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Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

The GCRMN was established by UNEP, IOC, WMO and IUCN to assess how, where and why coral reefs are being so damaged and determine how to prevent further decline.

It works by building networks of people trained to observe coral reefs and monitor their condition, and by using what is known about coral reefs in order to advance reef management.

When the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) was launched at the United Nations Global Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Islands Developing States in Barbados in 1994, there was renewed emphasis on monitoring coral reefs.

In 1995 ICRI called on many nations to commit themselves to increased research and monitoring of reefs with a view to improving their management. In 1999 work began on the establishment of the International Coral Reef Information Network (ICRIN) to advance the public awareness goals set forth in the ICRI Framework for Action.

The GCRMN is maintained by the Australian Institute of Marine Science in cooperation with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Coral Health and Monitoring Program, and in association with WorldFish Center (ICLARM) in Penang.