Guinea became a party to the Copenhagen, Montreal and Beijing Amendments to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
A joint training workshop aimed at providing technical assistance and policy guidance to refrigeration technicians and customs officers was held in Guinea Bissau. This was the first ever HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) Training of Trainers. Guinea Bissau completed its Terminal Phase-out Management Plan (TPMP) implementation in 2010 and started its HPMP implementation in 2012.
The sixteenth joint meeting of the English and French Speaking Africa networks was attended by over fifty African countries, Implementing Agencies, Secretariats, other UN agencies, and Government officials from Djibouti. Developing countries were required to freeze their consumption and production of HCFCs by January 1, 2013. The Beijing Amendment required that each party to that amendment banned the export of HCFCs. Any party exporting HCFCs to a non-party after that date would be considered to be in non-compliance. Non-Parties to the Beijing Amendment would also be prohibited from importing any newly produced HCFCs after 1 January 2013. By the date of the meeting the number of controlled chemicals had risen from 8 (since the Montreal Protocol was adopted) to 90 ozone-depleting substances.
The Government of Chad ratified the Beijing Amendment to the Montreal Protocol; In addition to that, it established a licensing and quota system that supports the country’s HCFC phase-out activities. It also implemented the sub-regional regulation for harmonizing the management of ozone depleting substances (ODS) including HCFCs for the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC). The licensing and quota system was implemented by the Directorate of Trade in consultation with the national ozone unit (NOU). Djibouti too ratified the Beijing Amendment.
HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) training of trainers workshop was held in Madagascar. The workshop was aimed at training refrigeration technicians and customs officers on minimizing leakages and venting of HCFC-22 during operation and servicing, and provided techniques for containing and re-using the existing HCFC banks. The training provided technical assistance to the participants on how to plan the implementation of the country’s second phase of the HPMP; give guidance on the use of refrigerant identifiers for the identification and control of HCFCs; create a HCFC data base management for better storage and sound management of recovered refrigerants; train the local team on the management of a recovery and recycling centre; and finally assist the government to set up mechanisms that ensure proper and transparent management of the programme. The purpose was to empower and provide policy guidance to the refrigeration technicians including customs officers from the Trade and Customs department to better understand and play their role in implementation of the HPMP. Madagascar adopted a two-step strategy to reducing HCFC consumption by 35% during its first phase over the period ranging from 2010 to 2020. Thereafter, phase out will continue until reaching the overall consumption reduction rate of 97.5% in 2030 and keeping an allowance of 2.5 percent of the baseline consumption for meeting servicing needs until 2040.
At the 19th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, a new timetable for the phase-out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) was adopted and developing countries are committed to gradually reduce their production and consumption of HCFCs by 10% in 2015, 35% in 2020, 67.7% in 2025 and 100% in 2030.
Regional technical experts from fifteen West African countries, which included National Ozone Officers, Custom Officers, ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) Commission, and Refrigeration Technicians had a workshop to deliberate on a regional regulation to protect the Ozone layer. This meeting was organized in close collaboration with the ECOWAS Commission and was followed by the formal meeting of validating the draft text of the harmonized regional regulation on substances affecting the ozone layer by experts representatives of ECOWAS Member States. A side event was also organized in parallel with the meeting to finalize the training manual for the refrigeration technicians in the region.
Spreading knowledge and to raise awareness about the adoption of methyl bromide alternatives have been critical elements of the global strategy to achieve the complete phase out of that ozone depleting gas by 1 January 2015. With less than two years to achieve compliance training workshops to raise awareness and build the capacity of farmers for the adoption alternatives to MB for field crop production and post-harvest handling were held.
All African countries are in compliance with Montreal Protocol. Some eliminated CFC use well ahead of the deadline, which shows political will and implementation capability.
There has been a strong commitment of the CAP team for training Customs officers in order to control illegal importation/exportation of refrigerants by demonstrating the use of refrigerant identifiers to check the quality of refrigerants that are being imported and control the quality of refrigerants being imported or exported.
Support has been provided by UNEP through the regional CAP for the enhancement of national competencies. As a result of networking, training for major stakeholders and technical advices, most countries are now confident in facing the remaining challenges for the coming years in securing total phase-out of main substances with limited funding for non-investment activities using national expertise. Indeed many NOUs have taken in assessing their country's status and identifying their future need.
Through the OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP) in Africa there has been enhanced public awareness and ozone layer depletion has continued to receive in-depth interest at international and national policy level.
South-South cooperation has also increased within the region. Many Ozone Officers are now being used as resource person/consultants by Implementing Agencies to assist neighboring countries with preparations and implementation of projects for phase-out.
The Africa French-speaking network will focus on the following issues:
- The Africa French-speaking network will focus on the following issues:
- Guide NOUs to ensure full enforcement of ODS regulations adopted at national and sub-regional level.
- Experts representing the Member States of ECOWAS should recommend the adoption of the text by the competent bodies of the ECOWAS.
- Enhance collaboration of customs authorities and Ozone Officers in regional trade blocks such as, COMESA, ECOWAS in Montreal Protocol related information exchange and control of illegal ODS trade and ensure full involvement of French-speaking countries in those blocks. This will be done in addition to ongoing cooperation with CEMAC and UEMOA. The Regional CAP team intends to facilitate bilateral Customs meetings between neighboring countries at border points (Senegal/Mali, Burkina Faso /Togo) and sub-regional customs meetings, CEMAC and UEMOA.
- Promote cooperation between North-African countries mostly to exchange experiences on Methyl Bromide and Halons phase out.
- Promote low GWP HCFCs alternatives.
- Encourage countries to control HCFCs second hand based equipment.
- Establishment of ODS regulations and country-specific Action Plans and early detection of the risk of non-compliance and illegal trade.
- Active participation in discussions on the future of the Montreal Protocol.