportunities amongst industry and governments in South Asia and West Asia regions.
Read more| Arabic | English |
11 May 2009 | UNEP DTIE


UNEPInitiates Climate Ozone Linkages for Maldives
UNEP initiative MaldivesUNEP DTIE's OzonAction Programme initiated the development of the HCFC phase out management plan (HPMP) in Maldives from 18-22 April 2009.

The initiative, led by Mr Atul Bagai, Regional Network Coordinator for South Asia, in Bangkok, is the first of its kind and will explore the linkages between Ozone and Climate change while Maldives strives to initiate the phase out of HCFCs during 2010-2015. HCFCs are used extensively in refrigeration and air-conditioning in Maldives and in the tourism and fish processing industry, the two main backbones of the Maldivian economy.

Apart from consultation meetings with stakeholders, government officials and industry representatives, Mr Bagai met with the Vice President, H.E. Dr. Mohammed Waheed Hassanmanik on Maldives efforts in CFC phase out and the challenges ahead for HCFC phase out. The Vice President inquired on how UNEP could assist with their carbon neutral strategy. The HPMP will evaluate carbon emissions from the HCFC use and will suggest activities to phase out this use which will strengthen efforts of Maldives to make it carbon neutral in the next 10 years.
24 April 2009 | UNEP DTIE


US EPA Honours Climate Achievements of the Montreal Protocol

USEPA Awards 2009
USEPA Awards 2009
USEPA Awards 2009

The United States Environmental Protection Agency has recognized the extraordinary climate benefits achieved by the successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol. The prestigious US EPA’s Climate Protection awards presented in Washington D.C. to individuals and organizations for their extraordinary and dedicated work in climate protection – a number of which are receiving awards for their work in deriving climate benefits from ozone layer protection activities under the Montreal Protocol.

These awards demonstrate how much the World values UNEP’s efforts to provide policymakers and the business community with the scientific and technological base for sound decision making.

OzonAction is particularly proud of UNEP winners Rajendra Shende, Head UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch, who earned his award for helping 145 developing countries through networking activities to comply with the Montreal Protocol. USEPA praised Mr. Shende's longstanding efforts through UNEP's programme to advocate the deployment of policies that simultaneously protect the ozone layer and reduce climate change and the technologies that use low- or no-GWP refrigerants and improve energy efficiency in refrigeration and air conditioning in buildings and in home appliances.
OzonAction's Samira de Gobert earned her award by demonstrating exceptional skills in conceiving and implementing Ozone Layer Protection Communication Strategies among large and small developing countries on Ozone Layer Protection through innovative use of electronic media.
Read more...
21 April 2009 | IGSD


Caribbean Ozone OfficersCaribbean Ozone Officers meet in St George's, Grenada, 24-27 March 2009
National Ozone Officers, implementing agencies, the Ozone Secretariat and Government officials from the Caribbean region gathered in St George's, Grenada to attend the Caribbean Network Meeting of Ozone Officers from 24-27 March 2009. The meeting was organized by UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP/ROLAC) through the Montreal Protocol Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) team in collaboration with the Government of Grenada and the Ministry of Finance, Planning, Economy, Energy, Foreign Trade and Co-operatives.

Paul Horwitz, Deputy Executive Secretary of the UNEP Ozone Secretariat commended the Network on its success in compliance management to the Protocol including timely data submission and the number of countries that have reached complete phase out of CFC ahead of the Montreal Protocol mandate.

Some key outputs of the meeting were:

- Ozone Officers received sensitization on national requirements to begin addressing phase-out and national surveys of HCFC.

- To sustain the present achievement and implementation of new and emerging requirements, the network concluded that the institutional strengthening projects have to be continued and funding needs to be increased to adequately address phase out requirements.

- There is a need for a regional policy for the standardization of skills and training for air-conditioning and refrigeration technicians to allow for cross-movement across the region.
National Ozone Officers would have further discussions with their respective ministries on building negotiation capacities and strategies to allow for improved representation within the Group of Latin America and the Caribbean (GRULAC).

Contact:
Artie Dubrie, Policy & Enforcement Officer, UNEP/ROLAC (Panama)


Ministerial Consultation and the Contact Group Meeting in
Belgrade, 23-26 March 2009

Ministerial Consultation and the Contact Group Meeting in Belgrade, 23-26 March 2009

The Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) of UNEP DTIE’s OzonAction Programme jointly with UNEP’s Regional Office for Europe and the Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning of the Republic of Serbia organised the ministerial consultation on HCFC policy measures and technology options which took place in Belgrade, Serbia, 23-24 March 2009. It was followed by a contact group meeting of Ozone Officers on the same subject on 24-26 March 2009.

It was attended by high-level Government representatives of 6 Balkan countries as well as Turkey and Georgia. The resource persons included representatives of the European Commission, Hungary, Ozone Secretariat, UNIDO, UNEP as well as the policy experts Janusz Kozakiewicz and Vic Buxton and the refrigeration expert Daniel Colborne. UNEP's Regional Director for Europe Christophe Bouvier chaired the high-level section and Hungary's representative Robert Toth the contact group meeting.

The objective of the meeting was to raise high-level awareness on the need of introducing appropriate policy measures to achieve the HCFC freeze in 2013 and the initial 10% reduction in 2015 in Article 5 countries. Opportunities to contribute to climate protection from Montreal Protocol implementation through appropriate policy setting and technology choices were also discussed. Perhaps the most important aspect of the meeting was the sharing of experience between countries which had already implemented some of the policy measures.

For the purpose of the meeting, a set of 20 fact sheets of policy measures was prepared and presented during the ministerial consultation. The contact group discussed these fact sheets in detail and assessed which countries had already implemented or are planning to implement selected policy measures. The appropriate timing depends in many cases on the countries' preferences but also on the phase-out provisions for HCFCs under the Montreal Protocol and in case of accession countries also on the possible date of accession and the policy measures in place in the European Community.

Through the HCFC Help Centre, the 20 fact sheets of policy measures will be made available toArticle 2 countries in other regions. Many of these countries need to adjust their policies and legislation in the coming years and it was recommended that countries should submit their draft legislation to the Ozone Secretariat and UNEP for review. Policy experts may be used to present the fact sheets during regional meetings or to review national draft legislation before approvel by the Government..

It is the second time, that the Regional Director Christophe Bouvier supports high-level activities of the ECA network. In 2007, he chaired the ECA side event event on environmental crime and climate benefits from ozone layer protection during the Environment for Europe conference in Belgrade, Serbia.

The meeting documents, recommendations, presentations and in particular the 20 fact sheets on HCFC policy measures are available from the ECA website
Contact:
Halvart Koeppen, Regional Officer (Paris)
halvart.koppen@unep.fr


India to Provide Support to Government of Iran on CFC MDI Phaseout - NOU Iran Visits India, March 09
Under south-south cooperation initiatives, Government of India agreed to provide support to Government of Iran on CFC MDI phaseout related technical information exchange associated with phaseout project implementation with assistance from Cipla, India, ODS trade matters including HCFC phaseout for better control and monitoring and inputs on India's plans for HPMP implementation.

Dr. Ebrahim Haji-zadeh, National Ozone Officer of Iran traveled to Iran during 14 and 18 March 2009. During this trip Dr. Haji-zadeh visited Copla Ltd in Goa, India and the National Ozone Cell of India.

Taking Cipla's current technical and managerial position into account, especially from the viewpoint of technology transfer, one may conclude that the company has made all its efforts to localize its MDI production technologies taking the best advantage of its domestic expertise and local technicians. The company has also been successful in its human resources development programmes through the whole process of technology transfer and trained its required technical staff. This way the company has succeeded to reduce the finished cost of its new MDI manufacturing technologies. In light of the above advantages and given the availability of human resources in the India, establishment of a Science and Technology Committee at local and/or regional levels by UNEP/ROAP is expected to help the Montreal Protocol Regime to make the best of potential resources of the region. Such a committee will be a good place to have the cooperation of all involved countries of the region towards a smooth transfer of technology in general and to ensure specifically the process of replacement of CFC-MDIs with HFA-MDIs, which can help to realize the concept of "Thinking Globally and Acting Locally".
Contact:
Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme - OzonAction - UNEP ROAP
bagai@un.org


Stakeholder Meeting, Kathmandu, Nepal- March 09Stakeholder Meeting, Kathmandu, Nepal- March 09
Consultative meeting with Stakeholders were held on 11 March 2009. During this meeting, UNEP with UNDP made detailed presentation on HPMP content and HPMP related data collection process. The following were the key points relating to HPMP that emerged from the consultations mentioned above.

" HCFC users primarily are in domestic air-conditioning, building air-conditioning and industrial air-conditioning applications. Apart from HCFC-22, one large hotel in Kathmandu is operating a HCFC-123 based building air-conditioning system.

" No HCFC use is reported in commercial applications, transport applications and use in reefer containers - these (as per participants in the meeting) equipment use HFC-134a. SM advised that while this may be true, this hypothesis needs to be confirmed during field survey.

" Equipment using HCFC alternatives are already in use in markets. They are mainly related to R-407c and R-410a. These equipments are imported mainly from Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, India and China. There is no reported use of HCFC blends.

" There are large number of international brands mainly from China, a few European countries, India, Japan, Malaysia and Thailand used in different applications in Nepal. They are sold either through sole dealerships or through retail channel.

" Porous border with India and China is likely to pose a challenge while assessing demand of HCFCs. There was a general feeling that the demand of HCFC is constrained by the Government order. Further, it is important to note that the Government released only 20 MT of HCFCs annually in the market in 2006 and 2007 against the limit of 23.04 MT specified in the order. As explained to the mission team, this was to ensure that "HCFC use in air-conditioning equipment imported into the country is accounted for". The reasoning provided appears to be due to internal Government consultations.

" Mr. Shakya (NREMA) informed that there is very limited use of HCFC based air-conditioning systems in buses and transport in Nepal. He also said that he is not aware of HCFC use in containers servicing in Nepal. He also expressed general pressure in the market on availability of HCFCs.

The summaries of main conclusions have been compiled and given to UNEP for being addressed as a part of HPMP of Nepal. For awareness and publicity, as immediate measures, NREMA agreed to communicate accelerated HCFC phaseout schedule and HPMP preparation related initiatives to all their members and other non-members through field contacts. For this they would use their sub-regional offices in Nepal and also include it in their website. The National Ozone Officer of Nepal also agreed to outreach accelerated HCFC phaseout and HPMP preparation initiatives through FM radio (which would have a good outreach in Nepal). NREMA's website is http://www.nerema.org.np/

Contact:
Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme - OzonAction - UNEP ROAP
bagai@un.org


1st MDI Stakeholder Awareness Workshop, Tehran, Iran- March 09
The 1st MDI stakeholder awareness workshop was organised on 8th March in Teheran. This workshop was organised as part of the UNEP non investment component of the MDI transition strategy. The workshop was opened by the Vice Minister of Department of Environment (DoE) with the key note address by Director General of the Department of Drugs and narcotics. The workshop was very well attended by about 45 participants from Association of General Practioners, Association of Lung Diseases, provincial heads of Drug Department and medical sciences universities, Department of Drugs and Narcotics, Importers of MDIs and gases, MDI manufacturer, Sina Dorou, Institute of Standard and Industrial Research, Customs Department, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Oil, UNIDO, UNDP, GTZ, National Asthma Council, Australia, CFC MDI valve manufacturers (Bespak of UK), Pamasol (MDI technology providers).

Mr. Atul Bagai made an opening statement on behalf of UNEP and a presentation on "CFC MDI phase out- Regional Situation in the context of Montreal Protocol Implementation." Under the north-south cooperation framework, UNEP had invited Ms. Kristine Whorlow, a MTOC member and CEO of National Asthma Council, Australia to be the main resource person for the workshop. Ms. Whorlow participated in this workshop and shared her experiences/ views on importance awareness and education on adoption of CFC free alternatives in a fast track manner.

The Director General of Drugs and Narcotics gave a very impressive key note address where he highlighted the problems Iran will be facing in their MDI phase out. He highlighted an important point that insurance companies should be asked to cover the non CFC MDIs also as they tend not to cover expensive medicines. He also promised fast track registration process for HFA based MDIs in 2009 to ease the transition.
The Iran Lung Association made an excellent presentation. They could be very good partners for UNEP's non investment project. Equally good was the presentation of Bespak. Bespak informed of a very practical solution USA has found out for the high pricing of HFA based MDIs. The pharma companies have introduced a 60 dose pack costing USd9 instead of the earlier version of 200 dose packs costing USD 27. This makes the drug affordable as the outflow of money by the patient is spread over a longer period of time. It will be useful to inform the manufacturing industry of the five countries in the network to explore such mechanisms. Dose counters have also been introduced (as per NDA recommendation) which lets patients know how much dosage is left in the MDI. EU will be following suit. This can also be informed to the A5 countries manufacturers.
Contact:
Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme - OzonAction - UNEP ROAP
bagai@un.org


MDI Workshop, Karachi, Pakistan, March 09
Mr. Shaofeng Hu participated in the one day MDI workshop organized by the Ozone Cell, Ministry of Enviroment. There are about 40-50 participants from the line ministries, as well as the doctors, manufacturers, and the patients associations. The Secretary of the Ministry of Environment presented the opening session of the meeting, made his key note speech, and received the interview of the local TV station. The joint Secretary and the Project Manager of the Ozone Cell participated in the whole day meeting, and joined the group discussion in the afternoon. UNEP resource person from Australia, as well as UNDP colleagues also participated in this meeting.

The meeting briefed the participants of the MDI issue at the global, regional and country level, and shared experience of the other countries for the smooth transfer from CFC MDI to non-CFC MDI. It also initiated the dialogue on policy intervention, as well as required awarness campaign through public-private partnership. The group discussions were very usful and some good recommendation for the MDI control, CFCs import/use monitoring and reporting under the EUN framework, and how to organize the awareness/education programme. Mr. Hu along with UNDP also visited Pakistan Phaciatetical Industry Association and had meeting with its executive members concerning the phaseout of CFC MDI and support would be required from the Association. The assoation also raised issue how to help the one company who is not qualified to transfer its production smoothly.

Before the meeting, Mr. Hu also met UNEP consultant for the HPMP development in Pakistan and discussed the following issues: The national ozone officer also participated some of the discussion.
- The data required from the refrigeration-servicing sector for the HPMP preparation, i.e the refrigeration servicing sector structure, as well as the installed HCFC based equipment by type and year; therefore the aggregated HCFC consumption in the servicing sector could be worked out.
- The survey approach in the refrigeration-servicing sector, i.e. combination of the questionnaire for the servicing workshop, end-users, importer/manufacturers, and sample survey in the selected areas. The main point is that the survey approach should be justifiable, convincible, and reliable.
- Illegal trade from the tribe area, A7 data discrepancy as indicated by the Ozone Secretariat.
- Licensing system for the HCFC import control as part of the HPMP preparation activities. The NOU indicated that HCFC import has been monitored in the past few years, and it is planned to put it under the licensing system from the 1 January 2010.
- Installation, servicing practices in Pakistan especially for the room air conditioner;
- Technical options for the reduce of HCFC consumption in the refrigeration servicing sectors, and how to consider climate benefit;
- Possible non-investment activities under HPMP. It is recognized that at this stage, no any specific activities could be proposed, but as a first step, the traditional activities under RMP need to be analyzed to justify whether such activities should be continued.
- The survey questionnaires: A set of sample questionnaires was provided to the consultant for reference when finalizing the same for Pakistan.

Based on the discussion, the consultant would provide a detail work plan for the survey in the refrigeration-servicing sector.
Contact
:
Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme - OzonAction - UNEP ROAP
bagai@un.org

Protection of Ozone Layer Campaign Launched (Mauritius)
GIS - Mar 10, 2009: A National Environment Literacy Programme (NELP) is at the preparation stage at the Ministry of Environment and National Development Unit, announced Minister Lormus Bundhoo yesterday at the launching of the Ozone layer campaign for Std VI students at Bel Air State Secondary School.
In his speech, the Minister pointed out that the aim of the NELP is to sensitize and empower individuals from all walks of life, especially students at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels, about their responsibility within their immediate and global environment. It is an operational framework within a systems approach which aims to capture and add value to existing and future initiatives, he said.
Minister Bundhoo recalled that the objective of the Ozone layer sensitization campaign is to foster new values, attitudes and ethical awareness in young children of Mauritius and Rodrigues as regards the protection of the environment so that they are able to rethink and change patterns of action and secure healthy, just and sustainable futures for all.
On this occasion, the fourth issue of the 'Ozzy Ozone - Defender of our Planet' cartoon booklet entitled 'Ozzy Goes Island Hopping' was distributed to Std VI students. The booklet is developed by the United Nations Environment Programme under the Ozonaction Programme of the Montreal Protocol. The awareness material will enrich students' knowledge on the importance of the ozone layer and its links to climate change.
For his part, the Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Education, Culture and Human Resources, Mr Ramlugun, emphasized the fact that young children need to be targeted so that they grow up into responsible citizens who are aware of the value of conservation and of the need to adopt ways of living which are eco-friendly.
The Ministry of Environment and National Development Unit handed over two sets of hydrocarbon equipments to the Industrial and Vocational Training Board and the Institut Supérieur de Technologie. The Ministry is promoting the use of hydrocarbon refrigerants in domestic refrigeration appliances as they are ozone and climate friendly unlike chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) which deplete the ozone layer.
Government Information Service, Prime Minister's Office, Level 6, New Government Centre, Port Louis, Mauritius. Email: infserv@intnet.mu
SOURCE: Government of Mauritius, 10 March 2009, Click here to read the article
Related article in French from Le Mauricien at: http://lemauricien.com/mauricien/090310/so.htm#6


First ever consultation of ozone and climate focal points for preparation of national HPMPsFirst Ever Consultation of Ozone and Climate Focal Points for Preparation of National HPMPs
Ozone and climate focal points from 10 African countries met in Nairobi on 18 February 2009 to launch joint preparation of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon Phase-out Management Plans (HPMPs). These countries were: Burkina Faso, DR Congo, Egypt, Madagascar, Mali, Malawi, Senegal, Togo, Uganda, Zambia.
A one-day seminar was organised by UNEP OzonAction and the World Bank to encourage such cooperation, get maximum climate benefit from implementation of HPMPs, promote energy efficient of appliances and equipment using alternatives to HCFCs and avail supplementary finances to derive climate benefits.
The climate benefits are already evident from phase-out of CFCs achieved so far. CFCs are also Greenhouse Gases with their Global Warming Potential (GWP) of nearly 3000 to 7000 times more than CO2. The climate benefit of the HCFC phase-out is also potentially huge. The GWP of HCFCs is about 2000 times more than that of CO2. For example, if avoided - consumption of HCFC under the new Montreal Protocol phase-out schedule for developing countries is replaced by low GWP alternatives, - and the total climate benefits from this accelerated HCFC phase-out excluding impacts from improved or inferior energy efficiency performance could be as high as 30.5 Gt of CO2 equivalent.
"African countries are lagging behind in getting international assistance in climate change. The unique opportunity to collaborate on ozone protection and mitigation of climate change for African countries would give rich dividends", said Mr Mounkaila Goumandakaye, UNEP's Regional Director, of the Regional Office of Africa. While closing the workshop, Mr Salifou Sawadogo, Minister of Environment of Burkina Faso, said "African countries should quickly develop projects to benefit from carbon finances including Climate Development Mechanism and voluntary carbon markets while implementing HPMPs.
Such projects would provide economic as well as environmental benefits."First ever consultation of ozone and climate focal points for preparation of national HPMPs
The workshop included a presentation by Rajendra Shende, Head,OzonAction, UNEP DTIE, and Steve Gorman, GEF Executive Coordinator and Team Leader POPs/MP Operations, The World Bank, Yamar Guissé of CAP ROA and Viraj Vithoontien of WB.
27 February 2009| UNEP DTIE OzonAction

The United States Environmental Protection Agency Recognizes Velders, Andersen, Daniel, Fahey & McFarland For Research Excellence
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced that Dr. Stephen O. Andersen (EPA Climate Protection Partnerships Division) along with coauthors Drs. Guus J.M. Velders (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency), John S. Daniel and David W. Fahey (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and Mack McFarland (DuPont Fluoroproducts) has earned its prestigious Level II Scientific and Technological Achievement Award for notably excellent research in support of environmental protection.

The scientists were recognized for their landmark paper: "The Importance of the Montreal Protocol in Protecting Climate," which was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(12):4814-4819 (2007). This paper also earned the 2007 United Nations Environment Programme Award for the "Best New Paper on a Montreal Protocol Related Topic: Science Category."

In the paper, the research team synthesized stratospheric ozone and climate science to show that past actions under the Montreal Protocol had dramatically protected climate by leading to reduced atmospheric amounts of ozone-depleting substances, compounds which are also greenhouse gases that warm climate. In addition, the team outlined what actions could further protect climate. These findings inspired the Parties to the Protocol in 2007 to accelerate the phaseout of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), in 2008 to encourage collection and destruction of unwanted ozone-depleting substances, and in 2009 to consider a phase-down of the hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that are greenhouse gas alternatives to ozone-depleting substances.

Dr. Andersen is co-chair of the Montreal Protocol Technology and Economic Assessment Panel and Drs. Velders, Daniel, Fahey and McFarland are members of the Montreal Protocol Scientific Assessment Panel.

"The science policy presented in the Velders paper energized diplomats and citizens to take action on climate outside of the Kyoto Protocol," said Dr. Mario Molina, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. "Parties to the Montreal Protocol have taken another step in sustaining the Earth."

"The Montreal Protocol community is proud that policy to protect the stratospheric ozone layer is based on the best available scientific knowledge," said Marco Gonzalez, Head of the Ozone Secretariat. "People of the Earth owe these dedicated scientists a debt of gratitude for helping to make the environment safe for future generations."

"This is policy-relevant research at its finest," said Durwood Zaelke, Director of the International Network for Environmental Compliance & Enforcement (INECE). "In one elegant paper diplomats were able to see for the first time that the Montreal Protocol had already pulled the climate back from catastrophe and that further efforts to protect the ozone layer would also protect the climate even more."

The Scientific and Technological Achievement Award is an agency-wide competition sponsored by the Office of Research and Development that recognizes outstanding scientific and technological papers published by EPA employees. Each year since 1980, EPA scientists and engineers have submitted their publications to be evaluated by a panel convened by EPA's Science Advisory Board who recommend Awards for final decision by EPA. The award inspires EPA scientists to publish in peer reviewed literature to improve the credibility of the science underpinning Agency decisions.
For further information, please contact:
Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, Co-Chair UNEP TEAP andersen.stephen@epa.gov
Dr. Guus J.M. Velders, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, guus.velders@pbl.nl
To learn more about The EPA’s Science and Technological Achievement Awards (STAA), Please visit : http://es.epa.gov/ncer/staa/about_staa.html
26 February 2009
A Way Forward with Ozzy Ozone Campaign

The UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch - Paris, organised a two-day Consultative Workshop
(19 & 20 February) on questions related to the development of a guide on Interlinkages between ozone depletion and climate change and an Implementation manual for the Ozzy Ozone Campaign.
A Way Forward with Ozzy Ozone Campaign More than 15 participants from different organizations and sectors including representatives from National Ozone Units, NGOs, Private Sector, UNEP and UNESCO attended the workshop and shared their experiences in raising awareness on either ozone issues or climate change.
The group divided into working groups came up with suggestions for the development of respective guides, and brainstormed on innovative ideas for implementing Ozzy Ozone Campaign from the national perspective and the best practices to disseminate the Ozzy Ozone materials to the countries including cartoon books, videos, radio spots and education packs. They also agreed to draw common work plan for a wider dissemination through respective networks.
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch has received the mandate under the Multilateral Fund to develop information and awareness materials for developing countries around the globe to make them aware of ozone layer depletion, ways to help with its recovery and preventive measures they should take in order to avoid adverse health effects on their bodies due to high UV radiation.
As per the UNEP's Business Plan for the years 2008-2010, the OzonAction Branch has developed an Education Strategy to ensure the involvement and participation of major stakeholders including children, youth from developing and developed countries to understand the linkages between ozone depletion and climate change and ensure sustainable compliance of the Montreal Protocol through environmental education.A Way Forward with Ozzy Ozone Campaign Participants also discussed the main messages to include in the simplified guide on Interlinkages between ozone depletion and climate change such as the audiences to reach, key messages and barriers for people to better understand these issues.
Both guides are being developed in line with OzonAction Mandate and Business plan. The guides will be ready by the first half of the month May and will be disseminated worldwide by the OzonAction Information Team.
View related photos
Ozzy Ozone Website
20 February 2009| UNEP DTIE OzonAction
VACCINE COOLER POWERED BY NATURE - UNEP ED hands over keys to Kenyan Minister
SolarChill ceremony, KenyaAchim Steiner, Under Secretary General of United Nations & Executive Director of UNEP, presented a SolarChill vaccine cooler to the Minister of Medical Services of Government of Kenya, Hon. Prof. Peter Anyang Nyong'o on the closing day of the 25th Governing Council of UNEP in Nairobi, Kenya - 20 February 2009.

The handing over ceremony consisted of cutting the ribbon and handing over the SolarChill key to the Minister; both the key holder and the platter were made of the recycled material by a women's group in Nairobi.

Hon. Prof. Peter Anyang Nyong'o and Hon. Salifou Sawadogo, Minister of Environment, Burkina Faso along with many other participants took great interest in the Partnership and the product and spent time to get to know the product.

The SolarChill achieved the required temperature range of 2-8 degree Celsius within 24 hours after installation under ambient temperature of about 27 degree Celsius. The ice packs in the SolarChill were frozen within 72 hours. The SolarChill exhibition attracted many delegates who for the first time had the opportunity to view a climate and ozone friendly vaccine cooler that is powered by solar energy. The delegates' approach to the new technology was quite good and majority of them requested for similar exhibitions to their institutions worldwide.

The SolarChill vaccine refrigerator stores vaccines safely by operating independently of electricity using solar power. It ensures that vaccine is safely stored within the required temperature range of 2°C to 8°C for up to three days without direct sunlight. SolarChill meets the World Health Organization's performance, quality, and safety (PQS) specifications for a moderate climate (where average temperature is 27°C)

SolarChill stores energy in "ice batteries" by using solar power to cool water into ice using a direct current compressor. The ice then cools the refrigerator compartment by convection. This simplifies the process of storing energy by eliminating the need for lead batteries, which degrades the environment due to problems associated with lead disposal adds weight, have a limited life, and require periodic replacement and adds to the cost. The direct current compressor eliminates the need for an inverter and the surge at start up associated with a traditional A/C compressor, thus allowing the SolarChill refrigerator to operate when the incident solar radiation is minimal, such as at night, early morning, late evening, or in overcast conditions. The refrigerant and insulating foam in the walls of the SolarChill are ozone and climate friendly (uses hydrocarbon).

The SolarChill system is thus super environment friendly and is composed of a SolarChill refrigerator, Solar panels, installation equipment for the solar panels, and wires from the solar panels to the SolarChill. The estimated cost of the SolarChill system is below USD$2,000.

The SolarChill partners are a consortium of UN agencies, NGOs, research institutions and bilateral agencies with a common intersecting interest in improving human health and the environment in developing countries: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Greenpeace International, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organisation (WHO), GTZ Proklima, Programmes for Appropriate Technologies in Health (PATH) and the Danish Technological Institute (DTI).

SolarChill is a product of powerful partnership working for people. The technology is in the public domain and parallel to any qualified entrepreneur to promote 'Green Big New Deal.'
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More on SolarChill
24 February 2009| UNEP DTIE OzonAction

Workshop on Preparation of Ozone Regulations, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar- February 09Mr. Rajendra Shende (UNEP DTIE OzonAction) made the opening statements
From 4-5 February 2009, about 40 participants from Ministry of Forestry, Office of the Attorney General, Ministry of Commerce and other related ministries in Myanmar attended the Workshop on Preparation of Ozone Regulations in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Mr. U Sann Lwin (NCEA), Dr. Husamuddin (SEPA-Sweden) and Mr. Rajendra Shende (UNEP DTIE OzonAction) made the opening statements. Presentations were made by UNEP on the Montreal Protocol and Policy Options. NCEA presented Myanmar implementation of the Montreal Protocol and draft licensing system. Following the workshop, UNEP reviewed the draft regulation with the Myanmar consultant in view of the comments made during the workshop.
An action plan was formulated by NCEA with input from the workshop, UNEP and UNIDO.
The action plan includes the following activities: Workshop on Preparation of Ozone Regulations, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar- February 09
a. Ratification of remaining amendments of the Montreal Protocol
b. Establish ODS regulation
c. Expedite the Implementation of Institutional Strengthening project (Phase I)
d. Customs Train-the-Trainers
e. Organization of Sub-regional Ozone Day
f. Request for preparation of HPMP
g. Participation in informal Prior Informed Consent

Contact:
Atul Bagai, Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia Network
Compliance Assistance Programme - OzonAction - UNEP ROAP
bagai@un.org

Myanmar promises a change: first ever high level meeting on Montreal Protocol

Myanmar Promises a Change: First Ever High Level Meeting on Montreal Protocol
5 F
ebruary 2009, Nay Pyi Taw- Dr Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Senior Dr Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Senior Adviser, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and Chairman of Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol, along with UNEP and UNIDO representatives, visited Myanmar to encourage continued commitment towards compliance and to alert on risk of non-compliance in future, and to advise the Minister of Forestry to accelerate the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. Sweden has financially and technically supported regional network of National Ozone Units in South East Asia and Pacific for the last 16 years. Myanmar is one of the members of the network. Mr. Ahmadzai met with Brigadier General Thein Aung, Minister of Forestry and Director General Sann Lwin, Secretary, National Commission for Environmental Affairs (NCEA) in Nay Pyi Taw, the new capital of Union of Myanmar, situated about 300 km from Yangon.
The meeting took place in the Ministry of Forestry. Dr Ahmadzai was accompanied by Mr. Rajendra Shende, Head of OzonAction, Mr. Sidi Menad Si Ahmed, Director MEA Branch, UNIDO as well as Mr. Thanavat Junchaya and Ms Lud Coppens from CAP team of OzonAction.Brig-Gen Thein Aung, Dr Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Mr Thanavat Junchaya, Mr Rajendra Shende

Brig-Gen Thein Aung promised to take early steps to set up a licensing system and ratify the remaining amendments of the Montreal Protocol (Copenhagen, Beijing and Montreal). He agreed to take steps to fast develop HPMP (HCFC phase-out management plan and accepted UNEP's suggestions to hold a sub-regional celebration on International Day for the preservation of the Ozone Layer on 16 September 2009. High-level delegations from India, China, Bangladesh, Lao and Thailand will be invited by the Minister along with Implementing Agencies. On 4 February 2009, a one-day workshop on policy and regulations was held in the Forest Research Institute in which more than 40 participants from various ministries took part. Dr San Win, the Director of NCEA facilitated the workshop in which detailed draft regulations were presented and discussed. The first ever-high level meeting in Union of Myanmar had a positive impact on expediting the implementation of key priority policies.
During the meeting with Brig-Gen Thein Aung, Dr Ahmadzai announced the offer of Sweden Government to train about 10 government representatives from Myanmar on environmental governance, to be fully funded by the government of Sweden, outside the Multilateral Fund. "Such training would strengthen Myanmar's commitment towards compliance with the Montreal Protocol and also getting climate benefits" said Dr Ahmadzai.
10 February 2009 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction
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UNEP- ABU Production Award
The ABU-MAE Production Awards Programme provides awards to help motivate and underwrite the development and production of local television and radio programming on Ozone Layer Protection and related issues in Asia-Pacific.
The ozone layer production contest is open to media professionals holding citizenship from countries in the Asia and Pacific region.
Submission deadline: 27 February 2009.
Read more...
3 February 2009 | UNEP

Rajendra Shende, UNEP DTIE (left) presenting the WCO Secretary General Mr Kunio Mikuryia with the UNEP Ozone Depleting Substances Customs Training Manual and the Green Customs GuideEnvironmental issues : the focus of International Customs Day celebrations
“Customs and the Environment: Protecting our Natural Heritage” was the theme for 26th January 2009 International Customs Day. The day was marked by celebrations organised at the World Customs Organization (WCO) HQ in Brussels, Belgium, as well as those organised by customs administrations around the world. The highlights of the Brussels event included speeches by the WCO Secretary General Mr Kunio Mikuryia, and other distinguished guests, an exhibition by Belgium Customs of seizures of endangered species, a demonstration by German Customs of the use of sniffer dogs in identifying smuggling of such items.
The event highlighted the growing problem of environmental crime and illegal trade in environmentally sensitive items and recognised the important role that customs officers play in the worldwide effort to combat this issue. Mr Mikuryia outlined the measures developed by the WCO to ensure that cross-border movement of environmentally sensitive goods complies with the relevant international agreements, and facilitation of communication between customs authorities and other competent authorities to enforce trade controls. Some specific examples of cooperation were described, including a number of joint WCO- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) activities.
UNEP DTIE OzonAction used the occasion to launch the second edition of the Training Manual for Customs Officers: Saving the Ozone Layer - Phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries – which it prepared to assist customs authorities in developing countries to ensure compliance with the Montreal Protocol. Please see information note. A copy of this manual and the recently completed Green Customs Guide to Multilateral Environmental Agreements was presented to Mr Mikuryia by Rajendra Shende of UNEP DTIE.
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Opening address by Kunio Mikuriya, WCO Secretary General
26 January 2009 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction

The 2012 London Olympic Games
The 2012 Olympic Games in London are over three years(approx. 1288 days) away but specifications for anyone servicing the huge undertaking have now been released.
The first online edition of the Olympics Sustainable Sourcing Code has been issued. The Code outlines the Olympic Games approach to sustainable sourcing, (i.e.the procurement of products and services withenvironmental, social and ethical responsibility). The Code states, “chilling or cooling equipment containing substances with a global warming potential of 150 or more in composition should be avoided”. This includes products like HFC 134a, HCFC 22, etc.
Read more...
15 January 2009 | London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games
Military Enlisted to Combat Climate Change and Ozone Layer Damage
The military is being deployed to help save the ozone layer and to fight global warming under a unique partnership between the United Nations, national governments and several armed forces it was announced today.
Read more...
20 November 2008 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction

First Ozone and Pollution Monitoring Ground Station for West Asia - Qatar to Also Partner with UN Environment on Research Centre for Ozone and Climate-Friendly Technologies
An advanced cutting-edge monitoring station, able to gather crucial data on pollution linked with damage to the Earth's ozone layer is to be established in the Gulf state of Qatar it was announced today. Also announced were plans to establish a global centre of excellence for research and development of ozone and climate friendly technology, equipment and appliances.
Read more...
19 November 2008 | UNEP

Special International IssueOzone protection, Climate change and Energy efficiency: Montreal -Kyoto
The second special international issue of the magazine "Industria & Formazione" featuring articles written by internationally-renown experts in industry, government, and research institutes. This issue focuses on alternatives to HCFCs, including both natural and fluorinated refrigerants. This magazine, which was launched at the 20th Meeting of the Parties in Doha, was produced by the Centro Studi Galileo in cooperation with UNEP's OzonAction Programme, the International Institute of Refrigeration, and the Associazione dei Tecnici del Freddo, under the auspices of the Italian Ministry of the Environment.
18 November 2008 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction

Montreal Protocol Who's Who


UNEP DTIE 's OzonAction launches Montreal Protocol Who's Who
At the opening of the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol, Doha, Qatar, UNEP DTIE 's OzonAction unveiled “The Montreal Protocol Who’s Who’’ a new web portal intended to honor the visionaries, innovators and implementers who are making the Montreal Protocol a global environmental success story.
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Acess MP Who's Who
16 November 2008 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction

QatarPaper to be in 'Short Supply' at International Ozone Gathering
Delegates in Doha, Qatar, attending the 20th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and the 8th Conference of the Parties to the Vienna Convention on the protection of the ozone layer, are being issued with laptops and given lessons on how to minimize paper in terms of documents, reports and publications.
Read more...
16 November 2008 | UNEP

HCFC Phase out: Convenient Opportunity HCFC Phase out: Convenient Opportunity
to Safeguard the Ozone Layer and Climate
A Special Issue dedicated to HCFCs published by UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme and financially supported by the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund.
A |C |E | F | R | S
October 2008 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction

Dr. Stephen O. AndersenCongratulations to TEAP Co-Chair Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, who was awarded the prestigious 2008 Service to America Career Achievement Medal on September 16 for helping organize and strengthen the Montreal Protocol signed on that day 21 years earlier. The award recognizes Dr. Andersen's contributions from his first climate and ozone assessment in 1974 (impacts of super-sonic transport on agriculture) to his 2007 collaboration with scientists showing how the Montreal Protocol has and can protect Earth's climate. >>>

NEW PUBLICATION: OzonAction Education Pack for Secondary SchoolsOzonAction Education Pack for Secondary Schools - This Education Pack (Teacher's Book and Student's Book) was developed by UNEP OzonAction Programme under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol with partners UNESCO, WHO and UNICEF. The kit aims at raising awareness and encouraging the active participation of young people in the debate on ozone depletion.
Learn more...
Read the Related Press release ...
16 September 2008 | UNEP OzonAction

Success in limiting ozone-depleting substances is also helping to mitigate climate change
Millennium Development Goals Report 2008The Montreal Protocol has resulted in the phasing out of over 96 per cent of all ozone-depleting substances (ODSs). This quantitative success in the protection of the ozone layer has also achieved important climate benefits because many ozone depleting substances controlled under the Protocol are also potent greenhouse gases. It is estimated that, without the worldwide effort to protect the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect of global ODS emissions would have equalled carbon dioxide emissions, currently the greenhouse gas contributing most significantly to climate change.
In September 2007, the 20th anniversary of the Montreal Protocol,
governments acknowledged the dual benefit to both ozone protection and climate change by agreeing to advance by up to 10 years the final phaseout date for hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), currently the most widely used ozone-depleting substance. They also agreed to provide sufficient and stable funding to developing countries to achieve the accelerated phase out.... Quote from the UN
Millennium Development Goals Report 2008 (see pages 3, 4 and 37)
September 2008 | United Nations

Message by the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone LayerMessage by the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
Market turmoil, economic downturns and talk of recession have historically spelt tough times for the environment. At such moments, safeguarding the planet has often been seen as a luxury, and as a burden on economic recovery and development. But the remarkable story of the ozone layer, whose preservation we celebrate today, shows such thinking for what it is: mere myth.
8 September 2008| United Nations
Read more... a|c|e|f|r|s
Beijing OlympicsUNEP OzonAction and 'Green Olympics'

We would like to convey to you an important message regarding the 'Green Olympics' held in Beijing.

As part of UNEP's over-arching collaboration with Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG), the OzonAction Programme of DTIE assisted BOCOG to ensure "ozone-friendly Olympics", in consultation with Sports and Environmental Programme of DCPI.

This assistance has produced extraordinary results.

Assistance provided until now:
- Providing Ozone- and climate-friendly procurement guidelines
- Advice on alternatives to CFCs, Halons and HCFCs
- Suggestion on Ozone- and climate-friendly transportation fleets
- Guidance on monitoring of energy use of ODS-free equipment
- Developing UNEP's existing partnership on 'Refrigerants Naturally' with multinationals like Coca-Cola and McDonalds.

Implementation:
The above activities were implemented by BOCOG with great care and enthusiasm. There was regular interaction and monitoring with UNEP OzonAction through review meetings. The Regional Office of Asia and the Pacific and its Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) team also engaged in these consultations.

Results achieved:
- All Beijing Olympics facilities such as the sports stadiums, athletics village and facility offices of BOCOG are fully "ozone-friendly", i.e. ozone depleting substances such as CFCs, and halons are not utilized. As you know, for developing countries like China, the phase-out date for CFCs and Halons is 1st January 2010.
- BOCOG also succeeded in avoiding the use of HCFCs in air conditioning facilities. This achievement is extremely noteworthy because the phase-out of HCFCs in developing countries is targeted under the Montreal Protocol in 2030.

This means that BOCOG has demonstrated the successful phase-out of CFCs one and a half years in advance and HCFC phase-out 22 years in advance.

Conclusion
In brief, the collaboration between UNEP and BOCOG in making the Beijing Olympics ozone-friendly has produced extraordinary results. For the first time in the history of modern Olympics the use of HCFCs was avoided.

Click on the following to view:
Brochure of BOCOG to outreach the ozone-friendly nature of Beijing Olympics
Rajendra Shende reviewing the ' ozone friendly' facility that included solar air conditioning and air conditioning without the refrigerants.
2 September 2008| UNEP OzonAction

Consultative Meeting on Essential Use Nominations (EUNs) for CFCs for MDI Manufacturing in Article 5 Countries Beyond 2009 (Bangkok, Thailand, 6 July 2008)
The full proceedings of a consultative meeting organized by the UNEP OzonAction Programme in July 2008 to assist Article 5 countries in addressing their CFC needs post 2010 through EUN or equivalent procedures approved by Meeting of Parties.
30 July 2008| UNEP OzonAction
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28th OEWG
Report of the twenty-eighth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol - Advance Copy (E)
20 July 2008| UNEP Ozone Secretariat
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The Montreal Protocol in the Declaration of Leaders Meeting of Major Economies on Energy Security and Climate Change, Hokkaido Toyako Summit, 9 July 2008
The meeting, held alongside the G8 Summit, was part of a process initiated by the US Government in 2007. In Japan, the leaders of the G8 countries plus leaders from Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, South Africa and the EU agreed on a political declaration of major economies, which focused on climate change and energy issues... and declared: ...
10. To enable the full, effective, and sustained implementation of the Convention between now and 2012, we will: Continue to promote actions under the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer for the benefit of the global climate system; " ...
9 July 2008| MoFA, Secretariat for the G8 Summit, Japan
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Tata Young Tata Young launches 'Ozzy Goes Island Hopping'
Tata Young, Thailand's top international recording artist today launched the cartoon booklet 'Ozzy Goes Island Hopping' at the Twenty-eighth meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in Bangkok,Thailand, 7–11 July 2008.
7 July 2008| UNEP
view video...
Ozzy and Zoe Ozone invite the World's Children to Take Action
on Ozone and Climate Change

Ozzy Ozone is the UNEP's flagship campaign for children regarding stratosphere ozone protection initiated as part of our organization's mandate as an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
7 July 2008| UNEP
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Zayed Award: Winners Announced (4th Cycle 2005-2007)
9 June 2008| Zayed International Prize for the Environment Foundation, UAE
H.H. Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai presented the world's most prestigious environment award, the Zayed International Prize for the Environment carrying a total prize money of US$ 1 million in Dubai yesterday [9 June 2008]
Among the 4th Cycle 2005-2007 winners: Prof. V. Ramanathan is among the most distinguished climatologists in the world. He identified the famous chlorofluorocarbons, stratospheric ozone and other pollutants as significant factors in the anthropogenic greenhouse effect (manmade factors leading to global warming). He also demonstrated the positive amplifying effect of water vapor absorption on global warming, the global cooling effects of clouds on climate. More recently, he made significant contributions to the discovery of the widespread Atmospheric Brown Clouds (ABC) phenomenon. He showed that soot in the clouds led to a reduction in the solar radiation at the ocean surface, heating of the atmosphere and regional climate changed in South Asia. He is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, The Academy of Sciences for Developing Countries (TWAS), and the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. For his outstanding contribution to the environment, he received the Rosby Award and the Volvo Prize. The Jury decided that their achievements were worth the Zayed Prize.

The Zayed International Prize for the Environment Foundation is one of the major contributions of the United Arab Emirates and probably one of the most important contributions towards achieving environmental sustainability at the regional and global levels. This Foundation has dedicated substantial financial and moral rewards for pioneering and outstanding achievements in favor of environmental integrity and sustainable development. In addition, it organizes and hosts very important local, regional and international activities and events that raise environmental awareness, encourage public participation and provide scientific mitigations and prevention mechanisms for Environmental problems.
To recognize and promote major pioneering contributions in the field of environment and sustainable development, in accordance with the development philosophy and vision of the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, and in support of global initiatives such as the Agenda 21, the Millennium Development Goals, and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation for Sustainable Development.
The Zayed International Prize for the Environment, being open to both individuals and organizations, is presented every two years in three categories:The first prize is worth US$ 500,000, the second US$ 300,000 and the third worth US$ 200,000. Each winner of the Zayed Prize in any category receives a Zayed Prize Trophy and a Zayed Prize Diploma, in addition to the financial award.
Learn more at: http://www.zayedprize.org.ae/zayedprize/index.aspx

US EPA 2008 Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards.
Note from OzonAction Editors: The story that follows is the official press release from the U.S. EPA announcing 2008 winners of the Stratospheric Ozone and Climate Protection Awards. You may be amazed to see how the awards recognize the importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate and how many members of our ozone community earned climate protection awards. Marco Gonzalez earned the Climate Protection Award for helping make the Montreal Protocol a Climate Protection Treaty. For accelerating the HCFC phaseout with obligations for climate protection, Durwood Zaelke and Scott Stone earned both Ozone and Climate Awards; Romina Picolotti earned a Climate Protection Award; and Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Maas Goote, Ana Maria Kleymeyer, and Sateeaved Seebaluck, Wurui Wen, and Mengheng Zhang earned Stratospheric Protection Awards. Dr. David Fahey earned one Ozone Award as an individual and another as a member of the science team that also included winners Drs. Stephen O. Andersen, John S. Daniel, Mack McFarland, and Guus J.M. Velders. IPCC's Chairman Dr. Rajendra Pachauri earned a Climate Award for Lifetime Achievement in Energy Efficiency and Climate Protection.

OzonAction is particularly proud of UNEP winners James Curlin, and Marco Gonzalez; National Ozone Officers Dr. Arumugam Duraisamy, Mazen Hussein, and Dr. W.L. Sumathipala and the National Ozone Units from Bahrain, Fiji, and Kuwait.

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Washington, D.C. - May 19, 2008 - EPA today honored 39 individuals, organizations and companies from around the world for their outstanding efforts to protect the Earth's climate and stratospheric ozone layer. The award recipients have demonstrated ingenuity and leadership by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, negotiating international agreements to protect the ozone layer and climate, and spreading awareness about the importance of these issues.

"Efforts to help restore the ozone layer and fight climate change will benefit the planet for generations to come," said Bob Meyers, principal deputy assistant administrator for EPA's Office of Air & Radiation. "We commend the 2008 Climate and Ozone Layer Protection Award winners for their work to protect our environment."

The 2008 Climate Protection Award winners have contributed greatly to scientific understanding of climate change and its impacts on human health and the environment. They have also generated on-site wind and solar power, increased energy efficiency, introduced new technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from mining, and slashed the use of potent greenhouse gases.

The 2008 Stratospheric Ozone Layer Protection Award winners have strengthened the international Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The Protocol now calls for a faster phase-out of ozone depleting substances called HCFCs, which are also potent greenhouse gases. The winners are also responsible for the eliminating ozone-depleting substances in medical, agricultural, aviation, and shipping applications where alternatives are difficult to implement.

The 10th annual Climate and Ozone Layer Protection Awards were presented today at the Kennedy Center in Washington, DC. Since the annual Ozone Layer Protection Awards began in 1990, EPA has honored 533 recipients from 46 different countries. EPA began the Climate Protection Awards in 1998 and has so far recognized 154 recipients from 18 countries for outstanding efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

2008 Climate Protection Award Winners:
Advanced Micro Devices, Sunnydale, Calif.
Austin Energy, Austin, Texas
City of Albuquerque, N.M.
Climate Protection Team of Mr. Durwood Zaelke & Mr. Scott Stone, Washington, DC
Ms. Gay Browne, Montecito, Calif.
Mr. John Morrill, Arlington, Va.
Mr. Kenneth Davis, Warren Air Force Base, Wyo.
Ms. Laura Miller, Dallas
Ms. Laurie David, Pacific Palisades, Calif.
Life Cycle Analysis Team of Dr. Stella Papasavva & William R. Hill, Warren, Mich.
Mr. Marco Gonzalez, Kenya and Costa Rica
MEGTEC Systems, De Pere, Wis.
Ms. Romina Picolotti, Buenos Aries, Argentina
Dr. Rajendra K. Pachauri, New Delhi, India
Xerox Corporation, Norwalk, Conn.

2008 Ozone Layer Protection Award Winners:
Dr. Husamuddin Ahmadzai, Sweden
Asada Corporation, Japan
Dr. Paul Atkins, Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Kingdom of Bahrain National Ozone Unit, Bahrain
Australian Fumigation Accreditation Scheme, Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, Australia
Chinese Negotiating Team for the 19th Meeting of the Parties, China
Civil Aviation Halon Transition Team, Worldwide
Climate Co-Benefits of the Montreal Protocol Science Team, Netherlands & United States
Dr. Corrado Clini, Italy
Mr. James Curlin, France
Dr. Arumugam Duraisamy, India
Dr. David Fahey, Boulder, Colo.
Fiji National Ozone Unit, Fiji
Mr. Maas Goote, Netherlands
HCFC Phaseout Acceleration Team, Washington, DC
Mr. Mazen Hussein, Lebanon
Ms. Ana Maria Kleymeyer, Argentina
Dr. Michael Kurylo, Washington, DC
Kuwait National Ozone Committee, Kuwait
Dr. Kazufumi Nishi, Japan
Nordiko Quarantine Systems, Australia
Mr. Sateeaved Seebaluck, Mauritius
Dr. W.L. Sumathipala, Sri Lanka
World Customs Organization, Asia Pacific Capacity Building, Thailand

For further information and to learn what winners did to earn the EPA's Climate and Ozone Layer Protection Awards, visit: http://www.epa.gov/cppd/climateawards and http://www.epa.gov/ozone/awards
19 May 2008| US EPA
Industry Cautions against Illegal Import of HCFCs
The Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy today cautioned industry and the public to be certain that their hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant purchases are legal, and to refuse to buy illegally imported refrigerants. The warning came as reports are beginning to surface that illegal HCFC imports may be on the rise, in light of apparent demand for the product to service air conditioning equipment.
21 Mayl 2008| ARAP
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The Joint Main Meeting of the Ozone Officers Networks for English-speaking Africa and West Asia will be held in Cairo, Egypt from 26-29 May 2008. Participants will include Ozone Officers from English-speaking Africa and West Asia, implementing agencies, balateral partners and government officials from Egypt.
26 Mayl 2008| UNEP Paris

Ozzy_zoe Volvo Adventure finalsOzzy Ozone and Zoe Feature at 2008 Volvo Adventure Finals.
Ozzy Ozone with his partner Zoe visited this year's Volvo Adventure Finals in their endeavour to incite young people to outreach ozone layer protection. Since 2001, Volvo has organised environmental project competitions for young people aged between 13 and 16-years-old. This year saw 380 project entries from 50 countries.

The first prize of US$10,000 was won by the students of the 'Green Sail' team whose campaign project was to rescue and revive an endangered and environmentally-sensitive urban park in the Russian city of Nizhny Novgorod. The second prize went to the 'Green Action' team from the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia - their project was to save the nation's endangered population of water buffalo and the third prize went to the Junior Ecoguards of Comoros for their project in saving the hawksbill turtle from extinction.

Ozzy Ozone and Zoe organised a mini-Montreal Protocol session in which they asked the young environmentalists to outreach ozone layer and sun-safe messages in their home countries namely: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Comoros, Ecuador, Egypt, FYR Macedonia, Hungary, India, Russia, South Africa, Turkey and the United States. The Russian and Turkish teams were the winners of the Ozzy Ozone game.

A new education kit 'High Sky: Ozone Layer Education for Secondary Schools' will be launched later this year; all projects in relation to this kit will automatically participate at next year's Volvo Adventure Finals.
16 Mayl 2008| UNEP Paris

Belize Celebrates Earth Day. The ozzy ozone snake and ladder game and video were the main attractions to observers.Belize National Ozone Unit celebrates Earth Day. Along with the Department of the Environment held a booth with the purpose of educating and sensitizing students and the general public on issues relating to the ozone layer protection and the environment. Many public awareness materials were displayed and distributed to students from across the country. The Ozzy ozone snake and ladder game and video were the main attractions to observers.
23 April 2008| Belize NOU

H.E.Prince Mostapha Zaher, handing over an identifier to Customs DG, Abdul Jalil Jumrany
Customs Training and Regional Coorperation Workshop for Combating Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances in South Asia, 29-31 March 2008, Kabul, Afghanistan
29 March 2008| UNEP ROAP-Afghanistan NOU
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Beating the Clock: Asia Pacific Make Strides in Early Phase Out of Ozone-Depleting Chemicals
19 March 2008| UNEP ROAP
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Switching to Ozone-Friendly Inhalers: Industry and Governments Join Hands to Ensure Smooth Transition for Asthma and Chronic Respiratory Disease Patients
15 March 2008| UNEP ROAP
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Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Network Meeting in Tirana, Albania, 25-28 March 2008
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Ozzy Ozone e-game
20 February 2008 | UNEPozzy e-game
Beware of the snakes! Answer the questions correctly to beat the opposing player and become an ozone layer protector! On the way, learn a lot about ozone layer protection and how to protect yourself against the sun’s dangerous UV-B rays. The Ozzy Ozone game is now available electronically!
Play or download game?

19th MOP HCFC Adjustments to Enter into Force May 2008
February 2008 | UNEP Ozone Secretariat
The United Nations Secretary-General in his capacity as depositary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has advised all Parties to the Protocol that the adjustments to the Montreal Protocol adopted at the Nineteenth Meeting of the Parties held in Montreal from 17 to 21 September 2007, will enter into force and become binding to all Parties on 14 May 2008, pursuant to article 2 (9) of the Protocol. The adjustments relate to Decision XIX/6 of the Parties on accelerated phase out of Annex C, Group I, controlled substances (hydrochlorofluorocarbons).
Read more...

Trends graphLatest Trends Analysis for the Consumption and Production of Ozone Depleting Substances
11 January 2008 | UNEP

The Trends Analysis is a visual analytical tool used to monitor and analyse the compliance status for individual developing countries, and to help with long-term national strategic planning to phase out ODS. .
Updated reports
: CFCs, Halons, Methyl Bromide
New reports
: HCFCs
Read more...

New HCFC Help Centre Launched
19 November 2007 | UNEP
In conjunction witH an agreement signed between UNEP and the Government of Sweden to provide developing countries with information about HCFC alternatives , today OzonAction HCFC Help Centrelaunched a new web-based HCFC Help Centre that provides links to information from international organisations, government, industry and NGOs about technologies and policies related to these chemicals.
Information note on UNEP web site and Swedish EPA web site

Indonesia to Ban CFCs and Methyl Bromide from 2008
9 November 2007| UNEP
Second Southeast Asian Country to Meet Obligations Ahead of Schedule

Bali/Bangkok, 9 November 2007 – Indonesia will impose a ban on the import of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and methyl bromide in January 2008, putting the country two years ahead of the 2010 schedule for phase-out of ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol. The ban makes Indonesia one of the first few countries in the region to meet its deadline of the CFC phase out ahead of schedule.
Vacancy Announcement - Programme Officer, P-3 - Paris
14 November 2007 | UNEP
This officer, a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) team, will be responsible for assisting in the preparation of the OzonAction projects, reviewing draft letters of agreement and memorandums of understanding, monitoring expenditures, assisting in the preparation of progress reports, general administration duties and assisting in the presenting of financial reports and progress reports to the Executive Committee. . Closing date for applications: 16 December 2007
Vacancy Announcement on UN Galaxy
Forthcoming SA/SEAP Network Meeting of Ozone Officers, Bali Indonesia, 12-14 November 2007
09 October 2007 | UNEP
The South Asia/South East Asia and Pacific (SEAP) Joint Network Meeting of Ozone Officers will be held in Bali, Indonesia from
12-14 November 2007. The theme of this meeting is “Sustaining compliance: Are we “really” there yet?

” National Ozone Officers from the South Asia and the South East Asia and Pacific (SEAP) region, along with partners from developing countries, representatives from Ozone Secretariat and Multilateral Fund Secretariat and implementing agencies, will gather in Bali to discuss and review key ODS phaseout issues such as achieving compliance with the targets for CFC consumption post 2007, Methyl Bromide phaseout including reducing dependence on Methyl Bromide for QPS applications and the new challenge with regards to HCFCs given the advancement of HCFC phaseout steps agreed to at the 19th Meeting of Parties held in Montreal in September 2007.
Vacancy Announcement: Information Officer (P-4) - Paris
17 October 2007 | UNEP
This officer, a member of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) team, will be responsible for overseeing all information exchange activities within UNEP's Work Programme under the Multilateral Fund, including the development and delivery of timely, high-quality products and services to support developing country compliance with the Montreal Protocol. Closing date for applications: 16 December 2007
Plus Vacancy Announcement on UN Galaxy
Gerhard Ertl wins Nobel Chemistry Prize Scientist Gerhard Ertl of Germany wins the 2007 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
10 October 2007| Stockholm
Gerhard Ertl work has become invaluable to the modern chemical industry and helped the fight to fix the ozone hole.

Partners to the Green Customs Initiative receive prestigious 20th Anniversary Ozone Protection Award
20 September 2007| Montreal
The Green Customs Initiative was today honoured with the prestigious Ozone Protection Award in the category of 'partnerships' on the occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Address by the Right Honourable Brian Mulroney on the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
16 September 2007| Environment Canada
We observe today an anniversary that reminds us not only of the importance of preserving our planet, but equally of the importance of involving us all in preserving it.

20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol - Scientific Symposium: “Ozone Depletion: from its discovery to Envisat and Aura”, Athens, Greece, September 23-26, 2007
20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol - Scientific Symposium: “Ozone Depletion: from its discovery to Envisat and Aura”

Athens, Greece, September 23-26, 2007
At the invitation of UNEP, WMO, EESC, IO3C, the Academy of Athens, the BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION, ACADEMY OF ATHENS and the National Observatory of Athens, a core group of speakers who have played an important role in the success of the Montreal Protocol from its very beginning, will gather together in Athens, between 23-26 September 2007, to present state of the art scientific results and discuss the success of the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

Millennium Development Goals Report 2007
July 2007 | UN press release
Millennium Developments Goals Report 2007Halfway to a 2015 deadline, there has been clear progress towards implementing the Millennium Development Goals. But their overall success is still far from assured, a progress report by the United Nations has found, and will depend in large part on whether developed countries make good on their aid commitments...
The Montreal Protocol and global efforts to eliminate ozone depleting substances are highlighted as contributing to the implementation of Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability.
See pages 24-25.

Brunei Complies With Montreal Protocol
18 July 2007 | Brudirect.com News
Brunei Darussalam has complied with the Montreal Protocol to wipe out the use of Ozone Depleting Substances by year 2010 by restricting the importation of such substances in 2005 and 2006.
Training Customs, Officers To Monitor, Control Ozone Depleting Substances
18 July 2007 | Brudirect.com News
Twenty officers from the Brunei Royal Customs and Excise Dprt. attended the National Train the-Trainers Workshop for Customs Officers on Monitoring and Controlling Ozone Depleting Substances.
China Closes Ozone Depleting Chemical Plants - A contribution to avert a global health catastrophe
1 July 2007 | UNEP press release
Chiangshou,China 1 July 2007 - China, the world's largest producer of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and halon, today shut down five of its six remaining plants, putting the country two and a half years ahead of the Montreal Protocol's 2010 deadline for phase-out of the two ozone depleting chemicals....
Strengthening the Montreal Protocol: Insurance Against Abrupt Climate Change
By Donald Kaniaru, Rajendra Shende, Scott Stone, Durwood Zaelke. Published in the Winter 2007 issue of Sustainable Development Law & Policy.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has been efficient and effective in reducing damage to the ozone layer. It also has contributed significantly to climate mitigation. This paper recommends further adjustments to the treaty to help finish the job of protecting the ozone layer and provide further though temporary insurance against the threat of abrupt climate change.
Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, and Spanish

ASHRAE, United Nations Partner on Emission Reduction
11 June 2007 | ASHRAE-UNEP
Mr. Shende, UNEP, Mr. Phoenix, ASHRAE, and Pr. Macchi, Polytecic Milano.ATLANTA – As the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol approaches, two international organizations focused on
the environment have joined forces to reduce emissions and encourage energy-efficient refrigeration and air conditioning
systems and building designs....

G-8 Summit mentions Montreal Protocol and phase out of HCFCs
8 June 2007 | G8
59. We will also endeavour under the Montreal Protocol to ensure the recovery of the ozone layer by accelerating the phase-out of HCFCs in a way that supports energy efficiencyand climate change objectives. In working together toward our shared goal ofspeeding ozone recovery, we recognize that the Clean Development Mechanism impactsemissions of ozone-depleting substances. We will continue to exercise leadershipin the development of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).60. We will report on the progress achieved in the areas mentioned above at the G8Summit in 2008.


Ozzy and Zoe Ozone invite the World's Children to Take Action on Ozone, Climate and Pollutants - Animated cartoon book "Ozzy Goes Polar" is launched on World environment day
5 June 2007 | UNEP- IPY
"Ozzy Goes Polar" focuses on the effects that ozone depletion, climate change and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are having on polar ecosystems and communities and the ensuing consequences around the world...

Train-the-Trainers in Good Practices in Refrigeration
19 May 2007 | UNEP DTIE-CAP-ROAP
Kabul, Afghanistan-The first Train-the Trainers in Good Practices in Refrigeration was jointly organized by National Ozone Unit-National Environmental Protection Agency (NOU-NEPA), United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics-Compliance Assistance Programme- Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP DTIE-CAP-ROAP) and Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische (GTZ). Under the South-south cooperation, a Farsi speaking refrigeration expert from Iran assisted in the translation and facilitation of the training...

Combating International Environmental Crime Spotlighted at China's Customs College - UNEP and World Customs Organisation Begin Cooperation with Shanghai Centre of Customs Excellence
18 May 2007 | UNEP DCPI
Shanghai/Nairobi, 16 May 2007- Efforts to assist customs officers deal with multi-billion dollar environmental crime are being stepped up in the Asia Pacific region with help from experts in China...
Fact Sheet: Status Report on HCFC
16 May 2007 | UNEP ROAP CAP
One of a series of factsheets developed by the Compliance Assistance Programme team in UNEP's Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific to address developing countries' priority questions related to compliance with the Montreal Protocol.
Vacancy Announcement: Associate Project Officer (L-2) - Bangkok
14 May 2007 | UNEP
This officer will support Sida-funded Regional Enforcement Networking Project, which aims at initiating a regional cooperation between countries in North East, South and South East Asia that will enable them to gain better control over their import and export of chemicals (ODS, POPs, chemical waste) by promoting further regional co-operation for the control of trans-boundary movement of those chemicals.

UNEP Wins Prestigious US EPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award for the Second Time- Award Spotlights Montreal Protocol Achievements for Sound Chemical Management in Asia Pacific
3 May 2007 | UNEP ROAP CAP

Atul Bagai, Regional Network Coordinator for South Asia for UNEP's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Programme.
The award was presented 1 May in Washington D.C, to Atul Bagai, Regional Network Coordinator for South Asia for UNEP's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) OzonAction Programme.

Post Meeting Summary of Decisions of the 51st Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
28 April 2007 | Multilateral Fund Secretariat
The 51st Meeting of the Executive Committee, (19 - 23 March 2007, Montreal, Canada), attended by the representatives of the 14 Executive Committee member Parties and by participants co-opted from 21 other countries. The Executive Committee approved investment projects and work programme activities with a value of almost US $50.7 million, plus US $3.9 million in support costs for implementing agencies, and took a total of 39 decisions.

NEC deputy minister, Dasho Nado Rinchhen, receives the award on behalf of NEC.
Restoring the Ozone Layer
12 April 2007 | Bhutan
Bhutan had exceeded its target to reduce its annual import of ozone-depleting substances (ODS) from 170 kilogrammes to 63 kilogrammes. Its target was to reduce annual import to 85 kilogrammes.

Post Meeting Summary of Decisions of the 51st Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
23 March 2007 | Multilateral Fund Secretariat
The 51st Meeting of the Executive Committee, which took place in Montreal from 19 to 23 March 2007, was attended by the representatives of the 14 Executive Committee member Parties and by participants co-opted from 21 other countries (see attached list). Mr. Philippe Chemouny of Canada presided over his first meeting as Chair of the Executive Committee. The President and Vice-President of the Implementation Committee of the Montreal Protocol, three representatives of the Ozone Secretariat, representatives of the implementing agencies and representatives of the Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy and Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) also attended the meeting.

The Executive Committee followed its standard programme of work for the first meeting of the year which included the consideration of business plans, evaluation reports and the implementing agencies’ work programmes. Business planning, the process of allocating financial resources to Article 5 countries according to their compliance needs, was especially important since the 2010 targets for CFC phase-out were only three years away. A number of other issues were addressed including the progress and finalisation of contracting a consultant for the study on the treatment of unwanted ozone depleting substances (ODS) and the terms of reference for a study on administrative costs of implementing agencies beyond 2008.

At the 51st Meeting, the Executive Committee approved investment projects and work programme activities with a value of almost US $50.7 million, plus US $3.9 million in support costs for implementing agencies, and took a total of 39 decisions. Click here, to read/download the most significant decisions and discussions >>>

For further information, please contact:
Julia Anne Dearing, Information Management Officer
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
1800 McGill College, 27th floor
Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 3J6
Phone: +1-514 282-1122
Fax: +1 514 282-0068
Email: secretariat@unmfs.org
Website: www.multilateralfund.org

The Multilateral Fund Eyes the 2010 Target
23 March 2007 | Multilateral Fund Secretariat
The Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol met last week to approve US $54.6 million for 32 developing countries to eliminate over 20,000 ODP of ozone depleting substances (ODS). Projects approved by the Executive Committee included US $24 million for China to dismantle CFC production plants thus ending production of CFCs more than two years ahead of the 2010 deadline for CFC elimination set by the Montreal Protocol. Smaller projects in Bolivia, the Seychelles, Paraguay and Zimbabwe received funding for their plans to phase-out the use of CFCs in their refrigeration servicing sectors, an area where success is directly related to the achievement of the 2010 deadline.

In the context of its continuous financial planning process, the Executive Committee established a number of specific priorities for unallocated funds in its triennial budget including among others, support for any new Parties to the Montreal Protocol and any extra support needed for national ozone units in developing countries. Another priority is accelerating the elimination of CFC production and the World Bank will investigate the possibilities of advanced CFC phase-out in countries like Argentina and India. If the remaining CFC producer countries were to agree to an accelerated plan, all CFC production in developing countries could be completely eliminated well ahead of the 2010 deadline. Cessation of CFC production is key to reducing the market availability and increasing price of CFCs. This will encourage users to switch to substitutes that do not harm the ozone layer. Currently such substitutes are more costly than CFCs.

Background information

The ozone layer which absorbs ultraviolet radiation harmful to living organisms and human health, is in danger from several chemicals currently used in industry and agriculture such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform and methyl bromide.

The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol began its operation in 1991. The main objective of the Multilateral Fund is to assist developing country parties to the Montreal Protocol whose annual per capita consumption and production of ozone-depleting substances is less than 0.3 kg to comply with the control measures of the Protocol. These countries are referred to as Article 5 countries.

The Fund is managed by an Executive Committee chaired in 2007 by Mr. Philippe Chemouny of Canada. The Committee is assisted by the Fund Secretariat which is based in Montreal. Activities are implemented by four international agencies (UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, World Bank) and a number of bilateral implementing agencies of donor countries. Responsibility for overseeing the operation of the Fund rests with the Executive Committee comprising seven members each from Article 5 countries (China, Guinea, Jordan, Mexico, Sudan, Saint Lucia and Uruguay in 2007) and non-Article 5 countries (Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Italy, Japan, Sweden and the USA in 2007). Since 1991, the Multilateral Fund has approved activities including industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building worth over US $2 billion.

For further information, please contact:
Julia Anne Dearing
Information Management Officer
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
1800 McGill College, 27th floor
Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 3J6
Phone: +1-514 282-1122
Fax: +1 514 282-0068
Email: secretariat@unmfs.org
Website: www.multilateralfund.org

Statement by Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UN Environment Programme Executive Director, on the Publication of the Scientific Paper The Importance of the Montreal Protocol in Protecting Climate
5 March 2007 | UNEP
The Importance of the Montreal Protocol in Protecting Climate Change
5 March 2007- I welcome today's publication of research underlining the important contribution to combating climate change made by the parallel push to reduce chemicals that damage the ozone layerthe Earths protective shield.
The climate dimension of the Montreal Protocol is a story that is not widely known,
but one that deserves more consideration by the communities involved in ozone
and climate protection.
I believe the study, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
underscores the simple fact that well-devised action to address one area of
environmental concern can have multiple environmental benefits across numerous
others.
It also highlights that calculating the costs of environmental action, based on narrow
economic criteria, often fails to capture the wider economic opportunities and
benefits that are likely to emerge.
The scientists from the Netherlands and the United States have for the first time in
detail calculated the contribution to climate protection from the phasing out and
reduction of chemicals like chloroflurocarbons (CFCs).
The chemicals, once commonplace in products like hair sprays and fridges, deplete
the thin layer of ozone gas that filters out damaging levels of ultra violet light.
CFCs, along with a wide range of other ozone depleting substances, are being
successfully phased out, reduced and controlled under the 1987 Montreal Protocol
established under the auspices of UNEP. A Multilateral Fund has been created to
help developing countries meet their compliance commitments with this treaty.
The researchers point out that repair of the ozone layer is not the only benefit
emerging from the Montreal treaty.
They calculate that, over the period 1990 to 2010, the level of reductions will also
equate in climate terms to the equivalent of eight Gigatonnes of carbon dioxide a
year.
In comparison the Kyoto Protocolthe climate emissions reductions treaty and widely
understood as a first step towards even bigger emission reductions necessaryis
scheduled to deliver cuts in greenhouse gases equivalent to two Gigatonnes
annually over the same period.

Guus Velders of MNP, the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, and
colleagues believe the ozone layer protection treaty can contribute even more to
combating climate change.
Some of the chemicals, introduced as alternatives to CFCs, contribute to climate
change themselves, while others contribute through chemical byproducts during the
the production process. Such chemicals include HCFCs and HFCs.
The researchers suggest that a combination of accelerated phase-out, the
introduction of further alternatives with low greenhouse gas characteristics and
relatively small changes in industrial practises, could deliver further climate benefits
equivalent to somewhere over one Gigatones of carbon dioxide.
When this climate dimension is taken into consideration, the Montreal Protocol -
which is already considered to be a highly-effective treaty that is achieving its
objective is even more cost-effective because of this collateral climate benefit. This
is a particularly important message coming as it does during 2007, a year that
marks both the 20th Anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol and the
10th Anniversary of the signing of the Kyoto Protocol.
I believe these kinds of findings should spur governments, business, civil society
and individuals to look at the wider impacts of their decisions including the costs
and the benefits.
Take health hazardous heavy metals like mercury for example. Research indicates
that the biggest single contributor to new sources of mercury in the global
environment and the food chain comes from the increased burning of coal.
There is also some evidence that rising temperatures in freshwaters like lakes is
causing old mercury, locked away in sediments, to be mobilized and released back
into the environment.
Thus reducing emissions from coal-fired power stations can not only contribute to
combating climate change but also contribute directly and indirectly to reducing the
serious threats from mercury pollution.
I know and am sure that there are many, many more example of these virtuous
circles positive cost benefit case studiesthat have been brought into sharp focus by
this new research on the climate benefits of combating damage to the ozone layer.
Notes to Editors:
Web address of the paper The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting the
climate, Guus J.M.Velders, Stephen O. Andersen, John S Daniel, David W. Fahey,
Mack McFarland. http://www.eurekalert.org/bysubject/earthscience.php
MEDIA CONTACT : Anneke Oosterhuis, Press Office (Netherlands Environmental
Assessment Agency), Bilthoven, the Netherlands; tel +31 30 274 3303,
email: anneke.oosterhuis@mnp.nl
Web address of Montreal Protocol http:www.ozoneinfo@unep.org
For More Information Please Contact Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson, on
Tel: +41 79 596 5737 or E-mail: nick.nuttall@unep.org

Solarchill ceremony in New Delhi


President of India to become first customer for new solar-powered, ozone-friendly vaccine refrigerator
1 November 2006 | UNEP, UNICEF, WHO, Greenpeace, DTI, GTZ Proklima, PATH

The first Regional Celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal ProtocolTurkmenistan Celebration

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 28 February 2007- The first regional celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol took place in the capital of Turkmenistan on 26 February.The year 2007 marks the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Montreal Protocol, which is widely recognized as the most successful international environmental agreement to date. Year-long celebrations are being planned by diverse organizations and countries to commemorate this environmental milestone. UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Branch is working in collaboration with the National Ozone Units and other partners to promote public awareness and media activities, particularly through the Regional Networks of Ozone Officers organized by the Branch's Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP).

Under OzonAction's initiative, every Regional Network meeting in 2007 will begin with a special public function to highlight the progress of the Protocol as well as remaining challenges.

The first day of the meeting was dedicated to the ceremony in Ashgabat, the first in this series of 20th Anniversary Network functions, took place just prior to the start of the meeting of the Regional Network for Europe and Central Asia. The event consisted of a children's orchestra, a huge balloon arrangement depicting ozone molecule, participation by the Minister of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, the UN Resident Representative in Turkmenistan, and representatives of UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, the Ozone Secretariat and Multilateral Fund Secretariat, ministries of Turkmenistan, National Ozone Units of eleven countries, and the Governments of Hungary and Czech Republic. The event was followed by discussions on the future of the Montreal Protocol, awareness raising activities planned in 2007 and a display of publications and videos.

Considering that Turkmenistan has recently returned to compliance, the enthusiasm of local participants was very evident. The region has demonstrated its commitment by phasing out of 82 % of the total consumption and 92% of the total production of its ozone depleting substances. H.E. the Minister of Nature Protection Mr. Makhtumkuli Akmuradov, who also chairs the Interstate Commission of Sustainable Development of Central Asian Countries, took a keen interest in the discussion regarding the challenges ahead for the Montreal Protocol community. H.E. Mr. Akmuradov committed that his country would ratify further Montreal Protocol amendments.

The national television, newspapers, and radio stations were extremely active in spreading the news about both the 20th anniversary and the Network meeting. One national newspaper carried a full-page special supplement. A series of television interviews were telecast throughout the meeting. The President of Turkmenistan personally enquired with the Minister about the meeting and the celebrations.

In separate meeting with the UN Resident Representative and the Minister of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan, UNEP, UNDP and UNIDO discussed number of pilot ideas to deliver the assistance to Turkmenistan as 'One UN'.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Vladimir Verveda
Coordinator of National Ozone Unit
Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan,
15 Bitarap Turkmenistan Str. 2-nd build. Room 96 744000 Ashgabat
Turkmenistan
Tel: (993 12) 35 70 91
Fax: (993 12) 35 74 93
Email: vverveda@online.tm

Mr. Halvart Koeppen
Regional Officer (Paris)
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme
Tour Mirabeau
39-43 Quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: (33)1443714-32
Fax: (33)1443714-74
Email: halvart.koppen@unep.fr

Maria Nolan, Chief Officer of the Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal ProtocolOrange arrow A statement to the 24th Session of the UNEP Governing Council by Maria Nolan, Chief Officer of the Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol,
7 February 2007

Read the statement >>>

With 2006 Antarctic ozone hole largest on record, governments launch review of how to protect the ozone layer over the next decade
3 November 2006 | UNEP

Orange arrow 18th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol
18 October 2006 | UNEP OzonAction
Official web site of this event organised by the Ozone Cell Ministry
of Environment & Forests, 30 October - 3 November, New Delhi, India.. Meeting documents and other related information are available on the Ozone Secretariat's web site.
Daily coverage is also available on the IISD website

SolarChill wins 2006 Cooling Industry Awards Orange arrowSolar Chill Vaccine Cooler Project Wins Prestigious Industry Award
The Solar Chill partnership has won the 2006Solar Chill award photo Cooling Industry Awards in the category "Environmental Pioneer" for refrigeration. SolarChill is a multi partner, public-private initiative that contributes to the implementation of the UN Millennium Development Goals. This publicly-owned technology does not use any ozone depleting substances or global warming refrigerants.
Information Note | 9 October 2006 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction
Orange arrow Launch of the OzonAction Education Pack: Nairobi, New Delhi and Santiago, plus press coverage
21 September 2006 | UNEP OzonAction
Orange arrow2006 Antarctic Ozone Hole Largest on Record With 2006 Antarctic ozone hole largest on record, governments launch review of how to protect the ozone layer over the next decade
UNEP | 3 November 2006
Orange arrow President of India to become first customer for new solar-powered, ozone-friendly vaccine refrigerator
1 November 2006 | UNEP, Greenpeace , DTI, GTZ Proklima, PATH

Orange arrow 18th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol
18 October 2006 | UNEP OzonAction
Official web site of this event organised by the Ozone Cell Ministry
of Environment & Forests, 30 October - 3 November, New Delhi, India.. Meeting documents and other related information are available on the Ozone Secretariat's web site.
Daily coverage is also available on the IISD website

Orange arrow 2007 Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards
The Stratospheric Protection Division of the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) invites nominations for the 2007 Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards. This annual awards program
was established in 1990 to recognize exceptional leadership, personal dedication, and technical achievements in eliminating ozone-depleting substances. Winners of the 2007 Award will be eligible for the Best-of-the-Best award competition to be conducted late 2007 Learn more >>>
Nomination Form Application Deadline 10 November 2006 >>>

Orange arrow Solar Chill Vaccine Cooler Project Wins Prestigious Industry Award
The Solar Chill partnership has won the 2006 Cooling Industry Awards in the category "Environmental Pioneer" for refrigeration. SolarChill is a multi partner, public-private initiative that contributes to the implementation of the UN Millennium Development Goals. This publicly-owned technology does not use any ozone depleting substances or global warming refrigerants.
Information Note | 9 October 2006 | UNEP DTIE OzonAction
Orange arrow Launch of the OzonAction Education Pack: Nairobi, New Delhi and Santiago, plus press coverage
21 September 2006 | UNEP OzonAction
Orange arrowReducing the health risks for children from ozone layer depletion - New Ozone Education Pack Targets Primary Schools
Français
| Español
15 September 2006 | Nairobi/New Delhi/Santiago | UNEP/UNESCO, WHO External siteOzonAction Education Pack
The OzonAction Education Pack, produced jointly by UNEP, UNESCO and WHO, has been released to coincide with the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer on 16th of September.
Orange arrow Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad launches new section of its web site about ozone layer protection and the Montreal Protocol
15 September 2006 | BOCOG External site
On the occassion of the 2006 Ozone Day, BOCOG opened a new web service that explains its initiative to make the 2008 Summer Olympics "ozone-friendly". The site includes the "Ozzy Ozone" video created by UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Programme under the Multilateral Fund.
UN Secretary-General Kofi AnnanOrange arrowMessage by UN Secretary-General
Kofi Annan on the International Day for
the Preservation of the Ozone Layer
Arabic | Chinese | Français | Russian | Español
7 September 2006 | UN Dept of Public Information External site
"Montreal Protocol on ozone depleting substances effective, but work still unfinished."
Orange arrowProject Sky Hole Patching goes into operation tackling illegal trade in ozone depleting substances and dangerous waste
1 September 2006 | UNEP Regional Office for Asia & Pacific
A press release providing information about a project to curb illegal trade in ODS and dangerous waste in the Asia Pacific region went into operation today.
Orange arrow UNEP tackles ozone depleting substances in Afghanistan
September 2006 | UNAMA External site
Earlier this month national stakeholders, government officials and international environment experts gathered in Kabul to create awareness for and implement a national phase out plan for ozone depleting substances.
Orange arrow Executive Summary of Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion 2006 External site
18 August 2006 | Ozone Secretariat
This new report states the evidence of a downward trend in the abundances of ODS in the stratosphere. This clearly shows that the Montreal Protocol is effective and is working.
Orange arrow SolarChill initative is a finalist for industry award External site
18 August 2006 | Solar Chill partners

Orange arrow36 developing countries receive funds to eliminate substances that harm the ozone layer External site
A press release providing information about the decisions taken at the most recent meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund.
17 July 2006 | Multilateral Fund Secretariat

Project Sky Hole Patching Goes into Operation,
Tackling Illegal Trade in Ozone-depleting Substances and Dangerous WasteBangkok/Beijing,1 September 2006- A project to curb illegal trade in ozone depleting substances (ODS) and dangerous waste in the Asia Pacific region went into operation today. “Project Sky Hole Patching” is designed to monitor the movement of suspicious shipments of ozone depleting chemicals and dangerous commodities across several customs territories in the region. It involves customs administrations and environment authorities, the World Customs Organisation’s Regional Intelligence Liaison Office for Asia and the Pacific (RILO A/P), United Nations Environment Programme Regional Office for Asia and Pacific (UNEP ROAP), the Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) of UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics, Basel Convention Regional Centers and other key international organizations.

Moreover, it is estimated that some 300–500 million tons of hazardous waste are produced annually. As regulations governing the safe and proper disposal of hazardous waste tighten, increasing handling charges and decreasing safe disposal capacity, much of the waste is suspected to be dumped illegally.

During the 11th World Customs Organization Asia Pacific Regional Conference of Heads of Customs Administrations held in Beijing on 3-6 April 2006, the meeting unanimously agreed to initiate "Project Sky-Hole-Patching". A proposed plan of action of the project was adopted during the 4th Joint Southeast Asia and Pacific/South Asia Customs-ODS Officers Cooperation Workshop held in Bangkok on May 17-20 2006.

The operation will be conducted in two phases with the first six-month phase focussing on ODS. The second phase will include hazardous waste. RILO A/P and UNEP ROAP CAP will facilitate the operation for the region in consultation with involved regional and international institutions dealing with ODS and dangerous waste.

For further information, please contact:

Ms. Satwant Kaur, UNEP Regional Information Officer, Tel: + (66 2) 288 2127; E-mail: kaur@un.org

Mr. Atul Bagai, Regional Network Coordinator, South Asia, UNEP CAP, ROAP, Tel: 662 288 1662, Email: bagai@un.org

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr

Pour Préserver la Couche d'Ozone :
Un atelier national sur les bonnes pratiques en matière de réfrigération à Antananarivo


Sous les hospices du Ministère de l'Environnement, des Eaux et Forêts (MINENVEF) de la république de Madagascar et du Programme des Nations Unies pour l'Environnement (PNUE), un atelier national pour la formation des techniciens frigoristes sur les bonnes pratiques en réfrigération s'est tenu à Antananarivo, Madagascar, du 30 Mars au 01 Avril 2006.

Les travaux de cet atelier ont été lancés officiellement par Madame RAKOTOARISOA Jacqueline, Directeur Général de l'Environnement, en présence du représentant du Programme des Nations Unies pour l'Environnement et d'autres personnalités du secteur public et privé telles que Monsieur NGOLO Gilbert, le Directeur Général de l'Institut National de promotion formation d'Antananarivo et Monsieur ANDRIAMANA TISOA de la Société malgache d'équipement frigorifique représentant les importateurs de Madagascar.

Un effectif de 25 personnes, venant des grandes villes de Madagascar, a pris part à l'atelier de formation. Tous les participants avaient une expérience professionnelle dans le domaine du froid.

Cette formation a élargie les capacités des frigoristes à utiliser rationnellement et à mieux gérer les SAO, ainsi que les installations et les équipements qui les contiennent. Leur compétence a été renforcée, ce qui constitue un élément majeur dans la stratégie d'élimination de ces gaz dans l'île de Madagascar.

La formation a été clôturée officiellement par le Docteur Joelisoa RASIRARSON, Secrétaire Général du Ministère de l'Environnement, des Eaux et Forêts.

For further information, please contact:

Mr Yamar Guissé
Programme Officer (RMP Implementation)
United Nation Environment Programme,
Regional Office Africa (ROA)
Room X-239, Ext: 3909
P.O.Box 30552 Nairobi, KENYA
Tel : (254) 20 623909
Fax: (254) 20 623928 / 623165
Email: yamar.guisse@unep.org

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr

Ozone-Friendly Roses to Promote Sustainable Agriculture
On 6 February 2006 in the margins of the Ninth Special Session of the UNEP Governing Council/ Global Ministerial Environment Forum, Dubai, UAE, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Mrs. Annan visited the Environmentally Sound Technologies Exhibition. At this occasion, they also visited the Kenyan booth and received flowers cultivated without Methyl Bromide.

UNEP DTIE OzonAction helped organize the delivery of the ozone-friendly and pesticide-free roses from Kenya to Dubai. The roses were distributed to ministers, high-level officials and others attending the UNEP event in Dubai. One of OzonAction’s objectives was to draw attention of the global community that sustainable agriculture is possible and now a reality.

UNEP DTIE OzonAction promotes environment-friendly products and practices, particularly the phase-out of ozone depleting substances and related toxic chemicals.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. David M. Okioga
Coordinator, Kenya Ozone Office
National Environmental
Management Authority
PO Box 67839
Nairobi
Kenya
Tel: (254 20) 51 2123
Fax: (254 20) 51 25 23
E-mail: dmokioga@wananchi.com

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr

 

Senegal Awards UNEP
During the 17th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, held in Dakar, Senegal from 12-16 December 2005, UNEP was awarded by the President of Senegal, His Excellency Abdoulaye Wade and the Prime Minister, His Excellency Mackay Sall, a 'Certificat d'Appréciation' (Certificate of Appreciation) for its support to African countries in implementing the Montreal Protocol. The certificate, in French, mentions the work on capacity building and technology support by UNEP's OzonAction Programme, the Ozone Secretariat and the Multilateral Fund Secretariat.

For further information, please contact:
Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr
 
Mauritania National Workshop on Good Practice in Refrigeration
The Government of Mauritania in Collaboration with UNEP organised a National Workshop
on Good Practice in Refrigeration for refrigeration technicians (29 November - 02 December 2005) in Nouakchott. Twenty technicians attended the workshop and received training in order to train the remaining technicians in the country. The main objective of the workshop was to reduce CFC emissions and consumption in the refrigeration sector by improving the servicing of existing equipment.

The Government of Mauritania also took adventage of the presence of UNEP to organise a half day training for customs officers on the identification of ODS and ODS containers.

The Mauritania Refrigerants Management Plan (RMP) was approved at the 41st Meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Jeremy Bazye
Regional Network Coordinator
UNEP-Regional Office for Africa (ROA)
Room A-118
PO Box 30552
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 2542 624281
Fax: 2542 623165
Email: Jeremy.Bazye@unep.org

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr


Afghanistan Trains Enforcement Officials to Combat Illegal ODS Trade  
As part of its approach to provide expedited assistance to new Parties to help them achieve compliance with their obligations under the Montreal Protocol, UNEP’s Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) helped strengthen the capability of the Government of Afghanistan to detect and prevent illegal trade of ozone depleting substances (ODS) while at the same time facilitating legal commerce involving ODS. This support was provided in the form of a National Train-the-Trainers Workshop for Customs Officers on Monitoring and Control of Ozone Depleting Substances, organized by the UNEP CAP team for Asia and the Pacific in Kabul on 28-30 November 2005, in cooperation with National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) of Afghanistan, the General Directorate of Customs, Ministry of Finance of Afghanistan and the National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics (NACEN) of India. Thirty-two Afghan customs officers, 7 trade officers, 3 environment officers received this specialized training, as well as one of their Customs officer colleagues from across the border in Pakistan.

The Government of Afghanistan continues to provide high-level political commitment to compliance with the Montreal Protocol. This was evident in the participation of Mr. Bismillah Kamavi, Director General, General Directorate of Customs of Afghanistan, who opened the workshop and highlighted the role played by customs officers in environmental security.

The workshop provided the participating front-line enforcement officers with the skills necessary to monitor and control the imports of ODS products and ODS-using equipment, as well as issues on regional cooperation and Green Customs Initiative.

Mr. Dost Mohammed Amin, Deputy Minister of NEPA, Afghanistan exchanged his views with delegates from UNEP, NACEN and Pakistan. Mr.Asad Sakhi Farhad, Deputy Minister of Finance of Afghanistan distributed the certificates upon completion of the workshop to the participants in the closing ceremony and expressed his appreciation to UNEP for organizing this workshop in Afghanistan.

The participants recommended that the draft licence system and related regulation will be promulgated as soon as possible, and ODS identifiers would be equipped in main customs check points shortly. They highly appreciated this workshop and expressed the desire for more workshops or seminars in the near future to assist their capacity building and enforcement activities.

Following up to commitments made during the Teheran Dialogue, Iran provided a refrigerant identifier to Afghanistan as part
of their assistance to a new Party, and
Pakistan shared its experience in licence systems in this workshop. Regional cooperation was emphasised in the workshop and will be pursued further during a trilateral meeting between Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran being coordinated by UNEP in the coming two months.

See also the Press Release issued by UNEP.

For further information, please contact:
Mr. Asif Zaidi, United Nations Environment Programme Manager, Ministry of Irrigation, Water Resources and Environment Darusalam, Kabul,
Afghanistan
Tel: (93(0)79 325 678/70 276 431
Fax: 1 775 458 0138
Email: asif.zaidi@unep.ch

Ms. Ludgarde Coppens
Policy and Enforcement Officer
UNEP ROAP - Compliance Assistance Programme
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Ave.
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: +66 2 288 1679
Fax: +66 2 280 3829
Email: coppensl@un.org


Crown Prince Opens South Asia Ozone
Officers' Meet

 

Kathmandu, Oct. 3 - His Royal Highness Crown Prince Paras Bir Bikram Shah Dev inaugurated a four-day meeting of South Asia Network of Ozone Officers and a two-day Thematic Meeting on Challenges to Phase out methyl bromide amidst a function here today.
Her Royal Highness Crown Prince Himani Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah was also present on the occasion.

Representatives from 13 member countries of the network and the United States of America, Japan, Australia, Germany and other Implementing Agencies of the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol are taking part in the meeting organized by Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology with support of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia & Pacific/OzonAction Programme.

On the occasion, Their Royal Highnesses granted collective audience to representatives of various international non-government organizations and foreign guests.

Speaking at the inaugural function, Vice Chairman of the Council of Ministers Bista said Nepal is concerned about the production, maximum use and transfer of ozone layer depleting substances.

Mrs. Monique Barbut, Director of UNEP's Division of Technology, Industry and Economics said as per the commitments made at the global level the role played by Nepal in stopping the use of harmful chemicals is laudable.

Director General of Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology Shreekrishna Shrestha said significant works have been done since the constitution of the National Ozone Unit in 1996.

For further information, please contact:

Dr Sita Ram Joshi
Chief Metrologist, Chief NOU
Nepal Bureau of Standards & Metrology
Ministry of Industry
P O Box 985
Balaju, Kathmandu
Nepal
Tel: (9771)356 672/350 818/533 179 (R)
Fax: (9771) 350 689/533 179
Email: ozone@ntc.net.np OR nbsm@nbsm.gov.np

Mr. Atul Bagai,
Regional Coordinator (Networking),
South Asia,
Compliance Assistance Programme,
Regional Office of Asia and Pacific, UNEP
Bangkok
Tel: +66 2 288 1662
Email bagai@un.org


Airlines Chart a New Course to Manage Halons for Critical Fire-fighting Applications
28 September, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain - For the first time airlines and airport authorities based in developing countries have met with counterparts and experts from developed countries to consider long-term options to manage dwindling stocks of halons used for onboard and ground fire protection. As a result of this roundtable meeting, the airlines agreed to examine their current and future halon use and consider applying the concept of "halon banking" to manage their critical applications over the next 20-30 years.
Halons are found in aircraft cabin interiors and airframes, engines, cargo bays and airport ground facilities worldwide. In some key applications, notably on planes, they play a critical safety role and are currently the only fire protection option available. However, due to their destructive effect on the ozone layer, countries of the world are progressively phasing out halons under the Montreal Protocol.
The Manama roundtable meeting was convened under the patronage of Bahrain's Ministry of Transportation Civil Aviation Affairs and organized by the UNEP ROWA CAP team. Five international airlines participated: Air India, British Airways, Garuda Indonesia Group, Gulf Air, JAT Airways and Trans Mediterranean Airlines. British Airways, which has already made substantial progress in replacing these ozone-depleting chemicals in many of its operations, and Garuda, which operates Indonesia's national halon bank, shared their experiences and strategies with the other airlines. They were joined by Co-Chairs of the Halon Technical Option Committee (HTOC), a representative of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), representatives of several national halon banks and National Ozone Officers from the region.
The roundtable participants drafted an action plan to address their future strategic needs related to halon banking, and established an informal information network to share ideas and best practices between themselves on the halon issue. As a next step, Gulf Air in cooperation with UNEP and HTOC plan to organize a meeting with aircraft manufacturers and aviation authorities in the Gulf region. UNEP and HTOC hope to organize roundtables in other regions in 2006 to encourage airlines based in other developing countries to pursue halon bank management strategies.

For further information, please contact:
Mr Fareed Bushehri, Programme Officer - Halon Phase Out
Compliance Assistance Programme, OzonAction
United Nations Environment Programme,
Division of Technology Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE)
Regional Office for West Asia (ROWA)
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
Tel: +973 17812770
Fax: +973 17825111
Email: fareed.bushehri@unep.org.bh

 

South America Workshop to identify Commerce Routes amongst CFCs producing and consuming countries on Ozone Depleting Substances La Paz, Bolivia, 30 August - 1st September 2005
The United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP/ROLAC) through the Montreal Protocol Compliance Assistance Programme and the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Planning through its Ozone Governmental Commission organized the "Sub-regional meeting to identify trading routes for Ozone Depleting Substances amongst CFCs producing and consuming countries in South America" this meeting was held in La Paz, Bolivia on August 30 to September 1st, 2005.
This meeting was attended by national ozone officers as well as customs authorities; the main purpose of this meeting was to identify the necessary actions to prevent and control the illegal trade of ODS in South America.
The activity is aimed to strength cooperation links among country borders and refreshes Montreal Protocol awareness among the Custom Officers of the region. There still remain additional ODS licensing systems to be implemented taking account all requirements of Montreal Protocol Amendments and Decisions of the Meetings of the Parties. In this regard the Compliance Assistant Programme (CAP) will continue supporting countries to strengthen the regulatory framework of Montreal Protocol and its Amendments in order to achieve and sustain compliance. This will also require the enhanced exchange and access of the information regionally and globally, to increase systematization on the implementation of control, especially in the secondary custom zones by identifying ODS producers, consumers and traders, as well as location, type and magnitude of ODS use.
For further information, please contact:

Mirian Vega
Regional Officer (Networking)
UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC)
Boulevard de los Virreyes 155
Lomas de Virreyes
CP 11000 México D.F
Mexico
Tel. +52 55 52 02 48 41 Ext: 510
Fax. +52 55 52 02 09 50
Email:
mirian.vega@pnuma.org

Ing. Alex Suárez Irusta
Coordinator Comisión Gubernamental del Ozono (COGO)
Ministerio de Desarrollo Sostenible y Planificación
Av. Mariscal Santa Cruz 1092 esquina Oruro
Edificio Ex Comibol, Planta Baja, Of. Programa Ozono
La Paz, Bolivia
Tel: (591-2) 331 884
Fax:(591-2) 331 884
Email: ozonobolivia@mdsp.gov.boOR alekzbo3@mdsp.gov.bo

International Workshop on methyl bromide alternatives for strawberry production, Santiago de Chile,
Chile, 24 - 26 August 2005
The United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP/ROLAC) through the Montreal Protocol Compliance Assistance Programme organized the "International Workshop on methyl bromide alternatives for strawberry production" this meeting was held in Santiago de Chile, Chile on August 24 to 26, 2005.
This workshop was attended by the Environment National Commission of Chile, Ministry of Agriculture of Chile, national ozone officers and Directors of Phase-out Methyl Bromide Projects on Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru, MBTOC Co-chair, Mr. Nahum Marban, Methyl Bromide alternatives for strawberry production in Spain Project's National Director, Mr. José Manuel López Aranda. Equally this workshop was enriched with the participation of the Chilean strawberry producers, represented by more of the 50% of the producers of strawberry in Chile.
Because of the high participation of the Chilean sector producers, the workshop was very successful. This sector was convinced about the reliability upon which, Implementing Agencies, Ozone Secretariat and Chilean government, are managing the Montreal Protocol. This workshop will be the starting point on the searching on methyl bromide alternatives on behalf of the producers; it will also contribute to an effectively compliance return of Chile in 2005 and consecutive years.
For further information, please contact:
Ms. Ana Zúñiga
Ozone Programme Coordinator
Department of Pollution Control
National Commission for the Environment
Teatinos 254
Santiago de Chile
Tel: (562) 240 5700
Fax: (562) 241 1824
Email: azuniga@conama.cl
Mirian Vega
Regional Officer (Networking)
UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC)
Boulevard de los Virreyes 155
Lomas de Virreyes
CP 11000 México D.F
Mexico
Tel. +52 55 52 02 48 41 Ext: 510
Fax. +52 55 52 02 09 50
Email:
mirian.vega@pnuma.org

Bahamas Training of Customs Officers on Control and Monitoring of ODS Imports/Exports
Nassau, Bahamas, 22 - 26 August 2005
 
The United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNEP/ROLAC) through the Montreal Protocol Compliance Assistance Programme organized the "Five days Training of Customs Officers on Control and Monitoring of ODS Imports/Exports" this training was held in Nassau, Bahamas, on August 22 to 26 of 2005.
Training was conducted over five days. The first three days were used to conduct a train-the-trainers workshop for local customs trainers, senior officers and relevant stakeholders, and the preparation of a programme for a one-day training module for use during Phase II of the Customs Training Programme. On days 4 and 5 the local trainers delivered the training to fifty participants comprising mainly of Customs officers at 25 per day.
As a result of this training, important lessons learnt were mostly the stakeholder involvement, wildest sector involvement was achieved including other government agencies, highest level ministerial support was provided, and an inclusion of a Module to included other MEAS in implementation in the Bahamas were achieved.
For further information, please contact:
Mirian Vega
Regional Officer (Networking)
UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC)
Boulevard de los Virreyes 155
Lomas de Virreyes
CP 11000 México D.F
Mexico
Tel. +52 55 52 02 48 41 Ext: 510
Fax. +52 55 52 02 09 50
Email:
mirian.vega@pnuma.org
Ms. Coral Miller
Ozone Officer
Department of Environmental Health Services
Ministry of Health
P O Box N-8903
Nassau Court
Nassau, Bahamas
Tel: 1-(242) 326-7128 / 322 2845
Tel: 1-(242) 323-6223 / 323 3863
Email: cmiller@dehs.bs OR cateleuth@htomail.com

Sri Lanka's and Maldives' NOUs Team Up to Address Compliance Challenges  
With the 85% reduction target for CFC consumption less than 2 years away, National Ozone Units (NOUs) are increasingly active in forming bonds with their peers in neighboring countries to undertake innovative approaches to meet the compliance targets of the Montreal Protocol. A good example took place in Male, Maldives from 17-19 June 2005, when the Ozone Officer from that country and his counterpart from Sri Lanka convened an extraordinary meeting as part of "South-South Assistance" facilitated by the UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme and UNEP ROAP Compliance Assistance Programme team.
According to MOP Decision XV/37, Maldives will be importing ODS from 2006 to meet their domestic needs. Since Maldives is a low-volume consuming country (LVC), import of ODS from large-scale traders or producing countries is difficult. Therefore to comply with the decision, under this cooperation, Sri Lanka will be supplying small quantities of ODS to Maldives. Linked in this way, it is essential for the NOUs of both countries to closely cooperate and coordinate.
Noting the importance of mutual assistance within the sub-regional framework, the two NOUs identified the procedures to initiate and adopt harmonized legislative and regulatory mechanisms for ODS imports and exports within the existing trade framework. Regarding ODS import and export controls, the two countries agreed to:
" Establish systematic information exchange between customs authorities and the NOUs.
" Share their import and export registration forms for further improvement at their respective ends and exchange the information with the NOUs of exporting countries.
" Exchange information on licensed imports between the two NOUs.
" Work with the CAP Policy and Enforcement Officer to analyse and share information on exports from China and India in the region with the data on imports.

Sri Lanka also proposed to share information on the development of its database to facilitate information exchange on import quotas, list of importers, licensing systems and their framework of a national ozone network.
On the issue of capacity building under the Refrigerant Management Plan (RMP)/Total Phase Out Management Plan (TPMP), Sri Lanka will share its experiences with refrigeration technicians from Maldives. Since Sri Lanka has already completed a major part of its technician training, customs officers training and has developed a certification system, the Sri Lankan NOU will assist Maldives' NOU to develop a similar system within the framework of the latter's national requirements. In addition, a regular dialogue will be held between the two NOUs, to discuss mobile air conditioning (MAC) training and awareness creation programmes. Sri Lanka will also assist Maldives in developing an information, education and communication (IEC) strategy for compliance and to prepare their TPMP for meeting compliance commitments till 2010.
For further information, please contact:

Mr. Mahmood Riyaz
Assistant Director Coastal Management
Ozone Officer
Ministry of Home Affairs, Housing and Environment
Environment Research Center
Jamaaludheen Building, Nikagasmagu Malè 20-05
Republic of Maldives
Tel: (960) 335 952
Fax: (960) 335 953
Email: erc@environment.gov.mv

Dr. W.L. Sumathipala
Director/National Coordinator,
Coordinator/Montreal Protocol
Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources
"Parisara Piyasa", 104 Robert Gunawardena Mawatha
Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
Tel: 94 11 2887455/2875381
Fax: 94 112871764/2875381/2887455
Email: sumathi2@sri.lanka.net

Mr. Atul Bagai,
Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia,
Compliance Assistance Programme,
Regional Office of Asia and Pacific, UNEP
Bangkok
Tel: +66 2 288 1662
Email bagai@un.org

25th Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol and Second Extraordinary Meeting of the Parties,
27 June - 1 July 2005, Montreal, Canada
 
This week, the Parties to the Montreal Protocol are gathering for the first time since the 50% phase-out of CFCs and halons went into effect in the developing countries on 1 January 2005.
The Open-ended Working Group Meeting taking place in Montreal (27-30 June 2005), which is a preparatory meeting for the final decision in December 2005, has a very dynamic agenda that includes:
- Replenishment (for the triennium period in 2006-2008) of the Multilateral Fund which provides technical and financial assistance to the developing countries - Measures to prevent illegal trade in Ozone Depleting Substances
- Critical use exemption for developed countries
- mainly in Meter Dose Inhalers
The second Extraordinary Meeting of the Parties will also take place on 2 July 2005 to consider the essential exemption of Methyl Bromide for developed countries and other related issues.
Please see the Ozone Secretariat website: http://www.unep.org/ozone/Events/index.asp
- Press releases http://www.unep.org/ozone/Public_Information/index.asp
- Agendas http://www.unep.org/ozone/Meeting_Documents/oewg/25oewg/25oewg-1.e.doc and http://www.unep.org/ozone/Meeting_Documents/mop/2ex_mop/2ex_mop-1.e.doc
See also the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) website for full coverage http://www.iisd.ca/ozone/oewg25/

New United Nations report on progress made in achieving Millenium Development Goals includes ozone protection progress  
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), drawn from the United Nations Millennium Declaration, constitute an unprecedented promise by world leaders to address, as a single package, peace, security, development, human rights and fundamental freedoms. A new United Nations report highlights progress achieved worldwide towards meeting the MDGs by 2015, including MDG 7, "Ensure environmental sustainability". Ozone protection under the Montreal Protocol is identified as an area where progress is being made towards achieving the MDG 7 targets.

25 international organisations contributed to this landmark report, including Implementing Agencies of the Montreal Protocol's Multilateral Fund: UNDP, UNEP and the World Bank.

The references to the Montreal Protocol include:

"Action to prevent further deterioration of the ozone layer shows that progress is possible." (pg. 5)

"Overcoming these and other environmental problems will require greater attention to the plight of the poor and an unprecedented level of global cooperation. Action to halt further destruction of the ozone layer shows that progress is possible when the political will is there." (pg. 30)

"Through unprecedented global cooperation, use of chlorofluorocarbons, the most widespread ozone-depleting substances, has been reduced to one tenth of 1990 levels. This remarkable accomplishment shows that progress on the environment can be achieved with strong political will and with consensus on the problem and on how to solve it. Though damage to the ozone layer is already evident, recovery is expected within the next 50 years."

Click here to access the full report

Click here to read UNEP's press release from the regional launching of the report

For further information, please contact:

Nick Nuttall, UNEP Spokesperson,
Office of the Executive Director
Tel: +254 20 62 3084;
E-mail: nick.nuttall@unep.org

 

UNEP Wins 2005 USEPA Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award  

On behalf of UNEP, Mr. Rajendra Shende accepted the USEPA award for the 'leadership and innovation in assisting developing countries' on 4 May 2005. See press release | English | Francais | Arabic
Ms. Drusilla Hufford -Director of Global programme Division of USEPA while presenting the award said:
" The OzonAction Programme at UNEP is led by the Division of Technology, Industry and Economics. This is the first time that EPA has granted this award to a UN agency.

For all of us, the OzonAction Programme is a reliable source of information on protecting the ozone layer. And for developing countries, OzonAction serves as the critical link to scientific, environmental, and technical information, without which the Montreal Protocol would surely fail. The OzonAction brings the community of environmental authorities, business people, and the public together to get things done.

The OzonAction Programme has a long list of accomplishments - some are summarized in your program. Let me call your attention to one remarkable fact: "The Programme has benefited well over 140 countries." This global reach helps make the Montreal Protocol a global success. "
Rajendra Shende was the only recipient among others who was invited to make the closing remarks of the ceremony. He said:
" The award to UNEP DTIE's OzonAction is also an award to the developing countries who are doing extraordinary job in complying with the Montreal Protocol. From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, the countries are struggling hard to protect the Ozone Layer and save the life on the earth. OzonAction has learned a lot from private sector and the governments like USEPA who have done amazing jobs in phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances. There are many assessments done in the world on number of subjects. In case of the Montreal Protocol, OzonAction was able to translate those messages contained in the bulky assessment reports of the technology and Economic Assessment Panel into doable and achievable actions. OzonAction Team in its regional offices in Bangkok, Nairobi, Bahrain and Mexico City as well as in Paris office is working relentlessly to assist the small and large countries in Ozone layer protection and taking actions that safeguards the Ozone layer and the climate system. "
For further information, please contact:

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: rmshende@unep.fr
USEPA Award website

Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) Provides Support to Iraq in Joining the Ozone Treaties  
As part of its continuing support to non-party countries in West Asia region, Compliance Action Programme (CAP) invited Iraq and Palestine National Authority (PNA) to join its "2005 Main Meeting of ODS Officers for West Asia Network", which was held in Amman, Jordan on 26th through 28th April 2005.
During the Network Meeting a special discussion session was organized for Iraq, to allow them the opportunity to benefit from the presence of the Secretariats, Implementing Agencies and CAP together, in order to further encourage Iraq to become Party to the Ozone Treaties. Five high level officers, representing relevant ministries and authorities from the country, formed the Iraq delegation.
As a result of this discussion session, Iraq expressed willingness to join the Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol and explained the circumstances that might delay their ratification. The representative of the Ozone Secretariat offered full assistance to Iraq to facilitate their joining process. Iraq will provide the Secretariats, Implementing Agencies and CAP with latest list of contact focal points in the ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment in order to facilitate opening the communication channels officially with the new Iraqi government. CAP will follow-up with both, the country and the Ozone Secretariat to expedite this action.

For further information, please contact:
Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Kuwait Experience in Combating Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)  
During the Main Meeting of ODS Officers for West Asia Network that was held in Amman, Jordan (26-28 April 2005), Kuwait shared its experience in combating illegal trade in ODS and highlighted a number of illegal trade cases that were seized due to alert customs officers.
They attributed this alertness to the training received under the Refrigerant Management Plan (RMP) Project and the national legislations that are fully enacted. Kuwait emphasized that such close monitor of ODS trade enabled the environmental authorities to work with the stakeholders, in educating them on the adverse effects of illegal trade in ODS on the economy
and the end users - where such acts allow contaminated and miss labeled ODS to enter thecountry and result in damage to equipment and unwanted economically hardship. This convinced an increasing number of stakeholders to cooperate with the authorities, thus resulting in curbing attempts of illegal trade in ODS. The case presented by Kuwait raised the level of enthusiasm amongst other countries in the region and encouraged some of them to come forward and speak about their experiences and frustration of some attempts of illegal trade on a national level. Compliance Action Programme (CAP) will continue follow-up with countries in the region to maintain the momentum of ODS Officers with regards to combating illegal trade for the benefit of the ozone layer as well as their national economies.

For further information, please contact:
Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Round Table Meeting on Chillers, Transition and Management of the Portion of the Refrigeration Service Sector Made Up by Chillers in Article 5 Countries, Amman, Jordan, 24-25 April 2005  
A round-table meeting "Trends in the Chillers Sector Vs. the Environmental Challenges" was organized by United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Office for West Asia (UNEP/ROWA), in Amman Jordan (24-25 April 2005) and participated by:
- West Asian countries; ODS Officers and national experts in chillers sectoro Implementing Agencies; UNDP, UNIDO and the World Bank. Representatives of the Chillers Industry, Globally & Regionally (CARRIER, TRANE & YORK)
- Representatives to demonstrate case study from Turkey Chillers Projet
- Representatives of regional ASHRAE chapters in West Asia.

The meeting was a good opportunity to share technical and policy issues related to CFC consumption by the chillers sector, as well as future of this cluster in light of the global environmental challenges and latest decisions adopted by the Meeting of Parties of Montreal Protocol. Based on the recommendations of the round-table meeting, UNEP could provide services to the countries and support demonstration activities by other Implementing Agencies.

For further information, please contact:

Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Green Customs Training Workshop, 2-5 May 2005, Damascus, Syria  
Under the Green Customs initiative and in cooperation with the Division of Environmental Policy Implementation (DEPI) and Division of Technology, Industry & Economy (DTIE), Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) organized a regional training workshop on Green Customs in parallel with the Regional Workshop on Compliance with and Enforcement of Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in Syria, 2-5 May 2005. Representatives of customs authorities in West Asia countries, as well as representatives of free zones in the region, attended the Workshop, to discuss compliance with MEAs and combating illegal trade of ODSs and other environmentally sensitive commodities controlled or banned by MEAs.
Participants of the two meetings joined some plenary sessions for better synergy between implementing authorities, policy makers and customs authorities. The discussions highlighted lack of cooperation and coordination between the key enforcement authorities, as well as lack of training customs officers serving on the borders. It was recommended (amongst other constructive proposals) to establish a National Coordination Committee relevant to MEAs in every member state, which must include customs authorities. Additionally, it was also recommended to conduct more national & regional training to promote the Green Customs Initiative in West Asia Region.

For further information, please contact:
Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Kuwait, Train-the-Trainers Workshop on Good Practices in Refrigeration, Phase I  
Under Phase I of the project for Train-the-Trainers in Good Practices of Refrigeration, Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) in cooperation with Environment Protection Agency (EPA) of Kuwait, organized in March 2005 a workshop for applied education and training in the premises of the College of Technical Studies, Department of Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning. Thirty selected trainers from the College of Technical Studies, other institutes and the private sector, were given a comprehensive 5-day theoretical and hands-on training on good practices in refrigeration and air-conditioning and new alternatives to Ozone

Depleting Substances (ODS), in order to facilitate conveying their experience to the grayschool level in the servicing sector. During the period of 2005-2006, this project is targeting to train 400 technicians to enable Kuwait to fulfill its obligation towards 2007 cut of CFCs.

For further information, please contact:

Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Environment 2005 Exhibition and Conference - Sustainable Transportation in Developing Countries  
The Environmental Research and Wildlife Development Agency (ERWDA) hosted an "Environment 2005 Exhibition and Conference" in Abu Dhabi from 30th January through 2nd February 2005, in which many important dignitaries participated, including the Executive Director of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) introduced Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) and ODS substitute issues in this special pre-conference organized by UNEP on sustainable transportation in developing countries, highlighting evolution in non-ODS technologies in the transportation system, as well as requirements of this sector in the forth coming year before final phase-out. UNEP OzonAction publications were introduced and well received during the exhibition organized back-to-back with the conference. The Executive Director of UNEP visited UNEP's booth at the exhibition and expressed his appreciation of the integrated work of UNEP ROWA team, to induce all related environmental concerns to the transportation conference and exhibition.

For further information, please contact:

Abdulelah Al Wadaee,
ODS Regional Network CoordinatorUNEP/ROWA
P.O.Box: 10880, Manama,
Bahrain
Tel: (973) 17 812777
Fax: (973) 17 825110/1
E-mail: abdulelah.alwadaee@unep.org.bh

India's Air Force takes its commitment to manage halon to new heights  
Addressing the consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) by military organisations (army, navy, air force, coast guard) is one of the remaining challenges under the Montreal Protocol. As part of its provision of direct assistance to countries to support Montreal Protocol compliance targets, UNEP DTIE's OzonAction Programme joined hands with the Ministry of Environment and Forests and the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) to convene an expert forum with the high-level representatives of the Indian Air Force on the halon management issue. The meeting, which took place on 28 February 2005 in Delhi, raised awareness about the links between military readiness and the phase out of ODS under the Montreal Protocol, the need to phase out halons in a systematic manner, and the importance of establishing an ODS management programme by the military.
In India, the civil and aviation sectors are critical to both the economy and national security. These fleets and installations are reliant on the continued use of halons. While the country no longer produces halons, it does import the gas for its critical uses. India has also established a successful national Halon Bank to meet critical needs. India reported zero halon consumption in 2003, it had consumed 317 ODP tonnes in 2002 and has a large existing installed base.
Indian military aviation uses three halons: halon-1211, halon-1301 and halon-2402. They are used in aircraft engine nacelles, auxiliary power units, cargo bays, dry bays, cockpits, cabins, laboratories and ground flight line fire fighting both in normal and low temperature zones. For most applications, alternatives are now available, however for system like engine nacelles, drop-in and retrofitting alternatives are not yet available. For ground flight lines and crash fire tenders and also many other areas, portable extinguishers are now developed and commercially available. Aviation users, especially repair and maintenance wings can be educated and trained for such changes.
Air Chief Marshal SP Tyagi, Chief of Air Staff, inaugurated the workshop and stressed the need for setting up of halon management system and adopting environmentally friendly technologies for next generation aircraft and ground based fire fighting equipment, as use of halons cannot be replaced overnight. He also urged the miliary aviation industry to develop its own halon phase-out strategy. Air Marshal AK Singh AOC in C. Western Air Command, coordinated the workshop, and senior officers of various units of Western Air Command participated in the brainstorming session in terms of halon recycling. Key speakers included Mr Tom Morehouse of TEAP, and Mr Rajendra Shende of UNEP. Other participants in the meeting included representatives of the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)/Defense Institute of Fire Research (DIFR)/ Centre For Fire, Environment & Explosive Safety (CFEES), and UNEP ROAP CAP.
Mr Shende concluded the discussions by identifying three main points that require follow up:
- Conduct an inventory of halons and other ODS in the Air Force.
- Identify the location and quantity of halons that have adequate purity, and resolve the issue related to measurement of purity.
- Establish a task force and focal point in the Air Force for coordination of the halon issue within the Defence sector.

For further information, please contact:
Air Marshall A.K.Singh
AOC-in-C, Western Air Command
Indian Air Force
16, Subroto Park
Delhi Cantonment
New Delhi-110010
India
Tel:+91 9810602105

Mr Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch,
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15
France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 59
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email rmshende@unep.fr

Mr. Atul Bagai
Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia
UNEP Regional Office of Asia and Pacific
Bangkok, Thailand
Phone +66 2 288 1662
Email bagai@un.org


Contact Group Helps Armenia Launch National Strategy to Comply with the Montreal Protocol  

October 2004 brought good news for the European/Central Asian ozone family. With the approval of an Armenia Country Programme, all countries of the region have received necessary funding for their ODS phase-out activities. Armenia now faces up to a formidable task to swiftly establish a national ozone unit and launch the approved projects while complying with the forthcoming control measures under the Montreal Protocol. An additional challenge comes from the fact that Armenia will be the only Article 5 country in the world implementing the ODS Country Programme financed through the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
On the eve of 50% cut in consumption of CFCs and halons, in mid-December 2004, a Contact Group "Armenia-Georgia-Kyrgyzstan-UNEP-UNDP" gathered in Yerevan to help Armenia prepare for the challenges ahead. For the first time a meeting under the umbrella of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe and Central Asia was held with the participation of Article 2 countries of Central Asia, namely Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, who were specially invited to share their insights in the implementation of GEF projects.
On the occasion of the Contact Group Meeting, the Armenia Country Programme was presented to a wide range of national stakeholders, including representatives of the Ministry of Justice, National Customs Department, scientific institutions, non-governmental organisations and media, to raise awareness and secure support for phase-out activities.

Three working days of the Meeting were dedicated to open and energetic deliberations on first steps to launch and implement the Country Programme. How best to set up a National Ozone Unit? Should the NOU be within a governmental structure or an independent non-governmental entity? What are the modalities of NOU operation? How to harmonise the Montreal Protocol obligations with the existing national environmental legislation? How to avoid clashes between an ODS import quota system and national anti-monopoly policies? How to synchronise training programmes to be conducted by UNDP and UNEP? When is the appropriate time to start an End-User Incentive Programme? How to secure support from the Customs Department for training of customs officers and how to ensure sustainability of training activities? These and other vital issues were addressed in detail during the meeting. "The meeting was extremely beneficial for me and my colleagues", said Ms. Asya Muradyan, newly appointed Coordinator of NOU, "We received so much advice, insights and information enabling us to get going with the work".
The Meeting agreed that the next steps would be:
For the Government of Armenia - to sign agreements with UNDP and UNEP as the Implementing Agencies of the Country Programme and to establish a National Ozone Unit.
For UNDP and UNEP - to agree on a synchonised approach to the implementation of their respective projects to ensure maximum impact.
For GEF - to arrange a training of NOU on GEF financial and reporting procedures.
For Network members - to continue providing advice and guidance to Armenian NOU with a view to introducing best-tested methodologies and avoiding frequently-met problems.

For further information, please contact:

Ms. Asya Muradyan
Coordinator of National Ozone Office
Ministry of Nature Protection
Government Building
3, Republic Square
375010 Yerevan
Armenia
Tel. : (3741) 583 934
Fax : (3741) 583 933
Email: asozon@nature.am
Ms. Alla Metelitsa
Interim Regional Network Coordinator
for Europe and Central Asia
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15, France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 78
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: alla.metelitsa@unep.fr

Halon Banking Dilemma in the Balkans

The year 2005 marks a milestone under the Montreal Protocol: it is when countries operating under Article 5 must reduce their halon consumption by 50% compared to 1995-97 average level. This phase-out target forms the backdrop to a recent gathering of National Ozone Officers and halon experts who met to cooperate on development and implementation of national halon management strategies. Such strategies are expected to enable countries to maintain sufficient level of fire protection safety; introduce viable alternatives and avoid economic disruption; gradually reduce country's dependence on halons; and ensure identification of, and provision for critical uses of halons. Jointly organized by the Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Serbia, UNEP and UNIDO, the Regional Halon Management Workshop, was held from 1 to 2 November 2004 in Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro, with the participation 14 countries of Europe and Central Asia.

Having inspected the operation and equipment of the Belgrade Halon Bank, located in the company Vatrosprem, the participants proceeded to discuss advantages and weak points of establishing national halon banks versus regional or sub-regional facilities.
Serbia and Montenegro offered to use the Belgrade Halon Bank as a sub-regional halon bank for the Balkans. In response to this offer Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Macedonia reached a consensus to investigate a cost-effectiveness, feasibility and necessary practical arrangements for the sub-regional halon bank. Albania will decide on involvement in the possible sub-regional halon bank at a later stage, once a survey of installed capacities and essential users in the country is completed.
UNIDO and UNEP were requested to assist the countries concerned in conducting a feasibility study and to facilitate the development of a sub-regional halon banking project if so decided by the Network.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Miroslav Spasojevic
Manager of National of ODS Phase-out Programme
Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection
Dr Ivana Ribara St, no. 91
11000 Belgrade,
Republic of Serbia
Serbia and Montenegro
Tel: (381 11) 31 31 355
Fax: (381 11) 2158 793
Email: smiroslav@yahoo.com
Ms. Alla Metelitsa
Interim Regional Network Coordinator
for Europe and Central Asia
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris Cedex 15, France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 78
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: alla.metelitsa@unep.fr

Green Customs Partners' Meeting
The meeting of partners of Green Customs Initiative will take place tomorrow from 10 AM to 5 PM in DTIE conference room. Representatives of 5 Conventions i.e Basel, Stockholm, Rotterdam, Montreal and CITES along with representatives of INTERPOL, Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons ( OPCW), OECD, International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement ( INECE) , France, Sweden, Norway, USA
( DOS and DOJ) , UNEP DEPI and DTIE ETB will be participating.
Further Information http://www.uneptie.org/ozonaction/customs/home.htm

For further information, please contact:
Mr. Suresh Raj
Capacity Building Manager
OzonAction Branch,
UNEP DTIE,
Paris
Tel: 33 1 44 37 76 11
Email: suresh.raj@unep.fr
 

The Prague Declaration on Enhancing Cooperation Among Chemical Related Multilateral Environmental Agreements
 
We, the ministers of the environment and heads of delegation of the following Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer attending the Sixteenth Meeting of the Parties of the Montreal Protocol in the city of Prague:
Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Congo, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia, European Community, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People?s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Viet Nam, Zambia
Recognizing the need to continue the momentum of unique and successful cooperation among the world communities in negotiating and implementing the Montreal Protocol,

Aware of the need to maintain the integrity of the Montreal Protocol to continue on the road to the recovery of the ozone layer and to its subsequent sustainable preservation,

Conscious of the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and the need successfully to implement the Montreal Protocol in order to attain sustainable development objective;

Cognizant of the findings of the Scientific Assessment Panel of the Montreal Protocol and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on interlinkages between ozone layer depletion and climate change;

Recognizing also that the mainstreaming of the environmental dimension into national strategies for sustainable development and poverty reduction remains an important challenge to all countries;

Aware of the efforts of the world community to develop a strategic approach to international chemicals management;

1. Reaffirm their commitment to continue their efforts to protect the global environment and the ozone layer, bearing in mind in particular the Rio Principles, including the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities;
2. Stress the need in particular, to implement the relevant elements of the WSSD Plan of Implementation concerning the sound management of chemicals, including the prevention of international illegal trade of ozone-depleting substances, hazardous chemicals and hazardous wastes;
3. Emphasize the need for developing countries to implement multilateral environmental agreements and mainstream environmental considerations in their sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies to maximize the efficiency of the technical and financial support provided;
4. Reiterate the need to help provide support for the implementation of chemicals related multilateral environmental agreements to developing countries and countries with economies in transition, for the Montreal Protocol including through an adequate replenishment of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol and the Global Environment Facility and enhanced cooperation between these funds;
5. Enhance the collaborative efforts towards technological development, in particular those relating to the protection of the ozone layer and the mitigation of climate change, and transfer of technology to the countries that need it;
6. Seek alliance with other multilateral instruments like the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions to contribute to an effective strategic approach to international chemicals management; and
7. Declare the willingness of the Parties assembled in this City of Bridges to contribute to building bridges between the relevant multilateral environmental agreements and to help them draw inspiration from the success of the Montreal Protocol while, in turn, drawing inspiration from them in meeting future challenges.

Prague, 26 November 2004, 8 p.m.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Marco Gonzalez, Executive Secretary
Ozone Secretariat
United Nations Environment Programme
P.O. Box 30552
Nairobi
Kenya
Tel: (+254 2) 623 855
Fax: (+254 2) 623 913
Email: marco.gonzalez@unep.org
 

Friendship Ceremony to Raise Ozone Protection Awareness Among Children  
Schoolchildren in China's central Shaanxi province learned about the importance of safeguarding the Earth's protective ozone layer during a "Friendship Ceremony" held on 16 September 2004 in Xian, capital of Shaanxi province and the ancient capital of China. Convened on the occasion of the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, this event was jointly organized by China's State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) OzonAction Programme to raise awareness among this important target group.
UNEP presented the Shaanxi dignitaries and young people with copies of animated films about ozone layer protection produced by Georgia, Kuwait and Sri Lanka, as well as an education kit produced by Lebanon and a CD of children's songs on ozone layer protection from Japan. UNEP also presented the Ozzy Ozone video developed by the OzonAction Programme for use in national Ozone Day celebrations worldwide this year. The Ozzy Ozone character has also been used in China in awareness materials and as part of the country's Ozone Pledge programme in which local companies trading in ozone depleting substances committed to assist other companies with the phase out process.
During the ceremony the co-organizer of this event, Mr Hong Fung, Vice Governor of Shaanxi province, promised that the provincial Government would duplicate all the received awareness materials and to provide them to each and every school in Shaanxi province. Mrs. Wang, Vice Minister of SEPA, and Mr. Liu Yi, Director General of SEPA, were also present during the ceremony. Xian is a city from where Chinese silk was traded to the rest of the world during ancient times. "Let the message of ozone layer protection start from here to the rest of China, in order to sustain the success of the Montreal Protocol. Let us establish a new silk road from Xian to the rest of the world" stated Mr. Rajendra Shende, Chief of the DTIE OzonAction Branch.
This Friendship Ceremony took place in the overall context of the Global Communication Strategy developed by UNEP under the Multilateral Fund. Scientists predict that the world community's action under the Montreal Protocol will restore the health of the ozone layer by mid-century if national actions to meet compliance targets are sustained as planned. Awareness among school children is necessary to reinforce ozone friendly behaviour in their parents, relatives and community. Additionally, those children should be encouraged to become the environmentally-responsible citizens now and in the future

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Liu Yi, Director General
State Environmental Protection Administration
(SEPA)
No 115, Nanxiaojie, Xizhimennei
Beijing 100035
China
Tel: (86 10) 6615 1775
Fax: (86 10) 6615 1776/1762
Email: nepafeco@public.bta.net.cn
Rajendra Shende, Head
OzonAction Branch,
UNEP DTIE,
Paris
Tel: 33-1-44371459
E-mail: rmshende@unep.fr

Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova get equipped for the critical year 2005
Bishkek, 31 July 2004 - Heads of National Ozone Units and national experts in refrigeration, methyl bromide phase-out and public awareness from Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova participated in an interactive experience-sharing meeting in Kyrgyzstan from 27 to 31 July 2004. This meeting, organized by the Ozone Centre of Kyrgyzstan and UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme, was the first gathering of the "Georgia - Kyrgyzstan - Moldova" Contact Group, established under the Regional Ozone Network for Europe and Central Asia.
The meeting provided the participating countries with an opportunity to discuss implementation details of various projects set out in their respective country programmes; share success stories and lessons learned; and seek advice from their counterparts on problems encountered.
The participants concluded that achievements of the three countries would be of interest and value to the other Network members and should thus be broadly disseminated in the region. These include, inter alia, the introduction of a computerized training programme for refrigeration technicians in Moldova; field trials of chemical and non-chemical methyl bromide alternatives for soil fumigation (metam sodium, dazomet, biofumigation and steam) in Georgia; and the operation of a mobile refrigerant Recovery&Recycling Centre in Kyrgyzstan.
Of particular interest was a presentation by Georgia of its "Incentive Programme for the End-Users in the Commercial/Industrial Refrigeration", which was followed by an energetic debate. Georgia was a pilot country, together with Ghana, to undertake a project of this kind. This programme is being effectively carried out in Georgia through innovative technical solutions for replacement/retrofit of ODS-based equipment with support of UNDP as Implementing Agency. Kyrgyzstan and Moldova are in a process of launching similar programmes and thus required first-hand information from Georgia on complex procedures and potential difficulties in working with small and medium-sized enterprises.
Proximity of the three participating countries to ODS-producing states puts them under the threat of growing illegal trade in ODS and ODS-containing equipment. The participants urged UNEP to take immediate action to bolster customs cooperation in order to control and reduce illegal ODS traffic in the region.
This Contact Group meeting equipped the participating countries with new ideas, viable approaches and tested methodologies which will help them achieve their compliance targets in the coming critical year.

For further information, please contact:
Mr. Mars Amanaliev
Head, Ozone Centre of Kyrgyzstan
Ministry of Ecology and Emergency Situations
2/1 Toktonaliev str. Room 109
Kyrgyz Republic, 720055 c/o Bishkek
Tel: + 996 312 427290
Fax: + 996 312 548853
E-mail: ecoconv@elcat.kg
Ms. Alla Metelitsa
Interim Regional Network Coordinator
for Europe and Central Asia
UNEP DTIE
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris
Cedex 15, France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 78
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: alla.metelitsa@unep.fr

Europe and Central Asia to join hands for coordinated action
Throughout centuries Bosnia and Herzegovina has been a crossroads where Orient and Occident meet to exchange goods, traditions and knowledge and to mix cultures. From 25-28 May 2004, this country welcomed Government representatives of 12 European nations (Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro and the Slovak Republic) that came to Sarajevo to exchange their experiences and approaches to advancing the ozone layer protection.

This second meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe and Central Asia was organised by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina and UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme in cooperation with the Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe.

The member countries of the Network are scattered throughout the Pan-European region, most of them border developed countries and countries with economies in transition operating under Article 2 of the Montreal Protocol. This specific geopolitical situation dictates the need for the Network to join forces with other countries of the region to tackle issues of common concern. Boosting regional cooperation therefore came high on the agenda at Sarajevo and tied together all topics for discussion. Participation by Network countries in advisory, technical and decision-making bodies under the Protocol was another priority issue.

A blend of expertise and experience in all aspects of implementation of the Montreal Protocol has been accumulated in some Network countries. Several of them are well ahead of the approved ODS phase-out schedule, while some others are at the early stages of implementation or just about to launch their national phase-out plans. This diversity prompted the Network to adopt an innovative "contact group" approach to provide a direct country-to-country assistance to those members facing immediate and long-term compliance challenges. This approach was first tested in March this year in Albania and then applied during the contact groups' consultations conducted on margins of the Sarajevo meeting. It proved instrumental in searching for solutions to technical problems of countries in non-compliance. It also helped the Implementing Agencies better coordinate their efforts and target their compliance support. The merits of the "contact group" approach will further be examined and refined during group meetings scheduled for the second half of 2004.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Ibro Cengic
Head, National Ozone Unit
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations
Musal 9, Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tel: (387 33) 211 852
Fax: (387 33) 211 852
Email: ozoneunit.bih@iweb.ba
Ms. Alla Metelitsa
Interim Regional Network Coordinator
for Europe and Central Asia
UNEP DTIE
Tour Mirabeau
39-43, quai Andre Citroen
75739 Paris
Cedex 15, France
Tel: +33 1 44 37 14 78
Fax: +33 1 44 37 14 74
Email: alla.metelitsa@unep.fr

Methyl Bromide Phase Out Gains Ground in Fiji  
Methyl bromide importers, fumigators, government representatives, representatives from chamber of commerce and other stakeholders gathered in Suva, Fiji on 27 May 2004 to discuss elements of a national methyl bromide phase out strategy. This was the first meeting of its kind in Fiji, where all important personalities who influence methyl bromide imports and use in the country met to brainstorm ideas on the best way forward to phase out methyl bromide without negatively impacting the country's economy. Fiji is a small consuming country that in 2002 reported consumption of less than one ODP tonne.
The Government viewed this consultation process as an opportunity to consider a potential accelerated methyl bromide phase out and thereby meet its Montreal Protocol commitments. The main outcome of the meeting included agreement for the need for more comprehensive data collection on methyl bromide use to determine accurate consumption as a basis for the phase out plan, increasing enforcement of the permit system, and the development of a Code of Good Fumigation Practice for fumigators. The need for a broader awareness raising campaign through specific sub-sectors was also emphasized.
The participants decided that an urgent short-term priority is to establish a National Methyl Bromide Consultative Group that would lead the methyl bromide phase out activities in the country. They also decided that the preparation and the development of a national methyl bromide phase out strategy is an immediate medium-term priority.
The UNEP Methyl Bromide Technical Option Committee Co-chair and UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) provided technical advice and assistance during the meeting. CAP will provide ongoing support to the country to support the actions agreed upon during the meeting.

For further information, please contact:

Ms Nirupa Ram,
Project Officer, ODS Unit
Department of Environment
Ministry of Housing and Urban
Development
Fiji
Tel: (679) 331 1699/069
Email: ozonefiji@connect.com.fj
Ms Cecilia Mercado
Programme Officer
UNEP ROAP - CAP
Thailand
Tel: (662) 288 1136
mercadoc@un.org

Customs Guards in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Prepare Plan to Sustain the Ozone Layer Protection Success
Just a fortnight after the unification with European Union, Hungary hosted a unique meeting in Budapest (12-14 May 2004) in which 21 Eastern European and Central Asian countries considered new approaches to prevent environmental crime. The issue of concern was the rapidly increasing trade of nearly US$ 30 billion in environmentally-controlled substances including hazardous chemicals and waste, protected natural resources, and ozone depleting substances (ODS) is the issue of the concern. The participating countries discussed how to sustain the success of implementing the Montreal Protocol and use the experience gained in monitoring and control of the ODS trade for other environmentally damaging substances.
The new geo-political equation resulting from the expanded EU has further strengthened the resolve of 21 countries in the region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan) to monitor and control ODS trade in the region. In the late 1980s, these countries consumed nearly 150,000 tons of CFCs annually. It has now been reduced to less than 1,000 tons annually thanks to support provided by the Global Environment Facility and assistance from the World Bank, UNDP and UNEP.

The meeting of the government representatives and the customs officers, which was organised jointly by the Hungarian Customs and Finance Guard and UNEP DTIE OzonAction Programme, was convened at the World Customs Organisation centre in Budapest. The countries reviewed their licensing systems and import export regulations as well as means to strengthen the enforcement of the policies. The new provisions arising of the some of the countries that joined the EU were also discussed. They agreed to set the cooperative mechanisms like informal intelligence sharing and
e-network of the customs officers for the information exchange.

For further information, please contact:

Lt Col. Gabor Hoka, DG of Hungarian Customs and Finance Guard, Head of International Coordination and Communications.
Budapest
Tel: 36 1 456 9520
E-mail: hoka.gabor@mail.vpop.hu
Rajendra Shende, Head
Energy and OzonAction Programme,
UNEP DTIE,
Paris
Tel: 33-1-44371459
E-mail: rmshende@unep.fr

The World Bank 'Green Data Book' Highlights Ozone Progress
The World Bank recently announced the release of the "Little Green Data Book 2004," which includes information on progress concerning ozone layer protection. According to the World Bank, the data book indicates that such progress "can be directly attributable to the strong implementation of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer," with total consumption of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) declining by nearly 20 percent between 2000 and 2002. "Without the Montreal Protocol, levels of ozone depleting substances in the atmosphere would have increased tenfold by 2050, which could have led to up to 20 million more cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts relative to 1980," said the World Bank.
Click here to Download a PDF

For further information, please contact:
Sergio Jellinek
1 212-355-5112
1 202-294-6232 (cell)
Sjellinek@worldbank.org
Kristyn Ebro
1 212-355-5112
1 202-468-6826 (cell)
Kebro@worldbank.org

Compliance with the Montreal Protocol within Sight in Asia-Pacific
With a dramatic backdrop of the beautiful Taj Mahal, a World Heritage monument in Agra, India that suffers from environmental problems, representatives from 22 countries in the Asia-Pacific region recently gathered to tackle priority issues related to compliance with the Montreal Protocol and identify the best mix of approaches that can strengthen and sustain the phase out of ozone depleting substances (ODS). This region produces 80% and consumes 65% of global production and consumption of ODS, therefore compliance with the Protocol's phase out targets is key for ensuring the overall success of the multilateral environmental agreement.
This joint meeting of the Regional Networks of Ozone Officers from South Asia and South East Asia and the Pacific held from 19-21 April 2004 was organized by the UNEP Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) and supported by the Protocol's Multilateral Fund. The host, the Ozone Cell of India's Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), actively contributed to the successful outcome of the event.
Achieving and sustaining compliance by identifying obstacles and finding workable solutions were the objectives of this meeting, which was led by the CAP team from UNEP's Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP). Discussions centred on three thematic areas:
" Preparation of Compliance Action Plans following the decisions of the 15th Meeting of the Parties (MOP) to the Montreal Protocol;
" Policy issues relating to retrofitting, recovery and re-use of ozone-depleting refrigerants
" Strengthening institutions tasked with ozone protection during the current Protocol "compliance period".
The participants committed themselves to meeting benchmarks and action plans to fulfill Protocol requirements specifically relating to 15th MOP decisions with regard to Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Countries also looked at opportunities to maximize recovery and reuse of refrigerants; and retrofitting and promotion of environmentally-sound practices, including ideas for regional policy and technical cooperation. Measures to encourage further actions to strengthen existing institutions, improve data reporting, enforce import and export controls and promote political commitment were also discussed.
This meeting marked the first time that representatives of the Governments of Afghanistan and Bhutan participated in these fora. Both countries are currently not party to the Montreal Protocol, but this meeting provided them with the opportunity to learn from their colleagues in the networks to help expedite their ratification process. The early ratification by these two countries will be a positive outcome of the Agra Network meeting.
"The Regional Ozone Networks... are essential to successfully achieving and maintaining compliance with the Montreal Protocol, and provide a very valuable platform for information sharing and cooperation between countries " said Maria Nolan, Chief Officer of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, who along with Mr. Marco Gonzalez, Executive Secretary of the Ozone Secretariat were the key participants at the meeting. The opening ceremony was attended by the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh, Mr. V.K.Dewan and Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, Dr. Prodipto Ghosh. Mr. Dewan in his opening statement remarked: "Most of the global efforts for Montreal Protocol have been focused at the national level. Involvement of State Governments and local environmental bodies in countries like India will go a long way in sustaining the phase out efforts especially from the small and tiny sector. The problems of this sector will need adequate attention now and state governments can play an important role here."
The Taj Mahal is celebrating its 350th anniversary at the same time as the Network meetings. The coincidence is significant since the Taj Mahal has long been affected by air pollution, an issue that has exercised the attention of non-governmental organisations, technical experts, and the Indian government for a number of years. The choice of Agra as the venue for this crucial meeting served to bring to wider attention the problems of this important heritage site, while contributing towards the successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol as a whole.

For more information, Please contact:

Ms. Usha Chandrasekhar
Director, Ozone Cell
Ministry of Environment
and Forests
India Habitat Centre,
Zone IV, East Court, 2nd Floor, Lodhi Road
New Delhi 110003
India
Tel:(91 11) 24 64 21 76
Fax: (91 11) 2464 21 75
Email
ozone@del3.vsnl.net.in

Mr. Atul Bagai,
Regional Coordinator (Networking), South Asia,
Compliance Assistance Programme,
Regional Office of Asia and Pacific, UNEP
Bangkok
Phone +66 2 288 1662
Email bagai@un.org
Mr. Thanavat Junchaya,
Regional Network Coordinator, South East Asia and Pacific,
Compliance Assistance Programme,
Regional Office of Asia and Pacific, UNEP
Bangkok
Phone +66 2 288 2128
Email junchaya@un.org

Kuwait Empowers Customs Officers to Monitor and Control Trade in Ozone Depleting Chemicals
From 13-14 April 2004 Kuwait's Environmental Protection Agency-National Ozone Unit (NOU) joined hands with the country's General Customs Affairs to provide the country's customs officers with the skills and knowledge needed to control trade in these environmentally-damaging commodities. The Kuwait College of Applied Science also provided support related to technical issues related to air conditioning and refrigeration. This training, which is the second part of a project supported by the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, was organized with support from the regional team of UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme. Previously under the same project, the country's customs training staff were instructed in the ODS training methodology developed by UNEP. This time, those same national trainers applied what they learned by training of the customs line officers (27 out of 300 officers). Thus, support from the international community has effectively built national customs capacity to support compliance with this multilateral environmental agreement (MEA).
The results of this training exceeded expectations. Customs officers left the course with a wider understanding of the Montreal Protocol, the mechanics and methods of ODS trade, and the problem of illegal commerce in these chemicals. They also gained the skills required to effectively use ODS analyzers. As a result of the knowledge imparted by the training, customs officers immediately identified a number of cylinders containing CFC-12 (R-12) currently under Customs custody that will now be re-exported since they were found not to have prior permit to import. These tangible results illustrate that training results in actions to support compliance with this MEA.
To ensure close follow up and sharing of lessons learned to improve future training, the NOU is arranging a regular weekly meeting for the trainers to review information and lectures under the supervision of the ODS Officer. Kuwait EPA expects the second phase of training for Customs line officers to be completed by the beginning of 2005.

For further information, please contact:
Dr Saud Al-Rashied,
Director of Environment Protection
Department, Noise and Air Pollution,
Monitoring Department
Environment Public Authority
Kuwait
Email: noor@epa.org.kw
Dr. Abdulelah Al-Wadaee,
Regional Officer (Networking),
UNEP/ROWA
Bahrain
Email:
Abdulelah.Alwadaee@unep.org.bh

Cambodia Uses National Consultation Workshop to Improve Key Policy to Control Ozone Depleting Substances
From 7-8 April 2004, the National Ozone Unit of Cambodia and the UNEP ROAP Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) organised a national consultation workshop in Phnom Penh to review the draft "Sub-decree on Management of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)". Participants included officers from the relevant Ministries (Environment, Commerce, Customs, Camcontrol, Foreign Affairs, Interior, Industry, Tourism, Transport, and Health), National Technical Training Institute , Cambodia Agricultural Research Development Institute, Cambodia Development Council, Phnom Penh Waste Management, Civil Aviation, companies and service shops. The workshop raised the awareness of all stakeholders and discussed enforcement issues related to the implementation of the draft sub-decree with the aim of identifying elements for improvement.

The NOU secured high-level participation for this important event. During the opening session, the meeting was addressed by the Secretary of State for the Environment, H.E. Chhann Saphan, stating the importance of the country programme of Cambodia. The Director-General chaired part of the meeting in person, adding his weight to the discussions and conveying the message that the effort of Cambodia is part of and supported by a wider international effort. The Sub-decree was explained in detail to the participants and ample time was provided for Questions and Answers. Participants discussed practical implementation issues in three working groups, and the many suggestions for improvement were finalised in the conclusions and recommendations approved at the end of the meeting.

The outcome of this workshop included agreement on a suite of recommendations, including:

Specific amendments to the Sub-decree, for example specifying actual quantities for each substance in kg forimport quotas, immediately banning import of ODS that have not previously been imported into the country, banning import of cars that have been manufactured before 1996 to facilitate control of the ban on import of cars with CFC-based mobile air conditioning, considering the use of different taxes (import tax, non-tariff barrier tax, sales tax) as a deterrent for import of ODS.
Modifications to the licensing procedure (e.g. not allowing requests by importers to transfer unused quotas and/or licenses to others, only renewing licenses if importers fulfill data reporting duties)
Improving monitoring, control and enforcement (e.g. introducing separate HS codes for all ODS and products to facilitate control by customs)
Undertaking specific actions related to awareness raising, information dissemination and training.

UNEP's involvement in this workshop is consistent with its 2004 Business Plan commitment to"backstop the operational activities to be conducted by countries and other Implementing Agencies and help strengthen the expertise of local experts in each of the sectors" in the Asia and Pacific region.

For further information, please contact:

Mr. Pak Sokharavuth
Ministry of Environment
#48, Samdech Preah Sihanouk
Tonle Bassac, Chamkarmon
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 23 222 439
Mobile: (855) 12 962 103
Fax: (855) 23 987 880,/ 23 212 540
Email: 012962103@mobitel.com.kh
Ms. Ludgarde Coppens
Policy and Enforcement Officer
UNEP ROAP - Compliance Assistance Programme
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Ave.
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: +66 2 288 1679
Fax: +66 2 280 3829
Email: coppensl@un.org

UNEP Encourages Public-Private Partnership to Tackle Illegal Trade in Ozone-depleting Substances
Bangkok, March 1, 2004 - A new alliance has been forged to tackle the environmental crime of illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS), following a meeting last week of governments, international agencies, chemical producers and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
The illegal trade in ODS, principally chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), has emerged as a significant global problem during the past few years, especially in Asia. While much equipment still exists in the region that is reliant on CFCs, countries have committed to reduce consumption and production of CFCs in line with the phase-out schedule dictated by the Montreal Protocol. This has led to growing smuggling of these chemicals to satisfy demand from users, which has hampered the take-up of alternative chemicals.
"Unified international efforts will be the key to the prevention of the environmental crime related to the trade in ODS", said Klaus Toepfer, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in a message to participants.
The Workshop on Preventing Illegal Trade: Public Private Partnership, which concluded on Friday in Hua Hin, Thailand, was organised by UNEP's Compliance Assistance Programme of OzonAction in the Regional Office of Asia and Pacific and for the first time brought together industry and government representatives from China, India, the European Union and Russia (which now no longer produces CFCs) as well as World Bank, and the NGOs Environmental Investigation Agency and Stockholm Environment Institute.
The two day meeting considered the problems being caused in Asia by a burgeoning illegal trade in ODS. The participants - representing 85 percent of total global CFC production - committed themselves to greater cooperation and transparency in sharing information and intelligence to combat this problem.
Mr. N. Dayal, Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India facilitated a session on case studies of illegal trade: "We are encouraged by the cooperation from producing and consuming countries in this final phase of the implementation of the Montreal Protocol. But we are also looking for participation from brokers dealing in these chemicals and from those countries which have a significant transit trade in CFCs in the region," he said.
The meeting - part of UNEP's activities to implement the Montreal Protocol under the Multilateral Fund - recommended a system of informal information exchange between countries, specific actions on tackling illegal trade, and follow-up bilateral and regional initiatives.

For further information, please contact:
Tim Higham, Regional Information Officer, UNEP, Bangkok,
phone +66 2 288 2127,
Email higham@un.org
Rajendra Shende, Head
UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch
United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP DTIE)
E-mail rmshende@unep.fr

Sri Lanka Declares 2004 as "National Ozone Year"
The Government of Sri Lanka has declared the year 2004 as National Ozone Year in recognition of the following important ozone protection milestones in 2004: - The National Ozone Unit will complete 10 years of operation in July. - The Government of Sri Lanka will complete 15 years as a Party to the Montreal Protocol on 15 December. The Montreal Protocol will complete 17 years on 16 September (International Ozone Day).
The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources is the focal point for environmental treaties, including the Montreal Protocol. Sri Lanka's National Ozone Unit (NOU) plans to celebrate the National Ozone Year in 2004 by implementing following activities:
- Establishment of an "Ozone Information Centre" and a "Refrigerant Management Centre" in "Parisarapiyasa", Battaramulla. - Conducting an awareness creation campaign for all targets groups. i.e. school children, school teachers, policy makers, NGOs, industrialists, the general public, etc. - Holding a special briefing session for Parliamentarians in order to aware them on environment, economic & policy matters on implementation of Montreal Protocol in Sri Lanka - Conducting a special awareness campaign at Nallathanni, Sri Pada, Kataragama, Madu Church, and Kandy during festive seasons. - Organizing an "All-Island Quiz" programme and poster competition. - Organizing the International Ozone Day Celebrations as a special event - September 16th 2004. - Training customs officers and appointment of a Task Force to develop important regulations and prevent unauthorized imports of ozone depleting substances (ODS). - Training refrigeration & AC technicians on "Good Practices in Refrigeration", covering the entire island and providing necessary equipments and developing a plan for accreditation. - Development of safety standards for all types of refrigerants including hydrocarbons. - Development of a database for management of ODS in Sri Lanka. - Taking action to actively implementing already approved end-user incentive programme and methyl bromide phase-out project.
Sri Lanka, which ratified both Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol on 15 December 1989, does not produce ODS but it consumes a significant amount primarily in air conditioning and refrigeration servicing, agriculture and quarantine applications. Under the Multilateral Fund, the country is being provided with technical and financial assistance provided by the Government of Japan, UNDP and UNEP.

For further information, please contact:
Dr. W.L. Sumathipala
National Coordinator, ODS Officer
Montreal Protocol Unit
Ministry of Environment & Natural Resources
"Parisara Piyasa", 104 Robert Gunawardena Mawatha
Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
Tel: 94 1 871 764/ 875 381/ 887 455
Fax: 94 1 887 455/ 875 381
Email: sumathi2@sri.lanka.net

Kyrgyzstan, WCO and UNEP Train Front Line Customs Officers to Control ODS
The National Ozone Center of Kyrgyzstan - established in 2002 within the Ministry of Ecology and Emergency Situations of Kyrgyzstan - in cooperation with UNEP and the World Customs Organisation conducted two workshops under the Phase 1 of the Training for Customs Project. The first workshop was held on 9-11 February in Bishkek, and the second one took place on 16-18 February in Osh. The customs training project is aimed at enabling customs officers to monitor and control ODS imports and exports to/from Kyrgyzstan in order to allow for smooth and effective ODS phase-out. The project has been funded by the Multilateral Fund as part of Kyrgyzstan's National ODS Phase-out Plan in July 2002. The licensing system of ODS imports has been formally established in September 2000 by introduction of the Decree No. 552 "On measures for implementation of the obligations under the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol".

During the two initial workshops, a total of 80 participants including the representatives of customs regional entry points, customs headquarters and other key stakeholder agencies attended the train-the-trainers workshop. The workshop included presentations dealing with ozone layer depletion and the Montreal Protocol provisions, national regulations concerning ODS, methods of identification of ODS, illegal trade in ODS. Discussions in small groups took place during the workshop. Representatives from Kazakhstan NOU and the Russian Federation Customs made presentations of their ODS licensing systems. Under the framework of South-South cooperation, CAP facilitated the participation of a resource person from the National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics of India to provide input in theoretical and practical sessions. Practical hands-on session on identification of ODS using ODS identifiers was also part of the agenda. At the end of the workshop the participants received relevant certificates from the Government of Kyrgyzstan.

Contact for additional information:

Mr. Yerzhan Aisabayev, Programme Officer,
UNEP DTIE, OzonAction Programme
Tel.: (33 1) 44 37 14 64
Email : yaisabayev@unep.fr

 

Mr. Mars Amanaliev, ODS Officer, Kyrgyzstan Ozone Center
Tel.: (996 312) 42 72 80, 54 88 52
Email: deecoconv@elcat.kg

SEPA and UNEP Advance China's Policy
Training Project
On 15-16 January 2004, the ROAP Policy & Enforcement Officer (PEO) met with the State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) team responsible for the implementation of the Policy Training Project in China. The training strategy, while focussing on China, will have some important outcomes that may be of significance to other developing countries worldwide. Face-to-face workshops are combined with the simultaneous development of an on-line system that will allow SEPA to ensure sustainable training for officers from local Environmental Protection Bureaus in all key provinces of the country. The SEPA Investigation and Supervision Bureau (ISB) is now fully involved in the investigation of violations of ODS regulations, including illegal CFC production. UNEP has been requested to develop a manual containing technical information on different sectors of ODS consumption to assist ISB Officers in their inspection task. As main ODS producing and exporting country, other countries in the region will benefit from increased control efforts by China.

Contact for additional information:
Ms. Ludgarde Coppens,
Policy and Enforcement Officer,
UNEP ROAP - CAP
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Ave.
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: +66 2 2881679
Fax: (66 2) 280 3829
Email: coppensl@un.org
 

Mission Identifies Sources of Halon Bank Assistance for Developing Countries
From 23 January- 7 February, the CAP ROWA Halon Phase-out Officer conducted a mission to Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Melbourne, Australia; Mumbai and New Delhi, India. The objective of the mission was, first, to provide technical assistance to the Federal Environment Authority of United Arab Emirates on halon management, and second, to establish contacts with select established national halon banks in developed and developing countries to explore future cooperation and exchange of information and expertise. As the result of the visits and meeting carried out during the mission, Australia's National Halon Bank Management Team indicated that it can assist in preparing halon bank, be they national or regional, provide hands-on training on halon recovery & recycling machines, and provide information and training related to regulations, management strategies, awareness campaign programmes and other related issues. India's National Halon Reclamation Facility also indicated that it can be utilized for hands-on training on halon recovery & recycling. They suggested that the standards being developed by the Facility could be a source of technical information, especially taking into account the similarities in climate conditions between India and some countries of the West Asia Region.

Contact for additional information:
Fareed I. Bushehri
Programme Officer,
UNEP/ROWA,
P.O. Box 10880
Manama, Bahrain.
Tel.: +973 - 17826600
Fax: +973 - 17825110/1
E-Mail: fareed.bushehri@unep.org.bh
 

China Strategy for Accelerated CFCs Phase-out in Refrigeration Servicing Sector
China's State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) is developing China's Country Compliance Plan (CCCP) and is accelerating its complete phaseout of ozone depleting substances to 2007. The CCCP will cover all ozone depleting substances (ODS) sectors, including two new ones, i.e. refrigeration servicing and metered dose inhalers (MDIs). UNEP DTIEs Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) continues to assist SEPA with the development of the Refrigeration Servicing Sector Strategy (RSSS), including the recent visit of the CAP Refrigerant Management Plan Officer to SEPA's headquarters 19-20 January 2004. The CCCP is expected to be submitted to the 43rd meeting of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund this July for consideration. SEPA plans to submit the draft RSSS as an annex to the CCCP.

Contact for additional information:

Ms. Xiaofang ZHOU
Senior Programme Officer, Division III,
Foreign Economic Cooperation Office
SEPA
No. 115, Xizhimennei Nanxiaojie
Beijing, 100035, China
Tel: 86-10-67116499
Fax: 86-10-66151776
email: zhouxf@svr1-pek.unep.net
Mr. Shaofeng HU
Programme Officer (RMP Implementation)
UNEP/ROAP
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Ave.
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: (66 2) 288 1126
Fax: (66 2) 280 3829
E-mail: hus@un.org

Ms. Maria Nolan Appointed as New Chief Officer of the Multilateral Fund
Ms. Maria Nolan (United Kingdom) has been appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Kofi Annan, as Chief Officer of the Multilateral Fund to succeed Mr.Omar El-Arini. Mr. Shafqat Kakakhel, Deputy Executive Director of UNEP, announced this during the 15th meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (Nairobi, 10-14 November 2003) in his statement on behalf of Mr. Klaus Töpfer, Executive Director of UNEP.
Ms. Nolan brings with her a wealth of experience on the protection of the ozone layer both at the national level, in her capacity as the Head of Stratospheric Ozone Policy in the United Kingdom, and internationally as policy adviser to UNEP's Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee, as President of the Montreal Protocol's Implementation Committee and as a co-chair of the Protocol's Open Ended Working Group. She was instrumental in developing the UK policy on the reduction of emissions of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) which is now used as a basis for EU-wide measures.
Ms. Nolan has also been a representative of the United Kingdom on the Multilateral Fund Executive Committee and a developed country partner of the SEAP Regional Network of ODS Officers. Ms. Nolan has also been active participant to represent UK, in UNEP OzonAction's Regional Network of NOUs for South Asia and has promoted North South co operation . She has also been on the advisory body of its Compliance Assistance Programme.

Ms. Nolan is expected to take up her position early in 2004.

For further information, please contact:

Ms. Julia Anne Dearing
Information Management Officer
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol 1800 McGill College, 27th floor
Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 3J6
Phone: (1-514) 282-1122 (231) or (1-514) 282-7862 (direct)
Fax: (1-514) 282-0068
E-mail: secretariat@unmfs.org
Website: http://www.unmfs.org
 

Multilateral Fund approves US$ 96 million to assist developing countries in their efforts to phase out the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances
An additional US $96 million is to be made available immediately to 60 developing countries to assist their industries phase out substances that harm the ozone layer. Last week the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol held its forty-first meeting in Montreal (Canada) to consider 192 projects and activities submitted by 73 countries. This was the second largest single funding approval in the history of the Multilateral Fund.
The Committee agreed to commit a further US $31 million that will lead to the phase-out of carbon tetrachloride in North Korea and Pakistan, and all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in Colombia, Ecuador, Iran, Lesotho, Libya and Mauritius, as well as the total phase-out of ozone depleting solvents in Chile, Jamaica, Romania and Turkey. In addition, the funds provided will convert Cuba's industry from the use of CFCs in metered dose inhalers used primarily to deliver medication to asthma sufferers, to ozone friendly alternatives.
The funds will also permit another 12 smaller countries in Africa, south-east Asia, and the Caribbean to implement projects to manage and reduce their consumption of ozone depleting refrigerants. While these countries consume less ozone depleting substances, they are fully committed to meet their obligations under the Protocol and are provided with appropriate assistance from the Multilateral Fund to enable them to do so.
The Montreal Protocol requires that developing countries phase-out 85 per cent of their baseline consumption of carbon tetrachloride and 50 per cent of their consumption of CFCs by 1 January 2005.
Overall, the funding committed at the 41st Meeting will lead to additional phase-out of a total of about 9,000 tonnes of consumption of ozone depleting substances.
Background information
The ozone layer which absorbs ultraviolet radiation harmful to living organisms and human health, is in danger from several chemicals currently used in industry and agriculture such as chloroflurocarbons (CFCs), halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform and methyl bromide.
The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol began its operation in 1991. The main objective of the Multilateral Fund is to assist developing country parties to the Montreal Protocol whose annual per capita consumption and production of ozone depleting substances is less than 0.3 kg to comply with the control measures of the Protocol. These countries are referred to as Article 5 countries.
The 2 billion dollar Fund is managed by an Executive Committee chaired in 2003 by Ambassador Tadanori Inomata of Japan; El Salvador's José Orlando Altamirano is the Vice Chair. The Committee is assisted by the Fund Secretariat which is based in Montreal. Activities are implemented by four international agencies (UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, World Bank) and a number of bilateral government agencies. Responsibility for overseeing the operation of the Fund rests with the Executive Committee comprising seven members each from developed (Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Hungary, Japan, and the USA) and developing countries (Bolivia, Burundi, El Salvador, India, Jordan, Mauritius and Saint Lucia). Since 1991, the Multilateral Fund has approved activities including industrial conversion, technical assistance, training and capacity building worth approximately US $1.6 billion that will result in the phase-out of approximately 180,000 tonnes of consumption and production of ozone depleting substances in developing countries.

For further information, please contact:
Ms. Julia Anne Dearing
Information Management Officer
Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol 1800 McGill College, 27th floor
Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 3J6
Phone: (1-514) 282-1122 (231) or (1-514) 282-7862 (direct)
Fax: (1-514) 282-0068
E-mail: secretariat@unmfs.org
Website: http://www.unmfs.org
 

New booklet describes successful joint World Bank - Chile Montreal Protocol Programme
Chile early understood the importance of ozone protection because of her geographic proximity to the "ozone hole" where increased ultraviolet radiation can cause severe damage to all forms of life. Here the linkage between the well-being of all of Chile's people and protection of the environment is transparently clear. Chile has been successful in complying with the Montreal Protocol phase-out schedule for ozone depleting substances. Chile met the freeze in consumption 2 years early, and is also reaching the 50% reduction level 2 years ahead of schedule. Full compliance will be certain as remaining issues such as regulation are addressed. The success of the joint World Bank - Chile Montreal Protocol Program, and the innovative grant auction project that evolved during the program, led to the direct elimination of about 494 ODP tons of ozone-depleting substances from Chile's economy. This World Bank report summarizes that success story It has become clear that global environmental issues cannot be dealt with by each country or each agency working in isolation. Coordination and collaboration are essential, and here multilateral institutions play a crucial role.

Click here to download the full report in PDF format

Contact for additional information:

Mr. Steve Gorman
Unit Chief, Montreal Protocol Unit Chief
World Bank/Global Environment Department
1818 H St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
United States
Tel: (1) 202 473 5865
Fax: (1) 202 522 3258
E-mail: sgorman@worldbank.org
Web:
http://www-esd.worldbank.org/mp/home.cf
 

2003 Outstanding National Ozone Unit Awards won by China, Fiji, Jamaica, and Senegal
Paris, 16 September 2003 - Every three years the organizations involved in the implementation of the Montreal Protocol recognise and reinforce the achievements being done by effective National Ozone Units (NOUs), which act to provide enhanced compliance with the countries' Montreal Protocol commitments. The NOU Awards not only show appreciation of the countries' progress in meeting compliance targets, but also encourage them to maintain a pro-active and enthusiastic attitude. The winners of the outstanding NOU Awards in 2003 are
China, Fiji, Jamaica, Senegal
The selection panel was composed of the representatives of the Secretariat of the Multilateral Fund, UNEP OzonAction Programme, UNEP Ozone Secretariat, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Industrial Development Organization and World Bank.
The winners were presented with their awards during the Fifteenth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to be convened in Nairobi, Kenya, 10-14 November 2003.
More information  

Latest status report from World Bank: Is the Ozone Layer Recovering? The Montreal Protocol limits disease, as well as levels of ozone depleting substances
September 17, 2003 - Without the Montreal Protocol, levels of ozone depleting substances in the atmosphere would have increased tenfold by 2050, which could have led to up to 20 million more cases of skin cancer and 130 million more cases of eye cataracts relative to 1980, according to the World Bank's Montreal Protocol Status Report, launched yesterday on the occasion of Ozone Day....What if the Montreal Protocol did not exist? According to the Status Report, between 1986 and 1999, the total global consumption of CFCs was reduced from 1.1 million to 150,000 ODP tons. Calculations show that without the Protocol, global consumption of CFCs would have reached about 3 million ODP tons in 2010 and 8 million tons in 2060. Compliance with the Montreal Protocol by developed and developing countries has resulted in the atmospheric concentrations of several of the most important ozone-depleting gases peaking and now declining or projected to peak and then decline within the next few years, thus reducing the threat to the ozone layer. Indeed, recent observational evidence suggests that ozone depletion in the upper stratosphere may have already peaked and will start to recover in the near future.

To download, click on respective titles:
The full report in PDF format
The World Bank Press Release, 17 September 2003

Contact for additional information:
Mr. Steve Gorman
Unit Chief, Montreal Protocol Unit Chief
World Bank/Global Environment Department
1818 H St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
United States
Tel: (1) 202 473 5865
Fax: (1) 202 522 3258
E-mail: sgorman@worldbank.org
Web:
http://www-esd.worldbank.org/mp/home.cf
 

Environment Canada's Montreal Protocol Bilateral Program - 10 Years of Successful International Cooperation to Phase out Ozone Depleting Substances

September 2003 - Ten years old in 2003, Environment Canada's Montreal Protocol Bilateral Program is building on a history of supporting projects, fostering partnerships and transferring technology to help protect the ozone layer by phasing out ozone-depleting substances around the world. Emphasising effective cooperation with foreign governments, United Nations agencies and environmental industries, the Program has helped the phase out of ozone depleting substances in more than fifteen developing countries..
A new flyer detailing the achievements of this Canadian programme is available on the web or on request from:

Mr. Philippe Chemouny
International Technology Cooperation Division
Environmental Technology Advancement Directorate
Enviroment Canada
351 St. Joseph Blvd.
Gatineau, Quebec K1A 0H3
Canada
Tel: +1 819-997-2768
Fax: +1 819-997-8427
E-mail: philippe.chemouny@ec.gc.ca
Web: http://www.ec.gc.ca

Objectives of the Features

  • Increase awareness about the considerable successes being realised as part of the implementation of this multilateral environmental agreement (thus supporting the objectives of the Communication Strategy for Global Compliance with the Montreal Protocol).
  • Increase the visibility of the Multilateral Fund by highlighting completed ozone protection projects and activities.
  • Provide recognition to the various stakeholders (NOUs, Implementing Agencies, Bilateral Agencies) who have implemented projects under the Multilateral Fund to inspire similar work by others.
  • Provide an easy to use communication tool to help the various stakeholders transmit their messages about Multilateral Fund successes to the wider public.