By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 11 Oct 2011 15:59:27 GMT

Source: - From 11 to 12 October, European policy makers meet with industry representatives and commercial end-users to discuss current EU legislation under revision, market trends and technical innovations that impact on the heating and cooling sector. The first session on Tuesday morning kicked off with three presentations on market trends for natural refrigerants. Welcoming over 160 participants this year’s ATMOsphere Europe 2011 has once again provide a key opportunity to assess the current natural refrigerant market and discuss the ways in which policy-makers and industry stakeholders can support this growing sector. ATMOsphere Europe 2011 will offer participants the unique opportunity to debate policy issues relevant to the future of natural refrigerants, including the F-Gas Regulation and Ecodesign requirement.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 11 Oct 2011 15:23:58 GMT

Source: Bloomberg Businessweek - Honeywell International Inc. and Sinochem are teaming up in a joint venture to make an environmentally friendly foam blowing agent for China. The 50/50 joint venture will make and sell HFC-245fa, a non-ozone-depleting rigid foam blowing agent used in insulation for appliances, construction, transportation and other applications. Production is expected to start in late 2013."This joint venture with Sinochem, one of the strongest companies in China, will help meet growing demand for this material as Asian customers rapidly adopt more energy efficient and environmentally compliant materials," Andreas Kramvis, president and CEO of Honeywell Specialty Materials, said in a statement on Monday.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Wed, 05 Oct 2011 11:54:47 GMT

Source: - At this year’s 8th RAC (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning) Magazine Cooling Industry Awards, Sabroe’s ammonia HeatPAC heat pump won in the category Refrigeration Product of the Year. The ammonia Glacier freezing and chilling solution of STAR Refrigeration was highly commended in the same category. The RAC Cooling Industry Awards gathered over 600 refrigeration and air-conditioning professionals in London, on 28 September 2011, to celebrate projects and products driving innovation in the HVAC&R sector. The Sabroe HeatPAC heat pump, a compact heat pump package designed to exploit the heat recovery opportunities available with refrigeration equipment was the awarded “Refrigeration Product of the Year” by the RAC awards judges.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 08 Jul 2011 15:49:48 GMT

Honeywell announced that it will invest $33 million in its Baton Rouge, La., manufacturing facility – one of the leading suppliers of refrigerants in the U.S. – to produce a low-global-warming material used in insulation and aerosols.

This investment will provide the Baton Rouge facility with the ability to produce Honeywell’s new low-global-warming-potential (GWP) blowing agent and propellant (technical name: HFO-1234ze) on a commercial scale. Production of HFO-1234ze at the facility is scheduled to begin in late 2013. “Honeywell’s Baton Rouge plant has a long history of manufacturing materials that meet consumer needs for comfort and energy efficiency,” said Andreas Kramvis, president and CEO of Honeywell Specialty Materials. “We are pleased that this investment will enable Baton Rouge to become the premier source of a next-generation technology that enables low-global-warming aerosol propellants, foam blowing agents and refrigerants.”

“Customers are looking for solutions from Honeywell that are energy efficient, safe, economical and better for the environment than existing materials. The investment we are making in Baton Rouge will allow us to meet the significant global customer demand for HFO-1234ze, which has all of these attributes,” said Terrence Hahn, vice president and general manger of Honeywell Fluorine Products. “This marks an important milestone for our entire portfolio of low-global-warming-potential products, which help safely and cost-effectively improve the energy efficiency of everyday products while meeting environmental regulations.”

HFO-1234ze has been accepted for use and sale in foam and aerosols by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It is also currently used in Europe and Japan, with the majority of demand coming from Europe.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 08 Jul 2011 13:20:11 GMT

Test results on the energy savings potential of the R22 hydrocarbon replacement HCR188C2 in commercial air conditioning show a 9% energy reduction, with even higher savings expected when used in equipment that have undergone hardware changes to optimise performance. During June 2011 Jerico Energy conducted tests to quantify the amount of energy saved by switching from the hydrochlorofluorocarbon HCFC-22, also known as R22, to HCR188C2, a pure hydrocarbon (HC) formulation developed by inventor and entrepreneur Richard Maruya of A.S. Trust & Holdings.

HCFC-22 is an ozone depleting substance and a greenhouse gas, the manufacturing of which results in the by-product HCF-23, also a significant contributor to global warming. Under the Montreal Protocol, agreement has been reached on the phase out of HCFC-22 production. Inventor and entrepreneur Richard Maruya of A.S. Trust & Holdings created HCR188C2, a pure hydrocarbon formulation with very low Global Warming Potential (GWP) and zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODS) specifically to replace R22. The HCR188C2 tested by Jerico is the second pure hydrocarbon formulation developed by A.S Trust and Holdings. The first, HCR188C1 has received the official ASHRAE designation R441a, and was designed to replace HFC refrigerant R123.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 21 Jun 2011 00:36:07 GMT

Milan, 10 June 2011. By Dr Ian Tennant.  Leading authorities in refrigeration and air conditioning highlighted the need to strengthen and enforce existing regulations for fluorinated greenhouse gases. Yet, meeting environmental targets for green house gas emissions will also require end users to be educated and involved in taking responsibility for their refrigeration units.Nearly 200 delegates from over 23 countries across Europe, the United States, South Korea, India and Japan gathered in Milan for the second installment of the 14th European Conference on Renewable Energy and Heating.  The conference, which was organized by the Centro Studi Galileo, European Energy Centre, UNEP, IIR and TERRE focused heavily on the latest technologies in refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) and setting an economically and environmentally sustainable vision for the industry.

The head of OzonAction Branch of United Nations Environment Programme, Mr Shende, who chaired the conference said, “The destiny of refrigeration and air conditioning industry lies in forging a sustainable business model that cares for the environment.”  During his speech Mr Shende called to mind Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy about how beliefs and thoughts guide our habits, values and ultimately our destiny. “The RAC industry is starting a new journey amidst legislative threats. But on the way new job creation and other low-hanging fruits offer exceptional opportunities for a truly Green Economy.  Those opportunities should be part of our value system.” Yet, Didier Coulomb of the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) stressed the importance of making careful choices when selecting new environmentally friendly technologies, “The selection of refrigerants needs to be linked to an energy efficient solution”. This was met with agreement by Marco Buoni, Vice President of Air Conditioning and Refrigeration European Association (AREA), “AREA’s members are uniquely placed to give expert, but unbiased advice about the use of various refrigerants.  We know that CO2 and other natural refrigerants are good for northern climates and supermarkets but they are not much use in Italy, Portugal or Spain.” Mr Buoni also called for more training of technicians and other staff handling natural refrigerants and not only HFCs, “the UK is trying to roll out a rapid changeover from HFC to CO2 use because of political pressure, but the industry simply doesn’t have enough competent, fully trained field engineers to install, service and maintain them.”

Many speakers, including the European Commission, expressed disappointment about the lack of implementation of ‘certification of personnel’ regulations in Italy, which is leading to a distortion of the EU market.  European Commission DG Climate Action, Lucia Antonini, about the future review of the F-gas regulation said  “If necessary, we will see upgrade and/or strengthen of existing legislation through clarification and enhancement of its effectiveness and efficiency”, she also said that this could be foreseen ”to anticipate future developments by ensuring compatibility with potential international commitments for HFCs, in particular under the Montreal Protocol”. By implementing such changes along with increased involvement of end-users in directing the industry and helping to maintain units, it may be possible to achieve the ‘Systems Thinking’ approach which Professor Susan Roaf of Edinburgh Heriot-Watt University of Edinburgh sees as an essential design principle for the future, “We must work together in strategic partnerships where the effect of each part of the industry, including the training needs of installers is considered in relationship to the health of the whole industry and our environment”.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 17 Jun 2011 18:07:33 GMT

1995 signalled the end of the use of CFC‘s as refrigerants. In 1991, four years ahead of the ban all Huber systems were built without CFC‘s and also without R22, which was later banned in 2000. As a result Huber customers were the first to buy machines that reached -120°C, fully Chlorine free which did not damage the Ozone layer. Building on this Huber developed bespoke temperature control systems, in accordance with the global K6 directive from Roche, which requires that chillers are HCFC, HFC & PFC free. Now the entire Huber range is offered with natural refrigerants as an option or as standard.

Natural refrigerants are only one aspect of an environmentally friendly solution. Huber systems are fitting with an energy management system which means that energy consumption is kept to a minimum with no waste. Their highly efficient energy conversion from electrical power to temperature control and the speed and accuracy of Huber systems further saves resources, time and money, resulting in increased productivity. With a Huber chiller consumption of water, one of nature’s most precious resources can be reduced to zero. In addition to this, the materials used in manufacturing are stainless steel, copper and high grade polymers, all of which are recyclable.

For Huber, the eradication of CFC‘s is good but not sufficient, the current target is to phase out all FC‘s, well before the deadline in 2015. Reducing over-all energy consumption in the build and operation of systems remains a priority but the current units are a great start, leading the way in reduced energy consumption.

More information can be found on their website at:

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Thu, 09 Jun 2011 14:29:48 GMT

Coca-Cola won an important sustainability award this week from its peers. It was awarded by the Corporate Eco Forum (CEF), an invitation-only organization for Fortune 500 companies that demonstrate a serious commitment to sustainability as a strategic business issue. CEF awarded Coke and its CEO, Muhtar Kent, the C.K. Prahalad Award for Global Sustainability Leadership. The Prahalad Award was created to honor the vision and life's work of the late Dr. C.K. Prahalad, who helped popularize the notion that companies could "do well by doing good."  The award honors Coca-Cola and Kent for international leadership on critical global environmental issues and comprehensive efforts to embed sustainability into core business strategy.

Coke's CEO co-chairs the Consumer Goods Forum, a powerful group of 450 major manufacturers and retailers. In 2010, the group committed to begin phasing out HFC refrigerants beginning in 2015 and to strive for zero net deforestation by 2020 in the procurement of palm oil, soy, beef, and paper products. Coca-Cola has also demonstrated a commitment to embedding sustainability into core business strategy. Among its notable actions, the company has invested over $60 million during the past decade in research, development and production capacity to advance the use of climate-friendly, HFC-free cooling technologies and is phasing out the use of HFC refrigerants in all new cooling equipment as of 2015.

The Prahalad Award was presented to Coca-Cola by Yvo De Boer, an internationally renowned leader on climate change who served as Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change from September  2006 to July 2010. Over 200 senior executives from companies representing 18 industries with combined revenues of over $3 trillion came together at the Corporate Eco Forum's 4th Annual Meeting. They focused on defining "next practice" in corporate sustainability during two days of discussions and working sessions.  CEF's 19-member advisory board voted for the recipient of the Prahalad Award. The board includes representatives from government, academia, non-governmental organizations and the private sector. 

Source: News 

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 07 Jun 2011 18:08:21 GMT

Engineers at Cambridge-based 42T are investigating an aerosol technology that has the potential to eliminate pressurised propellants from personal and household aerosol canisters. Many types of propellant have been used by aerosol manufacturers over the years. These include chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) and hydrofluorocarbon (HFC). However, as a result of concerns about their impact on the ozone layer, the use of both CFCs and HCFCs is to be totally abolished in accordance with the Montreal Protocol, leaving HFCs and VOCs as the only alternative options.

Yet, despite the fact that HFCs and VOCs are not responsible for the destruction of the ozone layer, they are still greenhouse gases. And as up to 60 per cent of the total volume of an aerosol canister may be propellant, many countries in the developed world are now seeking to ban their use as well, leaving aerosol manufacturers scrambling to find viable alternatives. Howard Biddle, managing director of 42T, believes that he might have found such an alternative. For the past three years, his team has been investigating how a simple impact aerosol could be used in conjunction with novel materials to provide a greener, less expensive solution. To learn more about that alternative solution, click here.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 13 May 2011 17:47:48 GMT

Honeywell announced yesterday that it has tripled production capacity for its low-global-warming-potential (GWP) product HFO-1234ze to meet the growing need for the material, which is used in multiple foam and aerosol applications.HFO-1234ze meets the European F-gas regulation, which limits the use of certain fluorinated gases in one component foam, which are widely used in the construction industry. With zero ozone depleting potential and a GWP of only six, the new product is well below the threshold of 150 set by the European F-Gas regulation. It is part of Honeywell´s innovative low-GWP program based on hydrofluoroolefin (HFO) technology.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Mon, 02 May 2011 16:00:58 GMT

Aiming for a 50% reduction in the carbon footprint of its installed fridge base by 2020, Heineken is rolling out hydrocarbon refrigerant bottle coolers at a global scale.

To serve the company‟s beer at the optimum temperature, Heineken aims to use refrigeration equipment with a low carbon footprint and energy consumption. The company‟s policy is that wherever it is technically and legally possible, every new fridge Heineken buys will include the safe and more environmental friendly hydrocarbon refrigerant, uses LED illumination and has a thermostat with an energy management system for large fridges. Combined these three elements are expected to yield energy reduction of at least 35 per cent. In 2010, the company began implementing this new approach and 80 per cent of the new fridges met at least one of the above standards.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Wed, 27 Apr 2011 18:51:06 GMT

Refrigerators are a necessary part of today’s kitchen, but with them come a whole list of environmental concerns. They do harm the environment before it is even plugged in because of the insulating foam made with HFC, a high global warming gas.
However, manufacturers are working to replace the HFCs.
General Electric announced on Tuesday that it had become the first American manufacturer of a full line of refrigerators to eliminate a gas called HFC 134a, a so-called blowing agent. The new version of refrigerators are using cyclopentane in place of HFCs. It's another hydrocarbon, but is less of a pollutant. It has a global warming of 3 to 10.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 04 Jan 2011 12:09:24 GMT

Air-conditioning technologies based on the use of waste heat from on-site electricity generation have the potential to greatly reduce energy consumption. This eliminates HFC use in many large- scale applications immediately.

The Banque Generale du Luxembourg has installed a gas fired co-generation system that produces 90% of the Bank’s energy needs and 100% cooling and heating. The cooling is provided with three absorption chillers using lithium bromide as the absorbent. The bank estimates that it saves 1 million dollars in energy costs, and reduces CO2 emissions by 6500 tons a year. The system is American designed and installed by Trane.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Mon, 03 Jan 2011 11:18:48 GMT

GTZ Proklima carried out many conversion projects from fluorocarbons to natural refrigerants around the world including in Mauritius.
The German Government Development Agency (GTZ Proklima) together with the Ministry of Environment of Mauritius are converting the air-conditioning of two government buildings. Existing CFC-12 and CFC-11 chillers are to be replaced with ammonia chillers. The project is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and enhanced energy efficiency of ammonia chillers in tropical climates. The project provides technical and safety training to engineers and service technicians.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 28 Dec 2010 11:08:51 GMT

Since 2000 Coca Cola has developed a new, high efficiency, CO2 technology for vending machines. On December 3rd, 2009, Coca Cola announced that 100 percent of their new vending machines and coolers will be hydrofluorocarbon-free (HFC-free) by 2015. Coca Cola will have 135,000 coolers and vending machines using natural refrigerants worldwide by the end of 2010.

According to Coca Cola: “some of our suppliers achieved even better CO2 performance versus R134a under "D" conditions (40 degrees C ambient)... and in all countries in the world yearly averages are in a range where CO2 in beverage cold drink equipment performs better than 134a”. It has been reported that Coke’s CO2 cooler made by Haier is 35% more efficient than the ordinary HFC ones.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Mon, 27 Dec 2010 19:31:48 GMT

Gree, is the largest manufacturer of residential air-conditioners globally. In cooperation with GTZ ProKlima, Gree has developed a propane (R-290), highly efficient, domestic air-conditioner: COP of 3.52 to 3.55, energy efficiency 15% better than corresponding HCFC-22 unit, and total hydrocarbon charge less than 300 grams. R-290 units are cheaper to produce than R-22, R 407C and R 410A units because: R-290 uses narrower tubes in condenser and evaporator, R290 has better heat transfer properties, and lower pressure drop. Gree R-290 air-conditioners conform to all EU regulations, and refrigerant charge is lower than required by international standards (IEC 60335-2-40). The units include a refrigerant leak alarm system that turns off the compressor, keeps fans operating, and sets off an alarm and flashing light. Production to start in 2010.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Tue, 21 Dec 2010 14:41:46 GMT

In Jamaica have completed numerous conversions of R-22 installations to hydrocarbons with significant energy savings. These conversions of used equipment demonstrate that hydrocarbons can be safely applied, and should be an incentive to equipment manufacturers to produce new air conditioning units with propane and other hydrocarbons.

A conversion project has been developed at the University of West Indies, Mona Campus: Econergy Engineering Services in cooperation with Rexham Engineering as a sub contractor converted nearly 4,000 air-conditioning units from HCFC-22 to R-290 on the Mona Campus of the University of West Indies, Jamaica. These included window, mini-split and central air-conditioning units. The energy reductions due to the superior efficiency of propane, average between 15 to 20% per unit. In addition, the hydrocarbon units require less maintenance and repair. These two factors combined results in very significant cost benefits to the university.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Mon, 20 Dec 2010 10:35:58 GMT

Australia’s approach to meeting its Montreal Protocol obligations has been based on a cooperative partnership between industry, community, and all levels of government. Industry is consulted throughout Australia’s ODS policy development process. Australia’s approach has resulted in an engaged industry driven towards best practice for the industry and environmental protection.

Australian industry has been active in supporting Montreal Protocol objectives, with many of the initiatives that go beyond the requirements of the Montreal Protocol initiated by the industry. For example, the Australian Government worked closely with industry in the development of a product stewardship scheme that collects and disposes of used ODS and SGG, thereby minimizing emissions of ODS and synthetic greenhouse gases. Refrigerant Reclaim Australia is an industry-run, not-for-profit product stewardship scheme that manages Australia’s recovery, reclamation and destruction of ODS. It is supported by regulations which require importers of ODS and synthetic greenhouse gases, in bulk and in pre-charged equipment, to belong to a product stewardship scheme. The Australian government and industry worked closely together to develop Australia’s HCFC phase out strategy.

Australia is well ahead of its Montreal Protocol obligations in the phase out of HCFCs. Australia will largely phase out consumption of HCFC by 2016, four years ahead of the schedule required under the protocol. In doing so, Australia will consume 61% less HCFC in the period up to 2020 than is permitted under the Montreal Protocol—even after the parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed in 2007 to advance HCFC phase out globally. This year, Australia also banned the import of most HCFC air conditioning equipment, further reducing the amount of HCFC needed to service existing equipment. Coupled with the Mandatory Energy Performance Standards and product labeling, Australia is moving towards an ODS-free and energy efficient future.

By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 10 Dec 2010 17:27:23 GMT

Indian industry associations actively participated in the process of policy formulations related to ODS phase out. The industry willingly accepted the challenging task of stopping the use of ODS in new manufacturing of appliances/ equipments as early as in 2003.

The choice of non-ODS technologies was left to individual enterprises. Indian industry developed technologies using in-house research and development facilities in close cooperation with other institutions in the country. Indian refrigerant manufacturers developed manufacturing technologies for HFC-134a in collaboration with a leading chemical research institutes.

Indian domestic refrigeration industry evaluated low global warming potential hydrocarbon both as foaming agents and refrigerants in association with research institutions under the trilateral ECOFRIG (Indo-Swiss-German) project. India was one of the first Article 5 countries to introduce hydrocarbon technology into domestic refrigeration sector since 2003.
By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Mon, 06 Dec 2010 17:17:46 GMT

Founded in 1924, Daikin Industries Ltd. has grown to become a leading producer of air-conditioning systems and fluoro-chemical products. In fiscal year 2008, Daikin’s total annual sales reached US$14 billion and it had 40,000 employees around the world.
As a unique company producing both air-conditioning equipment and refrigerant, it is greatly influenced by fluorine-related regulations. Since 1987, Daikin has been tackling the refrigerant issue in the recognition of its importance to the success of the Montreal Protocol.
Under the Montreal Protocol, it was decided in 1990 that CFC refrigerants were to be phased out by 1996 in Japan. In 1992, it was also decided that HCFC refrigerants were to be phased out by 2030 (later accelerated to 2020). Daikin responded to the toughening regulations and developed alternative substances that do not deplete the ozone layer. Now, it is confronting the new challenge of the development of new refrigerants in the fight against climate change.
By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Sun, 05 Dec 2010 17:32:51 GMT

As the largest producer, consumer and exporter of ozone depleting substances in the world, China produces and uses more than 50% of the chemicals among developing countries. China’s industry has fully supported the government’s goal of complying with the Montreal Protocol. With guidance of government department and industrial associations, most enterprises have strictly abided by the policies and regulations issued by the state and fulfilled obligations, including submitting data. Enterprises have been putting efforts in introducing alternative technologies and eliminate outdated procedures. During the past ten years, China shut down and dismantled production lines and production facilities of more than 200 companies. Hundreds of enterprises went through conversion and substitution of production lines and production facilities. Enterprises, universities and research institutions input a lot of labor, material resources and funds in developing ODS substitutes and alternative technology.
By OzonAction UNEP-DTIE on Fri, 03 Dec 2010 14:46:30 GMT

South Asia, home to 1.6 billion people, has low levels of awareness about ozone depletion. When it comes to the transition from CFC to CFC-free Metered Dose Inhalers for asthma patients, the lack of awareness translates into reluctance on the part of manufacturers and patients to switch to ozone-friendly inhalers.

Bucking this trend is Bangladesh’s Beximco Pharmaceuticals Ltd (Beximco Pharma) which has been making a switch to HFA inhalers.As a follow-up to UNEP’s Langkawi Declaration on Public-Private Partnership Beximco Pharma and Bangladesh Lung Foundation, designed an effective awareness raising strategy for CFC-free MDIs by asthma and COPD patients. Seminars were held for doctors across Bangaldesh to disseminate key clinical information. The partnerships is now regarded as a successful model of public-private partnership involving government, pharmaceuticals industries, doctors, environmental agencies and others stakeholders that could be replicated in other developing countries.

Beximco Pharma is a leading manufacturer of pharmaceuticals, and its state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities are certified by major global regulatory bodies. The company is a leading exporter of pharmaceuticals to 45 countries. It has received regulatory approvals from ANVISA, (Brazil), Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA), Australia and Gulf Central Committee for Drug Registration (for GCC member states) for its manufacturing facilities. Approvals from UK MHRA, EMEA and USFDA are under process for its Oral Solid Dosage and Metered Dose Inhaler facilities.

In 2006, Beximco Pharma listed itself among the very few companies in the world who proactively converted CFC based formulations to ozone friendly HFA Inhalers in compliance with the Montreal Protocol. The company is now the single largest producer of MDIs in Bangladesh and with its current capability in manufacturing and supplying CFC free HFA inhalers for asthma and COPD patients, the country need not suffer for even a single day if the government decides to stop using CFC in inhalers from tomorrow.