In partnership with private sector companies, academic research as well as national and international refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) associations, it is the first time that the Serbian Ministry of Environment, Mining and Spatial Planning and UNEP OzonAction organized the regional technology roundtable on ozone- and climate-friendly technologies for RAC experts and Ozone Officers from European & Central Asian countries.
The event will promote technology innovation by research bodies and equipment manufacturers and informed Government representatives and RAC associations from more than 20 countries on commercially available RAC systems which do not harm the Ozone Layer and have minimum Climate Impact taking into account direct carbon equivalent emissions from refrigerant leakage and indirect emissions from energy use during their useful life time.
Well-known companies including Danfoss, Enex Refrigeration, FilterFrigo, GEA Grasso, Guentner AG, Johnson Controls, Klima Smederevo, Mayekawa, MPG-KGH, Soko Inzinjering, Stulz and Green Cooling Association will present their products and case studies to the audience. In addition, the international organizations AREA, ASHRAE, GIZ, IIR, UNDP, UNEP and UNIDO, researchers from universities in Belgrade, Istanbul and Skopje and bilateral partners from Czech Republic and Hungary will deliver expert presentations.
The network meeting would be attended by Ozone Officers (10-13 May 2011) as well as RAC experts and representatives of national RAC associations (10-11 May 2011) of the ECA network and associated CEIT countries:Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan , Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
The Ministry of Environment, Mining and Spatial Planning of the Republic of Serbia and UNEP’s OzonAction Programme jointly organize above meetings in Belgrade, Serbia.
The meetings are part of both the agreed work programme of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA network) under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol. The meeting takes place in the context of the accelerated phase-out of HCFCs which requires ECA network countries to freeze their HCFC consumption at the baseline level in 2013 and to achieve a 10% reduction in 2015.
The overall HCFC consumption in the 12 network countries increased by 84% from 361.6 ODP tons in 2000 to 663.7 ODP tons in 2009. In 2009, Turkey was the main HCFC consumer with 609.9 ODP tons. None of the other countries consumed more than 9 ODP tons of HCFC in 2009. The consumption trends differ from country to country. Eight countries reported significant increases in HCFC consumption from 2007-2009 up-to 175% increase in Kyrgyzstan, 156% in Turkmenistan and Georgia and 116% in Albania. Four countries reduced their HCFC consumption from 2007-2009 by 43% in Moldova, 40% in Croatia, 34% in Turkey and 2% in Serbia.
The European Union already phased-out the use of new HCFCs since 1 January 2010 ahead of the Montreal Protocol schedule for Article 2 countries. In particular potential accession countries may be facing the challenge of harmonizing their phase-out schedule with that of the European Union e.g. Croatia is targeting complete HCFC phase-out in 2016 – 14 years ahead of the Montreal Protocol schedule.
THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AND CLIMATE CHANGE
There was an increase in mean annual temperatures in almost all parts of Serbia, except southeast part of the country, up to 0,04°C/year. The rises in temperatures were higher in the northern than in the southern parts of Serbia, Assessment of climate change in the future obtained by regional climate model integrations show that further annual mean temperature increase can be expected. Inadequate climate conditions caused by further increase in temperature, decrease in precipitation and other changes in climate system in the future would certainly have many negative consequences.
A preliminary assessment of climate change effects on the water resources indicate that a decrease of water flow on the national level, is to be expected in the forthcoming period (up to 2100). . Droughts, insect invasions and forest fires caused by climate changes become more probable and threaten to transform entire forest ecosystems, changing the distribution and composition of forests. Moreover, increasingly frequent and intensive droughts in the past two decades have caused great damage to Serbian agriculture. According to the evaluation of drought impacts on the crop yield the average drop in yield was 40.9% in comparison to the average annual yield in the years without drought.
However, systematic collection of data and analyses concerning climate change impacts on biodiversity has not yet been realised. Still, the observed climate change impacts on biodiversity and natural ecosystems in Serbia indicate that climate change may lead to the following: phenological changes; changes in the morphology, physiology and behavior of species; loss of existing habitats and emergence of the new ones; changes in the number and distribution of species; increase in the number of vermin and diseases; genetic changes, followed by extinction of species unable to adjust to climate change and changes in the natural fish population.
Brochure Technology Roundtable
88 361 km2
7 306 677 hab
Annual CO2 emissions
Percentage of Global Total
Trend Analysis of HCFCs
Trend Analysis of CFCs
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