Marine Protected Areas
The RSCAPs are considered to have a major role to play in the promotion of the Jakarta Mandate of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the regional level. The Strategic Directions for the Regional Seas Programme (2004-2007) call for an increase in the use of Regional Seas as a platform for developing common regional objectives, promoting synergies and coordinated regional implementation of relevant Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), including the biodiversity-related Conventions (CBD, CMS, CITES, WHC, Ramsar etc.), as a contribution to the sustainable management of the coastal and marine environment. Specific activities and projects on Marine Protected Areas are being implemented in several of the Regional Seas regions, for example within the framework of ICRAN (East Asia, Caribbean, Pacific and East Africa).
For example, the Nairobi Convention in collaboration with IUCN and Kenya Wildlife Services (KWS) organized a workshop in Malindi, Kenya 17-20 October 2005, to train Marine Protected Areas (MPA), fisheries and forestry management practitioners from Kenya and Somalia in the use of an MPA toolkit, MPA assessment workbook and WIO-Fish regional fisheries database. The toolkit and workbooks were products of a regional project on the implementation of the Jakarta mandate by IUCN, the Nairobi Convention and Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA).
A joint UNEP and ICRAN publication based on papers presented at the ICRAN Session at the Second International Tropical Marine Ecosystems Management Symposium, held in Manila, Philippines in 24-27 March 2003 was published in December 2004 entitled: “People and Reefs: Successes and Challenges in the Management of Coral Reef Marine Protected Areas” Available from: http://www.unep.org/Publications/default.asp . The results were published in November 2004 as UNEP Regional Seas Report and Studies #176. The publication details experiences and lessons learnt from ICRAN field sites in Regional Seas around the world.
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