The Ozone2Climate Technology road show has been positioned to not only support the initiatives of the Government of Maldives but also to supplement global efforts by showcasing technological alternatives that will serve the achievement of the common goal of protecting the ozone layer as well as the climate. The Montreal Protocol has already delivered significant climate benefits and has bought time for the international community to come together to find solution to the carbon dioxide problem. It has given the world breathing room to find solutions. The road show will demonstrate the need and provide technology pathways for urgent timely action by all stakeholders.
The Road Show will be attended by senior policy functionaries of South Asian and West Asian countries, captains of RAC industry, etc and is the first such attempt to showcase alternate technologies. The event will create a suitable environment for development of a potential market to strengthen interregional cooperation and encourage innovative multi-stakeholder partnerships aimed at scaling up investments in this important area. The President of Maldives will inaugurate the Road Show on 8th May, 2011 in Male. Invitations have also been extended to the Indian and Sri Lankan Ministers of Environment, Secretary, Ministry of Power, Government of India and other important global players. Captains of refrigeration and air-conditioning industry from USA, Japan, China, Germany, and India are also expected to participate and showcase their technologies.
The road show is being coordinated by the National Chambers of Commerce and Industry. Their members will have opportunity to learn from the latest technological advancements in the field of refrigeration and air-conditioning, but also to explore possible collaborations with the leading manufacturers of the world.
MALDIVES AND CLIMATE CHANGE
The small, low-lying atoll islands of Maldives are highly vulnerable to flooding and coastal erosion. More than 44% of settlements, including 42% of the population, and more than 70% of all critical infrastructure are located within 100 meters of shoreline. Intensive rainfall, storm surges and swell waves are expected to be aggravated through sea level rise and climate change effects on weather patterns. This will compound underlying trends of increasing coastal erosion and pressure on scarce land resources, and increase physical vulnerability of island populations, infrastructure and livelihood assets.
HCFC PHASE OUT AND CARBON NEUTRALITY
Energy needs for the Maldives are primarily met through the import of fossil fuels which makes energy security critical for country and enabling it to mitigate the risks associated with an unpredictable global fossil fuel market. Also, its 300,000 citizens spread over 190 islands and across more than 100,000 square kilometers of the Indian Ocean, are extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Rise in mean sea levels could lead to submergence and its associated problems. Preservation of habitat, taking urgent steps for mitigation and adaptation and information dissemination are some of the key elements of public strategy that the Government of Maldives has already taken up. It is made a commitment to the global community to become carbon neutral by 2020. Maldives is also a signatory to the Montreal Protocol as well as the Kyoto Protocol. An integral part of the carbon neutrality commitment is the accelerated phaseout of HCFC under the Montreal Protocol was announced last year. The country has committed itself to phase out HCFC, which apart from being an ozone depleting substance, also has a very high Global Warming Potential (GWP), thereby threatening the already fragile ecosystems of Maldives.
The consumption of HCFC, used as refrigerants, blowing agents, etc has been on the rise given the high economic and energy growth.
DUAL BENEFIT OF HCFC PHASE OUT
The Maldives Government is increasingly cognizant of the fact the phase out of HCFCs provides an unprecedented opportunity to obtain energy efficiency gains which saves money for consumers and enterprises and reduces fossil fuel demand. The Government, in recognition of the fact that the dual gains for the ozone layer and climate system from the HCFC phase out will be realised only if it chooses the right path, which may not be the “business as usual” technology option and which may require additional consideration by those making the decision. Technology choices that the country will like to consider as replacements of HCFCs and to avoid lock-in to HFCs, which have a very high GWP, are non- or low-GWP alternatives combined with improved energy efficiency of equipment, Improved engineering/equipment design to minimize leakage, improved servicing techniques that minimise emissions, and recovery and destruction of old equipment and insulating foam. Ozone-friendly and climate-friendly alternatives, including natural refrigerants such as ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons, that are commercially available for many applications are the focus of attention. This will be in sync with the avowed national goal of attaining carbon neutrality by 2020.
394 999 hab
Annual CO2 emissions
Percentage of Global Total
Trend Analysis of HCFCs
Trend Analysis of CFCs
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