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Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Coral reefs

Coral reefs are among the most productive and diverse of all natural ecosystems. Recent decades have been catastrophic for them, however; some 10% of the world’s reefs may already have been degraded beyond recovery, and another 30% are in decline. more...

Marine Mammals

Many species of whales, seals and dolphins are threatened world-wide. Hundreds of thousands of dolphins and whales die each year in fishing nets. more...

Marine Protected Areas

The RSCAPs are considered to have a major role to play in the promotion of the Jakarta Mandate of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the regional level. more...

UNEP Regional Seas Programme and Marine and Coastal Invasives - April 2006

Our mandate can be found in CBD decisions VI/23 1/ and VII/5. Decision VI/23 2/ paragraph 26(e) requested the Executive Secretary, in collaboration with the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) and other relevant organizations, to develop a joint programme of work on invasive alien species (IAS). more...

Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs)

Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) are regions of ocean encompassing coastal areas from river basins and estuaries to the seaward boundaries of continental shelves and the outer margins of the major current systems. These areas of the ocean are characterized by distinct bathymetry, hydrography, productivity and trophic interaction. They provide a flexible approach to ecosystem-based management by identifying driving forces of ecosystem change, within the framework of sustainable development. LMEs are located within Regional Seas areas. more...