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Customs

This page brings together a range of materials intended to support customs and enforcement officers in their work to implement national licensing systems for ozone depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol, to detect and prevent illegal trade in these chemicals, and to facilitate the legal trade.

Below you can find training materials and information resources specifically produced for customs and enforcement officers by the OzonAction Compliance Assistance Programme. Many of these are produced in cooperation with our partner organisations. You will also find a number of additional resources relevant to issues of trade in ozone depleting substances. Links to useful external sources, information tools and websites are also provided. You are encouraged you to consult this page regularly for the latest updates. Please use the menu below to jump to the relevant section:

 


LATEST PUBLICATIONS prev next

Enforcement Strategies for Combating the Illegal Trade in HCFCs and Methyl Bromide (2013)

This booklet provides guidance for establishing and implementing effective enforcement programs for preventing the illegal trade in HCFCs and methyl bromide. Drawing on lessons learned from earlier phase-outs, the booklet provides case studies, short examples and guidance from developed and developing countries. The booklet offers law enforcement officers numerous recommendations and highlights a variety of strategies, both simple and complex, that can be implemented with flexible approaches that maximize the efficient use of scarce human and financial resources.


Customs and Enforcement Materials 


Training Manual for Customs Officers: Saving the Ozone Layer - Phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances in Developing Countries - Third Edition (2013)

Now in its third edition, this version takes into account the developments in international trade and provides new material to reflect changes in the Montreal Protocol, Harmonised System codes, licensing systems and other relevant information since its original publication in 2001 and its second edition in 2008.

E-Learning Module for Customs Officers (CLICK ON FLYER FOR MORE INFORMATION)

UNEP OzonAction and the World Customs Organization are jointly developing an e-learning course devoted to the enforcement of the Montreal Protocol, which regulates the international trade of Ozone Depleting Substances. This new module, which will be launched later in 2009, will be based on the contents of the updated UNEP Training Manual for Customs Officers and reflect WCO's expertise in developing and delivering online training to customs officers worldwide. This collaboration is being undertaken within the framework of an ongoing agreement between the two organisations to cooperate in capacity building of customs officers to faciliate legal trade in ODS and to fight illegal trade in those substances. This initiave is also under the auspices of the Green Customs Initiative, to which it is linked.

Enforcement Strategies for Combating the Illegal Trade in HCFCs and Methyl Bromide (2013) 

This booklet provides guidance for establishing and implementing effective enforcement programs for preventing the illegal trade in HCFCs and methyl bromide. Drawing on lessons learned from earlier phase-outs, the booklet provides case studies, short examples and guidance from developed and developing countries. The booklet offers law enforcement officers numerous recommendations and highlights a variety of strategies, both simple and complex, that can be implemented with flexible approaches that maximize the efficient use of scarce human and financial resources.

Risk Assessment of Illegal Trade In HCFCs (2011)

Despite significant progress  in tackling illegal trade in ozone depleting substances over the past decade there is thought to be a significant threat in the near future of a dramatic increase in illegal trade in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). There is, in general, a lack of awareness about the issue of illegal trade in HCFCs and the potential impact this may have on the HCFC phase-out.

This report provides a summary of recent cases of illegal trade and the policy measures in place to combat HCFC smuggling. By considering market  conditions  for HCFCs and drawing parallels with the context and methods used by smugglers which led to chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) smuggling, the report provides an analysis of the risks of HCFC smuggling becoming entrenched and makes recommendations on how this illegal trade can be prevented.

Customs and Enforcement officers - Monitoring trade in HCFCs - Information Note (2012)

The information provided at training courses which cover ozone layer depletion, Montreal Protocol provisions, ODS identification and illegal trade in ODS will therefore be updated and revised. This new information concerns: new observations demonstrating the links between ozone layer depletion and climate change; the new approach taken by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol with regard to HCFC phase-out schedules; the forthcoming phase-out date for Methyl Bromide; new possibilities for ODS identification; and new methods of ODS smuggling.

In order to allow customs officers to be better prepared for the new challenges resulting from the rapid increase in volume of HCFCs traded globally and the need for monitoring and control of that trade in view of the Montreal Protocol provisions.

Customs and enforcement officers quick guide - Changes in the 2012 HS Nomenclature for HCFCs and certain other Ozone Depleting Substances 

Since the last Harmonized System (HS) revision in 2007, trade patterns in ozone depleting substances have changed with the complete phase-out of CFCs as of 1 January 2010 (except for a few exempted uses) and the increased trade in HCFCs and HFCs as replacement chemicals. HCFCs will be phased-out by 2020 in developed and by 2030 in developing countries. Recognising this, the Parties to the Montreal Protocol requested the World Customs Organization (WCO) to revise the HS codes for HCFCs. Following this request, the Council of the WCO recommended to the Contracting Parties to the HS Convention to amend heading 29.03 of Chapter 29 with the objective of assigning specific 6-digit HS codes to the five most commonly used HCFCs, and at the same time deleting individual HS codes previously assigned to CFCs. The HS Contract Parties amended the HS code and it entered into force on 1 January 2012. As of that date, HCFCs and certain other ODS have been separately identified in the HS. This 4-page Quick Guide provides key information related to these new classifications and briefly explains the changes.

 
Green Customs Guide (2008)   -   Chinese | English | Spanish | Russian

The Green Customs Guide provides information and guidance to Customs and other border control officers to assist in their efforts to monitor and facilitate the legal trade and to detect and prevent the illegal trade in environmentally sensitive commodities such as ozone depleting substances, toxic chemicals, hazardous waste, endangered species and living modified organisms.

The Customs Guide explains the Green Customs Initiative and provides an overview of the relevant treaties and organisations an overview that are included and organizations, that are treaties and organizations that are included in this initiative. Information is provided on how trade is regulated and the responsibilities of Customs officers in implementing the various controls are described. Specialized terminology is explained and sources of further information and assistance is provided. The Guide is designed to be used as a part of a training curriculum for customs officers or as stand-alone resource.


Customs Poster (2013)

The updated poster serves as an easy reference for customs and enforcement officers as it provides a short checklist of what to do particularly when inspecting ODS shipment. It also carries the latest HS codes to facilitate screening of ODS. We suggest that the poster be displayed prominently, especially in border offices through which ODS shipments are known or suspected to pass/transit.


 

Customs Officers Quick Tool For Screening ODS

An easy reference source that can be posted in the offices of customs officials or at border offices that customs officers can easily consult. The Quick Tool highlights the controlled ozone depleting substances, HS codes, ODS producing countries, etc.

English | French | Spanish
(last update : May 2014)


CustomsTraining - Generic slide presentation
A complete series of overhead slides that can be used during training workshops for customs officers on controlling and monitoring ODS . National trainers may modify certain slides to adapt it to the national or regional context (updated March 2014).

Customs Generic Training Elements

Generic Customs Training Elements (2008)
These generic documents help facilitate the prepraration of training workshops for customs officers. The trainer and organisers of the workshop can adapt the proposed text to the national context.
  1. Customs Training Concept Note
  2. Phase I training - 3-day agenda
  3. Phase II training - 1-day agenda
  4. Phase I & II training - 5-day agenda
  5. Agenda for briefing high level customs executives
  6. Break out session
  7. Break out session report form
  8. Certificate of participation
  9. Evaluation questionnaire
  10. Case studies for customs inspectors

Nothing to Declare: Good Customs to Save the Ozone Layer (2003) 

A video that introduces customs officers to the reality of the illegal trade and to preventative measures that can be taken. The video is intended for use in training programmes and includes comprehensive listings of ODS, their container types and smuggling examples. Undercover footage, ODS abuse and analysis by experts provide a thorough grounding in a critically important environmental crime.

Illegal Trade in ODS special supplement 

Illegal Trade in Ozone Depleting Substances: is there a Hole in the Montreal Protocol? (2001)
This special supplement to the OzonAction Newsletter raises awareness about the problem of illegal trade in ozone depleting chemicals such as CFCs. Contributed articles from government, academic and NGO experts from developed and developing countries explore the complexities of illegal ODS trade and offer recommendations for actions to solve this problem.

 

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Further information on ODS trade issues

Informal Prior-Informed Consent (iPIC): Supporting compliance through prevention of illegal and unwanted trade in ozone depleting substances (2013)

 

iPIC Online

The online system provides iPIC (Informal Prior Informed Consent) participating countries with real-time, 24-hour, 7-days a week personalized access to key licensing system data in each of the participating countries.

The system provides a standardized and secured repository of iPIC data. iPIC-online is accessible on an invitation-only basis and only registered users (country focal points) of countries that have submitted an iPIC Information Sheet can have access to iPIC-online and to all the published sheets. 

 

Establishing an HCFC Import Quota System (2012)

Parties to the Montreal Protocol are obliged to follow the phase-out Schedule for Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) production and consumption which were agreed upon in 2007. Furthermore submissions from Article 5 countries to receive any funding for HCFC phase out beyond from the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol will require confirmation that an enforceable national system of licensing and quotas for HCFC imports and, where applicable, production and exports is in place.

Since the first control measures for developing countries for HCFCs come into force on 1 January 2013, actions to ensure an effective licensing and quota system before this date are essential. This booklet provides the necessary information and practical guidance for developing countries to design and implement a workable and effective quota system that will contribute to ensuring the country's compliance with the Montreal Protocol HCFC phase-out schedule.

 

Handbook for the Montreal Protocol  on substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer - Ninth Edition (2012)

The eighth edition of the Handbook was published shortly after the Protocol, along with the Vienna Convention, achieved universal participation, by 196 Parties, on 16 September 2009 – the first treaties of any kind in the history of the United Nations system to achieve that aspiration.

This edition has been updated to include all relevant information from the last three years, 2009– 2011. Section 1 contains the text of the Montreal Protocol and a summary guide to its control measures. Section 2 is on decisions of the Meetings of the Parties. Section 3 presents information from the relevant annexes to the decisions. Section 4 is on the rules of procedure. In Section 5, the information on the evolution of the Montreal Protocol is presented. This valuable historical information on the original 1987 Montreal Protocol and the separate adjustments and amendments to the Protocol that were adopted by the Meetings of the Parties in 1990, 1992, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2007 is of interest in demonstrating how the ozone regime has evolved over time in line with developing scientific knowledge and technological developments. Finally, Section 6 contains updated sources of information and contact details for relevant organizations.

 

Trade Names of Chemicals containing Ozone Depleting Substances and their Alternatives
A worldwide database of the commercial trade names of chemical products containing ozone depleting chemicals -including HCFCs - controlled under the Montreal Protocol. This service is designed to help customs officials and National Ozone Units control imports and exports of these chemicals and prevent their illegal trade.

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Key links for Customs Officers

                  

Ozone Secretariat

One of the most essential sources of information and data on the Montreal Protocol and ODS phase out. The links below are some of the information that National Ozone Units (NOU) and Customs Officers may need to consult regularly in the course of their work.

 

The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) database
The ICSC online database enables users to access relevant and useful information on the safety aspects of any specific chemical they may eventually need to deal with or handle physically. The database can be searched by typing in the ICSC number, the CAS number or theChemical name. The safety cards are also available in other languages

 

 

 

 

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External links and useful documents

Green Customs Initiative
The Green Customs Initiative is a partnership of international organisations working together to enhance the capacity of customs officers and and enforcement personnel to monitor and facilitate the legal trade and to detect and prevent the illegal trade in environmentally-sensitive commodities covered by relevant conventions and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs).

CEC customs training website 

Online Customs Training module - Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)

This training was developed by the CEC Secretariat, with input by UNEP OzonAction and others. The CEC was established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to address environmental issues in North America from a continental perspective, with a particular focus on those arising in the context of liberalized trade. Available in French, English and Spanish.

Environmental Investigation Agency
Visit the EIA website for more information on ozone and climate issues.

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External links and useful documents

CEC customs training website

Online Customs Training module - Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC)

This training was developed by the CEC Secretariat, with input by UNEP OzonAction and others. The CEC was established under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to address environmental issues in North America from a continental perspective, with a particular focus on those arising in the context of liberalized trade. Available in French, English and Spanish.


Environmental Investigation Agency
Visit the EIA website for more information on ozone and climate issues.