Division of Technology, Industry and Economics


Multilateral Fund

The Multilateral Fund family of institutions is fundamentally based on partnership. The successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol to date is due to a very large degree on the cooperation of the partners at all levels:

  • National Ozone Units,
  • Private sector enterprises in developing countries,
  • Governments and Bilateral agencies,
  • Multilateral Fund Secretariat and Ozone Secretariat,
  • Implementing Agencies and other international organizations,
  • Technical experts including those from the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel and Technical Options Committees
  • Non-governmental organizations,
  • Industry associations.

In different ways, UNEP is a partner with all of these entities and contributes to the global work to implement the Montreal Protocol and address the global challenge of ozone layer depletion. These varied partnerships under the Montreal Protocol contribute to the realisation of the Millennium Development Goals and implementation of the Bali Strategic Plan.

With regard to its sister Implementing Agencies, UNEP cooperates with them on multiple activities including, for example:

  • Joint project implementation. For example, for Refrigerant Mangement Plans, UNEP handles non-investment components and UNDP and UNIDO handles investment components.
  • UNEP and UNIDO have technical cooperation in the methyl bromiJoint agency missions to countries resolve compliance difficulties of countries
  • Active participation of UNDP in Regional Networks of Ozone Officers managed by UNEP
  • Contribution to information and awareness raising activities


The inter-agency cooperation between UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO and World Bank under the Multilateral Fund has been documented in this special jointly-produced publication.

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To design and deliver its services to developing countries, UNEP collaborates with a number of developed countries. These partners have included:

  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Czech Republic
  • European Commission
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United States of America

Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands and Italy have provided bilateral support to UNEP over and above their contribution to the Multilateral Fund to undertake projects in specific countries or regions.

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Networking Counts - Montreal Protocol Experiences in Making Multilateral Environmental Agreements Work

Sweden's support for Regional Networking is described in this booklet

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UNEP additionally partners with international, regional and national industry and farmer organisations, NGOs and training institutes in order to achieve its goals. Some examples are:

  • International organisations UNEP and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) collaborate on methyl bromide information and training activities as part of UNEP's work as an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund.
  • Regional organisations OzonAction Programme partners with the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) to assist Pacific island countries operating under Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol
  • NGOs The Environmental Investigation Agency and the OzonAction Programme partner to help countries prevent and detect illegal trade in ozone depleting substances.


Under the GEF, UNEP and UNDP partner to assist countries with economies in transition in the areas of

  • Institutional Strengthening projects
  • Training in refrigeration and customs
  • Phase out of methyl bromide, which also involves the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). FAO has worked with UNEP on methyl bromide information and training activities as part of UNEP's work as an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund.